Abstract

Infrared spectra in the wavelength region 2–25 μ of the series of compounds, tetramethyltin, trimethylethyltin, dimethyldiethyltin, methyltriethyltin, and tetraethyltin, have been obtained as well as Raman data for tetramethyltin and tetraethyltin. The observed spectra are interpreted on the basis of simple point group symmetry assuming that the alkyl radicals behave as “point masses.”

© 1960 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. W. Young, J. S. Koehler, and D. S. McKinney, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 69, 1410 (1947).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Schimanouchi, I. Tsuchiya, and Y. Mikawa, J. Chem. Phys. 20, 1306 (1950).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Murata, R. Okawara, and T. Watase, J. Chem. Phys. 20, 1308 (1950).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. R. Lippincott and M. C. Tobin, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75, 4141 (1953).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. F. Edgell and C. H. Ward, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 77, 6486 (1955).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. R. Dillard, E. H. McNeill, D. E. Simmons, and J. B. Yeldell, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80, 3607 (1958).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. Krause and A. V. Grosse, Die Chemie der Metall-Organischen Verbindungen, (Edwards Brothers, Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1943), pp. 314 ff.
  8. A. B. F. Ducan and J. W. Murray, J. Chem. Phys. 2, 636 (1943).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Herzberg, Infrared and Raman Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules, (D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., Princeton, New Jersey, 1945), p. 121.

1958 (1)

C. R. Dillard, E. H. McNeill, D. E. Simmons, and J. B. Yeldell, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80, 3607 (1958).
[CrossRef]

1955 (1)

W. F. Edgell and C. H. Ward, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 77, 6486 (1955).
[CrossRef]

1953 (1)

E. R. Lippincott and M. C. Tobin, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75, 4141 (1953).
[CrossRef]

1950 (2)

T. Schimanouchi, I. Tsuchiya, and Y. Mikawa, J. Chem. Phys. 20, 1306 (1950).
[CrossRef]

H. Murata, R. Okawara, and T. Watase, J. Chem. Phys. 20, 1308 (1950).
[CrossRef]

1947 (1)

C. W. Young, J. S. Koehler, and D. S. McKinney, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 69, 1410 (1947).
[CrossRef]

1943 (1)

A. B. F. Ducan and J. W. Murray, J. Chem. Phys. 2, 636 (1943).
[CrossRef]

Dillard, C. R.

C. R. Dillard, E. H. McNeill, D. E. Simmons, and J. B. Yeldell, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80, 3607 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Ducan, A. B. F.

A. B. F. Ducan and J. W. Murray, J. Chem. Phys. 2, 636 (1943).
[CrossRef]

Edgell, W. F.

W. F. Edgell and C. H. Ward, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 77, 6486 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Grosse, A. V.

E. Krause and A. V. Grosse, Die Chemie der Metall-Organischen Verbindungen, (Edwards Brothers, Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1943), pp. 314 ff.

Herzberg, G.

G. Herzberg, Infrared and Raman Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules, (D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., Princeton, New Jersey, 1945), p. 121.

Koehler, J. S.

C. W. Young, J. S. Koehler, and D. S. McKinney, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 69, 1410 (1947).
[CrossRef]

Krause, E.

E. Krause and A. V. Grosse, Die Chemie der Metall-Organischen Verbindungen, (Edwards Brothers, Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1943), pp. 314 ff.

Lippincott, E. R.

E. R. Lippincott and M. C. Tobin, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75, 4141 (1953).
[CrossRef]

McKinney, D. S.

C. W. Young, J. S. Koehler, and D. S. McKinney, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 69, 1410 (1947).
[CrossRef]

McNeill, E. H.

C. R. Dillard, E. H. McNeill, D. E. Simmons, and J. B. Yeldell, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80, 3607 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Mikawa, Y.

T. Schimanouchi, I. Tsuchiya, and Y. Mikawa, J. Chem. Phys. 20, 1306 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Murata, H.

H. Murata, R. Okawara, and T. Watase, J. Chem. Phys. 20, 1308 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Murray, J. W.

A. B. F. Ducan and J. W. Murray, J. Chem. Phys. 2, 636 (1943).
[CrossRef]

Okawara, R.

H. Murata, R. Okawara, and T. Watase, J. Chem. Phys. 20, 1308 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Schimanouchi, T.

T. Schimanouchi, I. Tsuchiya, and Y. Mikawa, J. Chem. Phys. 20, 1306 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Simmons, D. E.

C. R. Dillard, E. H. McNeill, D. E. Simmons, and J. B. Yeldell, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80, 3607 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Tobin, M. C.

E. R. Lippincott and M. C. Tobin, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75, 4141 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchiya, I.

T. Schimanouchi, I. Tsuchiya, and Y. Mikawa, J. Chem. Phys. 20, 1306 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Ward, C. H.

W. F. Edgell and C. H. Ward, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 77, 6486 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Watase, T.

H. Murata, R. Okawara, and T. Watase, J. Chem. Phys. 20, 1308 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Yeldell, J. B.

C. R. Dillard, E. H. McNeill, D. E. Simmons, and J. B. Yeldell, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80, 3607 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Young, C. W.

C. W. Young, J. S. Koehler, and D. S. McKinney, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 69, 1410 (1947).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (4)

E. R. Lippincott and M. C. Tobin, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75, 4141 (1953).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Edgell and C. H. Ward, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 77, 6486 (1955).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Dillard, E. H. McNeill, D. E. Simmons, and J. B. Yeldell, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80, 3607 (1958).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Young, J. S. Koehler, and D. S. McKinney, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 69, 1410 (1947).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (3)

T. Schimanouchi, I. Tsuchiya, and Y. Mikawa, J. Chem. Phys. 20, 1306 (1950).
[CrossRef]

H. Murata, R. Okawara, and T. Watase, J. Chem. Phys. 20, 1308 (1950).
[CrossRef]

A. B. F. Ducan and J. W. Murray, J. Chem. Phys. 2, 636 (1943).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G. Herzberg, Infrared and Raman Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules, (D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., Princeton, New Jersey, 1945), p. 121.

E. Krause and A. V. Grosse, Die Chemie der Metall-Organischen Verbindungen, (Edwards Brothers, Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1943), pp. 314 ff.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Infrared spectra of tin-alkyls. A. Tetramethyltin, B. Trimethylethyltin, C. Dimethyldiethyltin, D. Methytriethyltin, E. Tetraethyltin.

Tables (7)

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Table I Observed infrared and Raman frequencies (in cm−1) of tetramethyltin, (CH3)4Sn.

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Table II Observed infrared frequencies (in cm−1) of trimethylethyltin, (CH3)3SnC2H5.

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Table III Observed infrared frequencies (in cm−1) of dimethyldiethyltin, (CH3)2Sn(C2H5)2.

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Table IV Observed infrared frequencies (in cm−1) of methyltriethyltin, CH3Sn(C2H5)3.

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Table V Observed infrared and raman frequencies (in cm−1) of tetraethyltin, (C2H5)4Sn.

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Table VI (a) Skeletal modes.

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Table VI(b) Hydrocarbon modes.