Abstract

The applicability of the Bunsen-Roscoe law to the components of the human electroretinogram was investigated under conditions of moderate light adaptation. Simultaneous <i>X</i> and <i>B</i> waves were obtained with red test stimulation and <i>A</i> and <i>B</i> waves with white test stimulation. Both response amplitude and implicit time were measured. The <i>A</i> and <i>X</i> waves were found to adhere to the Bunsen-Roscoe law and have relatively constant implicit times. The response amplitude of the <i>B</i> waves showed systematic departures from a simple Bunsen-Roscoe model and their implicit times varied with both stimulus duration and luminance.

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  1. L. A. Riggs, Proc. Soc. Exptl. Biol. Med. 48, 204 (1941).
  2. E. P. Johnson and N. R. Bartlett, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 167 (1956).
  3. M. Alpern and J. J. Faris, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 845 (1956).
  4. K. Motokawa and T. Mita, Tohoku J. Exptl. Med. 42, 114 (1942).
  5. E. D. Adrian, J. Physiol. 104, 84 (1945).
  6. J. C. Armington, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 393 (1952).
  7. G. Schubert and H. Bornschein, Ophthalmologica 123, 396 (1952).
  8. W. R. Biersdorf and J. C. Armington, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 208 (1957).
  9. Armington, Johnson, and Riggs, J. Physiol. 118, 289 (1952).
  10. H. Bornschein and R. D. Gunkel, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 42, 239 (1956).
  11. G. Goodman and H. Bornschein, A. M. A. Arch. Ophthalmol. 58, 174 (1957).
  12. J. Heck and I. Rendahl, Acta Physiol. Scand. 39, 167 (1957).
  13. E. P. Johnson (to be published).
  14. W. Best and K. Bohnen, Graefe's Arch. Ophthalmol. 158, 568 (1957).

Adrian, E. D.

E. D. Adrian, J. Physiol. 104, 84 (1945).

Alpern, M.

M. Alpern and J. J. Faris, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 845 (1956).

Armington, J. C.

J. C. Armington, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 393 (1952).

W. R. Biersdorf and J. C. Armington, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 208 (1957).

Bartlett, N. R.

E. P. Johnson and N. R. Bartlett, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 167 (1956).

Best, W.

W. Best and K. Bohnen, Graefe's Arch. Ophthalmol. 158, 568 (1957).

Biersdorf, W. R.

W. R. Biersdorf and J. C. Armington, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 208 (1957).

Bohnen, K.

W. Best and K. Bohnen, Graefe's Arch. Ophthalmol. 158, 568 (1957).

Bornschein, H.

G. Schubert and H. Bornschein, Ophthalmologica 123, 396 (1952).

H. Bornschein and R. D. Gunkel, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 42, 239 (1956).

G. Goodman and H. Bornschein, A. M. A. Arch. Ophthalmol. 58, 174 (1957).

Faris, J. J.

M. Alpern and J. J. Faris, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 845 (1956).

Goodman, G.

G. Goodman and H. Bornschein, A. M. A. Arch. Ophthalmol. 58, 174 (1957).

Gunkel, R. D.

H. Bornschein and R. D. Gunkel, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 42, 239 (1956).

Heck, J.

J. Heck and I. Rendahl, Acta Physiol. Scand. 39, 167 (1957).

Johnson, E. P.

E. P. Johnson (to be published).

E. P. Johnson and N. R. Bartlett, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 167 (1956).

Mita, T.

K. Motokawa and T. Mita, Tohoku J. Exptl. Med. 42, 114 (1942).

Motokawa, K.

K. Motokawa and T. Mita, Tohoku J. Exptl. Med. 42, 114 (1942).

Rendahl, I.

J. Heck and I. Rendahl, Acta Physiol. Scand. 39, 167 (1957).

Riggs, L. A.

L. A. Riggs, Proc. Soc. Exptl. Biol. Med. 48, 204 (1941).

Schubert, G.

G. Schubert and H. Bornschein, Ophthalmologica 123, 396 (1952).

Other

L. A. Riggs, Proc. Soc. Exptl. Biol. Med. 48, 204 (1941).

E. P. Johnson and N. R. Bartlett, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 167 (1956).

M. Alpern and J. J. Faris, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 845 (1956).

K. Motokawa and T. Mita, Tohoku J. Exptl. Med. 42, 114 (1942).

E. D. Adrian, J. Physiol. 104, 84 (1945).

J. C. Armington, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 393 (1952).

G. Schubert and H. Bornschein, Ophthalmologica 123, 396 (1952).

W. R. Biersdorf and J. C. Armington, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 208 (1957).

Armington, Johnson, and Riggs, J. Physiol. 118, 289 (1952).

H. Bornschein and R. D. Gunkel, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 42, 239 (1956).

G. Goodman and H. Bornschein, A. M. A. Arch. Ophthalmol. 58, 174 (1957).

J. Heck and I. Rendahl, Acta Physiol. Scand. 39, 167 (1957).

E. P. Johnson (to be published).

W. Best and K. Bohnen, Graefe's Arch. Ophthalmol. 158, 568 (1957).

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