Abstract

Wave-front reconstruction (conjugation) by stimulated scattering has been shown experimentally to occur in the presence of two processes: (1) a directed scattered wave forming in the volume near the focus of a lens; (2) stimulated scattering amplification and diffraction from the amplifying amplitude hologram near the entrance window of the cell. Stimulated scattering saturation in the volume, playing the role of a dynamic hologram, leads to the breakdown of the reconstruction (conjugation) effect. The diffraction efficiency of the dynamic holograms for stimulated scattering has been measured. The influence of self-focusing on wave-front reconstruction (conjugation) by stimulated scattering is discussed.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and M. M. Sushchinskii, “SRS and self-focusing in liquid nitrogen,” Zh. ERSP. Teor. Fiz. 59, 1556 (1970) (in Russian).
  2. A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and M. M. Sushchinskii, “Temporal and spatial narrowing of the SRS pulse in liquid nitrogen,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 2, 32 (1971) (in Russian).
  3. J. Gazengel, A. D. Kudriavtseva, G. Rivoire, and A. I. Sokolovskaia, “SRS and self-focusing in substances with different Raman cross-sections,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 71, 1748 (1976) (in Russian).
  4. A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudriavtseva, “Experimental investigation of the volume image reconstruction of the object by SRS,” Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR 237, 557 (1977) (in Russian).
  5. A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudriavtseva, “Light beams wave-front reconstruction and real volume image reconstruction of the object at the SRS,” Opt. Commun. 26, 74 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, J. Gazengel, N. Phu Xuan, and G. Rivoire, “Reconstruction of the laser wave-front by stimulated scattering in the picosecond range,” Opt. Commun. 26, 446 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. L. Brekhovskikh and A. I. Sokolovskaia, “Magnification of the object image, reconstructed by dynamic holograms in nonlinearly scattering substances,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 12, 32 (1977) (in Russian).
  8. A. I. Sokolovskaia and G. L. Brekhovskikh, “Dynamic holograms at the stimulated scatterings,” Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR 243, 630 (1978) (in Russian).
  9. A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, and N. V. Okladnikov, “Wave-front conjugation and self-focusing at the SRS,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 7, 27 (1978) (in Russian).
  10. G. L. Brekhovskikh, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and N. V. Okladnikov, “Wave-front conjugation by SRS in calcite single-crystal,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 1, 8 (1979) (in Russian).
  11. B. Ya. Zeldovich and V. V. Shkunov, “Wave-front reproduction at SRS,” Kvantovaya Elektr. (Moscow) 4, 1090 (1977) (in Russian).
  12. R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, New York, 1971).
  13. N. Bloembergen, Nonlinear Optics (Benjamin, New York, 1965).
  14. B. I. Stepanov, E. V. Ivakin, and A. S. Rubanov, “About registration of plane and volumetric holograms in self-transparent substances,” Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR 196, 587 (1971) (in Russian).

1979 (1)

G. L. Brekhovskikh, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and N. V. Okladnikov, “Wave-front conjugation by SRS in calcite single-crystal,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 1, 8 (1979) (in Russian).

1978 (4)

A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudriavtseva, “Light beams wave-front reconstruction and real volume image reconstruction of the object at the SRS,” Opt. Commun. 26, 74 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, J. Gazengel, N. Phu Xuan, and G. Rivoire, “Reconstruction of the laser wave-front by stimulated scattering in the picosecond range,” Opt. Commun. 26, 446 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Sokolovskaia and G. L. Brekhovskikh, “Dynamic holograms at the stimulated scatterings,” Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR 243, 630 (1978) (in Russian).

A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, and N. V. Okladnikov, “Wave-front conjugation and self-focusing at the SRS,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 7, 27 (1978) (in Russian).

1977 (3)

G. L. Brekhovskikh and A. I. Sokolovskaia, “Magnification of the object image, reconstructed by dynamic holograms in nonlinearly scattering substances,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 12, 32 (1977) (in Russian).

A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudriavtseva, “Experimental investigation of the volume image reconstruction of the object by SRS,” Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR 237, 557 (1977) (in Russian).

B. Ya. Zeldovich and V. V. Shkunov, “Wave-front reproduction at SRS,” Kvantovaya Elektr. (Moscow) 4, 1090 (1977) (in Russian).

1976 (1)

J. Gazengel, A. D. Kudriavtseva, G. Rivoire, and A. I. Sokolovskaia, “SRS and self-focusing in substances with different Raman cross-sections,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 71, 1748 (1976) (in Russian).

1971 (2)

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and M. M. Sushchinskii, “Temporal and spatial narrowing of the SRS pulse in liquid nitrogen,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 2, 32 (1971) (in Russian).

B. I. Stepanov, E. V. Ivakin, and A. S. Rubanov, “About registration of plane and volumetric holograms in self-transparent substances,” Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR 196, 587 (1971) (in Russian).

1970 (1)

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and M. M. Sushchinskii, “SRS and self-focusing in liquid nitrogen,” Zh. ERSP. Teor. Fiz. 59, 1556 (1970) (in Russian).

Bloembergen, N.

N. Bloembergen, Nonlinear Optics (Benjamin, New York, 1965).

Brekhovskikh, G. L.

G. L. Brekhovskikh, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and N. V. Okladnikov, “Wave-front conjugation by SRS in calcite single-crystal,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 1, 8 (1979) (in Russian).

A. I. Sokolovskaia and G. L. Brekhovskikh, “Dynamic holograms at the stimulated scatterings,” Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR 243, 630 (1978) (in Russian).

A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, and N. V. Okladnikov, “Wave-front conjugation and self-focusing at the SRS,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 7, 27 (1978) (in Russian).

A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudriavtseva, “Light beams wave-front reconstruction and real volume image reconstruction of the object at the SRS,” Opt. Commun. 26, 74 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudriavtseva, “Experimental investigation of the volume image reconstruction of the object by SRS,” Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR 237, 557 (1977) (in Russian).

G. L. Brekhovskikh and A. I. Sokolovskaia, “Magnification of the object image, reconstructed by dynamic holograms in nonlinearly scattering substances,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 12, 32 (1977) (in Russian).

Burckhardt, C. B.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, New York, 1971).

Collier, R. J.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, New York, 1971).

Gazengel, J.

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, J. Gazengel, N. Phu Xuan, and G. Rivoire, “Reconstruction of the laser wave-front by stimulated scattering in the picosecond range,” Opt. Commun. 26, 446 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Gazengel, A. D. Kudriavtseva, G. Rivoire, and A. I. Sokolovskaia, “SRS and self-focusing in substances with different Raman cross-sections,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 71, 1748 (1976) (in Russian).

Ivakin, E. V.

B. I. Stepanov, E. V. Ivakin, and A. S. Rubanov, “About registration of plane and volumetric holograms in self-transparent substances,” Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR 196, 587 (1971) (in Russian).

Kudriavtseva, A. D.

A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudriavtseva, “Light beams wave-front reconstruction and real volume image reconstruction of the object at the SRS,” Opt. Commun. 26, 74 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, J. Gazengel, N. Phu Xuan, and G. Rivoire, “Reconstruction of the laser wave-front by stimulated scattering in the picosecond range,” Opt. Commun. 26, 446 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, and N. V. Okladnikov, “Wave-front conjugation and self-focusing at the SRS,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 7, 27 (1978) (in Russian).

A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudriavtseva, “Experimental investigation of the volume image reconstruction of the object by SRS,” Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR 237, 557 (1977) (in Russian).

J. Gazengel, A. D. Kudriavtseva, G. Rivoire, and A. I. Sokolovskaia, “SRS and self-focusing in substances with different Raman cross-sections,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 71, 1748 (1976) (in Russian).

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and M. M. Sushchinskii, “Temporal and spatial narrowing of the SRS pulse in liquid nitrogen,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 2, 32 (1971) (in Russian).

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and M. M. Sushchinskii, “SRS and self-focusing in liquid nitrogen,” Zh. ERSP. Teor. Fiz. 59, 1556 (1970) (in Russian).

Lin, L. H.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, New York, 1971).

Okladnikov, N. V.

G. L. Brekhovskikh, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and N. V. Okladnikov, “Wave-front conjugation by SRS in calcite single-crystal,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 1, 8 (1979) (in Russian).

A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, and N. V. Okladnikov, “Wave-front conjugation and self-focusing at the SRS,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 7, 27 (1978) (in Russian).

Phu Xuan, N.

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, J. Gazengel, N. Phu Xuan, and G. Rivoire, “Reconstruction of the laser wave-front by stimulated scattering in the picosecond range,” Opt. Commun. 26, 446 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Rivoire, G.

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, J. Gazengel, N. Phu Xuan, and G. Rivoire, “Reconstruction of the laser wave-front by stimulated scattering in the picosecond range,” Opt. Commun. 26, 446 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Gazengel, A. D. Kudriavtseva, G. Rivoire, and A. I. Sokolovskaia, “SRS and self-focusing in substances with different Raman cross-sections,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 71, 1748 (1976) (in Russian).

Rubanov, A. S.

B. I. Stepanov, E. V. Ivakin, and A. S. Rubanov, “About registration of plane and volumetric holograms in self-transparent substances,” Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR 196, 587 (1971) (in Russian).

Shkunov, V. V.

B. Ya. Zeldovich and V. V. Shkunov, “Wave-front reproduction at SRS,” Kvantovaya Elektr. (Moscow) 4, 1090 (1977) (in Russian).

Sokolovskaia, A. I.

G. L. Brekhovskikh, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and N. V. Okladnikov, “Wave-front conjugation by SRS in calcite single-crystal,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 1, 8 (1979) (in Russian).

A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, and N. V. Okladnikov, “Wave-front conjugation and self-focusing at the SRS,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 7, 27 (1978) (in Russian).

A. I. Sokolovskaia and G. L. Brekhovskikh, “Dynamic holograms at the stimulated scatterings,” Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR 243, 630 (1978) (in Russian).

A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudriavtseva, “Light beams wave-front reconstruction and real volume image reconstruction of the object at the SRS,” Opt. Commun. 26, 74 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, J. Gazengel, N. Phu Xuan, and G. Rivoire, “Reconstruction of the laser wave-front by stimulated scattering in the picosecond range,” Opt. Commun. 26, 446 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudriavtseva, “Experimental investigation of the volume image reconstruction of the object by SRS,” Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR 237, 557 (1977) (in Russian).

G. L. Brekhovskikh and A. I. Sokolovskaia, “Magnification of the object image, reconstructed by dynamic holograms in nonlinearly scattering substances,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 12, 32 (1977) (in Russian).

J. Gazengel, A. D. Kudriavtseva, G. Rivoire, and A. I. Sokolovskaia, “SRS and self-focusing in substances with different Raman cross-sections,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 71, 1748 (1976) (in Russian).

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and M. M. Sushchinskii, “Temporal and spatial narrowing of the SRS pulse in liquid nitrogen,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 2, 32 (1971) (in Russian).

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and M. M. Sushchinskii, “SRS and self-focusing in liquid nitrogen,” Zh. ERSP. Teor. Fiz. 59, 1556 (1970) (in Russian).

Stepanov, B. I.

B. I. Stepanov, E. V. Ivakin, and A. S. Rubanov, “About registration of plane and volumetric holograms in self-transparent substances,” Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR 196, 587 (1971) (in Russian).

Sushchinskii, M. M.

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and M. M. Sushchinskii, “Temporal and spatial narrowing of the SRS pulse in liquid nitrogen,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 2, 32 (1971) (in Russian).

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and M. M. Sushchinskii, “SRS and self-focusing in liquid nitrogen,” Zh. ERSP. Teor. Fiz. 59, 1556 (1970) (in Russian).

Zeldovich, B. Ya.

B. Ya. Zeldovich and V. V. Shkunov, “Wave-front reproduction at SRS,” Kvantovaya Elektr. (Moscow) 4, 1090 (1977) (in Russian).

Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR (3)

A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudriavtseva, “Experimental investigation of the volume image reconstruction of the object by SRS,” Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR 237, 557 (1977) (in Russian).

A. I. Sokolovskaia and G. L. Brekhovskikh, “Dynamic holograms at the stimulated scatterings,” Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR 243, 630 (1978) (in Russian).

B. I. Stepanov, E. V. Ivakin, and A. S. Rubanov, “About registration of plane and volumetric holograms in self-transparent substances,” Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR 196, 587 (1971) (in Russian).

Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. (4)

G. L. Brekhovskikh and A. I. Sokolovskaia, “Magnification of the object image, reconstructed by dynamic holograms in nonlinearly scattering substances,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 12, 32 (1977) (in Russian).

A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, and N. V. Okladnikov, “Wave-front conjugation and self-focusing at the SRS,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 7, 27 (1978) (in Russian).

G. L. Brekhovskikh, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and N. V. Okladnikov, “Wave-front conjugation by SRS in calcite single-crystal,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 1, 8 (1979) (in Russian).

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and M. M. Sushchinskii, “Temporal and spatial narrowing of the SRS pulse in liquid nitrogen,” Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. 2, 32 (1971) (in Russian).

Kvantovaya Elektr. (Moscow) (1)

B. Ya. Zeldovich and V. V. Shkunov, “Wave-front reproduction at SRS,” Kvantovaya Elektr. (Moscow) 4, 1090 (1977) (in Russian).

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. I. Sokolovskaia, G. L. Brekhovskikh, and A. D. Kudriavtseva, “Light beams wave-front reconstruction and real volume image reconstruction of the object at the SRS,” Opt. Commun. 26, 74 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, J. Gazengel, N. Phu Xuan, and G. Rivoire, “Reconstruction of the laser wave-front by stimulated scattering in the picosecond range,” Opt. Commun. 26, 446 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. (1)

J. Gazengel, A. D. Kudriavtseva, G. Rivoire, and A. I. Sokolovskaia, “SRS and self-focusing in substances with different Raman cross-sections,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 71, 1748 (1976) (in Russian).

Zh. ERSP. Teor. Fiz. (1)

A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and M. M. Sushchinskii, “SRS and self-focusing in liquid nitrogen,” Zh. ERSP. Teor. Fiz. 59, 1556 (1970) (in Russian).

Other (2)

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, New York, 1971).

N. Bloembergen, Nonlinear Optics (Benjamin, New York, 1965).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Fourier spectrum of the object in laser light. (b) Fourier spectrum reconstructed by SBS in acetone. (c) Fourier spectrum reconstructed by SRS in liquid nitrogen.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Power-density distribution in the exciting beam. ISRS, stimulated Raman scattering intensity; IRS, Raman scattering intensity; I0′, saturation level.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experiment illustrating image reconstruction in dependence on the cell position in the focused laser beam. L, lens; C, cell; F, focus of the lens; u, distance from the entrance window to the focus; X, distinct image is reconstructed; ○, image is not distinct; ●, image is not reconstructed.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup with two cells. T, semitransparent object; L, lens; C1 and C2, cells, F, filters; Pl, photoplates.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Diffraction efficiency of the dynamic amplifying hologram versus layer thickness.

Equations (2)

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η = I SBS , d C 1 I SBS C 2 ,
T = exp ( g T 0 l / 2 ) ,