Abstract

This experiment was designed to show the effect, if any, of chromatic adaptation on hue matching of purple painted samples of different saturations. Five experienced observers were adapted for 1 min to a red field, then asked to find the hue match for each of three test samples from among a set of samples representing the complete hue circuit in 100 steps at middle saturation. The three test samples were of slightly greater saturation and representative of a range of purple samples. The entire procedure was repeated with blue and neutral pre-adapting fields, all under source C illumination. Results indicated that pre-adaptation did influence the hue-match selections, the average red–blue adaptive shift being about one Munsell hue step. Observers made systematically different hue matches for the same test sample, in accordance with their ages. A method for determining graphically the state of adaptation at the time when the hue judgments were made showed that the chromaticity of the test samples was at least as influential as either the neutral surround used or the pre-adaptation stimuli.

© 1970 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. C. Granville, D. Nickerson, and C. E. Foss, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 376 (1943).
    [Crossref]
  2. F. S. Said and R. A. Weale, Gerontologia 3, 213 (1959).
    [Crossref]

1959 (1)

F. S. Said and R. A. Weale, Gerontologia 3, 213 (1959).
[Crossref]

1943 (1)

Gerontologia (1)

F. S. Said and R. A. Weale, Gerontologia 3, 213 (1959).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the field of view, D—disk; H—Munsell hue samples; T—test sample holder; A—viewing aperture; M—surrounding mask, N 5/5; E—disk edge, turned by subject; P—pivot; C—over-all covering of gray cardboard.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Adaptive shift from red pre-adaptation (arrow tails) to blue pre-adaptation (arrow heads) in hue matching three purple samples of chroma /6 to chroma /5 100-hue Munsell samples. Vertical placement is for clarity and has no significance. Abscissa marks designate spacing of the Munsell 100-hue series (production numbers 177–189) within the (x,y) chromaticity diagram. Individual observers are denoted by ages.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Adaptation pertaining at the time of constant-hue judgments (average for five observers). Area B after blue pre-adaptation; area N—after neutral pre-adaptation; area R—after red pre-adaptation; ●—100-hue series at 5/5; □—purple test samples.

Tables (3)

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Table I Variability of the performance of individual observers.

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Table II Means of 6 settings (in Munsell 100-hue 5/5 production numbers 101–200).

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Table III Analysis of variance.