Abstract

A cell having a pair of helical electrodes and containing material exhibiting the Kerr electrostatic effect is shown to give a pure optical rotation proportional to the fourth power of the electrostatic field. Experiments in support of the theory are described.

© 1960 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. Reusch, Pogg. Ann. 138, 628 (1869).
  2. L. Sohncke, Math. Ann. 9, 505 (1876).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Pockels, Lehrbuch der Kristall Optic (Teubner, Leipzig, 1906), pp. 289–290.
  4. R. C. Jones, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 34, 488–503 (1941).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. W. Evans, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 142–145 (1958).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Young and J. Kowal, Nature 183, 104–105 (1959).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. W. Oseen, Arkiv. Math. Astron. Fys. 21A, pt. 11, No. 25 (1929).
  8. R. C. Jones, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 671–684 (1948), J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 126–131 (1956).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Frazer, Duncan, and Collar, Elementary Matrices (Cambridge University Press, London, 1938), p. 78.

1959 (1)

N. Young and J. Kowal, Nature 183, 104–105 (1959).
[CrossRef]

1958 (1)

1948 (1)

1941 (1)

R. C. Jones, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 34, 488–503 (1941).
[CrossRef]

1929 (1)

C. W. Oseen, Arkiv. Math. Astron. Fys. 21A, pt. 11, No. 25 (1929).

1876 (1)

L. Sohncke, Math. Ann. 9, 505 (1876).
[CrossRef]

1869 (1)

E. Reusch, Pogg. Ann. 138, 628 (1869).

Collar,

Frazer, Duncan, and Collar, Elementary Matrices (Cambridge University Press, London, 1938), p. 78.

Duncan,

Frazer, Duncan, and Collar, Elementary Matrices (Cambridge University Press, London, 1938), p. 78.

Evans, J. W.

Frazer,

Frazer, Duncan, and Collar, Elementary Matrices (Cambridge University Press, London, 1938), p. 78.

Jones, R. C.

Kowal, J.

N. Young and J. Kowal, Nature 183, 104–105 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Oseen, C. W.

C. W. Oseen, Arkiv. Math. Astron. Fys. 21A, pt. 11, No. 25 (1929).

Pockels, F.

F. Pockels, Lehrbuch der Kristall Optic (Teubner, Leipzig, 1906), pp. 289–290.

Reusch, E.

E. Reusch, Pogg. Ann. 138, 628 (1869).

Sohncke, L.

L. Sohncke, Math. Ann. 9, 505 (1876).
[CrossRef]

Young, N.

N. Young and J. Kowal, Nature 183, 104–105 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Arkiv. Math. Astron. Fys. (1)

C. W. Oseen, Arkiv. Math. Astron. Fys. 21A, pt. 11, No. 25 (1929).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (3)

Math. Ann. (1)

L. Sohncke, Math. Ann. 9, 505 (1876).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

N. Young and J. Kowal, Nature 183, 104–105 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Pogg. Ann. (1)

E. Reusch, Pogg. Ann. 138, 628 (1869).

Other (2)

Frazer, Duncan, and Collar, Elementary Matrices (Cambridge University Press, London, 1938), p. 78.

F. Pockels, Lehrbuch der Kristall Optic (Teubner, Leipzig, 1906), pp. 289–290.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Helical Kerr cell.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical rotation vs applied voltage showing experimental points and a line drawn according to the theory.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

W ¯ = ( m / 8 ) Δ s 2 cot ( π / m ) .
W ¯ ( V / d ) 4 ,
Δ s = 2 π β δ ( V / d ) 2 × 1.12 × 10 - 5 rad ,
W ¯ m = ( m / 8 ) [ 2 π β ( V / d ) 2 ( Z / m ) × 1.12 × 10 - 5 ] 2 × cot ( π / m ) .
W ¯ = 6.27 × 10 - 11 π β 2 Z 2 ( V / d ) 4 rad .