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  1. See K. Lucas, “The Conduction of the Nervous Impulse.” London, 1917. 160
  2. A. Forbes and A. Gregg, “Electrical Studies in Mammalian Reflexes. II. The Correlation Between Strength of Stimuli and Direct and Reflex Nerve Response.” Amer. Jour. of Physiol., 1915, Vol.  39, pp. 172–235.
  3. Similar demands would arise from a purely physiological study of the motor responses of the organism to stimuli of various intensities applied to sense organs.
  4. Max Meyer, “Zur Theorie der Differenztöne und der Gehörsempfind-ungen überhaupt.” Zeitschr. f. Psychol u. Physiol. d. Sinnesorg., Bd.  16, S. 1–48, esp. S. 22 ff.
  5. See E. A. Schäfer, “Text-Book of Physiology,” 1900, Vol. 2, pp. 1190–1192.
  6. L. T. Troland, “The Nature of the Visual Receptor Process.” This Journal, 1917. Vol. 1, esp. pp. 11–12.
  7. On this point cf. J. H. Parsons, “An Introduction to the Study of Color Vision,” 1915, pp. 117–125.
    [Crossref]
  8. H. Hartridge, “The Chromatic Aberration and Resolving Power of the Eye.” J. of Physiol., 1918, Vol.  52, pp. 175–246, esp. p. 190.
  9. In a forthcoming paper.
  10. J. E. Purkinje, “Beobachtungen and Versuche zur Physiologie der Sinne,” 1825. Bd. 2, S. 74–78. The entire passage is quoted by Gertz (vide infra).
  11. P. Zeeman, “Ueber eine subjektive Erscheinung im Auge,” Zeitschr. f. Psychol. u. Physiol. d. Sinnesorg., Bd.  6, 233–234.
  12. H. Gertz, “Über autoptische Wahrnehmung der Sehtätigkeit der Netz-haut,” Erste Abhandl. Skand. Arch. f. Physiol., 1907, Bd. 19, S. 381–408.Zweite Abhandl., ibid., 1909, Bd.  21, S. 315–350.Also: “Ueber entoptische Wahrnehmung des Actionsstroms der Netzhautfasern.” Zentralbl. f. Physiol., 1905, Bd.  19, S. 229–233.
    [Crossref]
  13. J. C. Hubbard, “A Curious Secondary Visual Phenomenon Resulting from a Stimulation of the Macular Region.” Psychol. Bull., 1910, Vol.  7, pp. 196–199.
    [Crossref]
  14. To be published in Psychobiology.
  15. H. von. Helmholtz, “Handbuch der Physiologischen Optik.” 3te Aufl., 1911, Bd. 2, S. 13–17.
  16. G. E. Müller, “Ueber die galvanischen Gesichtsempfindungen.” Zeitschr. f. Psychol. u. Physiol. d. Sinnesorg., 1897, Bd.  14, S. 329–374.
  17. See Helmholtz, loc. cit., Bd. 2, S. 15.
  18. I find, after writing the above, that similar arguments have been advanced by Gertz, in his very thorough and penetrating theoretical analysis of the basis of the blue arc phenomenon. Loc. cit., 1909, Bd. 21, pp. 327–350.
  19. The distance from the artificial pupil to the cornea of the observer’s eye was 8 mm.
  20. A photon represents the intensity of stimulation of the retina with a stimulus field brightness of one candle per square metre and a pupillary area of one square millimetre.
  21. Loc. cit., 1909, Bd. 21, S. 326.
  22. Cf., on these points, Parsons, loc. cit., p. 120,and Schäfer, loc. cit., p. 1112.
  23. Loc. cit., pp. 198–215.
  24. Cf. W. Bayliss: “The Principles of General Physiology,” 1915, pp. 396–470.

1918 (1)

H. Hartridge, “The Chromatic Aberration and Resolving Power of the Eye.” J. of Physiol., 1918, Vol.  52, pp. 175–246, esp. p. 190.

1915 (2)

A. Forbes and A. Gregg, “Electrical Studies in Mammalian Reflexes. II. The Correlation Between Strength of Stimuli and Direct and Reflex Nerve Response.” Amer. Jour. of Physiol., 1915, Vol.  39, pp. 172–235.

On this point cf. J. H. Parsons, “An Introduction to the Study of Color Vision,” 1915, pp. 117–125.
[Crossref]

1910 (1)

J. C. Hubbard, “A Curious Secondary Visual Phenomenon Resulting from a Stimulation of the Macular Region.” Psychol. Bull., 1910, Vol.  7, pp. 196–199.
[Crossref]

1897 (1)

G. E. Müller, “Ueber die galvanischen Gesichtsempfindungen.” Zeitschr. f. Psychol. u. Physiol. d. Sinnesorg., 1897, Bd.  14, S. 329–374.

Abhandl, Erste

H. Gertz, “Über autoptische Wahrnehmung der Sehtätigkeit der Netz-haut,” Erste Abhandl. Skand. Arch. f. Physiol., 1907, Bd. 19, S. 381–408.Zweite Abhandl., ibid., 1909, Bd.  21, S. 315–350.Also: “Ueber entoptische Wahrnehmung des Actionsstroms der Netzhautfasern.” Zentralbl. f. Physiol., 1905, Bd.  19, S. 229–233.
[Crossref]

Bayliss, W.

Cf. W. Bayliss: “The Principles of General Physiology,” 1915, pp. 396–470.

Forbes, A.

A. Forbes and A. Gregg, “Electrical Studies in Mammalian Reflexes. II. The Correlation Between Strength of Stimuli and Direct and Reflex Nerve Response.” Amer. Jour. of Physiol., 1915, Vol.  39, pp. 172–235.

Gertz,

J. E. Purkinje, “Beobachtungen and Versuche zur Physiologie der Sinne,” 1825. Bd. 2, S. 74–78. The entire passage is quoted by Gertz (vide infra).

I find, after writing the above, that similar arguments have been advanced by Gertz, in his very thorough and penetrating theoretical analysis of the basis of the blue arc phenomenon. Loc. cit., 1909, Bd. 21, pp. 327–350.

Gertz, H.

H. Gertz, “Über autoptische Wahrnehmung der Sehtätigkeit der Netz-haut,” Erste Abhandl. Skand. Arch. f. Physiol., 1907, Bd. 19, S. 381–408.Zweite Abhandl., ibid., 1909, Bd.  21, S. 315–350.Also: “Ueber entoptische Wahrnehmung des Actionsstroms der Netzhautfasern.” Zentralbl. f. Physiol., 1905, Bd.  19, S. 229–233.
[Crossref]

Gregg, A.

A. Forbes and A. Gregg, “Electrical Studies in Mammalian Reflexes. II. The Correlation Between Strength of Stimuli and Direct and Reflex Nerve Response.” Amer. Jour. of Physiol., 1915, Vol.  39, pp. 172–235.

Hartridge, H.

H. Hartridge, “The Chromatic Aberration and Resolving Power of the Eye.” J. of Physiol., 1918, Vol.  52, pp. 175–246, esp. p. 190.

Helmholtz,

See Helmholtz, loc. cit., Bd. 2, S. 15.

Helmholtz, H. von.

H. von. Helmholtz, “Handbuch der Physiologischen Optik.” 3te Aufl., 1911, Bd. 2, S. 13–17.

Hubbard, J. C.

J. C. Hubbard, “A Curious Secondary Visual Phenomenon Resulting from a Stimulation of the Macular Region.” Psychol. Bull., 1910, Vol.  7, pp. 196–199.
[Crossref]

Lucas, K.

See K. Lucas, “The Conduction of the Nervous Impulse.” London, 1917. 160

Meyer, Max

Max Meyer, “Zur Theorie der Differenztöne und der Gehörsempfind-ungen überhaupt.” Zeitschr. f. Psychol u. Physiol. d. Sinnesorg., Bd.  16, S. 1–48, esp. S. 22 ff.

Müller, G. E.

G. E. Müller, “Ueber die galvanischen Gesichtsempfindungen.” Zeitschr. f. Psychol. u. Physiol. d. Sinnesorg., 1897, Bd.  14, S. 329–374.

Parsons,

Cf., on these points, Parsons, loc. cit., p. 120,and Schäfer, loc. cit., p. 1112.

Parsons, J. H.

On this point cf. J. H. Parsons, “An Introduction to the Study of Color Vision,” 1915, pp. 117–125.
[Crossref]

Purkinje, J. E.

J. E. Purkinje, “Beobachtungen and Versuche zur Physiologie der Sinne,” 1825. Bd. 2, S. 74–78. The entire passage is quoted by Gertz (vide infra).

Schäfer, E. A.

See E. A. Schäfer, “Text-Book of Physiology,” 1900, Vol. 2, pp. 1190–1192.

Troland, L. T.

L. T. Troland, “The Nature of the Visual Receptor Process.” This Journal, 1917. Vol. 1, esp. pp. 11–12.

Zeeman, P.

P. Zeeman, “Ueber eine subjektive Erscheinung im Auge,” Zeitschr. f. Psychol. u. Physiol. d. Sinnesorg., Bd.  6, 233–234.

Amer. Jour. of Physiol. (1)

A. Forbes and A. Gregg, “Electrical Studies in Mammalian Reflexes. II. The Correlation Between Strength of Stimuli and Direct and Reflex Nerve Response.” Amer. Jour. of Physiol., 1915, Vol.  39, pp. 172–235.

An Introduction to the Study of Color Vision (1)

On this point cf. J. H. Parsons, “An Introduction to the Study of Color Vision,” 1915, pp. 117–125.
[Crossref]

J. of Physiol. (1)

H. Hartridge, “The Chromatic Aberration and Resolving Power of the Eye.” J. of Physiol., 1918, Vol.  52, pp. 175–246, esp. p. 190.

Psychol. Bull. (1)

J. C. Hubbard, “A Curious Secondary Visual Phenomenon Resulting from a Stimulation of the Macular Region.” Psychol. Bull., 1910, Vol.  7, pp. 196–199.
[Crossref]

Zeitschr. f. Psychol u. Physiol. d. Sinnesorg. (1)

Max Meyer, “Zur Theorie der Differenztöne und der Gehörsempfind-ungen überhaupt.” Zeitschr. f. Psychol u. Physiol. d. Sinnesorg., Bd.  16, S. 1–48, esp. S. 22 ff.

Zeitschr. f. Psychol. u. Physiol. d. Sinnesorg. (2)

G. E. Müller, “Ueber die galvanischen Gesichtsempfindungen.” Zeitschr. f. Psychol. u. Physiol. d. Sinnesorg., 1897, Bd.  14, S. 329–374.

P. Zeeman, “Ueber eine subjektive Erscheinung im Auge,” Zeitschr. f. Psychol. u. Physiol. d. Sinnesorg., Bd.  6, 233–234.

Other (17)

H. Gertz, “Über autoptische Wahrnehmung der Sehtätigkeit der Netz-haut,” Erste Abhandl. Skand. Arch. f. Physiol., 1907, Bd. 19, S. 381–408.Zweite Abhandl., ibid., 1909, Bd.  21, S. 315–350.Also: “Ueber entoptische Wahrnehmung des Actionsstroms der Netzhautfasern.” Zentralbl. f. Physiol., 1905, Bd.  19, S. 229–233.
[Crossref]

To be published in Psychobiology.

H. von. Helmholtz, “Handbuch der Physiologischen Optik.” 3te Aufl., 1911, Bd. 2, S. 13–17.

See K. Lucas, “The Conduction of the Nervous Impulse.” London, 1917. 160

See Helmholtz, loc. cit., Bd. 2, S. 15.

I find, after writing the above, that similar arguments have been advanced by Gertz, in his very thorough and penetrating theoretical analysis of the basis of the blue arc phenomenon. Loc. cit., 1909, Bd. 21, pp. 327–350.

The distance from the artificial pupil to the cornea of the observer’s eye was 8 mm.

A photon represents the intensity of stimulation of the retina with a stimulus field brightness of one candle per square metre and a pupillary area of one square millimetre.

Loc. cit., 1909, Bd. 21, S. 326.

Cf., on these points, Parsons, loc. cit., p. 120,and Schäfer, loc. cit., p. 1112.

Loc. cit., pp. 198–215.

Cf. W. Bayliss: “The Principles of General Physiology,” 1915, pp. 396–470.

See E. A. Schäfer, “Text-Book of Physiology,” 1900, Vol. 2, pp. 1190–1192.

L. T. Troland, “The Nature of the Visual Receptor Process.” This Journal, 1917. Vol. 1, esp. pp. 11–12.

Similar demands would arise from a purely physiological study of the motor responses of the organism to stimuli of various intensities applied to sense organs.

In a forthcoming paper.

J. E. Purkinje, “Beobachtungen and Versuche zur Physiologie der Sinne,” 1825. Bd. 2, S. 74–78. The entire passage is quoted by Gertz (vide infra).

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Figures (2)

F. 1
F. 1

Schematic plan of apparatus.

F. 2
F. 2

Pattern of stimulus field.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table I Dimensions of Stimulus Field.

Tables Icon

Table II Apparent Brightness, P, of Blue Arc in Ten-thousandth Photons.

Tables Icon

Table III Apparent Brightness, P, of Blue Arc in Ten-thousandth Photons.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Φ = 2 tan 1 m o 2 a
m = f d f d x ( d x )
b = i r π
Δ p = ( 2 Δ m m ) p