Abstract

Characteristics of other photochemical processes are cited, which might also pertain to those of the retina. By assuming such relationships for retinal receptors, hypothetical formulas are derived for conversion of tristimulus (CIE) values to physiological terms presumed to represent color perception. Substantial agreement between these physiological functions and actual observer response (ideal Munsell system) indicates a close degree of correlation. This approach is suggested as a basis for studying the problem of balanced perceptual color spacing.

© 1958 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Deane B. Judd, Color in Business, Science and Industry (John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1952).
  2. Deane B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 25, 24 (1935).
    [Crossref]
  3. David L. MacAdam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27, 294 (1937).
    [Crossref]
  4. F. C. Breckenridge and W. R. Schaub, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 29, 370 (1939).
    [Crossref]
  5. Richard S. Hunter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 30, 536 (1940).
    [Crossref]
  6. Richard S. Hunter, Natl. Bur. Stand. Circ. C429 (July, 1942). Standards (U. S.), Circ. No. C429.
  7. Richard S. Hunter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 661 (1948); J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 1094 (1948).
  8. F. Schofield, Natl. Paint, Varnish Lacquer Assoc. Sci. Sect. Circ. No. 664 (1943).
  9. Elliot Q. Adams, J. Opt. Soc. Am.,  32, 168 (1942).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. L. Saunderson and B. I. Milner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 36, 36 (1946).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. Nickerson, Judd, and Wyszecki, Die Farbe 4, 285 (1955).
  12. Hermann L. F. von Helmholtz, Muller’s Arch. Anat. u. Physiol. Anat. Abt.461 (1852).
  13. Priest, Gibson, and McNicholas, Natl. Bur. Standards Technol. Paper 167 (1920), T167.
  14. Intern. Comm. Ilum., Proc. 8th Session, Cambridge, 1931, (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1932), p. 19.
  15. Newhall, Nickerson, and Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 385 (1943).
    [Crossref]
  16. Deane B. Judd (personal communication, August, 1957).
  17. D. Nickerson and S. M. Newhall, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 419 (1943).
    [Crossref]

1955 (1)

Nickerson, Judd, and Wyszecki, Die Farbe 4, 285 (1955).

1948 (1)

Richard S. Hunter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 661 (1948); J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 1094 (1948).

1946 (1)

1943 (3)

1942 (2)

Elliot Q. Adams, J. Opt. Soc. Am.,  32, 168 (1942).
[Crossref]

Richard S. Hunter, Natl. Bur. Stand. Circ. C429 (July, 1942). Standards (U. S.), Circ. No. C429.

1940 (1)

1939 (1)

1937 (1)

1935 (1)

1920 (1)

Priest, Gibson, and McNicholas, Natl. Bur. Standards Technol. Paper 167 (1920), T167.

1852 (1)

Hermann L. F. von Helmholtz, Muller’s Arch. Anat. u. Physiol. Anat. Abt.461 (1852).

Adams, Elliot Q.

Breckenridge, F. C.

Gibson,

Priest, Gibson, and McNicholas, Natl. Bur. Standards Technol. Paper 167 (1920), T167.

Hunter, Richard S.

Richard S. Hunter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 661 (1948); J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 1094 (1948).

Richard S. Hunter, Natl. Bur. Stand. Circ. C429 (July, 1942). Standards (U. S.), Circ. No. C429.

Richard S. Hunter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 30, 536 (1940).
[Crossref]

Judd,

Nickerson, Judd, and Wyszecki, Die Farbe 4, 285 (1955).

Newhall, Nickerson, and Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 385 (1943).
[Crossref]

Judd, Deane B.

Deane B. Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 25, 24 (1935).
[Crossref]

Deane B. Judd, Color in Business, Science and Industry (John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1952).

Deane B. Judd (personal communication, August, 1957).

MacAdam, David L.

McNicholas,

Priest, Gibson, and McNicholas, Natl. Bur. Standards Technol. Paper 167 (1920), T167.

Milner, B. I.

Newhall,

Newhall, S. M.

Nickerson,

Nickerson, Judd, and Wyszecki, Die Farbe 4, 285 (1955).

Newhall, Nickerson, and Judd, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 385 (1943).
[Crossref]

Nickerson, D.

Priest,

Priest, Gibson, and McNicholas, Natl. Bur. Standards Technol. Paper 167 (1920), T167.

Saunderson, J. L.

Schaub, W. R.

Schofield, F.

F. Schofield, Natl. Paint, Varnish Lacquer Assoc. Sci. Sect. Circ. No. 664 (1943).

von Helmholtz, Hermann L. F.

Hermann L. F. von Helmholtz, Muller’s Arch. Anat. u. Physiol. Anat. Abt.461 (1852).

Wyszecki,

Nickerson, Judd, and Wyszecki, Die Farbe 4, 285 (1955).

Die Farbe (1)

Nickerson, Judd, and Wyszecki, Die Farbe 4, 285 (1955).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (9)

Muller’s Arch. Anat. u. Physiol. Anat. Abt. (1)

Hermann L. F. von Helmholtz, Muller’s Arch. Anat. u. Physiol. Anat. Abt.461 (1852).

Natl. Bur. Stand. Circ. C429 (1)

Richard S. Hunter, Natl. Bur. Stand. Circ. C429 (July, 1942). Standards (U. S.), Circ. No. C429.

Natl. Bur. Standards Technol. Paper 167 (1)

Priest, Gibson, and McNicholas, Natl. Bur. Standards Technol. Paper 167 (1920), T167.

Natl. Paint, Varnish Lacquer Assoc. Sci. Sect. Circ. No. 664 (1)

F. Schofield, Natl. Paint, Varnish Lacquer Assoc. Sci. Sect. Circ. No. 664 (1943).

Other (3)

Deane B. Judd, Color in Business, Science and Industry (John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1952).

Intern. Comm. Ilum., Proc. 8th Session, Cambridge, 1931, (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1932), p. 19.

Deane B. Judd (personal communication, August, 1957).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Ideal Munsell colors 5/.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ideal Munsell colors /6.

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

x c = x / x MgO = x / 0.98 ,
y c = y / y MgO = y / 1.00 ,
z c = z / z MgO = z / 1.18.
r = 1.667 ( x / y ) 1 2 ,
R = Y 1 2 r ,
b = 0.600 ( z / y ) 1 2 ,
B = Y 1 3 b ,
g = 1.000 / r b ,
G = k Y 1 3 g ,
R G = 1.667 Y 1 3 ( 1 - x c 1 2 / y 1 2 ) ,
B Y = 0.600 Y 1 3 ( 1 - z c 1 2 / y 1 2 ) .