Abstract

The two matching methods were compared to see whether they gave substantially different results. Such a difference would be of interest because successive matching is common in everyday life whereas simultaneous matching is standard calorimetric practice. An experiment was performed in which 25 test colors were matched by both methods. The successive or memory method yielded (1) the higher variability of replicative matchings, (2) the shorter matching times, (3) systematically higher purities, and (4) somewhat higher luminances. Three supplementary experiments are cited which are confirmatory with respect to the principal finding of extra purity and luminance usually required for the memory matches. This increased apparent strength of the remembered colors seems to be a direct consequence of the selectivity of memory.

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  22. J. P. Guilford, Psychometrika 4, 1–23 (1939).

Baker, K. E.

K. E. Baker and I. Mackintosh, J. Exptl. Psychol. 49, 281–286 (1955).

Brown, W. R. J.

W. R. J. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 383(A) (1956).

Burnham, R. W.

R. W. Burnham, Am. J. Psychol. 65, 603–608 (1952).

R. W. Burnham and J. R. Clark, J. Appl. Psychol. 39, 164–172 (1955).

Cattell, J. McK.

G. S. Fullerton and J. McK. Cattell, On the Perceptiono f Snall Difrerences (University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1892).

Clark, J. R.

R. W. Burnham and J. R. Clark, J. Appl. Psychol. 39, 164–172 (1955).

Collins, M.

M. Collins, Brit. J. Psychol. 22, 344–352 (1931–32).

Fullerton, G. S.

G. S. Fullerton and J. McK. Cattell, On the Perceptiono f Snall Difrerences (University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1892).

Granger, G. W.

G. W. Granger, Nature 170, 778–780 (1952).

Guilford, J. P.

J. P. Guilford and D. G. Park, Am. J. Psychol. 43, 589–599 (1931).

J. P. Guilford, Psychometrika 4, 1–23 (1939).

Hanawalt, N. G.

N. G. Hanawalt and B. E. Post, J. Exptl. Psychol. 30, 216–227 (1942).

Jackson, J. E.

J. E. Jackson, Ind. Qual. Control 12, 4–8 (1956).

Katz, D.

D. Katz, The World of Colour (Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Company, Ltd., London, 1935).

Koffka, K.

K. Koffka, Principles of Gestalt Psychology (Harcourt Brace and Company, Inc., New York, 1935).

Kühler, W.

W. Kühler, Psychol. Forsch. 4, 115–175 (1923).

Lauenstein, O.

O. Lauenstein, Psychol. Forsch. 17, 130–177 (1932).

MacAdam, D. L.

D. L. MacAdam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 32, 247–274 (1942).

Mackintosh, I.

K. E. Baker and I. Mackintosh, J. Exptl. Psychol. 49, 281–286 (1955).

Middleton, W. E. K.

W. E. K. Middleton and C. L. Sanders, Illum. Eng. 48, 254–256 (1953).

Needham, J. G.

J. G. Needham, Psychol. Bull. 31, 229–243 (1934).

Park, D. G.

J. P. Guilford and D. G. Park, Am. J. Psychol. 43, 589–599 (1931).

Post, B. E.

N. G. Hanawalt and B. E. Post, J. Exptl. Psychol. 30, 216–227 (1942).

Pratt, C. C.

C. C. Pratt, Am. J. Psychol. 45, 292–297 (1933).

Sanders, C. L.

W. E. K. Middleton and C. L. Sanders, Illum. Eng. 48, 254–256 (1953).

Stiles, W. S.

W. S. Stiles, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 58, 41–65 (1946).

Wulf, F.

F. Wulf, Psychol. Forsch. 1, 333–373 (1922).

Other

F. Wulf, Psychol. Forsch. 1, 333–373 (1922).

M. Collins, Brit. J. Psychol. 22, 344–352 (1931–32).

R. W. Burnham and J. R. Clark, J. Appl. Psychol. 39, 164–172 (1955).

K. Koffka, Principles of Gestalt Psychology (Harcourt Brace and Company, Inc., New York, 1935).

D. Katz, The World of Colour (Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Company, Ltd., London, 1935).

Bruner, Postman, and Rodrigues, Am. J. Psychol. 64, 216–227 (1951).

K. E. Baker and I. Mackintosh, J. Exptl. Psychol. 49, 281–286 (1955).

W. Kühler, Psychol. Forsch. 4, 115–175 (1923).

N. G. Hanawalt and B. E. Post, J. Exptl. Psychol. 30, 216–227 (1942).

G. S. Fullerton and J. McK. Cattell, On the Perceptiono f Snall Difrerences (University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1892).

O. Lauenstein, Psychol. Forsch. 17, 130–177 (1932).

J. P. Guilford and D. G. Park, Am. J. Psychol. 43, 589–599 (1931).

C. C. Pratt, Am. J. Psychol. 45, 292–297 (1933).

W. E. K. Middleton and C. L. Sanders, Illum. Eng. 48, 254–256 (1953).

R. W. Burnham, Am. J. Psychol. 65, 603–608 (1952).

J. E. Jackson, Ind. Qual. Control 12, 4–8 (1956).

D. L. MacAdam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 32, 247–274 (1942).

W. R. J. Brown, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 383(A) (1956).

W. S. Stiles, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 58, 41–65 (1946).

J. G. Needham, Psychol. Bull. 31, 229–243 (1934).

G. W. Granger, Nature 170, 778–780 (1952).

J. P. Guilford, Psychometrika 4, 1–23 (1939).

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