Abstract

The intensity of the time-average output of the steady-state electroluminescence of powdered zinc sulfide phosphors in an intense alternating electric field is characterized by a dynamic equilibrium between the monomolecular collision excitation process and the bimolecular recombination process. This equilibrium condition permits predictions of the dependence of the emission intensity, the efficiency, and other properties on several parameters such as the voltage, the temperature, and the concentrations of electron traps and activator centers. These predictions are compared with experimental results.

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  1. For a survey of many details of electroluminescence and related topics, and many references, see G. Destrian and H. F. Ivey, Proc. Inst. Radio Engrs. 43, 1911 (1955).
  2. G. Destriau, Phil. Mag. 38, 700, 774, 880 (1947).
  3. D. Curie, J. Phys. radium 14, 510 (1953).
  4. W. W. Piper and F. E. Williams, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 4, 39 (1955).
  5. P. Zalm, Philips Research Repts. 11, 353, 417 (1956).
  6. J. B. Taylor and G. F. Alfrey, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 4, 44 (1955).
  7. G. F. Alfrey and J. B. Taylor, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London), B68, 775 (1955).
  8. G. Diemer and P. Zalm, Physica, 22, 561 (1956).
  9. D. R. Frankl, Phys. Rev. 100, 1105 (1955).
  10. C. H. Haake, J. Electrochem. Soc. 104, 291 (1957).
  11. Johnson, Piper, and Williams, J. Electrochem. Soc. 103, 221 (1956).
  12. W. A. Thornton, Phys. Rev. 102, 38 (1956).
  13. W. Lehmann, Optik, 14, 319 (1957).
  14. Zalm, Diemer, and Klasens, Philips Research Repts. 10, 205 (1955).
  15. P. Zalm, Philips Research Repts. 11, 11 (1956).
  16. J. F. Waymouth and F. Bitter, Phys. Rev. 95, 941 (1954).
  17. Short, Steward, and Tomlinson, Nature, 177, 240 (1956).
  18. W. Lehmann, J. Electrochem. Soc. 104, 45 (1957).
  19. W. Lehmann, J. Electrochem. Soc. 103, 24 (1956).
  20. W. Lehmann, J. Electrochem. Soc. 103, 667 (1956).
  21. G. R. Fonda, J. Phys. Chem. 43, 561 (1939).
  22. G. E. F. Garlick and A. F. Gibson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 935 (1949).
  23. C. H. Haake (private communication).
  24. W. Lehmann, Illum. Eng. 51, 684 (1956).
  25. Diemer, Klasens, and Zalm, Philips Techn. Rev. 19, 1 (1957).
  26. W. Lehmann, Phys. Rev. 101, 489 (1956).

Alfrey, G. F.

J. B. Taylor and G. F. Alfrey, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 4, 44 (1955).

G. F. Alfrey and J. B. Taylor, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London), B68, 775 (1955).

Bitter, F.

J. F. Waymouth and F. Bitter, Phys. Rev. 95, 941 (1954).

Curie, D.

D. Curie, J. Phys. radium 14, 510 (1953).

Destrian, G.

For a survey of many details of electroluminescence and related topics, and many references, see G. Destrian and H. F. Ivey, Proc. Inst. Radio Engrs. 43, 1911 (1955).

Destriau, G.

G. Destriau, Phil. Mag. 38, 700, 774, 880 (1947).

Diemer, G.

G. Diemer and P. Zalm, Physica, 22, 561 (1956).

Fonda, G. R.

G. R. Fonda, J. Phys. Chem. 43, 561 (1939).

Frankl, D. R.

D. R. Frankl, Phys. Rev. 100, 1105 (1955).

Garlick, G. E. F.

G. E. F. Garlick and A. F. Gibson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 935 (1949).

Gibson, A. F.

G. E. F. Garlick and A. F. Gibson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 935 (1949).

Haake, C. H.

C. H. Haake (private communication).

C. H. Haake, J. Electrochem. Soc. 104, 291 (1957).

Ivey, H. F.

For a survey of many details of electroluminescence and related topics, and many references, see G. Destrian and H. F. Ivey, Proc. Inst. Radio Engrs. 43, 1911 (1955).

Lehmann, W.

W. Lehmann, Optik, 14, 319 (1957).

W. Lehmann, Illum. Eng. 51, 684 (1956).

W. Lehmann, Phys. Rev. 101, 489 (1956).

W. Lehmann, J. Electrochem. Soc. 104, 45 (1957).

W. Lehmann, J. Electrochem. Soc. 103, 24 (1956).

W. Lehmann, J. Electrochem. Soc. 103, 667 (1956).

Piper, W. W.

W. W. Piper and F. E. Williams, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 4, 39 (1955).

Taylor, J. B.

J. B. Taylor and G. F. Alfrey, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 4, 44 (1955).

G. F. Alfrey and J. B. Taylor, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London), B68, 775 (1955).

Thornton, W. A.

W. A. Thornton, Phys. Rev. 102, 38 (1956).

Waymouth, J. F.

J. F. Waymouth and F. Bitter, Phys. Rev. 95, 941 (1954).

Williams, F. E.

W. W. Piper and F. E. Williams, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 4, 39 (1955).

Zalm, P.

P. Zalm, Philips Research Repts. 11, 353, 417 (1956).

P. Zalm, Philips Research Repts. 11, 11 (1956).

G. Diemer and P. Zalm, Physica, 22, 561 (1956).

Other (26)

For a survey of many details of electroluminescence and related topics, and many references, see G. Destrian and H. F. Ivey, Proc. Inst. Radio Engrs. 43, 1911 (1955).

G. Destriau, Phil. Mag. 38, 700, 774, 880 (1947).

D. Curie, J. Phys. radium 14, 510 (1953).

W. W. Piper and F. E. Williams, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 4, 39 (1955).

P. Zalm, Philips Research Repts. 11, 353, 417 (1956).

J. B. Taylor and G. F. Alfrey, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 4, 44 (1955).

G. F. Alfrey and J. B. Taylor, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London), B68, 775 (1955).

G. Diemer and P. Zalm, Physica, 22, 561 (1956).

D. R. Frankl, Phys. Rev. 100, 1105 (1955).

C. H. Haake, J. Electrochem. Soc. 104, 291 (1957).

Johnson, Piper, and Williams, J. Electrochem. Soc. 103, 221 (1956).

W. A. Thornton, Phys. Rev. 102, 38 (1956).

W. Lehmann, Optik, 14, 319 (1957).

Zalm, Diemer, and Klasens, Philips Research Repts. 10, 205 (1955).

P. Zalm, Philips Research Repts. 11, 11 (1956).

J. F. Waymouth and F. Bitter, Phys. Rev. 95, 941 (1954).

Short, Steward, and Tomlinson, Nature, 177, 240 (1956).

W. Lehmann, J. Electrochem. Soc. 104, 45 (1957).

W. Lehmann, J. Electrochem. Soc. 103, 24 (1956).

W. Lehmann, J. Electrochem. Soc. 103, 667 (1956).

G. R. Fonda, J. Phys. Chem. 43, 561 (1939).

G. E. F. Garlick and A. F. Gibson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 935 (1949).

C. H. Haake (private communication).

W. Lehmann, Illum. Eng. 51, 684 (1956).

Diemer, Klasens, and Zalm, Philips Techn. Rev. 19, 1 (1957).

W. Lehmann, Phys. Rev. 101, 489 (1956).

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