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  1. Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 373 (1930).
    [Crossref]
  2. Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 46 (1930).
  3. Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 374 (1930).
  4. Lüppo-Cramer, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 25, 224–308 (1928).
  5. M. Andressen, Das latente Lichtbild, 36 (1913).
  6. J. M. Eder, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 117, 293 (1925).
  7. C. E. K. Mees, Abridged Sci. Pub. 1, 74 (1913–14).
  8. W. Abney, Phot. J. 48, 318 (1908).
  9. H. S. Allen, Photoelectricity, 1913.
  10. H. Keiser, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 26, 321 (1929).
  11. J. Eggert, Eder’s Handb. 21, 246 (1927).
  12. W. Noddack, Eder’s Handb. 21, 246 (1927).
  13. H. Arens, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 114, 337 (1925).
  14. H. Scheffers, Zeits. f. Physik 20, 109 (1929).
    [Crossref]
  15. W. Leszynski, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 24, 282 (1926); Phot. Ind. 26, 425 (1928).
  16. W. Meidinger, Handb. d. Phys. Optik.50 (1927).
  17. Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 387 (1930).
  18. Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 374 (1930).
  19. Lüppo-Cramer, Das latente Bild, 37 (1914).
  20. H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 11, 337–386 (1925).
  21. H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 28, 91–110 (1930).
  22. H. Arens, Zeits f. wiss. Phot. 28, 91–110 (1930).
  23. H. Arens and K. Kipphan, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 28, 229–238 (1930).
  24. H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 28, 341–48 (1931).
  25. H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 30, 127–40 (1931).
  26. H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 31, 317–23 (1933).
  27. F. Weigert, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 29, 191–201 (1930).
  28. V. P. Lubovich, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 14, 309 (1927).
    [Crossref]
  29. W. Leszynski, Phot. Ind. 28, 1412–16 (1930).
  30. We wish to thank the Hammer Plate Company of St. Louis, Missouri for the plates and their hearty cooperation.
  31. W. Clark, Phot. J. 76, Feb. (1925).
  32. F. K. Richtmyer, Phys. Rev. 6, 66 (1915).
  33. By the term “ depth of reversal” we mean the interval between a maximum and the following minimum.
  34. These curves were obtained by averaging the respective densities of the corresponding exposures on a set of four plates which were exposed simultaneously.
  35. J. M. Eder, Phot.645 (1902).

1933 (1)

H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 31, 317–23 (1933).

1931 (2)

H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 28, 341–48 (1931).

H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 30, 127–40 (1931).

1930 (10)

H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 28, 91–110 (1930).

H. Arens, Zeits f. wiss. Phot. 28, 91–110 (1930).

H. Arens and K. Kipphan, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 28, 229–238 (1930).

W. Leszynski, Phot. Ind. 28, 1412–16 (1930).

F. Weigert, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 29, 191–201 (1930).

Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 373 (1930).
[Crossref]

Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 46 (1930).

Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 374 (1930).

Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 387 (1930).

Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 374 (1930).

1929 (2)

H. Scheffers, Zeits. f. Physik 20, 109 (1929).
[Crossref]

H. Keiser, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 26, 321 (1929).

1928 (1)

Lüppo-Cramer, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 25, 224–308 (1928).

1927 (4)

J. Eggert, Eder’s Handb. 21, 246 (1927).

W. Noddack, Eder’s Handb. 21, 246 (1927).

W. Meidinger, Handb. d. Phys. Optik.50 (1927).

V. P. Lubovich, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 14, 309 (1927).
[Crossref]

1926 (1)

W. Leszynski, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 24, 282 (1926); Phot. Ind. 26, 425 (1928).

1925 (4)

J. M. Eder, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 117, 293 (1925).

H. Arens, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 114, 337 (1925).

H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 11, 337–386 (1925).

W. Clark, Phot. J. 76, Feb. (1925).

1915 (1)

F. K. Richtmyer, Phys. Rev. 6, 66 (1915).

1914 (1)

Lüppo-Cramer, Das latente Bild, 37 (1914).

1913 (2)

H. S. Allen, Photoelectricity, 1913.

M. Andressen, Das latente Lichtbild, 36 (1913).

1908 (1)

W. Abney, Phot. J. 48, 318 (1908).

1902 (1)

J. M. Eder, Phot.645 (1902).

Abney, W.

W. Abney, Phot. J. 48, 318 (1908).

Allen, H. S.

H. S. Allen, Photoelectricity, 1913.

Andressen, M.

M. Andressen, Das latente Lichtbild, 36 (1913).

Arens, H.

H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 31, 317–23 (1933).

H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 28, 341–48 (1931).

H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 30, 127–40 (1931).

H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 28, 91–110 (1930).

H. Arens, Zeits f. wiss. Phot. 28, 91–110 (1930).

H. Arens and K. Kipphan, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 28, 229–238 (1930).

H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 11, 337–386 (1925).

H. Arens, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 114, 337 (1925).

Clark, W.

W. Clark, Phot. J. 76, Feb. (1925).

Eder, J. M.

J. M. Eder, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 117, 293 (1925).

J. M. Eder, Phot.645 (1902).

Eggert, J.

J. Eggert, Eder’s Handb. 21, 246 (1927).

Keiser, H.

H. Keiser, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 26, 321 (1929).

Kipphan, K.

H. Arens and K. Kipphan, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 28, 229–238 (1930).

Leszynski, W.

W. Leszynski, Phot. Ind. 28, 1412–16 (1930).

W. Leszynski, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 24, 282 (1926); Phot. Ind. 26, 425 (1928).

Lubovich, V. P.

Lüppo-Cramer,

Lüppo-Cramer, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 25, 224–308 (1928).

Lüppo-Cramer, Das latente Bild, 37 (1914).

Mees, C. E. K.

C. E. K. Mees, Abridged Sci. Pub. 1, 74 (1913–14).

Meidinger, W.

W. Meidinger, Handb. d. Phys. Optik.50 (1927).

Noddack, W.

W. Noddack, Eder’s Handb. 21, 246 (1927).

Richtmyer, F. K.

F. K. Richtmyer, Phys. Rev. 6, 66 (1915).

Scheffers, H.

H. Scheffers, Zeits. f. Physik 20, 109 (1929).
[Crossref]

Trivelli,

Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 387 (1930).

Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 374 (1930).

Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 373 (1930).
[Crossref]

Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 46 (1930).

Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 374 (1930).

Weigert, F.

F. Weigert, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 29, 191–201 (1930).

Abridged Sci. Pub. (1)

C. E. K. Mees, Abridged Sci. Pub. 1, 74 (1913–14).

Das latente Bild (1)

Lüppo-Cramer, Das latente Bild, 37 (1914).

Das latente Lichtbild (1)

M. Andressen, Das latente Lichtbild, 36 (1913).

Eder’s Handb. (2)

J. Eggert, Eder’s Handb. 21, 246 (1927).

W. Noddack, Eder’s Handb. 21, 246 (1927).

Handb. d. Phys. Optik. (1)

W. Meidinger, Handb. d. Phys. Optik.50 (1927).

J. Frank. Inst. (5)

Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 387 (1930).

Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 374 (1930).

Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 373 (1930).
[Crossref]

Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 46 (1930).

Trivelli, J. Frank. Inst. 209, 374 (1930).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Phot. (1)

J. M. Eder, Phot.645 (1902).

Phot. Ind. (1)

W. Leszynski, Phot. Ind. 28, 1412–16 (1930).

Phot. J. (2)

W. Clark, Phot. J. 76, Feb. (1925).

W. Abney, Phot. J. 48, 318 (1908).

Photoelectricity (1)

H. S. Allen, Photoelectricity, 1913.

Phys. Rev. (1)

F. K. Richtmyer, Phys. Rev. 6, 66 (1915).

Zeits f. wiss. Phot. (1)

H. Arens, Zeits f. wiss. Phot. 28, 91–110 (1930).

Zeits. f. Physik (1)

H. Scheffers, Zeits. f. Physik 20, 109 (1929).
[Crossref]

Zeits. f. physik. Chemie (2)

H. Arens, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 114, 337 (1925).

J. M. Eder, Zeits. f. physik. Chemie 117, 293 (1925).

Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. (10)

W. Leszynski, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 24, 282 (1926); Phot. Ind. 26, 425 (1928).

H. Keiser, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 26, 321 (1929).

Lüppo-Cramer, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 25, 224–308 (1928).

H. Arens and K. Kipphan, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 28, 229–238 (1930).

H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 28, 341–48 (1931).

H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 30, 127–40 (1931).

H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 31, 317–23 (1933).

F. Weigert, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 29, 191–201 (1930).

H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 11, 337–386 (1925).

H. Arens, Zeits. f. wiss. Phot. 28, 91–110 (1930).

Other (3)

We wish to thank the Hammer Plate Company of St. Louis, Missouri for the plates and their hearty cooperation.

By the term “ depth of reversal” we mean the interval between a maximum and the following minimum.

These curves were obtained by averaging the respective densities of the corresponding exposures on a set of four plates which were exposed simultaneously.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagrammatical representation of the camera employed in this experimentation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The plate reproduced in the above figure shows the arrangement of the exposures on the photographic plate which was employed in this experimentation. Studying the figure one observes that all the exposures, except the first one in the upper left-hand corner of the second row, are apparently of the same density. This is true since it is a reproduction of one of the four plates whose average curve is displayed in Fig. 6 and not a reproduction of one of the reversal plates.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Three curves showing eight reversals which were obtained from plates exposed simultaneously to the intensity provided by the 400 watt lamp for a period of 27,652 minutes. The plates from which curves a and b were obtained had the same emulsion number (5063). The plate employed in obtaining curve c was much older, its emulsion number being 4633.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Curve d represents the average of curves a and b in Fig. 3 plotted against exposure in hours. Curve e, which was obtained from plates having emulsion number 5063, is the result of further exposure to the intensity provided by the 400 watt lamp.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Reversal curves obtained from exposure to light intensity provided by the 1000 watt lamp. The plates from which curve f was obtained had an emulsion number 5252, while the plates from which the other three curves were obtained had the emulsion number 5400.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

This curve displays the distribution of intensity inside the camera over the region occupied by the plate holders. It was obtained from plates which had an emulsion number 5400.

Tables (1)

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Table I

Equations (1)

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P E s = 0.6745 s / n 1 2