Abstract

A technique has been developed for the evaporation of bismuth and of antimony upon thin cellulose nitrate so that the metals have comparatively low electrical resistivities and comparatively high thermal e.m.f.’s. A procedure has been developed for making bismuth-antimony radiation thermopiles in which units of 50 thermal junctions have a receiving area of ~0.11 cm2 and a resistance of ~70 ohms. These units are called “folded thermopiles.” The response of several folded thermopiles of different design operated at atmospheric pressure has been studied over a range of frequencies. The “folded” thermopiles are faster than any thermopiles reported heretofore, yet the response is greater for all frequencies above 5 cycles per second than for evaporated thermocouples operated in a vacuum. The thermopiles are rugged, relatively free of microphonics, and show very little noise in addition to “Johnson noise.”

© 1946 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (6)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (3)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (3)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription