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  1. "Light Signals on Moving Bodies as Measured by Transported Rods and Clocks," J. O. S. A. 27, 263 (1937).
  2. The state of rest or uniform motion of the material platform of the preceding paragraph must in the last analysis be determined by recourse to observations on aberration, so that the findings of that paragraph are included in this conclusion.
  3. Another case where confusion results from a loose application of the idea that relative motion of matter is alone significant, is the problem of the aberration of light from binary stars. Spectroscopic binaries, whose components have orbital velocities of the order of magnitude of the earth's, would, if the relative velocities of earth and star were the sole determining factor, necessarily be telescopic binaries with separations of the order of the aberration constant (20″). Such spectroscopic binaries exist, which are not telescopically resolvable. When aberration is ascribed to the observer's motion through the ether no such difficulty arises.

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"Light Signals on Moving Bodies as Measured by Transported Rods and Clocks," J. O. S. A. 27, 263 (1937).

The state of rest or uniform motion of the material platform of the preceding paragraph must in the last analysis be determined by recourse to observations on aberration, so that the findings of that paragraph are included in this conclusion.

Another case where confusion results from a loose application of the idea that relative motion of matter is alone significant, is the problem of the aberration of light from binary stars. Spectroscopic binaries, whose components have orbital velocities of the order of magnitude of the earth's, would, if the relative velocities of earth and star were the sole determining factor, necessarily be telescopic binaries with separations of the order of the aberration constant (20″). Such spectroscopic binaries exist, which are not telescopically resolvable. When aberration is ascribed to the observer's motion through the ether no such difficulty arises.

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