Abstract

The design and constructional features of infra-red and ultraviolet double-beam analyzers are discussed. Various optical and electronic arrangements are described and the most commonly used methods of evaluation listed. Some recommendations for future research have been made.

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  1. H. Schmick, U. S. Patent No. 1,758,088.
  2. N. Wright and L. W. Herscher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 36, 198 (1946).
  3. W. G. Fastie and A. H. Pfund, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 762 (1947).
  4. R. C. Fowler, Rev. Sci. Inst. 20, 175 (1949).
  5. Kivenson, Steinback, and Rider, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 1086 (1948).
  6. V. F. Hanson, Ind. Eng. Chem., Anal. Ed. 13, 119 (1941).
  7. I. M. Klotz and M. Dole, Ind. Eng. Chem., Anal. Ed. 18, 741 (1946).
  8. Jamison, Kohler, and Koppius, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 1099A (1948).
  9. Baird, O'Bryan, Odgen, and Lee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 754 (1947).
  10. J. U. White and M. D. Liston, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 1098A (1948).
  11. Private communication from H. H. Cary, Applied Physics Corporation, Pasadena, California.
  12. W. A. Darrah, U. S. Patent No. 1,746, 525.
  13. R. E. Stark and D. E. Stark, U. S. Patent No. 2,389,649.
  14. N. Wright, U. S. Patent No. 2,386,831.
  15. A. H. Pfund, U. S. Patent No. 2,212,211.
  16. Weber, Arch. sci. phys. et nat. [3] 18, 347 (1887).
  17. R. E. Kidder and J. W. Berry, U. S. Patent No. 2,443,427.
  18. R. B. Barnes, U. S. Patent No. 2,431,019.
  19. K. F. Luft, Zeits. f. tech. Physik 5, 97 (1947).
  20. K. F. Luft in "Study of the industrial processing instrument industry in Germany," U. S. Department of Commerce, Report No. PB-4600.
  21. M. L. Veingerov, Comptes Rendus U.S.S.R. 19, 687 (1938).
  22. M. L. Veingerov, Izvest. Akad. Nauk. 4, 94 (1940), Fig. 4.
  23. M. L. Veingerov, Comptes Rendus U.S.S.R. 46, 182 (1945).
  24. M. L. Veingerov, Comptes Rendus U.S.S.R. 51, 195 (1946).
  25. H. V. Hayes, Rev. Sci. Inst. 7, 202 (1936).
  26. E. A. Zohl and Marcel Golay, Rev. Sci. Inst. 17, 511 (1946).
  27. R. J. Cashman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 36, 356 A (1946).
  28. J. Starkiewicz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 481 (1948).
  29. T. S. Moss, Nature 161, 766 (1948).
  30. M. D. Liston, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 515A (1947).
  31. H. P. Kalmus and G. O. Striker, Rev. Sci. Inst. 19, 79 (1948).
  32. Harrison, Lord, and Loofbourow, Practical Spectroscopy (Prentice-Hall, Inc., New York, 1948), p. 312.
  33. N. Wright and L. W. Herscher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 211 (1947).

Barnes, R. B.

R. B. Barnes, U. S. Patent No. 2,431,019.

Berry, J. W.

R. E. Kidder and J. W. Berry, U. S. Patent No. 2,443,427.

Cary, H. H.

Private communication from H. H. Cary, Applied Physics Corporation, Pasadena, California.

Cashman, R. J.

R. J. Cashman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 36, 356 A (1946).

Darrah, W. A.

W. A. Darrah, U. S. Patent No. 1,746, 525.

Dole, M.

I. M. Klotz and M. Dole, Ind. Eng. Chem., Anal. Ed. 18, 741 (1946).

Fastie, W. G.

W. G. Fastie and A. H. Pfund, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 762 (1947).

Fowler, R. C.

R. C. Fowler, Rev. Sci. Inst. 20, 175 (1949).

Golay, Marcel

E. A. Zohl and Marcel Golay, Rev. Sci. Inst. 17, 511 (1946).

Hanson, V. F.

V. F. Hanson, Ind. Eng. Chem., Anal. Ed. 13, 119 (1941).

Hayes, H. V.

H. V. Hayes, Rev. Sci. Inst. 7, 202 (1936).

Herscher, L. W.

N. Wright and L. W. Herscher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 211 (1947).

N. Wright and L. W. Herscher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 36, 198 (1946).

Kalmus, H. P.

H. P. Kalmus and G. O. Striker, Rev. Sci. Inst. 19, 79 (1948).

Kidder, R. E.

R. E. Kidder and J. W. Berry, U. S. Patent No. 2,443,427.

Klotz, I. M.

I. M. Klotz and M. Dole, Ind. Eng. Chem., Anal. Ed. 18, 741 (1946).

Liston, M. D.

J. U. White and M. D. Liston, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 1098A (1948).

M. D. Liston, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 515A (1947).

Luft, K. F.

K. F. Luft, Zeits. f. tech. Physik 5, 97 (1947).

K. F. Luft in "Study of the industrial processing instrument industry in Germany," U. S. Department of Commerce, Report No. PB-4600.

Moss, T. S.

T. S. Moss, Nature 161, 766 (1948).

Pfund, A. H.

A. H. Pfund, U. S. Patent No. 2,212,211.

W. G. Fastie and A. H. Pfund, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 762 (1947).

Schmick, H.

H. Schmick, U. S. Patent No. 1,758,088.

Stark, D. E.

R. E. Stark and D. E. Stark, U. S. Patent No. 2,389,649.

Stark, R. E.

R. E. Stark and D. E. Stark, U. S. Patent No. 2,389,649.

Starkiewicz, J.

J. Starkiewicz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 481 (1948).

Striker, G. O.

H. P. Kalmus and G. O. Striker, Rev. Sci. Inst. 19, 79 (1948).

Veingerov, M. L.

M. L. Veingerov, Comptes Rendus U.S.S.R. 19, 687 (1938).

M. L. Veingerov, Izvest. Akad. Nauk. 4, 94 (1940), Fig. 4.

M. L. Veingerov, Comptes Rendus U.S.S.R. 46, 182 (1945).

M. L. Veingerov, Comptes Rendus U.S.S.R. 51, 195 (1946).

White, J. U.

J. U. White and M. D. Liston, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 1098A (1948).

Wright, N.

N. Wright and L. W. Herscher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 36, 198 (1946).

N. Wright, U. S. Patent No. 2,386,831.

N. Wright and L. W. Herscher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 211 (1947).

Zohl, E. A.

E. A. Zohl and Marcel Golay, Rev. Sci. Inst. 17, 511 (1946).

Other (33)

H. Schmick, U. S. Patent No. 1,758,088.

N. Wright and L. W. Herscher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 36, 198 (1946).

W. G. Fastie and A. H. Pfund, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 762 (1947).

R. C. Fowler, Rev. Sci. Inst. 20, 175 (1949).

Kivenson, Steinback, and Rider, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 1086 (1948).

V. F. Hanson, Ind. Eng. Chem., Anal. Ed. 13, 119 (1941).

I. M. Klotz and M. Dole, Ind. Eng. Chem., Anal. Ed. 18, 741 (1946).

Jamison, Kohler, and Koppius, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 1099A (1948).

Baird, O'Bryan, Odgen, and Lee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 754 (1947).

J. U. White and M. D. Liston, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 1098A (1948).

Private communication from H. H. Cary, Applied Physics Corporation, Pasadena, California.

W. A. Darrah, U. S. Patent No. 1,746, 525.

R. E. Stark and D. E. Stark, U. S. Patent No. 2,389,649.

N. Wright, U. S. Patent No. 2,386,831.

A. H. Pfund, U. S. Patent No. 2,212,211.

Weber, Arch. sci. phys. et nat. [3] 18, 347 (1887).

R. E. Kidder and J. W. Berry, U. S. Patent No. 2,443,427.

R. B. Barnes, U. S. Patent No. 2,431,019.

K. F. Luft, Zeits. f. tech. Physik 5, 97 (1947).

K. F. Luft in "Study of the industrial processing instrument industry in Germany," U. S. Department of Commerce, Report No. PB-4600.

M. L. Veingerov, Comptes Rendus U.S.S.R. 19, 687 (1938).

M. L. Veingerov, Izvest. Akad. Nauk. 4, 94 (1940), Fig. 4.

M. L. Veingerov, Comptes Rendus U.S.S.R. 46, 182 (1945).

M. L. Veingerov, Comptes Rendus U.S.S.R. 51, 195 (1946).

H. V. Hayes, Rev. Sci. Inst. 7, 202 (1936).

E. A. Zohl and Marcel Golay, Rev. Sci. Inst. 17, 511 (1946).

R. J. Cashman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 36, 356 A (1946).

J. Starkiewicz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 481 (1948).

T. S. Moss, Nature 161, 766 (1948).

M. D. Liston, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 515A (1947).

H. P. Kalmus and G. O. Striker, Rev. Sci. Inst. 19, 79 (1948).

Harrison, Lord, and Loofbourow, Practical Spectroscopy (Prentice-Hall, Inc., New York, 1948), p. 312.

N. Wright and L. W. Herscher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 211 (1947).

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