Abstract

The problem of the propagation of modes along a moving dielectric interface is considered. Two types of dielectric structures were considered in particular: a moving dielectric slab and a moving dielectric circular cylinder. The characteristic equations for modes along these two types of structures are derived and a detailed discussion concerning these characteristic equations is also given. As a specific example, numerical results for the guide wavelength of the dominant TE wave along a moving dielectric slab as a function of frequency for various values of υ<sub>z</sub>/<i>c</i>, where υ<sub>z</sub>, is the velocity of the moving dielectric material and <i>c</i> is the velocity of light in vacuum, were presented. It is found that if υ<sub>z</sub>/<i>c</i> > (±<sub>1</sub>/±<sub>0</sub>)<sup>-½</sup>, the moving dielectric structure can support a forward wave as well as a backward wave and there also exists a high-frequency cutoff for the dominant mode under consideration.

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