Abstract

The relative luminances of the matching stimuli were recorded for eight Egyptian observers and one British observer with normal color vision on Wright’s colorimeter. Results for the Egyptians were compared with similar measurements made on 11 British observers and no significant differences between the means of the two sets were found. These two sets of values were found to be different from the adopted values for the C.I.E. after the transformation of the latter to the unit basis used by Wright.

From the relative luminances of the matching stimuli, the spectral luminosity curve and the chromaticity coordinates of the eight Egyptians and the one British observer, their tristimulus values were computed in the usual manner. A marked difference in the blue values was found between the Egyptian observers and the available data for four British observers. The blue values were very low in the case of the Egyptians and the denser yellow pigmentation of the Egyptians could not account for all the differences.

The spectral tristimulus values were calculated for Wright, Guild, Weaver, Abney, and the C.I.E. from the combination of their data on the spectral chromaticity coordinates, together with the C.I.E. relative luminances of the matching stimuli and spectral luminosity curve.

When their results were used in calculating the chromaticity of the standard sources SA, SB, and SC, it was found that Wright, Weaver, and Abney gave results which are very close to each other but deviate considerably from Guild’s results, while the C.I.E. values lie in between.

© 1952 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. D. Wright, Researches on Normal and Defective Colour Vision, (Henry Kimpton, London, 1946).
  2. W. D. Wright and F. H. G. Pitt, Proc. Phvs. Soc. (London) 47, 205 (1935).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. H. Nelson, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 49, 332 (1937).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Guild, Trans. Roy. Soc. (London) A230, 149 (1931).
  5. W. D. Wright, Trans. Opt. Soc. 31, 213 (1929–1930).
  6. I. G. H. Ishak, “A study of colour vision characteristics of Egyptian trichomats,” Ph.D. thesis, London University (1950).
  7. W. D. Wright, Trans. Opt. Soc. 29, 225 (1927–1928).
    [Crossref]
  8. T. Smith and J. Guild, Trans. Opt. Soc. 33, 73 (1931–1932).
    [Crossref]
  9. E. A. Weaver, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 6, 548 (1922).
  10. W. de W. Abney, Researches in Colour Vision (Longmans Green & Company, London, 1913).
  11. I. G. H. Ishak, J. Physiol. 115, 1, 25 (1951).

1951 (1)

I. G. H. Ishak, J. Physiol. 115, 1, 25 (1951).

1937 (1)

J. H. Nelson, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 49, 332 (1937).
[Crossref]

1935 (1)

W. D. Wright and F. H. G. Pitt, Proc. Phvs. Soc. (London) 47, 205 (1935).
[Crossref]

1931 (1)

J. Guild, Trans. Roy. Soc. (London) A230, 149 (1931).

1922 (1)

E. A. Weaver, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 6, 548 (1922).

Abney, W. de W.

W. de W. Abney, Researches in Colour Vision (Longmans Green & Company, London, 1913).

Guild, J.

T. Smith and J. Guild, Trans. Opt. Soc. 33, 73 (1931–1932).
[Crossref]

J. Guild, Trans. Roy. Soc. (London) A230, 149 (1931).

Ishak, I. G. H.

I. G. H. Ishak, J. Physiol. 115, 1, 25 (1951).

I. G. H. Ishak, “A study of colour vision characteristics of Egyptian trichomats,” Ph.D. thesis, London University (1950).

Nelson, J. H.

J. H. Nelson, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 49, 332 (1937).
[Crossref]

Pitt, F. H. G.

W. D. Wright and F. H. G. Pitt, Proc. Phvs. Soc. (London) 47, 205 (1935).
[Crossref]

Smith, T.

T. Smith and J. Guild, Trans. Opt. Soc. 33, 73 (1931–1932).
[Crossref]

Weaver, E. A.

E. A. Weaver, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 6, 548 (1922).

Wright, W. D.

W. D. Wright and F. H. G. Pitt, Proc. Phvs. Soc. (London) 47, 205 (1935).
[Crossref]

W. D. Wright, Trans. Opt. Soc. 31, 213 (1929–1930).

W. D. Wright, Trans. Opt. Soc. 29, 225 (1927–1928).
[Crossref]

W. D. Wright, Researches on Normal and Defective Colour Vision, (Henry Kimpton, London, 1946).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

E. A. Weaver, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 6, 548 (1922).

J. Physiol. (1)

I. G. H. Ishak, J. Physiol. 115, 1, 25 (1951).

Proc. Phvs. Soc. (London) (1)

W. D. Wright and F. H. G. Pitt, Proc. Phvs. Soc. (London) 47, 205 (1935).
[Crossref]

Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) (1)

J. H. Nelson, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 49, 332 (1937).
[Crossref]

Trans. Opt. Soc. (3)

W. D. Wright, Trans. Opt. Soc. 31, 213 (1929–1930).

W. D. Wright, Trans. Opt. Soc. 29, 225 (1927–1928).
[Crossref]

T. Smith and J. Guild, Trans. Opt. Soc. 33, 73 (1931–1932).
[Crossref]

Trans. Roy. Soc. (London) (1)

J. Guild, Trans. Roy. Soc. (London) A230, 149 (1931).

Other (3)

I. G. H. Ishak, “A study of colour vision characteristics of Egyptian trichomats,” Ph.D. thesis, London University (1950).

W. de W. Abney, Researches in Colour Vision (Longmans Green & Company, London, 1913).

W. D. Wright, Researches on Normal and Defective Colour Vision, (Henry Kimpton, London, 1946).

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Tables (6)

Tables Icon

Table I The relative luminances of the matching stimuli for 8 Egyptian observers.

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Table II The relative luminances of the matching stimuli for 11 British observers.

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Table III Equal energy tristimulus values in luminance terms for 8 Egyptian observers.

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Table IV Equal energy tristimulus values in luminance terms for one British observer.

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Table V Relative luminance of the primaries (units based on Wright’s system).

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Table VI Mean tristimulus values for the present and previous investigations.

Equations (48)

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r ¯ L r ( 0.65 μ )
g ¯ L g ( 0.53 μ )
b ¯ L b ( 0.46 μ )
r ¯ L r ( 0.65 μ )
g ¯ L g ( 0.53 μ )
b ¯ L b ( 0.46 μ )
r ¯ L r ( 0.65 μ )
g ¯ L g ( 0.53 μ )
b ¯ L b ( 0.46 μ )
r ¯ L r ( 0.65 μ )
g ¯ L g ( 0.53 μ )
b ¯ L b ( 0.46 μ )
r ¯ L r ( 0.65 μ )
g ¯ L g ( 0.53 μ )
b ¯ L b ( 0.46 μ )
r ¯ L r ( 0.65 μ )
g ¯ L g ( 0.53 μ )
b ¯ L b ( 0.46 μ )
r ¯ L r ( 0.65 μ )
g ¯ L g ( 0.53 μ )
b ¯ L b ( 0.46 μ )
r ¯ L r ( 0.65 μ )
g ¯ L g ( 0.53 μ )
b ¯ L b ( 0.46 μ )
r ¯ L r ( 0.65 μ )
g ¯ L g ( 0.53 μ )
b ¯ L b ( 0.46 μ )
r ¯ L r ( 0.65 μ )
g ¯ L g ( 0.53 μ )
b ¯ L b ( 0.46 μ )
r ¯ L r ( 0.65 μ )
g ¯ L g ( 0.53 μ )
b ¯ L b ( 0.46 μ )
r ¯ L r ( 0.65 μ )
g ¯ L g ( 0.53 μ )
b ¯ L b ( 0.46 μ )
r ¯ L r ( 0.65 μ )
g ¯ L g ( 0.53 μ )
b ¯ L b ( 0.46 μ )
r ¯ L r ( 0.65 μ )
g ¯ L g ( 0.53 μ )
b ¯ L b ( 0.46 μ )
r ¯ L r ( 0.65 μ )
g ¯ L g ( 0.53 μ )
b ¯ L b ( 0.46 μ )
r ¯ L r ( 0.65 μ )
g ¯ L g ( 0.53 μ )
b ¯ L b ( 0.46 μ )