Abstract

The contrast and diffraction efficiency of a dielectric hologram made from a diffuse signal beam is calculated. Diffraction efficiency of 64% with acceptable image contrast is possible. Experimental results with holograms made by bleaching photographic emulsions are presented.

© 1970 Optical Society of America

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  1. Diffraction efficiency of a hologram is defined as the ratio of diffracted light flux to the incident light flux.
  2. H. Kogelnik, in Proceedings of the Symposium on Modern Optics, Jerome Fox, Ed. (Polytechnic Press, Brooklyn, N. Y., 1967).
  3. C. B. Burckhardt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 601 (1967).
  4. T. A. Shankoff, Appl. Opt. 7, 2101 (1968).
  5. L. H. Lin and H. L. Beauchamp, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 1551A (1968).
  6. J. N. Latta, Appl. Opt. 7, 2409 (1968).
  7. J. Upatnieks and C. Leonard, Appl. Opt. 8, 85 (1969).
  8. K. S. Pennington and J. S. Harper, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 481A (1969).
  9. J. Upatnieks and C. Leonard, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 481A (1969).
  10. Lord Rayleigh, Phil. Mag. 10, 73 (1880).
  11. E. Jahnke and F. Emde, Tables of Functions (Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1945).
  12. E. N. Leith, A. Kozma, J. Upatnieks, J. Marks, and N. Massey, Appl. Opt. 5, 1303 (1966).
  13. R. W. James, The Optical Principles of the Diffraction of X-Rays (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, N. Y., 1965).
  14. Pennington and Harper8 demonstrated at the 1969 Spring Meeting of the Optical Society a bleached hologram having 28% diffraction efficiency and a contrast ratio of 50. This contrast ratio corresponds to (S/N)c = 25 in our experiments, when adjustments are made for differences of test objects.
  15. W. H. Barkas, Nuclear Research Emulsions I (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1963). Numerous other processing techniques to minimize emulsion distortion are also described in this book.
  16. Yu N. Deninsyuk and I. R. Protas, Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 381 (1963).
  17. L. H. Lin and C. V. LoBianco, Appl. Opt. 7, 1255 (1967).
  18. H. M. Smith, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 533 (1968).

Barkas, W. H.

W. H. Barkas, Nuclear Research Emulsions I (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1963). Numerous other processing techniques to minimize emulsion distortion are also described in this book.

Beauchamp, H. L.

L. H. Lin and H. L. Beauchamp, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 1551A (1968).

Burckhardt, C. B.

C. B. Burckhardt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 601 (1967).

Deninsyuk, Yu N.

Yu N. Deninsyuk and I. R. Protas, Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 381 (1963).

Emde, F.

E. Jahnke and F. Emde, Tables of Functions (Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1945).

Harper, J. S.

K. S. Pennington and J. S. Harper, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 481A (1969).

Jahnke, E.

E. Jahnke and F. Emde, Tables of Functions (Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1945).

James, R. W.

R. W. James, The Optical Principles of the Diffraction of X-Rays (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, N. Y., 1965).

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, in Proceedings of the Symposium on Modern Optics, Jerome Fox, Ed. (Polytechnic Press, Brooklyn, N. Y., 1967).

Kozma, A.

E. N. Leith, A. Kozma, J. Upatnieks, J. Marks, and N. Massey, Appl. Opt. 5, 1303 (1966).

Latta, J. N.

J. N. Latta, Appl. Opt. 7, 2409 (1968).

Leith, E. N.

E. N. Leith, A. Kozma, J. Upatnieks, J. Marks, and N. Massey, Appl. Opt. 5, 1303 (1966).

Leonard, C.

J. Upatnieks and C. Leonard, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 481A (1969).

J. Upatnieks and C. Leonard, Appl. Opt. 8, 85 (1969).

Lin, L. H.

L. H. Lin and H. L. Beauchamp, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 1551A (1968).

L. H. Lin and C. V. LoBianco, Appl. Opt. 7, 1255 (1967).

LoBianco, C. V.

L. H. Lin and C. V. LoBianco, Appl. Opt. 7, 1255 (1967).

Marks, J.

E. N. Leith, A. Kozma, J. Upatnieks, J. Marks, and N. Massey, Appl. Opt. 5, 1303 (1966).

Massey, N.

E. N. Leith, A. Kozma, J. Upatnieks, J. Marks, and N. Massey, Appl. Opt. 5, 1303 (1966).

Pennington, K. S.

K. S. Pennington and J. S. Harper, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 481A (1969).

Protas, I. R.

Yu N. Deninsyuk and I. R. Protas, Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 381 (1963).

Rayleigh, Lord

Lord Rayleigh, Phil. Mag. 10, 73 (1880).

Shankoff, T. A.

T. A. Shankoff, Appl. Opt. 7, 2101 (1968).

Smith, H. M.

H. M. Smith, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 533 (1968).

Upatnieks, J.

J. Upatnieks and C. Leonard, Appl. Opt. 8, 85 (1969).

J. Upatnieks and C. Leonard, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 481A (1969).

E. N. Leith, A. Kozma, J. Upatnieks, J. Marks, and N. Massey, Appl. Opt. 5, 1303 (1966).

Other (18)

Diffraction efficiency of a hologram is defined as the ratio of diffracted light flux to the incident light flux.

H. Kogelnik, in Proceedings of the Symposium on Modern Optics, Jerome Fox, Ed. (Polytechnic Press, Brooklyn, N. Y., 1967).

C. B. Burckhardt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 601 (1967).

T. A. Shankoff, Appl. Opt. 7, 2101 (1968).

L. H. Lin and H. L. Beauchamp, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 1551A (1968).

J. N. Latta, Appl. Opt. 7, 2409 (1968).

J. Upatnieks and C. Leonard, Appl. Opt. 8, 85 (1969).

K. S. Pennington and J. S. Harper, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 481A (1969).

J. Upatnieks and C. Leonard, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 481A (1969).

Lord Rayleigh, Phil. Mag. 10, 73 (1880).

E. Jahnke and F. Emde, Tables of Functions (Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1945).

E. N. Leith, A. Kozma, J. Upatnieks, J. Marks, and N. Massey, Appl. Opt. 5, 1303 (1966).

R. W. James, The Optical Principles of the Diffraction of X-Rays (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, N. Y., 1965).

Pennington and Harper8 demonstrated at the 1969 Spring Meeting of the Optical Society a bleached hologram having 28% diffraction efficiency and a contrast ratio of 50. This contrast ratio corresponds to (S/N)c = 25 in our experiments, when adjustments are made for differences of test objects.

W. H. Barkas, Nuclear Research Emulsions I (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1963). Numerous other processing techniques to minimize emulsion distortion are also described in this book.

Yu N. Deninsyuk and I. R. Protas, Opt. Spectrosc. 14, 381 (1963).

L. H. Lin and C. V. LoBianco, Appl. Opt. 7, 1255 (1967).

H. M. Smith, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 533 (1968).

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