Abstract

The Pulfrich effect has been characterized as a perception of depth produced by image disparity when the stimulus to one eye is less bright than that to the other. A method has been devised which permits ostensible binocular vision but gives a monocular stimulation to each eye in succession, so that no portion of the pathway of the oscillating stimulus is visible to both eyes at the same time. Under this condition, the perception of depth is still reported, thus damaging the latency hypothesis based on binocular vision as an explanation of the phenomenon.

© 1955 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. Mach and V. Dvorak, Sitzber. kgl. bohm. Ges. Wiss., 1872.
  2. C. Pulfrich, Naturwiss. 10, 553 (1922).
    [Crossref]
  3. R. J. Lythgoe, Nature 141, 474 (1938).
    [Crossref]
  4. E. Sachs, Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. 56, 198 (1946).
    [Crossref]
  5. A. Lit, Am. J. Psychol. 62, 159 (1949).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. A. Lit and A. Hyman, Am. J. Optom. and Arch. Am. Acad. Optom. Monograph122 (1951).
  7. Dittler, Rosemann, and Buchmann, Z. Biol. 105, 40 (1952).
  8. M. H. Fischer and W. Mex, Arch. ges. Physiol. (Pflügers) 252, 478 (1950).
    [Crossref]
  9. H. J. Engel and M. H. Fischer, Arch. ges. Physiol. (Pflügers) 253, 1 (1950).
    [Crossref]
  10. P. W. Miles, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 36, 240 (1953).
    [PubMed]

1953 (1)

P. W. Miles, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 36, 240 (1953).
[PubMed]

1952 (1)

Dittler, Rosemann, and Buchmann, Z. Biol. 105, 40 (1952).

1951 (1)

A. Lit and A. Hyman, Am. J. Optom. and Arch. Am. Acad. Optom. Monograph122 (1951).

1950 (2)

M. H. Fischer and W. Mex, Arch. ges. Physiol. (Pflügers) 252, 478 (1950).
[Crossref]

H. J. Engel and M. H. Fischer, Arch. ges. Physiol. (Pflügers) 253, 1 (1950).
[Crossref]

1949 (1)

A. Lit, Am. J. Psychol. 62, 159 (1949).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1946 (1)

E. Sachs, Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. 56, 198 (1946).
[Crossref]

1938 (1)

R. J. Lythgoe, Nature 141, 474 (1938).
[Crossref]

1922 (1)

C. Pulfrich, Naturwiss. 10, 553 (1922).
[Crossref]

1872 (1)

E. Mach and V. Dvorak, Sitzber. kgl. bohm. Ges. Wiss., 1872.

Buchmann,

Dittler, Rosemann, and Buchmann, Z. Biol. 105, 40 (1952).

Dittler,

Dittler, Rosemann, and Buchmann, Z. Biol. 105, 40 (1952).

Dvorak, V.

E. Mach and V. Dvorak, Sitzber. kgl. bohm. Ges. Wiss., 1872.

Engel, H. J.

H. J. Engel and M. H. Fischer, Arch. ges. Physiol. (Pflügers) 253, 1 (1950).
[Crossref]

Fischer, M. H.

H. J. Engel and M. H. Fischer, Arch. ges. Physiol. (Pflügers) 253, 1 (1950).
[Crossref]

M. H. Fischer and W. Mex, Arch. ges. Physiol. (Pflügers) 252, 478 (1950).
[Crossref]

Hyman, A.

A. Lit and A. Hyman, Am. J. Optom. and Arch. Am. Acad. Optom. Monograph122 (1951).

Lit, A.

A. Lit and A. Hyman, Am. J. Optom. and Arch. Am. Acad. Optom. Monograph122 (1951).

A. Lit, Am. J. Psychol. 62, 159 (1949).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lythgoe, R. J.

R. J. Lythgoe, Nature 141, 474 (1938).
[Crossref]

Mach, E.

E. Mach and V. Dvorak, Sitzber. kgl. bohm. Ges. Wiss., 1872.

Mex, W.

M. H. Fischer and W. Mex, Arch. ges. Physiol. (Pflügers) 252, 478 (1950).
[Crossref]

Miles, P. W.

P. W. Miles, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 36, 240 (1953).
[PubMed]

Pulfrich, C.

C. Pulfrich, Naturwiss. 10, 553 (1922).
[Crossref]

Rosemann,

Dittler, Rosemann, and Buchmann, Z. Biol. 105, 40 (1952).

Sachs, E.

E. Sachs, Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. 56, 198 (1946).
[Crossref]

Am. J. Ophthalmol. (1)

P. W. Miles, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 36, 240 (1953).
[PubMed]

Am. J. Optom. and Arch. Am. Acad. Optom. Monograph (1)

A. Lit and A. Hyman, Am. J. Optom. and Arch. Am. Acad. Optom. Monograph122 (1951).

Am. J. Psychol. (1)

A. Lit, Am. J. Psychol. 62, 159 (1949).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arch. ges. Physiol. (Pflügers) (2)

M. H. Fischer and W. Mex, Arch. ges. Physiol. (Pflügers) 252, 478 (1950).
[Crossref]

H. J. Engel and M. H. Fischer, Arch. ges. Physiol. (Pflügers) 253, 1 (1950).
[Crossref]

Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. (1)

E. Sachs, Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. 56, 198 (1946).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

R. J. Lythgoe, Nature 141, 474 (1938).
[Crossref]

Naturwiss. (1)

C. Pulfrich, Naturwiss. 10, 553 (1922).
[Crossref]

Sitzber. kgl. bohm. Ges. Wiss. (1)

E. Mach and V. Dvorak, Sitzber. kgl. bohm. Ges. Wiss., 1872.

Z. Biol. (1)

Dittler, Rosemann, and Buchmann, Z. Biol. 105, 40 (1952).

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Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Reported direction of stimulus light under several conditions.