Abstract

The Raman spectrum of gaseous 1,3-butadiene has been photographed with a three-prism glass spectrograph of linear dispersion 15 A/mm near 4358A. Polarization data have been obtained for the liquid. The observed Raman spectrum has been interpreted in some detail in terms of a planar trans-configuration of the molecule. Two fundamentals have been added to previous assignments, and several assignments have been made more specific. It is concluded that at room temperature a small fraction of the molecules have a cis-configuration.

© 1950 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. G. Aston, G. Szasz, H. W. Woolley, and F. G. Brickwedde, J. Chem. Phys. 14, 67 (1946).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. C. Smith, J. Rud Nielsen, and H. H. Claassen, J. Chem. Phys. 18, 326 (1950).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. W. F. Kohlrausch, Der Smekal-Raman Effekt (Julius Springer, Berlin, 1931).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Bradacs and L. Kahovec, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 48, 63 (1940).
  5. A. Dadieu and K. W. F. Kohlrausch, Ber. d. d. chem. Ges. 63, 1657 (1930).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Bartholomé and J. Karweil, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 35, 442 (1937).
  7. R. S. Rasmussen and R. R. Brattain, J. Chem. Phys. 15, 131 (1947).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. C. Creitz and F. A. Smith, J. Research Nat. Bur. Stand. 43, 365 (1949).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Sheppard, J. Chem. Phys. 17, 74 (1949).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. W. F. Kohlrausch, Ramanspektren (Akademische Verlag Becker and Erler, Leipzig, 1943).
  11. C. M. Richards and J. Rud Nielsen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 442 (1950).
    [CrossRef]

1950 (2)

D. C. Smith, J. Rud Nielsen, and H. H. Claassen, J. Chem. Phys. 18, 326 (1950).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Richards and J. Rud Nielsen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 442 (1950).
[CrossRef]

1949 (2)

E. C. Creitz and F. A. Smith, J. Research Nat. Bur. Stand. 43, 365 (1949).
[CrossRef]

N. Sheppard, J. Chem. Phys. 17, 74 (1949).
[CrossRef]

1947 (1)

R. S. Rasmussen and R. R. Brattain, J. Chem. Phys. 15, 131 (1947).
[CrossRef]

1946 (1)

J. G. Aston, G. Szasz, H. W. Woolley, and F. G. Brickwedde, J. Chem. Phys. 14, 67 (1946).
[CrossRef]

1940 (1)

K. Bradacs and L. Kahovec, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 48, 63 (1940).

1937 (1)

E. Bartholomé and J. Karweil, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 35, 442 (1937).

1930 (1)

A. Dadieu and K. W. F. Kohlrausch, Ber. d. d. chem. Ges. 63, 1657 (1930).
[CrossRef]

Aston, J. G.

J. G. Aston, G. Szasz, H. W. Woolley, and F. G. Brickwedde, J. Chem. Phys. 14, 67 (1946).
[CrossRef]

Bartholomé, E.

E. Bartholomé and J. Karweil, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 35, 442 (1937).

Bradacs, K.

K. Bradacs and L. Kahovec, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 48, 63 (1940).

Brattain, R. R.

R. S. Rasmussen and R. R. Brattain, J. Chem. Phys. 15, 131 (1947).
[CrossRef]

Brickwedde, F. G.

J. G. Aston, G. Szasz, H. W. Woolley, and F. G. Brickwedde, J. Chem. Phys. 14, 67 (1946).
[CrossRef]

Claassen, H. H.

D. C. Smith, J. Rud Nielsen, and H. H. Claassen, J. Chem. Phys. 18, 326 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Creitz, E. C.

E. C. Creitz and F. A. Smith, J. Research Nat. Bur. Stand. 43, 365 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Dadieu, A.

A. Dadieu and K. W. F. Kohlrausch, Ber. d. d. chem. Ges. 63, 1657 (1930).
[CrossRef]

Kahovec, L.

K. Bradacs and L. Kahovec, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 48, 63 (1940).

Karweil, J.

E. Bartholomé and J. Karweil, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 35, 442 (1937).

Kohlrausch, K. W. F.

A. Dadieu and K. W. F. Kohlrausch, Ber. d. d. chem. Ges. 63, 1657 (1930).
[CrossRef]

K. W. F. Kohlrausch, Der Smekal-Raman Effekt (Julius Springer, Berlin, 1931).
[CrossRef]

K. W. F. Kohlrausch, Ramanspektren (Akademische Verlag Becker and Erler, Leipzig, 1943).

Rasmussen, R. S.

R. S. Rasmussen and R. R. Brattain, J. Chem. Phys. 15, 131 (1947).
[CrossRef]

Richards, C. M.

Rud Nielsen, J.

C. M. Richards and J. Rud Nielsen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 442 (1950).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Smith, J. Rud Nielsen, and H. H. Claassen, J. Chem. Phys. 18, 326 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Sheppard, N.

N. Sheppard, J. Chem. Phys. 17, 74 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. C.

D. C. Smith, J. Rud Nielsen, and H. H. Claassen, J. Chem. Phys. 18, 326 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Smith, F. A.

E. C. Creitz and F. A. Smith, J. Research Nat. Bur. Stand. 43, 365 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Szasz, G.

J. G. Aston, G. Szasz, H. W. Woolley, and F. G. Brickwedde, J. Chem. Phys. 14, 67 (1946).
[CrossRef]

Woolley, H. W.

J. G. Aston, G. Szasz, H. W. Woolley, and F. G. Brickwedde, J. Chem. Phys. 14, 67 (1946).
[CrossRef]

Ber. d. d. chem. Ges. (1)

A. Dadieu and K. W. F. Kohlrausch, Ber. d. d. chem. Ges. 63, 1657 (1930).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (4)

J. G. Aston, G. Szasz, H. W. Woolley, and F. G. Brickwedde, J. Chem. Phys. 14, 67 (1946).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Smith, J. Rud Nielsen, and H. H. Claassen, J. Chem. Phys. 18, 326 (1950).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Rasmussen and R. R. Brattain, J. Chem. Phys. 15, 131 (1947).
[CrossRef]

N. Sheppard, J. Chem. Phys. 17, 74 (1949).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Research Nat. Bur. Stand. (1)

E. C. Creitz and F. A. Smith, J. Research Nat. Bur. Stand. 43, 365 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Zeits. f. physik. Chemie (2)

E. Bartholomé and J. Karweil, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 35, 442 (1937).

K. Bradacs and L. Kahovec, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 48, 63 (1940).

Other (2)

K. W. F. Kohlrausch, Der Smekal-Raman Effekt (Julius Springer, Berlin, 1931).
[CrossRef]

K. W. F. Kohlrausch, Ramanspektren (Akademische Verlag Becker and Erler, Leipzig, 1943).

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Raman spectra of 1,3-butadiene in the gaseous and liquid states. Exposure times: for gas (2.6 atmos.) 24 hours; for liquid 5 minutes.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table I Raman spectrum of 1,3-butadiene.

Tables Icon

Table II Fundamental frequencies of 1,3-butadiene (C2h).*