Abstract

No abstract available.

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A notable exception to this rule is the so-called duplicity theory, which concerns the differential functioning of the rods and cones.
  2. J. von Kries, Ueber Ermüdung des Sehnervens. Archiv für Ophthalmologie (1877),  23, ii, 1–44.
  3. L. T. Troland, Adaptation and the Chemical Theory of Sensory Response. American Journal of Psychology (1914),  25, 500–527.
    [CrossRef]
  4. See L. T. Troland, Apparent Brightness: Its Conditions and Properties. Transactions of the Illuminating Engineering Society (1917). Also The Laws of Visual Minuthesis, Journal of the Franklin Institute (1916),  181, 855–857.
    [CrossRef]
  5. See L. T. Troland, The Laws of Visual Minuthesis, etc.Journal of the Franklin Institute (1916),  181, 579–581.
    [CrossRef]
  6. See S. E. Sheppard, Photo-Chemistry, 1914, 213–214.
  7. L. T. Troland, A Definite Physico-Chemical Hypothesis to Explain Visual Response. American Journal of Physiology (1913),  32, 8–41.
  8. P. Lasareff, Theorie der Lichtreizung der Netzhaut beim Dunkelsehen. Archiv für die gesammte Physiologie (1913),  154, 459–469, and other articles.
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. S. Lillie, The Relation of Stimulation and Conduction in Irritable Tissues to Changes in the Permeability of the Limiting Membranes. American Journal of Physiology (1911),  28, 197–223.
  10. The positive components are supposed to be hydrogen ions which, probably on account of their smallness, possess high mobility, and easily pass through molecular interspaces which exclude larger particles.
  11. See F. Fröhlich, Beitrage zur allgemeinem Physiologie der Sinnesorgane. Zeitschrift für Sinnes-physiologie (1913),  28, 28–165.
  12. It is possible that the increase in negativity due to the action of light on the receptor cells depends upon the ejection of electrons from atoms in the vicinity of the membrane, which is everywhere perpendicular to the electric and magnetic vectors of the light ray. The action would thus be strictly analogous to that occurring in the well-known photo-electric effect.
  13. See M. Verworn, Irritability, 1913, 139–146. The “all or none” law obviously necessitates a “quantum theory”—of nerve action.
  14. See A. Forbes and A. Gregg, Electrical Studies in Mammalian Reflexes, II. American Journal of Physiology (1915),  39, 225–232.
  15. Loc. cit.
  16. Trans. I. E. S., loc. cit.
  17. A. König and Zumpft, Ueber die lichtempfindliche Schicht in der Netzhaut des menschlichen Auges. Königs gesammte Abhandlungen, 333–338.

1917 (1)

See L. T. Troland, Apparent Brightness: Its Conditions and Properties. Transactions of the Illuminating Engineering Society (1917). Also The Laws of Visual Minuthesis, Journal of the Franklin Institute (1916),  181, 855–857.
[CrossRef]

1916 (1)

See L. T. Troland, The Laws of Visual Minuthesis, etc.Journal of the Franklin Institute (1916),  181, 579–581.
[CrossRef]

1915 (1)

See A. Forbes and A. Gregg, Electrical Studies in Mammalian Reflexes, II. American Journal of Physiology (1915),  39, 225–232.

1914 (2)

See S. E. Sheppard, Photo-Chemistry, 1914, 213–214.

L. T. Troland, Adaptation and the Chemical Theory of Sensory Response. American Journal of Psychology (1914),  25, 500–527.
[CrossRef]

1913 (4)

See F. Fröhlich, Beitrage zur allgemeinem Physiologie der Sinnesorgane. Zeitschrift für Sinnes-physiologie (1913),  28, 28–165.

See M. Verworn, Irritability, 1913, 139–146. The “all or none” law obviously necessitates a “quantum theory”—of nerve action.

L. T. Troland, A Definite Physico-Chemical Hypothesis to Explain Visual Response. American Journal of Physiology (1913),  32, 8–41.

P. Lasareff, Theorie der Lichtreizung der Netzhaut beim Dunkelsehen. Archiv für die gesammte Physiologie (1913),  154, 459–469, and other articles.
[CrossRef]

1911 (1)

R. S. Lillie, The Relation of Stimulation and Conduction in Irritable Tissues to Changes in the Permeability of the Limiting Membranes. American Journal of Physiology (1911),  28, 197–223.

1877 (1)

J. von Kries, Ueber Ermüdung des Sehnervens. Archiv für Ophthalmologie (1877),  23, ii, 1–44.

Forbes, A.

See A. Forbes and A. Gregg, Electrical Studies in Mammalian Reflexes, II. American Journal of Physiology (1915),  39, 225–232.

Fröhlich, F.

See F. Fröhlich, Beitrage zur allgemeinem Physiologie der Sinnesorgane. Zeitschrift für Sinnes-physiologie (1913),  28, 28–165.

Gregg, A.

See A. Forbes and A. Gregg, Electrical Studies in Mammalian Reflexes, II. American Journal of Physiology (1915),  39, 225–232.

König, A.

A. König and Zumpft, Ueber die lichtempfindliche Schicht in der Netzhaut des menschlichen Auges. Königs gesammte Abhandlungen, 333–338.

Lasareff, P.

P. Lasareff, Theorie der Lichtreizung der Netzhaut beim Dunkelsehen. Archiv für die gesammte Physiologie (1913),  154, 459–469, and other articles.
[CrossRef]

Lillie, R. S.

R. S. Lillie, The Relation of Stimulation and Conduction in Irritable Tissues to Changes in the Permeability of the Limiting Membranes. American Journal of Physiology (1911),  28, 197–223.

Sheppard, S. E.

See S. E. Sheppard, Photo-Chemistry, 1914, 213–214.

Troland, L. T.

See L. T. Troland, Apparent Brightness: Its Conditions and Properties. Transactions of the Illuminating Engineering Society (1917). Also The Laws of Visual Minuthesis, Journal of the Franklin Institute (1916),  181, 855–857.
[CrossRef]

See L. T. Troland, The Laws of Visual Minuthesis, etc.Journal of the Franklin Institute (1916),  181, 579–581.
[CrossRef]

L. T. Troland, Adaptation and the Chemical Theory of Sensory Response. American Journal of Psychology (1914),  25, 500–527.
[CrossRef]

L. T. Troland, A Definite Physico-Chemical Hypothesis to Explain Visual Response. American Journal of Physiology (1913),  32, 8–41.

Verworn, M.

See M. Verworn, Irritability, 1913, 139–146. The “all or none” law obviously necessitates a “quantum theory”—of nerve action.

von Kries, J.

J. von Kries, Ueber Ermüdung des Sehnervens. Archiv für Ophthalmologie (1877),  23, ii, 1–44.

Zumpft,

A. König and Zumpft, Ueber die lichtempfindliche Schicht in der Netzhaut des menschlichen Auges. Königs gesammte Abhandlungen, 333–338.

American Journal of Physiology (3)

L. T. Troland, A Definite Physico-Chemical Hypothesis to Explain Visual Response. American Journal of Physiology (1913),  32, 8–41.

R. S. Lillie, The Relation of Stimulation and Conduction in Irritable Tissues to Changes in the Permeability of the Limiting Membranes. American Journal of Physiology (1911),  28, 197–223.

See A. Forbes and A. Gregg, Electrical Studies in Mammalian Reflexes, II. American Journal of Physiology (1915),  39, 225–232.

American Journal of Psychology (1)

L. T. Troland, Adaptation and the Chemical Theory of Sensory Response. American Journal of Psychology (1914),  25, 500–527.
[CrossRef]

Archiv für die gesammte Physiologie (1)

P. Lasareff, Theorie der Lichtreizung der Netzhaut beim Dunkelsehen. Archiv für die gesammte Physiologie (1913),  154, 459–469, and other articles.
[CrossRef]

Archiv für Ophthalmologie (1)

J. von Kries, Ueber Ermüdung des Sehnervens. Archiv für Ophthalmologie (1877),  23, ii, 1–44.

Irritability (1)

See M. Verworn, Irritability, 1913, 139–146. The “all or none” law obviously necessitates a “quantum theory”—of nerve action.

Journal of the Franklin Institute (1)

See L. T. Troland, The Laws of Visual Minuthesis, etc.Journal of the Franklin Institute (1916),  181, 579–581.
[CrossRef]

Photo-Chemistry (1)

See S. E. Sheppard, Photo-Chemistry, 1914, 213–214.

Transactions of the Illuminating Engineering Society (1)

See L. T. Troland, Apparent Brightness: Its Conditions and Properties. Transactions of the Illuminating Engineering Society (1917). Also The Laws of Visual Minuthesis, Journal of the Franklin Institute (1916),  181, 855–857.
[CrossRef]

Zeitschrift für Sinnes-physiologie (1)

See F. Fröhlich, Beitrage zur allgemeinem Physiologie der Sinnesorgane. Zeitschrift für Sinnes-physiologie (1913),  28, 28–165.

Other (6)

It is possible that the increase in negativity due to the action of light on the receptor cells depends upon the ejection of electrons from atoms in the vicinity of the membrane, which is everywhere perpendicular to the electric and magnetic vectors of the light ray. The action would thus be strictly analogous to that occurring in the well-known photo-electric effect.

The positive components are supposed to be hydrogen ions which, probably on account of their smallness, possess high mobility, and easily pass through molecular interspaces which exclude larger particles.

Loc. cit.

Trans. I. E. S., loc. cit.

A. König and Zumpft, Ueber die lichtempfindliche Schicht in der Netzhaut des menschlichen Auges. Königs gesammte Abhandlungen, 333–338.

A notable exception to this rule is the so-called duplicity theory, which concerns the differential functioning of the rods and cones.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ds dt = a - ( c d + c s i ) s ,
a = r - c r s ,
q = r ( c k + c d i ) ( c r + c k + c d i )
di = A ( B 2 + 2 Bc d i + c d 2 i 2 ) dq ,
y = 1 D log e ( 1 - e - dk D Δ s ) - k ,
ds dt = c n np - c d is - c k s ,
n = c d i + c k c n s .
n = G [ ( 1 4 + s 0 G ) 1 2 - 1 2 ]