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  1. L. H. Dawson and E. O. Hulburt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 31, 554–557 (1941).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. H. Dawson and E. O. Hulburt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27, 199–201 (1937).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. E. Dorsey, Properties of Ordinary Water-Substance (Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, 1940), Table 161.
  4. K. Kalle, Ann. d. Hydrogr. u. Mar. Met. 66, 1–13 (1938).
  5. E. O. Hulburt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 42–45 (1943), Eq. (16).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. C. Hardy, Handbook of Colorimetry (The Technology Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1936), p. 17.
  7. W. M. Powell and G. L. Clarke, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 26, 111–120 (1936).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Encyclopaedia Britannica, fourteenth edition, Vol. 17, p. 1004.

1943 (1)

1941 (1)

1938 (1)

K. Kalle, Ann. d. Hydrogr. u. Mar. Met. 66, 1–13 (1938).

1937 (1)

1936 (1)

Clarke, G. L.

Dawson, L. H.

Dorsey, N. E.

N. E. Dorsey, Properties of Ordinary Water-Substance (Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, 1940), Table 161.

Hardy, A. C.

A. C. Hardy, Handbook of Colorimetry (The Technology Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1936), p. 17.

Hulburt, E. O.

Kalle, K.

K. Kalle, Ann. d. Hydrogr. u. Mar. Met. 66, 1–13 (1938).

Powell, W. M.

Ann. d. Hydrogr. u. Mar. Met. (1)

K. Kalle, Ann. d. Hydrogr. u. Mar. Met. 66, 1–13 (1938).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (4)

Other (3)

A. C. Hardy, Handbook of Colorimetry (The Technology Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1936), p. 17.

Encyclopaedia Britannica, fourteenth edition, Vol. 17, p. 1004.

N. E. Dorsey, Properties of Ordinary Water-Substance (Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, 1940), Table 161.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption and scattering of distilled water.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption and scattering of water samples.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Scattering of water samples. (The “S’s” in the figure should be σ’s.)

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Absorption of Chesapeake plankton.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectral curves of surface light from deep water.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Theoretical reflectivity of Chesapeake Bay.

Tables (5)

Tables Icon

Table I Absorption and scattering of distilled water and Chesapeake Bay.

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Table II Values of σπ/2 of coastal water.

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Table III Calculated reflectivity R of a calm sea of infinite depth for a cloudy sky.

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Table V Reflectivity R of Chesapeake Bay.

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Table VI Reflectivity R of the Atlantic Ocean.

Equations (25)

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i = i 0 e - κ χ ,
κ = β + σ ,
σ = 2 π 0 π σ ϕ sin ϕ d ϕ .
σ = σ F + σ B ,
σ F = 2 π 0 π / 2 σ ϕ sin ϕ d ϕ ,
σ B = 2 π π / 2 π σ ϕ sin ϕ d ϕ .
η = σ F / σ , 1 - η = σ B / σ .
σ π / 2 = 1.44 × 10 - 6 ,
σ π / 2 = 1.21 × 10 - 6 ,
σ t = 0.931 × 10 - 4 , η = 0.864.
σ t = 0.194 , η = 0.50.
σ t = 8.69 × 10 - 4 , η = 0.866.
σ π / 2 = 15.6 × 10 - 6
σ t = 18 × 10 - 4 , η = 0.93.
b 0 = a 0 Γ + i 0 Γ ,
b 0 = a 0 [ ( 1 - r c ) ( 1 - r d ) Γ + r c ] + i 0 ( 1 - r c ) 2 Γ .
r λ = b 0 / ( a 0 + i 0 ) .
R = b 0 ψ d λ ( a 0 + i 0 ) ψ d λ ,
b 0 = a 0 Γ ,
b 0 = a 0 [ ( 1 - r c ) ( 1 - r d ) Γ + r c ] .
i 0 = f a 0 .
R = [ ( 1 - r c ) ( 1 - r d ) Γ + r c ] + f ( 1 - r c ) 2 Γ 1 + f ,
σ c = 18 × 10 - 4 , β c = 16.7 × 10 - 4 , η = 0.93.
R = W / P 1 ,
f = ( P 1 - P 2 ) / P 2 .