Abstract

The spherical aberration of the eye was measured by placing a series of centered annular apertures over the eye pupil, and determining the optimum spectacle correction for each aperture. A “double star” was used as a test object. Accommodation was controlled by reflecting a second test object into the field of view. The three eyes examined had positive (undercorrected) spherical aberration when unaccommodated; in one case 2 diopters at the pupil margin. The aberration was reduced with increasing accommodation and in one case became negative at high accommodation. Homatropine reduced the spherical aberration of two of the three eyes examined. A historical review of previous work is given.

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  2. A. W. Volkmann, Wagner's Handworterbuch der Physiologic (Vicweg and Son, Brunswick, 1846), p. 293.
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  4. E. Jackson, American J. Med. Sciences 89, 404 (1885).
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  9. H. T. Pi, Trans. Ophth. Soc. of United Kingdom XLV, 393 (1925).
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  11. J. M. Otero and A. Duran, Anales de Física y Química 38, 236 (1942).
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  13. G. Von Bahr, Acta Ophth. 23, 1 (1945).
  14. A. Ivanoff, Rev. d'Optique 26, 145 (1947).
  15. A. Ivanoff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 730 (1947).

Ames, A.

A. Ames and C. A. Proctor, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 5, 22 (1921).

Byram, G. M.

G. M. Byram, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 34, 590 (1944).

Duran, A.

J. M. Otero and A. Duran, Anales de Física y Química 38, 236 (1942).

Gullstrand, A.

A. Gullstrand, Supplement to Helmholtz's Physiological Optics, 1909 edition; translated by J. P. C. Southall (Opt. Soc. Am., 1924), p. 437.

Ivanoff, A.

A. Ivanoff, Rev. d'Optique 26, 145 (1947).

A. Ivanoff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 730 (1947).

Jackson, E.

E. Jackson, American J. Med. Sciences 89, 404 (1885).

E. Jackson, Trans. Am. Ophth. Soc. 5, 141 (1888).

Otero, J. M.

J. M. Otero and A. Duran, Anales de Física y Química 38, 236 (1942).

Pi, H. T.

H. T. Pi, Trans. Ophth. Soc. of United Kingdom XLV, 393 (1925).

Proctor, C. A.

A. Ames and C. A. Proctor, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 5, 22 (1921).

Stine, G. H.

G. H. Stine, Am. J. Ophth. 13, Ser. 3, 101 (1930).

Tscherning, M.

M. Tscherning, Optique Physiologique (Carre et Naud, Paris, 1898), pp. 98 and 158.

Volkmann, A. W.

A. W. Volkmann, Wagner's Handworterbuch der Physiologic (Vicweg and Son, Brunswick, 1846), p. 293.

Von Bahr, G.

G. Von Bahr, Acta Ophth. 23, 1 (1945).

von Helmholtz, H.

H. von Helmholtz, Physiological Optics, 1909 edition; translated by J. P. C. Southall (Opt. Soc. Am., 1924), pp. 199–201.

Young, T.

T. Young, Phil. Trans. 91, 69 (1801).

Other

T. Young, Phil. Trans. 91, 69 (1801).

A. W. Volkmann, Wagner's Handworterbuch der Physiologic (Vicweg and Son, Brunswick, 1846), p. 293.

H. von Helmholtz, Physiological Optics, 1909 edition; translated by J. P. C. Southall (Opt. Soc. Am., 1924), pp. 199–201.

E. Jackson, American J. Med. Sciences 89, 404 (1885).

E. Jackson, Trans. Am. Ophth. Soc. 5, 141 (1888).

M. Tscherning, Optique Physiologique (Carre et Naud, Paris, 1898), pp. 98 and 158.

A. Gullstrand, Supplement to Helmholtz's Physiological Optics, 1909 edition; translated by J. P. C. Southall (Opt. Soc. Am., 1924), p. 437.

A. Ames and C. A. Proctor, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 5, 22 (1921).

H. T. Pi, Trans. Ophth. Soc. of United Kingdom XLV, 393 (1925).

G. H. Stine, Am. J. Ophth. 13, Ser. 3, 101 (1930).

J. M. Otero and A. Duran, Anales de Física y Química 38, 236 (1942).

G. M. Byram, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 34, 590 (1944).

G. Von Bahr, Acta Ophth. 23, 1 (1945).

A. Ivanoff, Rev. d'Optique 26, 145 (1947).

A. Ivanoff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 730 (1947).

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