Abstract

Hybrid multiplexing and demultiplexing schemes with the capability to integrate microwave and millimeter-wave frequency radio-over-fiber signals in a wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) infrastructure are proposed. The proposed schemes exploit the benefits of a spectrally efficient wavelength-interleaving technique and enhance the performance of optical millimeter-wave signals without employing an additional device. The schemes are demonstrated experimentally with simultaneous transport of 1 Gbit/s baseband, 2.5 GHz microwave, and 37.5 GHz millimeter-wave signals that have the potential to converge last-mile optical and wireless technologies, leading to an integrated dense WDM network in the access and metro domains.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. C.-J. L. van Driel, P. A. M. van Grinsven, V. Pronk, and W. A. M. Snijders, “The (R)evoluition of access networks for the information superhighway,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 35(6), 104-112 (1997).
  2. P. Mahonen, T. Saarinen, Z. Shelby, and L. Munoz, “Wireless internet over LMDS: architecture and experimental implementation,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(5), 126-132 (2001).
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  5. Y. Luo, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijtic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper NThG1.
  6. A. Martinez, V. Polo, and J. Marti, “Simultaneous baseband and RF optical modulation scheme for feeding wireless and wireline heterogeneous access networks,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2018-2024 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Ikeda, T. Kuri, and K. Kitayama, “Simultaneous three-band modulation and fiber-optic transmission of 2.5 Gb/s baseband, microwave-, and 60-GHz-band signals on a single wavelength,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3194-3202 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Efficient multiplexing scheme for wavelength-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2718-2720 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Efficient multiplexing scheme for wavelength-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2718-2720 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2001 (2)

P. Mahonen, T. Saarinen, Z. Shelby, and L. Munoz, “Wireless internet over LMDS: architecture and experimental implementation,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(5), 126-132 (2001).

A. Martinez, V. Polo, and J. Marti, “Simultaneous baseband and RF optical modulation scheme for feeding wireless and wireline heterogeneous access networks,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2018-2024 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

C.-J. L. van Driel, P. A. M. van Grinsven, V. Pronk, and W. A. M. Snijders, “The (R)evoluition of access networks for the information superhighway,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 35(6), 104-112 (1997).

1995 (1)

R. D. Esman and K. J. Williams, “Wideband efficiency improvement of fiber optic systems by carrier subtraction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 218-220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bakaul, M.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Efficient multiplexing scheme for wavelength-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2718-2720 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cvijtic, M.

Y. Luo, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijtic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper NThG1.

Dixit, S.

S. Dixit, “Hybrid optical-wireless networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OThM1.

Esman, R. D.

R. D. Esman and K. J. Williams, “Wideband efficiency improvement of fiber optic systems by carrier subtraction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 218-220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Geha, A.

A. Geha, C. Mas, B. Vermeulen, and J. Wellen, “HARMONICS, an IP based service network over hybrid fibre-access network supporting QoS,” in 10th International Conference on Telecommunications (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 628-633.

Ikeda, K.

Kitayama, K.

Kuri, T.

Lim, C.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Efficient multiplexing scheme for wavelength-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2718-2720 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Y.

Y. Luo, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijtic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper NThG1.

Mahonen, P.

P. Mahonen, T. Saarinen, Z. Shelby, and L. Munoz, “Wireless internet over LMDS: architecture and experimental implementation,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(5), 126-132 (2001).

Marti, J.

A. Martinez, V. Polo, and J. Marti, “Simultaneous baseband and RF optical modulation scheme for feeding wireless and wireline heterogeneous access networks,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2018-2024 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, A.

A. Martinez, V. Polo, and J. Marti, “Simultaneous baseband and RF optical modulation scheme for feeding wireless and wireline heterogeneous access networks,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2018-2024 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mas, C.

A. Geha, C. Mas, B. Vermeulen, and J. Wellen, “HARMONICS, an IP based service network over hybrid fibre-access network supporting QoS,” in 10th International Conference on Telecommunications (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 628-633.

Munoz, L.

P. Mahonen, T. Saarinen, Z. Shelby, and L. Munoz, “Wireless internet over LMDS: architecture and experimental implementation,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(5), 126-132 (2001).

Nakamura, S.

Y. Luo, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijtic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper NThG1.

Nirmalathas, A.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Efficient multiplexing scheme for wavelength-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2718-2720 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Novak, D.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Efficient multiplexing scheme for wavelength-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2718-2720 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Polo, V.

A. Martinez, V. Polo, and J. Marti, “Simultaneous baseband and RF optical modulation scheme for feeding wireless and wireline heterogeneous access networks,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2018-2024 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pronk, V.

C.-J. L. van Driel, P. A. M. van Grinsven, V. Pronk, and W. A. M. Snijders, “The (R)evoluition of access networks for the information superhighway,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 35(6), 104-112 (1997).

Saarinen, T.

P. Mahonen, T. Saarinen, Z. Shelby, and L. Munoz, “Wireless internet over LMDS: architecture and experimental implementation,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(5), 126-132 (2001).

Shelby, Z.

P. Mahonen, T. Saarinen, Z. Shelby, and L. Munoz, “Wireless internet over LMDS: architecture and experimental implementation,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(5), 126-132 (2001).

Snijders, W. A. M.

C.-J. L. van Driel, P. A. M. van Grinsven, V. Pronk, and W. A. M. Snijders, “The (R)evoluition of access networks for the information superhighway,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 35(6), 104-112 (1997).

van Driel, C.-J. L.

C.-J. L. van Driel, P. A. M. van Grinsven, V. Pronk, and W. A. M. Snijders, “The (R)evoluition of access networks for the information superhighway,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 35(6), 104-112 (1997).

van Grinsven, P. A. M.

C.-J. L. van Driel, P. A. M. van Grinsven, V. Pronk, and W. A. M. Snijders, “The (R)evoluition of access networks for the information superhighway,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 35(6), 104-112 (1997).

Vermeulen, B.

A. Geha, C. Mas, B. Vermeulen, and J. Wellen, “HARMONICS, an IP based service network over hybrid fibre-access network supporting QoS,” in 10th International Conference on Telecommunications (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 628-633.

Wang, T.

Y. Luo, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijtic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper NThG1.

Waterhouse, R.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Efficient multiplexing scheme for wavelength-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2718-2720 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weinstein, S.

Y. Luo, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijtic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper NThG1.

Wellen, J.

A. Geha, C. Mas, B. Vermeulen, and J. Wellen, “HARMONICS, an IP based service network over hybrid fibre-access network supporting QoS,” in 10th International Conference on Telecommunications (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 628-633.

Williams, K. J.

R. D. Esman and K. J. Williams, “Wideband efficiency improvement of fiber optic systems by carrier subtraction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 218-220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

C.-J. L. van Driel, P. A. M. van Grinsven, V. Pronk, and W. A. M. Snijders, “The (R)evoluition of access networks for the information superhighway,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 35(6), 104-112 (1997).

P. Mahonen, T. Saarinen, Z. Shelby, and L. Munoz, “Wireless internet over LMDS: architecture and experimental implementation,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(5), 126-132 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

R. D. Esman and K. J. Williams, “Wideband efficiency improvement of fiber optic systems by carrier subtraction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 218-220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Efficient multiplexing scheme for wavelength-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2718-2720 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

A. Martinez, V. Polo, and J. Marti, “Simultaneous baseband and RF optical modulation scheme for feeding wireless and wireline heterogeneous access networks,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2018-2024 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Other (3)

A. Geha, C. Mas, B. Vermeulen, and J. Wellen, “HARMONICS, an IP based service network over hybrid fibre-access network supporting QoS,” in 10th International Conference on Telecommunications (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 628-633.

S. Dixit, “Hybrid optical-wireless networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OThM1.

Y. Luo, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijtic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper NThG1.

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