Abstract

X-ray film response in the 9–70-keV range was measured for exposures as short as 3 nsec corresponding to dose rates as high as 10<sup>17</sup> photons/cm<sup>2</sup>/sec. Thermoluminescent dosimeters were used as calibration standards to normalize the film results. The ratio of film response at high dose rate divided by film response at low dose rate was used as a measure of reciprocity failure. No definitive reciprocity failure could be observed within the experimental error of 10%–15%, but there appears to be a slight trend towards reciprocity failure at lower energies.

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  1. M. Hercher and B. Ruff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 103 (1967).
  2. M. Ehrlich and W. L. McLaughlin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 797 (1956).
  3. R. W. Gurney and N. F. Mott, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A164, 151 (1938).
  4. C. E. K. Mees and T. H. James, Theory of the Photographic Process, 3rd ed. (The Macmillan Co., New York, 1966).
  5. F. A. Hamm and J. J. Comer, J. Appl. Phys. 24, 1495 (1953).
  6. E. Tochilin and N. Goldstein, Health Phys. 12, 1705 (1966).
  7. Obtained from Edgerton, Germeshausen and Grier, Inc., Goleta, Calif. For CaF2; Mn, See R. J. Ginther and R. D. Kirk, J. Electrochem. Soc. 104, 365 (1957).
  8. R. D. Evans, in Radiation Dosimetry, F. H. Attix and W. C. Roesch, Eds. (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1968), Vol. 1, Ch. 3.
  9. C. M. Dozier, J. V. Gilfrich, and L. S. Birks, Appl. Opt. 6, 2136 (1967).

Birks, L. S.

C. M. Dozier, J. V. Gilfrich, and L. S. Birks, Appl. Opt. 6, 2136 (1967).

Comer, J. J.

F. A. Hamm and J. J. Comer, J. Appl. Phys. 24, 1495 (1953).

Dozier, C. M.

C. M. Dozier, J. V. Gilfrich, and L. S. Birks, Appl. Opt. 6, 2136 (1967).

Ehrlich, M.

M. Ehrlich and W. L. McLaughlin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 797 (1956).

Evans, R. D.

R. D. Evans, in Radiation Dosimetry, F. H. Attix and W. C. Roesch, Eds. (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1968), Vol. 1, Ch. 3.

Gilfrich, J. V.

C. M. Dozier, J. V. Gilfrich, and L. S. Birks, Appl. Opt. 6, 2136 (1967).

Goldstein, N.

E. Tochilin and N. Goldstein, Health Phys. 12, 1705 (1966).

Gurney, R. W.

R. W. Gurney and N. F. Mott, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A164, 151 (1938).

Hamm, F. A.

F. A. Hamm and J. J. Comer, J. Appl. Phys. 24, 1495 (1953).

Hercher, M.

M. Hercher and B. Ruff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 103 (1967).

James, T. H.

C. E. K. Mees and T. H. James, Theory of the Photographic Process, 3rd ed. (The Macmillan Co., New York, 1966).

McLaughlin, W. L.

M. Ehrlich and W. L. McLaughlin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 797 (1956).

Mees, C. E. K.

C. E. K. Mees and T. H. James, Theory of the Photographic Process, 3rd ed. (The Macmillan Co., New York, 1966).

Mott, N. F.

R. W. Gurney and N. F. Mott, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A164, 151 (1938).

Ruff, B.

M. Hercher and B. Ruff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 103 (1967).

Tochilin, E.

E. Tochilin and N. Goldstein, Health Phys. 12, 1705 (1966).

Other (9)

M. Hercher and B. Ruff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 103 (1967).

M. Ehrlich and W. L. McLaughlin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 797 (1956).

R. W. Gurney and N. F. Mott, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A164, 151 (1938).

C. E. K. Mees and T. H. James, Theory of the Photographic Process, 3rd ed. (The Macmillan Co., New York, 1966).

F. A. Hamm and J. J. Comer, J. Appl. Phys. 24, 1495 (1953).

E. Tochilin and N. Goldstein, Health Phys. 12, 1705 (1966).

Obtained from Edgerton, Germeshausen and Grier, Inc., Goleta, Calif. For CaF2; Mn, See R. J. Ginther and R. D. Kirk, J. Electrochem. Soc. 104, 365 (1957).

R. D. Evans, in Radiation Dosimetry, F. H. Attix and W. C. Roesch, Eds. (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1968), Vol. 1, Ch. 3.

C. M. Dozier, J. V. Gilfrich, and L. S. Birks, Appl. Opt. 6, 2136 (1967).

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