Abstract

A detailed analysis of the structure of the atmosphere, including the three-dimensional distribution of temperature and water vapor, can be obtained from the spectral variation of its thermal radiation as viewed from a reconnaissance aircraft or earth satellite. In order that the measurements be capable of unambiguous interpretation, however, it is essential that the selection of spectral intervals to be used are based on a carefully planned interpretation scheme.

A possible program is outlined, in which the temperature distribution is obtained by measurements in the 15-μ CO2 band and the water vapor distribution obtained by simultaneous measurements in the rotational band. The temperature-and-pressure dependence of the absorption coefficients must be taken into account.

The instrument should be a multiple-slit or multiple-detector grating spectrometer, capable of resolving 10 cm−1 at 15 μ.

Spectral models and methods of analysis of the spectra are discussed briefly.

© 1959 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Thermal Radiation from the Atmosphere*

Raymond Sloan, John H. Shaw, and Dudley Williams
J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46(7) 543-547 (1956)

Visible and Infrared Imagery from Meteorological Satellites

W. E. Shenk and V. V. Salomonson
Appl. Opt. 9(8) 1747-1760 (1970)

Remote sensing of three-dimensional cirrus clouds from satellites: application to continuous-wave laser atmospheric transmission and backscattering

K. N. Liou, Szu-Cheng Ou, Yoshihide Takano, and Jeffrey Cetola
Appl. Opt. 45(26) 6849-6859 (2006)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (3)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription