Abstract

The intensity characteristics of electron microscope images are briefly discussed with examples of Fresnel diffraction fringes and edge luminosity to illustrate the intensity contours at sharp edges. The preparation and properties of silica replicas of surfaces are reviewed and some examples of the application to metallography and grinding and polishing are exhibited. The use of stereoscopy in determining elevations is demonstrated and profiles of diffraction gratings are shown as examples.

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. Cf. A. F. Prebus, Colloid Chemistry (edited by Alexander) (Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, 1944), Vol. 5, p. 152.
  2. H. Busch, Ann. d. Physik 81, 974 (1926).
  3. H. Boersch, Physik. Zeits. 44, 202 (1943).
  4. E. Ruska, Kolloid Zeits. 105, 43 (1943).
  5. J. Hillier, Can. J. Research A17, 64 (1939).
  6. B. v Borries and E. Ruska, Naturwiss. 27, 281 (1939).
  7. J. Hillier, Phys. Rev. 60, 743 (1941).
  8. L. I. Schiff, Phys. Rev. 61, 391 (1942).
  9. L. Marton and L. I. Schiff, J. App. Phys. 12, 759 (1941).
  10. H. Mahl, Zeits. f. tech. Physik 21, 17 (1940).
  11. V. K. Zworykin and E. G. Ramberg, J. App. Phys. 12, 642 (1941).
  12. V. J. Schafer and D. Harker, J. App. Phys. 13, 427 (1942).
  13. R. D. Heidenreich and V. G. Peck, J. App. Phys. 14, 23 (1943).
  14. R. D. Heidenreich, J. App. Phys. 14, 312 (1943).
  15. R. D. Heidenreich and L. A. Matheson, J. App. Phys. 15, 423 (1944).
  16. H. D. Babcock, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 34, 1 (1944).

Babcock, H. D.

H. D. Babcock, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 34, 1 (1944).

Boersch, H.

H. Boersch, Physik. Zeits. 44, 202 (1943).

Borries, B. v

B. v Borries and E. Ruska, Naturwiss. 27, 281 (1939).

Busch, H.

H. Busch, Ann. d. Physik 81, 974 (1926).

Harker, D.

V. J. Schafer and D. Harker, J. App. Phys. 13, 427 (1942).

Heidenreich, R. D.

R. D. Heidenreich and V. G. Peck, J. App. Phys. 14, 23 (1943).

R. D. Heidenreich, J. App. Phys. 14, 312 (1943).

R. D. Heidenreich and L. A. Matheson, J. App. Phys. 15, 423 (1944).

Hillier, J.

J. Hillier, Can. J. Research A17, 64 (1939).

J. Hillier, Phys. Rev. 60, 743 (1941).

Mahl, H.

H. Mahl, Zeits. f. tech. Physik 21, 17 (1940).

Marton, L.

L. Marton and L. I. Schiff, J. App. Phys. 12, 759 (1941).

Matheson, L. A.

R. D. Heidenreich and L. A. Matheson, J. App. Phys. 15, 423 (1944).

Peck, V. G.

R. D. Heidenreich and V. G. Peck, J. App. Phys. 14, 23 (1943).

Prebus, A. F.

Cf. A. F. Prebus, Colloid Chemistry (edited by Alexander) (Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, 1944), Vol. 5, p. 152.

Ramberg, E. G.

V. K. Zworykin and E. G. Ramberg, J. App. Phys. 12, 642 (1941).

Ruska, E.

E. Ruska, Kolloid Zeits. 105, 43 (1943).

B. v Borries and E. Ruska, Naturwiss. 27, 281 (1939).

Schafer, V. J.

V. J. Schafer and D. Harker, J. App. Phys. 13, 427 (1942).

Schiff, L. I.

L. Marton and L. I. Schiff, J. App. Phys. 12, 759 (1941).

L. I. Schiff, Phys. Rev. 61, 391 (1942).

Zworykin, V. K.

V. K. Zworykin and E. G. Ramberg, J. App. Phys. 12, 642 (1941).

Other (16)

Cf. A. F. Prebus, Colloid Chemistry (edited by Alexander) (Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, 1944), Vol. 5, p. 152.

H. Busch, Ann. d. Physik 81, 974 (1926).

H. Boersch, Physik. Zeits. 44, 202 (1943).

E. Ruska, Kolloid Zeits. 105, 43 (1943).

J. Hillier, Can. J. Research A17, 64 (1939).

B. v Borries and E. Ruska, Naturwiss. 27, 281 (1939).

J. Hillier, Phys. Rev. 60, 743 (1941).

L. I. Schiff, Phys. Rev. 61, 391 (1942).

L. Marton and L. I. Schiff, J. App. Phys. 12, 759 (1941).

H. Mahl, Zeits. f. tech. Physik 21, 17 (1940).

V. K. Zworykin and E. G. Ramberg, J. App. Phys. 12, 642 (1941).

V. J. Schafer and D. Harker, J. App. Phys. 13, 427 (1942).

R. D. Heidenreich and V. G. Peck, J. App. Phys. 14, 23 (1943).

R. D. Heidenreich, J. App. Phys. 14, 312 (1943).

R. D. Heidenreich and L. A. Matheson, J. App. Phys. 15, 423 (1944).

H. D. Babcock, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 34, 1 (1944).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.