Abstract

A simple laboratory method for making partially reflecting mirrors of high efficiency is provided by fuming titanium tetrachloride onto glass. The reaction of the tetrachloride with atmospheric water vapor allows a thin coating of titanium dioxide to deposit on hot glass.

TiCl4+2H2OTiO2+4HCl.
This coating is extremely durable and can be washed frequently without producing pinholes. The critical thickness for maximum reflectivity is regulated by watching the color of the reflected light. A single coating reflects 30 and transmits 70 percent of incident light.

Alternate layers of fumed titanium dioxide and evaporated magnesium fluoride afford reflectivities over the visible range of from 30 to over 60 percent, depending on the number of layers.

© 1947 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. The work described here was carried out in whole or in part under contract with Division 16 of the Office of Scientific Research and Development, at the University of Rochester.
  2. C. H. Cartwright and A. F. Turner, Phys. Rev. 55, 1128A (1939).
  3. A. H. Pfund, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 24, 99 (1934).
    [CrossRef]

1939 (1)

C. H. Cartwright and A. F. Turner, Phys. Rev. 55, 1128A (1939).

1934 (1)

Cartwright, C. H.

C. H. Cartwright and A. F. Turner, Phys. Rev. 55, 1128A (1939).

Pfund, A. H.

Turner, A. F.

C. H. Cartwright and A. F. Turner, Phys. Rev. 55, 1128A (1939).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

C. H. Cartwright and A. F. Turner, Phys. Rev. 55, 1128A (1939).

Other (1)

The work described here was carried out in whole or in part under contract with Division 16 of the Office of Scientific Research and Development, at the University of Rochester.

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Equations (1)

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TiCl 4 + 2 H 2 O TiO 2 + 4 HCl .