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  1. M. F. Moody, Biol. Rev. 39, 43 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Lasansky, Neurosciences Res. Prog. Bull. 8, 467 (1970).
  3. J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics (Wiley, New York, 1962), pp. 113–119.
  4. Rayleigh, Philos. Mag. 34, (6) 481 (1892).
  5. I. Runge, Z. Tech. Phys. 6, 61 (1925).
  6. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, London, 1970), pp. 613–614.

1970 (1)

A. Lasansky, Neurosciences Res. Prog. Bull. 8, 467 (1970).

1964 (1)

M. F. Moody, Biol. Rev. 39, 43 (1964).
[Crossref]

1925 (1)

I. Runge, Z. Tech. Phys. 6, 61 (1925).

1892 (1)

Rayleigh, Philos. Mag. 34, (6) 481 (1892).

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, London, 1970), pp. 613–614.

Jackson, J. D.

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics (Wiley, New York, 1962), pp. 113–119.

Lasansky, A.

A. Lasansky, Neurosciences Res. Prog. Bull. 8, 467 (1970).

Moody, M. F.

M. F. Moody, Biol. Rev. 39, 43 (1964).
[Crossref]

Rayleigh,

Rayleigh, Philos. Mag. 34, (6) 481 (1892).

Runge, I.

I. Runge, Z. Tech. Phys. 6, 61 (1925).

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, London, 1970), pp. 613–614.

Biol. Rev. (1)

M. F. Moody, Biol. Rev. 39, 43 (1964).
[Crossref]

Neurosciences Res. Prog. Bull. (1)

A. Lasansky, Neurosciences Res. Prog. Bull. 8, 467 (1970).

Philos. Mag. (1)

Rayleigh, Philos. Mag. 34, (6) 481 (1892).

Z. Tech. Phys. (1)

I. Runge, Z. Tech. Phys. 6, 61 (1925).

Other (2)

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, London, 1970), pp. 613–614.

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics (Wiley, New York, 1962), pp. 113–119.

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Figures (1)

FIG. 1
FIG. 1

(a) Single cylindrical shell of inner and outer radii a and b separating media 1, 2, and 3. Media 1 and 3 are isotropic, with dielectric constants ∊1 and ∊3, whereas medium 2 is anisotropic, with dielectric constants 2 r , 2 θ, and 2 z. (b) Array of parallel cylindrical shells. F is the volume fraction of media 1 and 2 together; f is the volume fraction of medium 2. In invertebrate photoreceptors, the outer cylinders (microvilli) are close packed ( F π / 2 3 0.91 ); media 1 and 3 are composed of aqueous cytoplasm, whereas medium 2 is the membrane that contains the absorbing photopigments.

Equations (19)

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div D = 1 r ( 2 r / 2 θ ) r ( r Φ r ) + 1 r 2 2 Φ θ 2 = 0 ,
Φ = ( 1 + A b 2 / r 2 ) E 0 r cos θ , r b
A = [ k 3 k 1 ( a / b ) c ] / [ 1 k 1 k 3 ( a / b ) c ] ,
k n = [ ( 2 r 2 θ ) 1 / 2 n ] / [ ( 2 r 2 θ ) 1 / 2 + n ] , n = 1 or 3
c = 2 ( 2 0 / 2 r ) 1 / 2 .
α = p / π b 2 E 0 = A 3 / 2 π ,
P = F α E 0 = F A 3 E 0 / 2 π .
E i = 2 π P / 3 .
P = ( F A 3 / 2 π ) ( E + 2 π P / 3 ) = F A ( 1 F A ) 3 E / 2 π = α * E ,
= 3 + 4 π α * = 3 + 2 3 F A / ( 1 F A ) .
( / 3 ) = ( 1 + F A ) / ( 1 F A ) .
= ( a 2 / b 2 ) F 1 + F ( 1 a 2 / b 2 ) 2 z + ( 1 F ) 3 .
a / b = [ ( F f ) / F ] 1 / 2 .
= ( n + i λ α / 4 π ) 2 n 2 + i λ n α / 2 π ,
n / n 1 = [ ( 1 f ) + f ( x δ ) 2 ] 1 / 2 ,
n / n 1 = [ 1 + 2 F [ F m ( F f ) m ] ( x 4 m 2 1 ) F m ( x 2 m + 1 ) 2 ( F f ) m ( x 2 m 1 ) 2 F [ F m ( F f ) m ] ( x 4 m 2 1 ) ] 1 / 2 ,
α = f ( x δ ) ( n 1 / n ) α 2 z ,
α = 2 F x ( n 1 / n ) { [ F m ( F f ) m ] [ F m ( x 2 m + 1 ) 2 + ( F f ) m ( x 2 m 1 ) 2 ] [ α 2 θ + m α 2 r ] ln [ F f F ] 2 m × F m ( F f ) m ( x 4 m 2 1 ) [ α 2 θ m α 2 r ] } { F m ( x 2 m + 1 ) 2 ( F f ) m ( x 2 m 1 ) 2 F [ F m ( F f ) m ] ( x 4 m 2 1 ) } 2 ,
n n n 1 = f ( 1 f ) ( x 1 / x ) 2 / 4 f ( 2 δ Δ ) ( x + 1 ) / 4 .