Abstract

The applicability of the Bunsen-Roscoe law to the components of the human electroretinogram was investigated under conditions of moderate light adaptation. Simultaneous X and B waves were obtained with red test stimulation and A and B waves with white test stimulation. Both response amplitude and implicit time were measured. The A and X waves were found to adhere to the Bunsen-Roscoe law and have relatively constant implicit times. The response amplitude of the B waves showed systematic departures from a simple Bunsen-Roscoe model and their implicit times varied with both stimulus duration and luminance.

© 1958 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. A. Riggs, Proc. Soc. Exptl. Biol. Med. 48, 204 (1941).
    [Crossref]
  2. E. P. Johnson and N. R. Bartlett, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 167 (1956).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. M. Alpern and J. J. Faris, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 845 (1956).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. K. Motokawa and T. Mita, Tohoku J. Exptl. Med. 42, 114 (1942).
    [Crossref]
  5. E. D. Adrian, J. Physiol. 104, 84 (1945).
  6. J. C. Armington, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 393 (1952).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. G. Schubert and H. Bornschein, Ophthalmologica 123, 396 (1952).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. W. R. Biersdorf and J. C. Armington, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 208 (1957).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. Armington, Johnson, and Riggs, J. Physiol. 118, 289 (1952)
  10. H. Bornschein and R. D. Gunkel, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 42, 239 (1956).
    [PubMed]
  11. G. Goodman and H. Bornschein, A. M. A. Arch. Ophthalmol. 58, 174 (1957).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Heck and I. Rendahl, Acta Physiol. Scand. 39, 167 (1957).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. E. P. Johnson (to be published).
  14. W. Best and K. Bohnen, Graefe’s Arch. Ophthalmol. 158, 568 (1957).
    [Crossref]

1957 (4)

W. R. Biersdorf and J. C. Armington, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 208 (1957).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Goodman and H. Bornschein, A. M. A. Arch. Ophthalmol. 58, 174 (1957).
[Crossref]

J. Heck and I. Rendahl, Acta Physiol. Scand. 39, 167 (1957).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Best and K. Bohnen, Graefe’s Arch. Ophthalmol. 158, 568 (1957).
[Crossref]

1956 (3)

1952 (3)

Armington, Johnson, and Riggs, J. Physiol. 118, 289 (1952)

J. C. Armington, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 393 (1952).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Schubert and H. Bornschein, Ophthalmologica 123, 396 (1952).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1945 (1)

E. D. Adrian, J. Physiol. 104, 84 (1945).

1942 (1)

K. Motokawa and T. Mita, Tohoku J. Exptl. Med. 42, 114 (1942).
[Crossref]

1941 (1)

L. A. Riggs, Proc. Soc. Exptl. Biol. Med. 48, 204 (1941).
[Crossref]

Adrian, E. D.

E. D. Adrian, J. Physiol. 104, 84 (1945).

Alpern, M.

Armington,

Armington, Johnson, and Riggs, J. Physiol. 118, 289 (1952)

Armington, J. C.

Bartlett, N. R.

Best, W.

W. Best and K. Bohnen, Graefe’s Arch. Ophthalmol. 158, 568 (1957).
[Crossref]

Biersdorf, W. R.

Bohnen, K.

W. Best and K. Bohnen, Graefe’s Arch. Ophthalmol. 158, 568 (1957).
[Crossref]

Bornschein, H.

G. Goodman and H. Bornschein, A. M. A. Arch. Ophthalmol. 58, 174 (1957).
[Crossref]

H. Bornschein and R. D. Gunkel, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 42, 239 (1956).
[PubMed]

G. Schubert and H. Bornschein, Ophthalmologica 123, 396 (1952).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faris, J. J.

Goodman, G.

G. Goodman and H. Bornschein, A. M. A. Arch. Ophthalmol. 58, 174 (1957).
[Crossref]

Gunkel, R. D.

H. Bornschein and R. D. Gunkel, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 42, 239 (1956).
[PubMed]

Heck, J.

J. Heck and I. Rendahl, Acta Physiol. Scand. 39, 167 (1957).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnson,

Armington, Johnson, and Riggs, J. Physiol. 118, 289 (1952)

Johnson, E. P.

Mita, T.

K. Motokawa and T. Mita, Tohoku J. Exptl. Med. 42, 114 (1942).
[Crossref]

Motokawa, K.

K. Motokawa and T. Mita, Tohoku J. Exptl. Med. 42, 114 (1942).
[Crossref]

Rendahl, I.

J. Heck and I. Rendahl, Acta Physiol. Scand. 39, 167 (1957).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Riggs,

Armington, Johnson, and Riggs, J. Physiol. 118, 289 (1952)

Riggs, L. A.

L. A. Riggs, Proc. Soc. Exptl. Biol. Med. 48, 204 (1941).
[Crossref]

Schubert, G.

G. Schubert and H. Bornschein, Ophthalmologica 123, 396 (1952).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. M. A. Arch. Ophthalmol. (1)

G. Goodman and H. Bornschein, A. M. A. Arch. Ophthalmol. 58, 174 (1957).
[Crossref]

Acta Physiol. Scand. (1)

J. Heck and I. Rendahl, Acta Physiol. Scand. 39, 167 (1957).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Am. J. Ophthalmol. (1)

H. Bornschein and R. D. Gunkel, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 42, 239 (1956).
[PubMed]

Graefe’s Arch. Ophthalmol. (1)

W. Best and K. Bohnen, Graefe’s Arch. Ophthalmol. 158, 568 (1957).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (4)

J. Physiol. (2)

E. D. Adrian, J. Physiol. 104, 84 (1945).

Armington, Johnson, and Riggs, J. Physiol. 118, 289 (1952)

Ophthalmologica (1)

G. Schubert and H. Bornschein, Ophthalmologica 123, 396 (1952).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. Soc. Exptl. Biol. Med. (1)

L. A. Riggs, Proc. Soc. Exptl. Biol. Med. 48, 204 (1941).
[Crossref]

Tohoku J. Exptl. Med. (1)

K. Motokawa and T. Mita, Tohoku J. Exptl. Med. 42, 114 (1942).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

E. P. Johnson (to be published).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Electroretinograms obtained with 10-msec red test stimulation. The responses exhibit a stimulus artifact, a negative A wave, and positive X and B waves. The number beside each response is the log luminance of the test flash in ft-L.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Amplitude of the X waves obtained with red test stimulation. The parameter is the log luminance of the test flash in ft-L

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Amplitudes of the B waves from the same electroretinograms as the previous figure. Parameter same as previous figure.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Amplitudes of the X waves as a function of the energy of the test flash (luminance in ft-L and duration in milliseconds). The parameter is the duration of the test flash in milliseconds.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Amplitudes of the B waves as a function of the energy of the test flash. Parameter same as previous figure.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Implicit times for the X and B waves obtained with red test stimulation. Responses for all stimulus durations are averaged together.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Response amplitudes for the A waves obtained with white test stimulation as a function of the energy of the test flash. Parameter is the duration of the test flash in milliseconds.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Response amplitudes for the B waves obtained with white test stimulation. Parameter is the duration of the test flash in milliseconds.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Implicit times of the B waves obtained with white test stimulation. Parameter is the duration of the test flash in milliseconds.