Abstract

Thresholds are determined at various short times before and after the onset of a 38-mL conditioning stimulus in the dark-adapted eye, and following six other levels of pre-adaptation. An outstanding feature of the results is that under certain conditions thresholds decrease with increasing pre-adapting luminance. The results are considered to provide an indirect picture of on-responses in the visual system. The relation between “masking” associated with these on-responses and those effects attributable to photochemical bleaching is assessed and discussed.

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  1. B. H. Crawford, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) B134, 283 (1947).
  2. H. D. Baker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 172 (1949).
  3. R. M. Boynton and M. H. Triedman, J. Exptl. Psychol. 46, 125 (1953).
  4. Boynton, Bush, and Enoch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 56 (1954).
  5. W. R. Bush, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 1047 (1955).
  6. H. D. Baker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 839 (1955).
  7. See, e.g., S. S. Stevens and H. Davis, Hearing (John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1938).
  8. H. D. Baker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 798 (1953).
  9. Riggs, Ratliff, Cornsweet, and Cornsweet, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 495 (1953).
  10. A. Broca and D. Sulzer, J. physiol. et pathol. gén. 4, 632 (1902).
  11. M. Alpern (personal communication).
  12. E. Brücke, Sitzber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturw. Kl. 49,1 128 (1864).
  13. D. Brewster, Phil. Mag. (3d series) 4, 241 (1834).
  14. S. H. Bartley, J. Exptl. Psychol. 23, 313 (1938).
  15. H. K. Hartline, Am. J. Physiol. 130, 690 (1940).
  16. Hartline, Wagner, and MacNichol, Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 17, 125 (1952).
  17. E. D. Adrian and R. Matthews, J. Physiol. 65, 273 (1928).
  18. See, e.g., Riggs, Berry, and Wayner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 427 (1949).
  19. L. A. Riggs and C. H. Graham, J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 16, 15 (1940).
  20. G. Wald, Science 119, 887 (1954).

Adrian, E. D.

E. D. Adrian and R. Matthews, J. Physiol. 65, 273 (1928).

Alpern, M.

M. Alpern (personal communication).

Baker, H. D.

H. D. Baker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 798 (1953).

H. D. Baker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 172 (1949).

H. D. Baker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 839 (1955).

Bartley, S. H.

S. H. Bartley, J. Exptl. Psychol. 23, 313 (1938).

Boynton, R. M.

R. M. Boynton and M. H. Triedman, J. Exptl. Psychol. 46, 125 (1953).

Brewster, D.

D. Brewster, Phil. Mag. (3d series) 4, 241 (1834).

Broca, A.

A. Broca and D. Sulzer, J. physiol. et pathol. gén. 4, 632 (1902).

Brücke, E.

E. Brücke, Sitzber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturw. Kl. 49,1 128 (1864).

Bush, W. R.

W. R. Bush, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 1047 (1955).

Crawford, B. H.

B. H. Crawford, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) B134, 283 (1947).

Davis, H.

See, e.g., S. S. Stevens and H. Davis, Hearing (John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1938).

Graham, C. H.

L. A. Riggs and C. H. Graham, J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 16, 15 (1940).

Hartline, H. K.

H. K. Hartline, Am. J. Physiol. 130, 690 (1940).

Matthews, R.

E. D. Adrian and R. Matthews, J. Physiol. 65, 273 (1928).

Riggs, L. A.

L. A. Riggs and C. H. Graham, J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 16, 15 (1940).

Stevens, S. S.

See, e.g., S. S. Stevens and H. Davis, Hearing (John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1938).

Sulzer, D.

A. Broca and D. Sulzer, J. physiol. et pathol. gén. 4, 632 (1902).

Triedman, M. H.

R. M. Boynton and M. H. Triedman, J. Exptl. Psychol. 46, 125 (1953).

Wald, G.

G. Wald, Science 119, 887 (1954).

Other (20)

B. H. Crawford, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) B134, 283 (1947).

H. D. Baker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 172 (1949).

R. M. Boynton and M. H. Triedman, J. Exptl. Psychol. 46, 125 (1953).

Boynton, Bush, and Enoch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 56 (1954).

W. R. Bush, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 1047 (1955).

H. D. Baker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 839 (1955).

See, e.g., S. S. Stevens and H. Davis, Hearing (John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1938).

H. D. Baker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 798 (1953).

Riggs, Ratliff, Cornsweet, and Cornsweet, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 495 (1953).

A. Broca and D. Sulzer, J. physiol. et pathol. gén. 4, 632 (1902).

M. Alpern (personal communication).

E. Brücke, Sitzber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturw. Kl. 49,1 128 (1864).

D. Brewster, Phil. Mag. (3d series) 4, 241 (1834).

S. H. Bartley, J. Exptl. Psychol. 23, 313 (1938).

H. K. Hartline, Am. J. Physiol. 130, 690 (1940).

Hartline, Wagner, and MacNichol, Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 17, 125 (1952).

E. D. Adrian and R. Matthews, J. Physiol. 65, 273 (1928).

See, e.g., Riggs, Berry, and Wayner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 427 (1949).

L. A. Riggs and C. H. Graham, J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 16, 15 (1940).

G. Wald, Science 119, 887 (1954).

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