Abstract

A reflectometer adaptable to the exit slit of a grazing-incidence monochromator is developed to investigate the optical properties of crystals or evaporated layers before exposure to air in the region 100–1000 Å (124–12.4 eV). The optical constants are determined by three methods; one of them is new and based on the state of polarization of the light emerging from the monochromator. The real and imaginary parts of the dielectric constant and the energy-loss function (-Im∊<sup>-l</sup>) are given for Pyrex, corundum, and ruby and for polished and cleaved crystals of LiF and CaF<sub>2</sub>The possibility of a plasma level is discussed from experimental curves.

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  1. M. Morlais and S. Robin, Compt. Rend. 259, 1489 (1964).
  2. J. Romand and B. Vodar, Opt. Acta 9, 371 (1962).
  3. J. E. Mack, J. R. Stehn, and B. Edlén, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 184 (1933).
  4. G. Stéphan, J. C. Lemonnier, and S. Robin, Optica Acta 12, 345 (1965).
  5. J. Romand and B. Vodar, Rev. Opt. (Theor. Instr.) 4, 39 (1960).
  6. Mme. S. Robin, in Optical Properties and Electronic Structure of Metals and Alloys, F. Abelès, Ed. (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1966), p. 202.
  7. K. Rabinovitch, L. R. Canfield, and R. P. Madden, Appl. Opt. 4, 1005 (1965).
  8. E. Uzan, H. Damany, and J. Romand, Compt. Rend. 260, 5735 (1965).
  9. This spectral range corresponds to a sufficient polarization of the monochromatic beam.
  10. D. G. Avery, Proc. Phys. Soc. 65, 425 (1952).
  11. W. R. Hunter, Japan J. Appl. Phys. 4, 520 (1965).
  12. T. Sasaki, H. Fukutani, K. Ishiguro, and T. Izutami, Japan J. Appl. Phys. 4, 527 (1965).
  13. C. J. Powell and J. B. Swan, Phys. Rev. 118, 640 (1960).
  14. E. Loh, Solid-State Commun. 2, 269, (1964).
  15. R. Kato, J. Phys. Soc. Japan 16, 1476, 2525 (1961).
  16. A. Milgram and M. P. Givens, Phys. Rev. 125, 1506 (1962).
  17. W. C. Walker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 223 (1962).
  18. Cubic system Oh cleavage plane (100).
  19. C. Pradal and F. Gout, Compt. Rend. 256, 1267 (1963).
  20. P. E. Best, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 79, 133 (1962). Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 80, 1308 (1962).
  21. O. Sueoka, J. Phys. Soc. Japan 19, 2239 (1964); 20, 2226 (1965).
  22. R. Tousey, Phys. Rev. 50, 1057 (1936).
  23. S. Robin-Kandare, J. Robin, and Y. Quéma, Compt. Rend. 262, B355 (1966).
  24. D. Fabre, Doctoral thesis, Paris (1964).
  25. Cubic system Oh, cleavage plane (111).
  26. D. Pines and D. Bohm, Phys. Rev. 83, 221 (1951); 85, 338 (1952).
  27. C. Horie, Progr. Theor. Phys. 21, 113 (1959).
  28. P. S. Bagus, Phys. Rev. 139, A619 (1965).
  29. J. C. Lemonnier, C. Stéphan, and Mme S. Robin, Comnpt. Read. 261, 2463 (1965).
  30. H. Ehrenreich, in The Optical Properties of Solids, J. Tauc, Ed. (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1966).
  31. N. F. Mott and R. W. Gurney, Electronic Processes in Ionic Crystals (Oxford University Press, New York, 1940).
  32. F. Stern, Solid-State Phys. 15, 299 (1963).
  33. D. Beaglehole, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 87, 461 (1966).

Avery, D. G.

D. G. Avery, Proc. Phys. Soc. 65, 425 (1952).

Bagus, P. S.

P. S. Bagus, Phys. Rev. 139, A619 (1965).

Beaglehole, D.

D. Beaglehole, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 87, 461 (1966).

Best, P. E.

P. E. Best, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 79, 133 (1962). Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 80, 1308 (1962).

Bohm, D.

D. Pines and D. Bohm, Phys. Rev. 83, 221 (1951); 85, 338 (1952).

Canfield, L. R.

K. Rabinovitch, L. R. Canfield, and R. P. Madden, Appl. Opt. 4, 1005 (1965).

Damany, H.

E. Uzan, H. Damany, and J. Romand, Compt. Rend. 260, 5735 (1965).

Edlén, B.

J. E. Mack, J. R. Stehn, and B. Edlén, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 184 (1933).

Ehrenreich, H.

H. Ehrenreich, in The Optical Properties of Solids, J. Tauc, Ed. (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1966).

Fabre, D.

D. Fabre, Doctoral thesis, Paris (1964).

Fukutani, H.

T. Sasaki, H. Fukutani, K. Ishiguro, and T. Izutami, Japan J. Appl. Phys. 4, 527 (1965).

Givens, M. P.

A. Milgram and M. P. Givens, Phys. Rev. 125, 1506 (1962).

Gout, F.

C. Pradal and F. Gout, Compt. Rend. 256, 1267 (1963).

Gurney, R. W.

N. F. Mott and R. W. Gurney, Electronic Processes in Ionic Crystals (Oxford University Press, New York, 1940).

Horie, C.

C. Horie, Progr. Theor. Phys. 21, 113 (1959).

Hunter, W. R.

W. R. Hunter, Japan J. Appl. Phys. 4, 520 (1965).

Ishiguro, K.

T. Sasaki, H. Fukutani, K. Ishiguro, and T. Izutami, Japan J. Appl. Phys. 4, 527 (1965).

Izutami, T.

T. Sasaki, H. Fukutani, K. Ishiguro, and T. Izutami, Japan J. Appl. Phys. 4, 527 (1965).

Kato, R.

R. Kato, J. Phys. Soc. Japan 16, 1476, 2525 (1961).

Lemonnier, J. C.

G. Stéphan, J. C. Lemonnier, and S. Robin, Optica Acta 12, 345 (1965).

J. C. Lemonnier, C. Stéphan, and Mme S. Robin, Comnpt. Read. 261, 2463 (1965).

Loh, E.

E. Loh, Solid-State Commun. 2, 269, (1964).

Mack, J. E.

J. E. Mack, J. R. Stehn, and B. Edlén, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 184 (1933).

Madden, R. P.

K. Rabinovitch, L. R. Canfield, and R. P. Madden, Appl. Opt. 4, 1005 (1965).

Milgram, A.

A. Milgram and M. P. Givens, Phys. Rev. 125, 1506 (1962).

Morlais, M.

M. Morlais and S. Robin, Compt. Rend. 259, 1489 (1964).

Mott, N. F.

N. F. Mott and R. W. Gurney, Electronic Processes in Ionic Crystals (Oxford University Press, New York, 1940).

Pines, D.

D. Pines and D. Bohm, Phys. Rev. 83, 221 (1951); 85, 338 (1952).

Powell, C. J.

C. J. Powell and J. B. Swan, Phys. Rev. 118, 640 (1960).

Pradal, C.

C. Pradal and F. Gout, Compt. Rend. 256, 1267 (1963).

Quéma, Y.

S. Robin-Kandare, J. Robin, and Y. Quéma, Compt. Rend. 262, B355 (1966).

Rabinovitch, K.

K. Rabinovitch, L. R. Canfield, and R. P. Madden, Appl. Opt. 4, 1005 (1965).

Robin, J.

S. Robin-Kandare, J. Robin, and Y. Quéma, Compt. Rend. 262, B355 (1966).

Robin, Mme S.

J. C. Lemonnier, C. Stéphan, and Mme S. Robin, Comnpt. Read. 261, 2463 (1965).

Robin, Mme. S.

Mme. S. Robin, in Optical Properties and Electronic Structure of Metals and Alloys, F. Abelès, Ed. (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1966), p. 202.

Robin, S.

G. Stéphan, J. C. Lemonnier, and S. Robin, Optica Acta 12, 345 (1965).

M. Morlais and S. Robin, Compt. Rend. 259, 1489 (1964).

Robin-Kandare, S.

S. Robin-Kandare, J. Robin, and Y. Quéma, Compt. Rend. 262, B355 (1966).

Romand, J.

E. Uzan, H. Damany, and J. Romand, Compt. Rend. 260, 5735 (1965).

J. Romand and B. Vodar, Opt. Acta 9, 371 (1962).

J. Romand and B. Vodar, Rev. Opt. (Theor. Instr.) 4, 39 (1960).

Sasaki, T.

T. Sasaki, H. Fukutani, K. Ishiguro, and T. Izutami, Japan J. Appl. Phys. 4, 527 (1965).

Stehn, J. R.

J. E. Mack, J. R. Stehn, and B. Edlén, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 184 (1933).

Stéphan, C.

J. C. Lemonnier, C. Stéphan, and Mme S. Robin, Comnpt. Read. 261, 2463 (1965).

Stéphan, G.

G. Stéphan, J. C. Lemonnier, and S. Robin, Optica Acta 12, 345 (1965).

Stern, F.

F. Stern, Solid-State Phys. 15, 299 (1963).

Sueoka, O.

O. Sueoka, J. Phys. Soc. Japan 19, 2239 (1964); 20, 2226 (1965).

Swan, J. B.

C. J. Powell and J. B. Swan, Phys. Rev. 118, 640 (1960).

Tousey, R.

R. Tousey, Phys. Rev. 50, 1057 (1936).

Uzan, E.

E. Uzan, H. Damany, and J. Romand, Compt. Rend. 260, 5735 (1965).

Vodar, B.

J. Romand and B. Vodar, Opt. Acta 9, 371 (1962).

J. Romand and B. Vodar, Rev. Opt. (Theor. Instr.) 4, 39 (1960).

Walker, W. C.

W. C. Walker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 223 (1962).

Other (33)

M. Morlais and S. Robin, Compt. Rend. 259, 1489 (1964).

J. Romand and B. Vodar, Opt. Acta 9, 371 (1962).

J. E. Mack, J. R. Stehn, and B. Edlén, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 23, 184 (1933).

G. Stéphan, J. C. Lemonnier, and S. Robin, Optica Acta 12, 345 (1965).

J. Romand and B. Vodar, Rev. Opt. (Theor. Instr.) 4, 39 (1960).

Mme. S. Robin, in Optical Properties and Electronic Structure of Metals and Alloys, F. Abelès, Ed. (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1966), p. 202.

K. Rabinovitch, L. R. Canfield, and R. P. Madden, Appl. Opt. 4, 1005 (1965).

E. Uzan, H. Damany, and J. Romand, Compt. Rend. 260, 5735 (1965).

This spectral range corresponds to a sufficient polarization of the monochromatic beam.

D. G. Avery, Proc. Phys. Soc. 65, 425 (1952).

W. R. Hunter, Japan J. Appl. Phys. 4, 520 (1965).

T. Sasaki, H. Fukutani, K. Ishiguro, and T. Izutami, Japan J. Appl. Phys. 4, 527 (1965).

C. J. Powell and J. B. Swan, Phys. Rev. 118, 640 (1960).

E. Loh, Solid-State Commun. 2, 269, (1964).

R. Kato, J. Phys. Soc. Japan 16, 1476, 2525 (1961).

A. Milgram and M. P. Givens, Phys. Rev. 125, 1506 (1962).

W. C. Walker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 223 (1962).

Cubic system Oh cleavage plane (100).

C. Pradal and F. Gout, Compt. Rend. 256, 1267 (1963).

P. E. Best, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 79, 133 (1962). Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 80, 1308 (1962).

O. Sueoka, J. Phys. Soc. Japan 19, 2239 (1964); 20, 2226 (1965).

R. Tousey, Phys. Rev. 50, 1057 (1936).

S. Robin-Kandare, J. Robin, and Y. Quéma, Compt. Rend. 262, B355 (1966).

D. Fabre, Doctoral thesis, Paris (1964).

Cubic system Oh, cleavage plane (111).

D. Pines and D. Bohm, Phys. Rev. 83, 221 (1951); 85, 338 (1952).

C. Horie, Progr. Theor. Phys. 21, 113 (1959).

P. S. Bagus, Phys. Rev. 139, A619 (1965).

J. C. Lemonnier, C. Stéphan, and Mme S. Robin, Comnpt. Read. 261, 2463 (1965).

H. Ehrenreich, in The Optical Properties of Solids, J. Tauc, Ed. (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1966).

N. F. Mott and R. W. Gurney, Electronic Processes in Ionic Crystals (Oxford University Press, New York, 1940).

F. Stern, Solid-State Phys. 15, 299 (1963).

D. Beaglehole, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 87, 461 (1966).

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