Abstract

In recent years psychometric methods have been used to determine the quality of photographic reproduction. In this paper results are presented of a study undertaken to intercompare the merits of different psychometric methods. A few photographic reproductions were rated with respect to sharpness and over-all picture quality using three different methods. The results also show how closely the sharpness values correspond to over-all picture-quality values.

© 1966 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. L. Thurstone, Am. J. Psychol. 38, 368 (1927).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. P. Guilford, Psychometric Methods (McGraw-Hill Book Company Inc., New York, 1954).
  3. J. H. Morrissey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 373 (1955).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. N. Wolfe and F. C. Eisen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 914 (1953).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. C. Higgins and L. A. Jones, J. Soc. Motion Picture Television Engrs. 58, 277 (1952).
  6. G. C. Higgins and R. N. Wolfe, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 121 (1955).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. C. Higgins, R. L. Lamberts, and R. N. Wolfe, Opt. Acta. 6, 272 (1959).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. F. Stultz and H. J. Zweig, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 45 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Thiry, Mem. Soc. Roy. Sci. Liege (Belgium) 6, 7 (1962).
  10. E. Heynacher, Zeiss-Mitteilungen 3, 32 (1963).
  11. E. L. O’Neill, Selected Topics in Optics and Communication Theory (Itek Corporation, Lexington, Massachusetts, 1958).

1963 (1)

E. Heynacher, Zeiss-Mitteilungen 3, 32 (1963).

1962 (2)

K. F. Stultz and H. J. Zweig, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 45 (1962).
[CrossRef]

H. Thiry, Mem. Soc. Roy. Sci. Liege (Belgium) 6, 7 (1962).

1959 (1)

G. C. Higgins, R. L. Lamberts, and R. N. Wolfe, Opt. Acta. 6, 272 (1959).
[CrossRef]

1955 (2)

1953 (1)

1952 (1)

G. C. Higgins and L. A. Jones, J. Soc. Motion Picture Television Engrs. 58, 277 (1952).

1927 (1)

L. L. Thurstone, Am. J. Psychol. 38, 368 (1927).
[CrossRef]

Eisen, F. C.

Guilford, J. P.

J. P. Guilford, Psychometric Methods (McGraw-Hill Book Company Inc., New York, 1954).

Heynacher, E.

E. Heynacher, Zeiss-Mitteilungen 3, 32 (1963).

Higgins, G. C.

G. C. Higgins, R. L. Lamberts, and R. N. Wolfe, Opt. Acta. 6, 272 (1959).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Higgins and R. N. Wolfe, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 121 (1955).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Higgins and L. A. Jones, J. Soc. Motion Picture Television Engrs. 58, 277 (1952).

Jones, L. A.

G. C. Higgins and L. A. Jones, J. Soc. Motion Picture Television Engrs. 58, 277 (1952).

Lamberts, R. L.

G. C. Higgins, R. L. Lamberts, and R. N. Wolfe, Opt. Acta. 6, 272 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Morrissey, J. H.

O’Neill, E. L.

E. L. O’Neill, Selected Topics in Optics and Communication Theory (Itek Corporation, Lexington, Massachusetts, 1958).

Stultz, K. F.

Thiry, H.

H. Thiry, Mem. Soc. Roy. Sci. Liege (Belgium) 6, 7 (1962).

Thurstone, L. L.

L. L. Thurstone, Am. J. Psychol. 38, 368 (1927).
[CrossRef]

Wolfe, R. N.

Zweig, H. J.

Am. J. Psychol. (1)

L. L. Thurstone, Am. J. Psychol. 38, 368 (1927).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (4)

J. Soc. Motion Picture Television Engrs. (1)

G. C. Higgins and L. A. Jones, J. Soc. Motion Picture Television Engrs. 58, 277 (1952).

Mem. Soc. Roy. Sci. Liege (Belgium) (1)

H. Thiry, Mem. Soc. Roy. Sci. Liege (Belgium) 6, 7 (1962).

Opt. Acta. (1)

G. C. Higgins, R. L. Lamberts, and R. N. Wolfe, Opt. Acta. 6, 272 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Zeiss-Mitteilungen (1)

E. Heynacher, Zeiss-Mitteilungen 3, 32 (1963).

Other (2)

E. L. O’Neill, Selected Topics in Optics and Communication Theory (Itek Corporation, Lexington, Massachusetts, 1958).

J. P. Guilford, Psychometric Methods (McGraw-Hill Book Company Inc., New York, 1954).

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Intercomparison of relative sharpness values. Film—Kodak plus-X.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intercomparison of relative sharpness values. Film—Kodak Tri-X.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intercomparison of relative sharpness values. Film—Agfa ISU.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intercomparison of relative over-all picture-quality values. Film—Kodak Plus-X, ranking method—◬, paired-comparison method—⊙.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Intercomparison of relative over-all picture-quality values. Film—Kodak Tri-X, ranking method—◬, paired-comparison method—⊙.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Intercomparison of relative over-all picture-quality value. Film—Agfa ISU, ranking method—◬, paired-comparison method—⊙.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Intercomparison between relative sharpness and relative over-all picture-quality values by Guilford’s paired comparison method. Film—Kodak Plus-X.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Intercomparison between relative sharpness and relative over-all picture-quality values by Morrissey’s method. Film—Kodak Plus-X.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Intercomparison between relative sharpness and relative over-all picture-quality values by Guilford’s paired comparison method. Film—Kodak Tri-X.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Intercomparison between relative sharpness and relative over-all picture-quality values by Morrissey’s method. Film—Kodak Tri-X.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Intercomparison between relative sharpness and relative over-all picture-quality values by Guilford’s paired compairson method. Film—Agfa ISU.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Intercomparison between relative sharpness and relative over-all picture-quality values by Morrissey’s method. Film—Agfa ISU.