Abstract

A brief history of the significance of the 1st and 2nd lens reflexes in physiological optics is presented and the development of photographic techniques for recording the lens reflexes is outlined. A new technique for photographing the 1st lens reflex under infrared, and hence extra-visible, illumination is detailed.

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References

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  1. G. E. Purkinje, De Examine P'ysiologico Organi Visus et Systematis Cutanei (Vratislaviae, 1823).
  2. Sanson, Lecons sur les Maladies des Yeux (Bardinot et Pigne, Paris, 1837).
  3. M. Langenbeck, Klinische Beitrage aus dem Gebiete der Chirurgie und Ophthalmology (Göttingen, 1849).
  4. C. Hess, Ann. Ocul. 132, 297 (1904).
  5. H. von Helmholtz, Treatise on Physiological Optics (Southall's translation of the 3rd German edition, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 1926).
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  8. E. F. Fincham, Am. J. Physiol. Opt. 7, 469 (1926).
  9. H. von Kirchhof, Am. J. Optom. 27, 163 (1950) (American publication of a paper first published abroad in 1940).
  10. J. Marandon, Rev. Opt. 28, 146 (1949).
  11. M. J. Allen, Am. J. Optom. 26, 276 (1949).
  12. J. M. Otero and T. V. S. D. Galvez, Anales real soc. espan¯. fis. y quim 46, (1950).
  13. F. W. Campbell and J. A. E. Primrose, J. Physiol. (January, 1952).
  14. Koomen, Scolnik, and Tousey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 27 (1953).

Allen, M. J.

M. J. Allen, Am. J. Optom. 26, 276 (1949).

Campbell, F. W.

F. W. Campbell and J. A. E. Primrose, J. Physiol. (January, 1952).

Fincham, E. F.

E. F. Fincham, Am. J. Physiol. Opt. 7, 469 (1926).

Galvez, T. V. S. D.

J. M. Otero and T. V. S. D. Galvez, Anales real soc. espan¯. fis. y quim 46, (1950).

Gullstrand, A.

A. Gullstrand, Arch. Augenheilk. 72, 169 (1912).

Hess, C.

C. Hess, Ann. Ocul. 132, 297 (1904).

Langenbeck, M.

M. Langenbeck, Klinische Beitrage aus dem Gebiete der Chirurgie und Ophthalmology (Göttingen, 1849).

Marandon, J.

J. Marandon, Rev. Opt. 28, 146 (1949).

Otero, J. M.

J. M. Otero and T. V. S. D. Galvez, Anales real soc. espan¯. fis. y quim 46, (1950).

Primrose, J. A. E.

F. W. Campbell and J. A. E. Primrose, J. Physiol. (January, 1952).

Purkinje, G. E.

G. E. Purkinje, De Examine P'ysiologico Organi Visus et Systematis Cutanei (Vratislaviae, 1823).

von Helmholtz, H.

H. von Helmholtz, Treatise on Physiological Optics (Southall's translation of the 3rd German edition, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 1926).

von Kirchhof, H.

H. von Kirchhof, Am. J. Optom. 27, 163 (1950) (American publication of a paper first published abroad in 1940).

Other

G. E. Purkinje, De Examine P'ysiologico Organi Visus et Systematis Cutanei (Vratislaviae, 1823).

Sanson, Lecons sur les Maladies des Yeux (Bardinot et Pigne, Paris, 1837).

M. Langenbeck, Klinische Beitrage aus dem Gebiete der Chirurgie und Ophthalmology (Göttingen, 1849).

C. Hess, Ann. Ocul. 132, 297 (1904).

H. von Helmholtz, Treatise on Physiological Optics (Southall's translation of the 3rd German edition, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 1926).

Tscherning, Ann. Ocul. 131, 168 (1904).

A. Gullstrand, Arch. Augenheilk. 72, 169 (1912).

E. F. Fincham, Am. J. Physiol. Opt. 7, 469 (1926).

H. von Kirchhof, Am. J. Optom. 27, 163 (1950) (American publication of a paper first published abroad in 1940).

J. Marandon, Rev. Opt. 28, 146 (1949).

M. J. Allen, Am. J. Optom. 26, 276 (1949).

J. M. Otero and T. V. S. D. Galvez, Anales real soc. espan¯. fis. y quim 46, (1950).

F. W. Campbell and J. A. E. Primrose, J. Physiol. (January, 1952).

Koomen, Scolnik, and Tousey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 27 (1953).

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