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  1. Presented by invitation at the Symposium on Atmospheric Optics held under the joint auspices of the American Physical Society and the Optical Society of America, February 22, 1935.
  2. The literature up to 1930 and many details of this subject are to be found in the reports of C. Fabry and H. Buisson, Mémorial des Sciences Physiques de l’Acad. des Sci. de Paris, Vol.  XI, 1930,and of F. W. Paul Goetz, Ergebn. d. kosm. Physik, Vol. I. Leipzig1931.
  3. A. Fowler and R. J. Strutt, Proc. Roy. Soc. A93, 577 (1917).
    [Crossref]
  4. In Fig. 2 the Greek letter α is used instead of a.
  5. A similar amount of absorption is effected by oxygen at 1450A, in the center of its absorption band in the Schumann region; the shape of this band resembles very much that of ozone. (Cf. the values of its absorption coefficients, measured by R. Ladenburg and C. C. Van Voorhis, Phys. Rev. 43, 315 (1933).)
    [Crossref]
  6. Wulf, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 25, 231 (1935).
    [Crossref]
  7. Herzberg, Naturwiss.  20, 577 (1932).
    [Crossref]
  8. Goetz and Maier-Leibnitz, Zeits f. Geophysik 2, 253 (1933); Chalonge and Bassy, J. de phys. et rad. (7)  5, 309 (1934).
    [Crossref]
  9. Goetz, Meetham, and Dobson, Proc Roy. Soc. A145, 416 (1934).
    [Crossref]
  10. Dobson, Proc. Phys. Soc. London 43, 324 (1931).
    [Crossref]
  11. Erich and Victor H. Regener, Physik. Zeits. 35, 788 (1935).
  12. Compare I. Bartels, Elektrische Nachrichtentechnik, Vol. 10, special number 1933 (Physik der hohen Atmosphaere).
  13. The same instrument has been used successfully for measuring the amount of ozone near ground level and the ultraviolet intensity of the sky light (cf. Helv. Phys. Acta 7, 672, 674 (1934)).

1935 (2)

Wulf, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 25, 231 (1935).
[Crossref]

Erich and Victor H. Regener, Physik. Zeits. 35, 788 (1935).

1934 (2)

The same instrument has been used successfully for measuring the amount of ozone near ground level and the ultraviolet intensity of the sky light (cf. Helv. Phys. Acta 7, 672, 674 (1934)).

Goetz, Meetham, and Dobson, Proc Roy. Soc. A145, 416 (1934).
[Crossref]

1933 (2)

A similar amount of absorption is effected by oxygen at 1450A, in the center of its absorption band in the Schumann region; the shape of this band resembles very much that of ozone. (Cf. the values of its absorption coefficients, measured by R. Ladenburg and C. C. Van Voorhis, Phys. Rev. 43, 315 (1933).)
[Crossref]

Goetz and Maier-Leibnitz, Zeits f. Geophysik 2, 253 (1933); Chalonge and Bassy, J. de phys. et rad. (7)  5, 309 (1934).
[Crossref]

1932 (1)

Herzberg, Naturwiss.  20, 577 (1932).
[Crossref]

1931 (1)

Dobson, Proc. Phys. Soc. London 43, 324 (1931).
[Crossref]

1930 (1)

The literature up to 1930 and many details of this subject are to be found in the reports of C. Fabry and H. Buisson, Mémorial des Sciences Physiques de l’Acad. des Sci. de Paris, Vol.  XI, 1930,and of F. W. Paul Goetz, Ergebn. d. kosm. Physik, Vol. I. Leipzig1931.

1917 (1)

A. Fowler and R. J. Strutt, Proc. Roy. Soc. A93, 577 (1917).
[Crossref]

Bartels, Compare I.

Compare I. Bartels, Elektrische Nachrichtentechnik, Vol. 10, special number 1933 (Physik der hohen Atmosphaere).

Buisson, H.

The literature up to 1930 and many details of this subject are to be found in the reports of C. Fabry and H. Buisson, Mémorial des Sciences Physiques de l’Acad. des Sci. de Paris, Vol.  XI, 1930,and of F. W. Paul Goetz, Ergebn. d. kosm. Physik, Vol. I. Leipzig1931.

Dobson,

Goetz, Meetham, and Dobson, Proc Roy. Soc. A145, 416 (1934).
[Crossref]

Dobson, Proc. Phys. Soc. London 43, 324 (1931).
[Crossref]

Erich,

Erich and Victor H. Regener, Physik. Zeits. 35, 788 (1935).

Fabry, C.

The literature up to 1930 and many details of this subject are to be found in the reports of C. Fabry and H. Buisson, Mémorial des Sciences Physiques de l’Acad. des Sci. de Paris, Vol.  XI, 1930,and of F. W. Paul Goetz, Ergebn. d. kosm. Physik, Vol. I. Leipzig1931.

Fowler, A.

A. Fowler and R. J. Strutt, Proc. Roy. Soc. A93, 577 (1917).
[Crossref]

Goetz,

Goetz, Meetham, and Dobson, Proc Roy. Soc. A145, 416 (1934).
[Crossref]

Goetz and Maier-Leibnitz, Zeits f. Geophysik 2, 253 (1933); Chalonge and Bassy, J. de phys. et rad. (7)  5, 309 (1934).
[Crossref]

Herzberg,

Herzberg, Naturwiss.  20, 577 (1932).
[Crossref]

Ladenburg, R.

A similar amount of absorption is effected by oxygen at 1450A, in the center of its absorption band in the Schumann region; the shape of this band resembles very much that of ozone. (Cf. the values of its absorption coefficients, measured by R. Ladenburg and C. C. Van Voorhis, Phys. Rev. 43, 315 (1933).)
[Crossref]

Maier-Leibnitz,

Goetz and Maier-Leibnitz, Zeits f. Geophysik 2, 253 (1933); Chalonge and Bassy, J. de phys. et rad. (7)  5, 309 (1934).
[Crossref]

Meetham,

Goetz, Meetham, and Dobson, Proc Roy. Soc. A145, 416 (1934).
[Crossref]

Regener, Victor H.

Erich and Victor H. Regener, Physik. Zeits. 35, 788 (1935).

Strutt, R. J.

A. Fowler and R. J. Strutt, Proc. Roy. Soc. A93, 577 (1917).
[Crossref]

Van Voorhis, C. C.

A similar amount of absorption is effected by oxygen at 1450A, in the center of its absorption band in the Schumann region; the shape of this band resembles very much that of ozone. (Cf. the values of its absorption coefficients, measured by R. Ladenburg and C. C. Van Voorhis, Phys. Rev. 43, 315 (1933).)
[Crossref]

Wulf,

cf. Helv. Phys. Acta (1)

The same instrument has been used successfully for measuring the amount of ozone near ground level and the ultraviolet intensity of the sky light (cf. Helv. Phys. Acta 7, 672, 674 (1934)).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Mémorial des Sciences Physiques de l’Acad. des Sci. de Paris (1)

The literature up to 1930 and many details of this subject are to be found in the reports of C. Fabry and H. Buisson, Mémorial des Sciences Physiques de l’Acad. des Sci. de Paris, Vol.  XI, 1930,and of F. W. Paul Goetz, Ergebn. d. kosm. Physik, Vol. I. Leipzig1931.

Naturwiss (1)

Herzberg, Naturwiss.  20, 577 (1932).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (1)

A similar amount of absorption is effected by oxygen at 1450A, in the center of its absorption band in the Schumann region; the shape of this band resembles very much that of ozone. (Cf. the values of its absorption coefficients, measured by R. Ladenburg and C. C. Van Voorhis, Phys. Rev. 43, 315 (1933).)
[Crossref]

Physik. Zeits. (1)

Erich and Victor H. Regener, Physik. Zeits. 35, 788 (1935).

Proc Roy. Soc. (1)

Goetz, Meetham, and Dobson, Proc Roy. Soc. A145, 416 (1934).
[Crossref]

Proc. Phys. Soc. London (1)

Dobson, Proc. Phys. Soc. London 43, 324 (1931).
[Crossref]

Proc. Roy. Soc. (1)

A. Fowler and R. J. Strutt, Proc. Roy. Soc. A93, 577 (1917).
[Crossref]

Zeits f. Geophysik (1)

Goetz and Maier-Leibnitz, Zeits f. Geophysik 2, 253 (1933); Chalonge and Bassy, J. de phys. et rad. (7)  5, 309 (1934).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

In Fig. 2 the Greek letter α is used instead of a.

Presented by invitation at the Symposium on Atmospheric Optics held under the joint auspices of the American Physical Society and the Optical Society of America, February 22, 1935.

Compare I. Bartels, Elektrische Nachrichtentechnik, Vol. 10, special number 1933 (Physik der hohen Atmosphaere).

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Figures (15)

F. 1
F. 1

Absorption spectrum of ozone in the ultraviolet (I and II) and sun spectrum (IV).

F. 2
F. 2

Absorption coefficient α of ozone in the ultraviolet according to Ch. Fabry and H. Buisson (F. and B.), J. de physique (5) 3, 196 (1913); and to A. Läuchli (L.) Zeits f. Physik 53, 92 (1929)).

F. 3
F. 3

Discontinuous structure of absorption spectrum of ozone in the ultraviolet (according to M. Lambrey and D. Chalonge, Gerlands Beitr. Geophysik. 24, 45 (1929)).

F. 4
F. 4

Light path of the sun in the atmosphere.

F. 5
F. 5

Change of the intensity of the sun with zenith distance z and with wave-length according to Fabry and Buisson (J. de physique 62, 197 (1921)).

F. 6
F. 6

Energy loss of sunlight between 2000 and 8000A produced by an amount of 3 mm ozone.

F. 7A and F. 7B
F. 7A and F. 7B

Variations of ozone during the year at different altitudes, according to a survey of G. M. B. Dobson (Proc. Roy. Soc. A129, 416 (1930)).

F. 8
F. 8

Average variation of ozone with pressure (measured in millibar in cyclones and anticyclones, according to G. M. B. Dobson, D. N. Harrison and I. Lawrence (Proc. Roy. Soc. A122, 469 (1929)).

F. 9a
F. 9a

Station at 2500 m (“Hörnli”).

F. 9b
F. 9b

Station at 2000 m (“Tschuggen”).

F. 11
F. 11

Observed values of −log I/I′ for zenith blue sky on 5 days on which the total ozone content was nearly identical, ○, February 14, 1933, a.m. (x = 253); ✕, February 17, 1933, a.m. (x = 260); ●, May 22, 1933, a.m. (x = 260); +, June 3, 1933, a.m. (x = 263); ○, June 3, 1933, p.m. (x = 256). The “Umkehreffect.”

F. 13
F. 13

Spectrogram of the Regeners taken in a sounding balloon.

F. 14
F. 14

Temperature of the stratosphere calculated from acoustical measurements. E = England (acc. to Whipple). G = Germany (acc. to Duckert). Taken from Bartels.10

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table I Shortest wave-length of sun spectrum.

Tables Icon

Table II Absorption coefficient α and transparency D of 3 mm ozone at NPT for different wave-lengths.

Tables Icon

Table III Intensity of the sun on June 7, 1920 in Marseille.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

D = I / I 0 = 10 a l .
log I = log I 0 k t .
sin y = sin z R / ( R + h )
k t = a x sec y + ( b + d ) H sec z , b = ( 32 π 3 / 3 N λ 4 ) ( μ 1 ) 2 0.434 ,
( log ( I / I f ) log ( I 0 / I 0 f ) = log I / I log I 0 / I 0 ) .