Abstract

The role of spectroscopy in thermonuclear research is reviewed briefly. The various techniques of observation and interpretation of spectra and some of the limitations are illustrated by appropriate tables and figures. It is shown that the spectroscopist has available a unique, multipurpose, and yet unperturbing probe which can contribute significantly to the interpretation of the pressing problems besetting thermonuclear scientists.

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  1. H. Bethe, Phys. Rev. 55, 434 (1938).
  2. Nucleonics, 13, 23 (1955).
  3. Nucleonics, 14, 42 (1956).
  4. E. Teller, Nuclear Sci. and Eng. 1, 313 (1956).
  5. R. F. Post, Revs. Modern Phys. 28, 338 (1956).
  6. I. Kurchatov, Nucleonics 14, 36 (1956).
  7. Cross sections from Arnold, Phillips, Sawyer, Stovall, and Tuck, Phys. Rev. 93, 483 (1954); energy release computed from atomic mass data of A. H. Wapstra, Physica 21, 367 (1955).
  8. Oak Ridge National Laboratory Radioisotopes catalog and price list (1956).
  9. Classification Guide for Use in Civilian Application Program, OC-Doc-54, p. 10, (March, 1957). Also available as gas (approximately $1.00 per liter) from Liquid Carbonic Corporation (formerly Stuart Oxygen), 767 Industrial Road, San Carlos, California.
  10. H. Alfven, Cosmical Electrodynamics (Clarendon Press, Oxford, England, 1950).
  11. V. G. Keller and R. E. Meyerott, ANL-4856 (1952). See also ANL-4771 (1952).
  12. H. E. Ives, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27, 389 (1937).
  13. H. E. Ives and G. R. Stilwell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 28, 215 (1938).
  14. G. Otting, Physik. Z. 40, 681 (1939).
  15. S. E. Frisch and Yu. M. Kagen, Zhur. Eksptl. i. Teoret. Fiz. 17, 577 (1947); also, personal communication from K. W. Meissner on smaller shifts observed in dc operated Kr84 and Kr86 standard light sources (1957).
  16. E. Fermi, Phys. Rev. 75, 1169 (1949).
  17. J. R. McNally and M. R. Skidmore, Paper F3, Spectroscopy Symposium, Argonne National Laboratory (February, 1956); J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 863 (1957). Section IX is an expanded version of the latter.
  18. See, for example, A.C.G. Mitchell and M. W. Zemansky, Resonance Radiation and Excited Atoms (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1934); see, also, E. Hinnov, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 151 (1957), and E. Hinnov and H. Kohn, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 156 (1957).
  19. G. Herzberg, Spectra of Diatomic Molecules (D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., Princeton, New Jersey, 1950).
  20. R. W. Wood, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 97, 455 (1920).
  21. N. Tsi-Ze and C. Shang-Yi, Phys. Rev. 51, 567 (1937); H. Margenau and W. W. Watson, Revs. Modern Phys. 8, 22 (1936).
  22. D. R. Inglis and E. Teller, Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 98, 694 (1938); also Astrophys. J. 90, 439 (1939).
  23. F. L. Mohler, Astrophys. J. 90, 429 (1939).
  24. I. I. Sobelman, Uspekhi Fiz. Nauk 54, 550 (1954).
  25. A. C. Kolb, AFOSR-TN-57-8, Office of Scientific Research, U. S. Air Force (1957).
  26. R. G. Breene, Jr., AFCRC-TR-55-214, available from U. S. Department of Commerce (1955); also, Revs. Modern Phys. 29, 94 (1957).
  27. L. H. Aller, The Atmospheres of the Sun and Stars (Ronald Press Company, New York, 1953).

Alfven, H.

H. Alfven, Cosmical Electrodynamics (Clarendon Press, Oxford, England, 1950).

Aller, L. H.

L. H. Aller, The Atmospheres of the Sun and Stars (Ronald Press Company, New York, 1953).

Bethe, H.

H. Bethe, Phys. Rev. 55, 434 (1938).

Breene, Jr., R. G.

R. G. Breene, Jr., AFCRC-TR-55-214, available from U. S. Department of Commerce (1955); also, Revs. Modern Phys. 29, 94 (1957).

Fermi, E.

E. Fermi, Phys. Rev. 75, 1169 (1949).

Frisch, S. E.

S. E. Frisch and Yu. M. Kagen, Zhur. Eksptl. i. Teoret. Fiz. 17, 577 (1947); also, personal communication from K. W. Meissner on smaller shifts observed in dc operated Kr84 and Kr86 standard light sources (1957).

Herzberg, G.

G. Herzberg, Spectra of Diatomic Molecules (D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., Princeton, New Jersey, 1950).

Inglis, D. R.

D. R. Inglis and E. Teller, Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 98, 694 (1938); also Astrophys. J. 90, 439 (1939).

Ives, H. E.

H. E. Ives, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27, 389 (1937).

H. E. Ives and G. R. Stilwell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 28, 215 (1938).

Kagen, Yu. M.

S. E. Frisch and Yu. M. Kagen, Zhur. Eksptl. i. Teoret. Fiz. 17, 577 (1947); also, personal communication from K. W. Meissner on smaller shifts observed in dc operated Kr84 and Kr86 standard light sources (1957).

Keller, V. G.

V. G. Keller and R. E. Meyerott, ANL-4856 (1952). See also ANL-4771 (1952).

Kolb, A. C.

A. C. Kolb, AFOSR-TN-57-8, Office of Scientific Research, U. S. Air Force (1957).

Kurchatov, I.

I. Kurchatov, Nucleonics 14, 36 (1956).

McNally, J. R.

J. R. McNally and M. R. Skidmore, Paper F3, Spectroscopy Symposium, Argonne National Laboratory (February, 1956); J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 863 (1957). Section IX is an expanded version of the latter.

Meyerott, R. E.

V. G. Keller and R. E. Meyerott, ANL-4856 (1952). See also ANL-4771 (1952).

Mitchell, A.C.G.

See, for example, A.C.G. Mitchell and M. W. Zemansky, Resonance Radiation and Excited Atoms (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1934); see, also, E. Hinnov, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 151 (1957), and E. Hinnov and H. Kohn, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 156 (1957).

Mohler, F. L.

F. L. Mohler, Astrophys. J. 90, 429 (1939).

Otting, G.

G. Otting, Physik. Z. 40, 681 (1939).

Post, R. F.

R. F. Post, Revs. Modern Phys. 28, 338 (1956).

Shang-Yi, C.

N. Tsi-Ze and C. Shang-Yi, Phys. Rev. 51, 567 (1937); H. Margenau and W. W. Watson, Revs. Modern Phys. 8, 22 (1936).

Skidmore, M. R.

J. R. McNally and M. R. Skidmore, Paper F3, Spectroscopy Symposium, Argonne National Laboratory (February, 1956); J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 863 (1957). Section IX is an expanded version of the latter.

Sobelman, I. I.

I. I. Sobelman, Uspekhi Fiz. Nauk 54, 550 (1954).

Stilwell, G. R.

H. E. Ives and G. R. Stilwell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 28, 215 (1938).

Teller, E.

E. Teller, Nuclear Sci. and Eng. 1, 313 (1956).

D. R. Inglis and E. Teller, Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 98, 694 (1938); also Astrophys. J. 90, 439 (1939).

Tsi-Ze, N.

N. Tsi-Ze and C. Shang-Yi, Phys. Rev. 51, 567 (1937); H. Margenau and W. W. Watson, Revs. Modern Phys. 8, 22 (1936).

Wood, R. W.

R. W. Wood, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 97, 455 (1920).

Zemansky, M. W.

See, for example, A.C.G. Mitchell and M. W. Zemansky, Resonance Radiation and Excited Atoms (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1934); see, also, E. Hinnov, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 151 (1957), and E. Hinnov and H. Kohn, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 156 (1957).

Other (27)

H. Bethe, Phys. Rev. 55, 434 (1938).

Nucleonics, 13, 23 (1955).

Nucleonics, 14, 42 (1956).

E. Teller, Nuclear Sci. and Eng. 1, 313 (1956).

R. F. Post, Revs. Modern Phys. 28, 338 (1956).

I. Kurchatov, Nucleonics 14, 36 (1956).

Cross sections from Arnold, Phillips, Sawyer, Stovall, and Tuck, Phys. Rev. 93, 483 (1954); energy release computed from atomic mass data of A. H. Wapstra, Physica 21, 367 (1955).

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Radioisotopes catalog and price list (1956).

Classification Guide for Use in Civilian Application Program, OC-Doc-54, p. 10, (March, 1957). Also available as gas (approximately $1.00 per liter) from Liquid Carbonic Corporation (formerly Stuart Oxygen), 767 Industrial Road, San Carlos, California.

H. Alfven, Cosmical Electrodynamics (Clarendon Press, Oxford, England, 1950).

V. G. Keller and R. E. Meyerott, ANL-4856 (1952). See also ANL-4771 (1952).

H. E. Ives, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27, 389 (1937).

H. E. Ives and G. R. Stilwell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 28, 215 (1938).

G. Otting, Physik. Z. 40, 681 (1939).

S. E. Frisch and Yu. M. Kagen, Zhur. Eksptl. i. Teoret. Fiz. 17, 577 (1947); also, personal communication from K. W. Meissner on smaller shifts observed in dc operated Kr84 and Kr86 standard light sources (1957).

E. Fermi, Phys. Rev. 75, 1169 (1949).

J. R. McNally and M. R. Skidmore, Paper F3, Spectroscopy Symposium, Argonne National Laboratory (February, 1956); J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 863 (1957). Section IX is an expanded version of the latter.

See, for example, A.C.G. Mitchell and M. W. Zemansky, Resonance Radiation and Excited Atoms (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1934); see, also, E. Hinnov, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 151 (1957), and E. Hinnov and H. Kohn, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 156 (1957).

G. Herzberg, Spectra of Diatomic Molecules (D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., Princeton, New Jersey, 1950).

R. W. Wood, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) 97, 455 (1920).

N. Tsi-Ze and C. Shang-Yi, Phys. Rev. 51, 567 (1937); H. Margenau and W. W. Watson, Revs. Modern Phys. 8, 22 (1936).

D. R. Inglis and E. Teller, Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 98, 694 (1938); also Astrophys. J. 90, 439 (1939).

F. L. Mohler, Astrophys. J. 90, 429 (1939).

I. I. Sobelman, Uspekhi Fiz. Nauk 54, 550 (1954).

A. C. Kolb, AFOSR-TN-57-8, Office of Scientific Research, U. S. Air Force (1957).

R. G. Breene, Jr., AFCRC-TR-55-214, available from U. S. Department of Commerce (1955); also, Revs. Modern Phys. 29, 94 (1957).

L. H. Aller, The Atmospheres of the Sun and Stars (Ronald Press Company, New York, 1953).

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