Abstract

The Ives Medal Address consisted mostly of demonstrations of phenomena of color perception. The following demonstrations were attempted: blue arcs of the retina, Maxwell’s spot shown with Miles filter (macular pigment as an entoptic phenomenon), attributes of color perception (Desert Island experiment with Priest charts), color perceptions of protanopes and deuteranopes, metamerism (Stearns textiles, Granville grays), chromatic adaptation (simultaneous and successive contrast), and color rendition of light sources (object-color perception as the projection of the after-image of the background onto the object).

© 1959 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. E. Purkinje, Beobachtungen und Versuche zur Physiologie der Sinne 2, 74 (1825).
  2. D. B. Judd, Bur. Standards J. Research 2, 441 (1929).
    [Crossref]
  3. E. Ludvigh and E. F. McCarthy, Arch. Ophathalmol. 20, 37 (1938).
    [Crossref]
  4. G. Wald, Science 101, 653 (1945).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. J. C. Maxwell, “On the unequal sensibility of the foramen centrale to light of different colours,” Reports British Association, p. 12 (1856).
  6. Obtainable from Eastman Kodak Company by the designation: “Experimental Wratten Filter No. 2389.”
  7. W. R. Miles, Science 109, 441 (1949).
  8. G. L. Walls and R. W. Mathews, University of California Publication in Psychology 7, 1–172 (1952).
  9. D. B. Judd, Coloquio sobre Problemas Opticos de la Vision (Madrid, Bermejo, 1953), Vol. 2.
  10. Charles Bittinger, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 291(t) (1925).
  11. Committee on Colorimetry, Optical Society of America, See color plates 8, 10, 13, 11, 17, 18, and 16 in The Science of Color ( Thomas Y. Crowell Company, New York, 1953).
  12. A. H. Munsell, Atlas of the Munsell Color System (Wadsworth-Howland and Company, Malden, Massachusetts, 1915). Munsell Book of Color (Munsell Color Company, Baltimore, Maryland, 1929).
  13. F. H. G. Pitt, “Characteristics of dichromatic vision,” (London, 1935).
  14. F. C. Dexter and E. I. Stearns, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 816 (1948).
    [Crossref]
  15. W. C. Granville and D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 632A (1949).
  16. K. L. Kelly, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 60, 97 (1958); RP2825.
    [Crossref]
  17. D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 30, 2 (1940).
    [Crossref]
  18. E. H. Land, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 865A (1958).

1958 (2)

K. L. Kelly, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 60, 97 (1958); RP2825.
[Crossref]

E. H. Land, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 865A (1958).

1952 (1)

G. L. Walls and R. W. Mathews, University of California Publication in Psychology 7, 1–172 (1952).

1949 (2)

W. R. Miles, Science 109, 441 (1949).

W. C. Granville and D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 632A (1949).

1948 (1)

1945 (1)

G. Wald, Science 101, 653 (1945).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1940 (1)

1938 (1)

E. Ludvigh and E. F. McCarthy, Arch. Ophathalmol. 20, 37 (1938).
[Crossref]

1929 (1)

D. B. Judd, Bur. Standards J. Research 2, 441 (1929).
[Crossref]

1925 (1)

Charles Bittinger, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 291(t) (1925).

1856 (1)

J. C. Maxwell, “On the unequal sensibility of the foramen centrale to light of different colours,” Reports British Association, p. 12 (1856).

1825 (1)

J. E. Purkinje, Beobachtungen und Versuche zur Physiologie der Sinne 2, 74 (1825).

Bittinger, Charles

Charles Bittinger, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 291(t) (1925).

Dexter, F. C.

Granville, W. C.

W. C. Granville and D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 632A (1949).

Judd, D. B.

W. C. Granville and D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 632A (1949).

D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 30, 2 (1940).
[Crossref]

D. B. Judd, Bur. Standards J. Research 2, 441 (1929).
[Crossref]

D. B. Judd, Coloquio sobre Problemas Opticos de la Vision (Madrid, Bermejo, 1953), Vol. 2.

Kelly, K. L.

K. L. Kelly, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 60, 97 (1958); RP2825.
[Crossref]

Land, E. H.

E. H. Land, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 865A (1958).

Ludvigh, E.

E. Ludvigh and E. F. McCarthy, Arch. Ophathalmol. 20, 37 (1938).
[Crossref]

Mathews, R. W.

G. L. Walls and R. W. Mathews, University of California Publication in Psychology 7, 1–172 (1952).

Maxwell, J. C.

J. C. Maxwell, “On the unequal sensibility of the foramen centrale to light of different colours,” Reports British Association, p. 12 (1856).

McCarthy, E. F.

E. Ludvigh and E. F. McCarthy, Arch. Ophathalmol. 20, 37 (1938).
[Crossref]

Miles, W. R.

W. R. Miles, Science 109, 441 (1949).

Munsell, A. H.

A. H. Munsell, Atlas of the Munsell Color System (Wadsworth-Howland and Company, Malden, Massachusetts, 1915). Munsell Book of Color (Munsell Color Company, Baltimore, Maryland, 1929).

Pitt, F. H. G.

F. H. G. Pitt, “Characteristics of dichromatic vision,” (London, 1935).

Purkinje, J. E.

J. E. Purkinje, Beobachtungen und Versuche zur Physiologie der Sinne 2, 74 (1825).

Stearns, E. I.

Wald, G.

G. Wald, Science 101, 653 (1945).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walls, G. L.

G. L. Walls and R. W. Mathews, University of California Publication in Psychology 7, 1–172 (1952).

Arch. Ophathalmol. (1)

E. Ludvigh and E. F. McCarthy, Arch. Ophathalmol. 20, 37 (1938).
[Crossref]

Beobachtungen und Versuche zur Physiologie der Sinne (1)

J. E. Purkinje, Beobachtungen und Versuche zur Physiologie der Sinne 2, 74 (1825).

Bur. Standards J. Research (1)

D. B. Judd, Bur. Standards J. Research 2, 441 (1929).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (5)

Charles Bittinger, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 291(t) (1925).

F. C. Dexter and E. I. Stearns, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 816 (1948).
[Crossref]

W. C. Granville and D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 632A (1949).

D. B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 30, 2 (1940).
[Crossref]

E. H. Land, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 865A (1958).

J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards (1)

K. L. Kelly, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 60, 97 (1958); RP2825.
[Crossref]

Reports British Association (1)

J. C. Maxwell, “On the unequal sensibility of the foramen centrale to light of different colours,” Reports British Association, p. 12 (1856).

Science (2)

W. R. Miles, Science 109, 441 (1949).

G. Wald, Science 101, 653 (1945).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

University of California Publication in Psychology (1)

G. L. Walls and R. W. Mathews, University of California Publication in Psychology 7, 1–172 (1952).

Other (5)

D. B. Judd, Coloquio sobre Problemas Opticos de la Vision (Madrid, Bermejo, 1953), Vol. 2.

Obtainable from Eastman Kodak Company by the designation: “Experimental Wratten Filter No. 2389.”

Committee on Colorimetry, Optical Society of America, See color plates 8, 10, 13, 11, 17, 18, and 16 in The Science of Color ( Thomas Y. Crowell Company, New York, 1953).

A. H. Munsell, Atlas of the Munsell Color System (Wadsworth-Howland and Company, Malden, Massachusetts, 1915). Munsell Book of Color (Munsell Color Company, Baltimore, Maryland, 1929).

F. H. G. Pitt, “Characteristics of dichromatic vision,” (London, 1935).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of a horizontal cross section of the human eye.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectral transmittance of ocular media (cornea, aqueous humor, lens, vitreous humor) shown as dots, and the macular pigment shown as circles. The continuous curve shows the product of these two spectral-transmittance functions.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Chromaticity confusions of the protanope and deuteranope, from Pitt.13

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral reflectance of the Granville grays, from Kelly.16

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Maxwell triangle yielding approximately uniform chromaticity scales.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Prediction of color perceptions of objects seen by red light.