The problem of mounting a twenty-one foot concave grating and slit at oblique incidence, so that the focus will lie on a previously established track having less than one inch adjustment range, is discussed. A simple technique, employing only a good transit, is described. The development of this method depends on a precise knowledge of the nature of the general focal curve. This information is found by a brief examination of grating theory. A table of permissible departures of the slit from the Rowland circle is given, such that the error in path length to the sharpest image is less than λ/4. Application of classical grating theory to the case of oblique incidence and diffraction results in an expression for maximum useful grating width. This expression is shown to differ only by a factor of 1.06 from the expression derived in a recent article by Mack, Stehn and Edlén.
© 1933 Optical Society of America
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