Abstract

We investigate a feedback scheme for automatic polarization control suitable for packet and burst transmission on systems using polarization and time-division-multiplexed traffic. A key feature of the control scheme is to make the packet pattern essentially invisible to the controller enabling the use of standard polarization control modules and control algorithms. The scheme is evaluated experimentally in terms of packet loss ratio (PLR) measurements for different burst lengths and patterns covering the entire range of potential traffic loads. In terms of measured PLR the results show a maximum power penalty of only 0.2 dB compared with continuous light transmission.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenlowe, J. Mork, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A new orthogonal labeling scheme based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2772-2774 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Nord, S. Bjornstad, O. Austad, V. L. Tuft, D. R. Hjelme, Aa. S. Sudbo, and L. E. Eriksen, “OpMiGua hybrid circuit- and packet-switched test-bed demonstration and performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2692-2694 (2006).
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    [CrossRef]
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2007 (3)

2006 (10)

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Overspill routing in optical networks: a true hybrid optical network design,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 13-25 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Gauger, P. J. Kühn, E. Van Breusegem, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Hybrid optical network architectures: bringing packets and circuits together,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(8), 36-42 (2006).

S. Bjornstad, D. R. Hjelme, and N. Stol, “A packet switched hybrid optical network with service guarantees,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 97-107 (2006).

C. Qiao, W. Wei, and X. Liu, “Extending generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) for polymorphous, agile, and transparent optical networks (PATON),” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(12), 104-114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nord, S. Bjornstad, O. Austad, V. L. Tuft, D. R. Hjelme, Aa. S. Sudbo, and L. E. Eriksen, “OpMiGua hybrid circuit- and packet-switched test-bed demonstration and performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2692-2694 (2006).

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, K. Sone, Y. Aoki, H. Miyata, H. Onaka, and K. Kitayama, “Field trial of data-granularity-flexible reconfigurable OADM with wavelength-packet-selective switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 88-94 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Xie, D. Werner, and H. F. Haunstein, “Dynamic performance and speed requirement of polarization mode dispersion compensators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3968-3975 (2006).

M. Martinelli, P. Martelli, and S. M. Pietralunga, “Polarization stabilization in optical communications systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4172-4183 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Ben Yoo, “Optical packet and burst switching technologies for the future photonic internet,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4468-4492 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Chowdhury, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, “Same wavelength packet switching in optical label switched networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4838-4849 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

K. J. Park, H. C. Ji, and Y. C. Chung, “Optical channel monitoring technique using phase-modulated pilot tones,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2481-2483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenlowe, J. Mork, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A new orthogonal labeling scheme based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2772-2774 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

C. Fraleigh, S. Moon, B. Lyles, C. Cotton, M. Khan, D. Moll, R. Rockell, T. Seely, and S. C. Diot, “Packet-level traffic measurements from the Sprint IP backbone,” IEEE Network 17(6), 6-16 (2003).

2000 (2)

1996 (1)

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, “1-Tb/s transmission experiment,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. Martinelli and P. Vavassori, “A geometric (Pancharatnam) phase approach to the polarization and phase control in the coherent optics circuits,” Opt. Commun. 80, 166-176 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

Aoki, Y.

Austad, O.

M. Nord, S. Bjornstad, O. Austad, V. L. Tuft, D. R. Hjelme, Aa. S. Sudbo, and L. E. Eriksen, “OpMiGua hybrid circuit- and packet-switched test-bed demonstration and performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2692-2694 (2006).

Baumert, W.

H. Bülow, W. Baumert, H. Schmuck, F. Mohr, T. Schulz, F. Küppers, and W. Weiershausen, “Measurement of the maximum speed of PMD fluctuation in installed field fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WE4.

Ben Yoo, S. J.

Bhandare, S.

Bjornstad, S.

V. L. Tuft, S. Bjornstad, and D. R. Hjelme, “Automatic polarization control for packet transmission in a hybrid circuit and packet switched optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1460-1462 (2007).

M. Nord, S. Bjornstad, O. Austad, V. L. Tuft, D. R. Hjelme, Aa. S. Sudbo, and L. E. Eriksen, “OpMiGua hybrid circuit- and packet-switched test-bed demonstration and performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2692-2694 (2006).

S. Bjornstad, D. R. Hjelme, and N. Stol, “A packet switched hybrid optical network with service guarantees,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 97-107 (2006).

Boroditsky, M.

M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, N. J. Frigo, P. Magill, and H. Rosenfeldt, “Polarization dynamics in installed fiberoptic systems,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE LEOS (IEEE, 2005), pp. 414-415.

Brentel, J.

Brodsky, M.

M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, N. J. Frigo, P. Magill, and H. Rosenfeldt, “Polarization dynamics in installed fiberoptic systems,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE LEOS (IEEE, 2005), pp. 414-415.

Buchali, F.

Bülow, H.

F. Buchali and H. Bülow, “Adaptive PMD compensation by electrical and optical techniques,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1116-1126 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Bülow, W. Baumert, H. Schmuck, F. Mohr, T. Schulz, F. Küppers, and W. Weiershausen, “Measurement of the maximum speed of PMD fluctuation in installed field fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WE4.

Chang, G.-K.

Cheyns, J.

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Overspill routing in optical networks: a true hybrid optical network design,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 13-25 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chi, N.

L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenlowe, J. Mork, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A new orthogonal labeling scheme based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2772-2774 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, J.-L.

S.-L. Tsao, H.-T. Lee, and J.-L. Chiu, “Polarization compensation in a WDM/PoISK fiber communication system with a dynamic polarization compensator,” in Proceedings of Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO/Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1412-1413.

Chowdhury, A.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, “1-Tb/s transmission experiment,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

K. J. Park, H. C. Ji, and Y. C. Chung, “Optical channel monitoring technique using phase-modulated pilot tones,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2481-2483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Colle, D.

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Overspill routing in optical networks: a true hybrid optical network design,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 13-25 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Corbel, E.

Cotton, C.

C. Fraleigh, S. Moon, B. Lyles, C. Cotton, M. Khan, D. Moll, R. Rockell, T. Seely, and S. C. Diot, “Packet-level traffic measurements from the Sprint IP backbone,” IEEE Network 17(6), 6-16 (2003).

De Turck, F.

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Overspill routing in optical networks: a true hybrid optical network design,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 13-25 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De Winter, D.

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Overspill routing in optical networks: a true hybrid optical network design,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 13-25 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Demeester, P.

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Overspill routing in optical networks: a true hybrid optical network design,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 13-25 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Gauger, P. J. Kühn, E. Van Breusegem, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Hybrid optical network architectures: bringing packets and circuits together,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(8), 36-42 (2006).

Derosier, R. M.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, “1-Tb/s transmission experiment,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Diot, S. C.

C. Fraleigh, S. Moon, B. Lyles, C. Cotton, M. Khan, D. Moll, R. Rockell, T. Seely, and S. C. Diot, “Packet-level traffic measurements from the Sprint IP backbone,” IEEE Network 17(6), 6-16 (2003).

Eriksen, L. E.

M. Nord, S. Bjornstad, O. Austad, V. L. Tuft, D. R. Hjelme, Aa. S. Sudbo, and L. E. Eriksen, “OpMiGua hybrid circuit- and packet-switched test-bed demonstration and performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2692-2694 (2006).

Forghieri, F.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, “1-Tb/s transmission experiment,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fraleigh, C.

C. Fraleigh, S. Moon, B. Lyles, C. Cotton, M. Khan, D. Moll, R. Rockell, T. Seely, and S. C. Diot, “Packet-level traffic measurements from the Sprint IP backbone,” IEEE Network 17(6), 6-16 (2003).

Frigo, N. J.

M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, N. J. Frigo, P. Magill, and H. Rosenfeldt, “Polarization dynamics in installed fiberoptic systems,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE LEOS (IEEE, 2005), pp. 414-415.

Gauger, C. M.

C. M. Gauger, P. J. Kühn, E. Van Breusegem, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Hybrid optical network architectures: bringing packets and circuits together,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(8), 36-42 (2006).

Gnauck, A. H.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, “1-Tb/s transmission experiment,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Haunstein, H. F.

Hjelme, D. R.

V. L. Tuft, S. Bjornstad, and D. R. Hjelme, “Automatic polarization control for packet transmission in a hybrid circuit and packet switched optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1460-1462 (2007).

M. Nord, S. Bjornstad, O. Austad, V. L. Tuft, D. R. Hjelme, Aa. S. Sudbo, and L. E. Eriksen, “OpMiGua hybrid circuit- and packet-switched test-bed demonstration and performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2692-2694 (2006).

S. Bjornstad, D. R. Hjelme, and N. Stol, “A packet switched hybrid optical network with service guarantees,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 97-107 (2006).

Jeppesen, P.

L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenlowe, J. Mork, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A new orthogonal labeling scheme based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2772-2774 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ji, H. C.

K. J. Park, H. C. Ji, and Y. C. Chung, “Optical channel monitoring technique using phase-modulated pilot tones,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2481-2483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, J.

Jopson, R. M.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, “1-Tb/s transmission experiment,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, M.

Kataoka, N.

Khan, M.

C. Fraleigh, S. Moon, B. Lyles, C. Cotton, M. Khan, D. Moll, R. Rockell, T. Seely, and S. C. Diot, “Packet-level traffic measurements from the Sprint IP backbone,” IEEE Network 17(6), 6-16 (2003).

Kitayama, K.

Kogelnik, H.

Krummrich, P. M.

P. M. Krummrich, E.-D. Schmidt, W. Weiershausen, and A. Mattheus, “Field trial results on statistics of fast polarization changes in long haul WDM transmission systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThT6.

Kühn, P. J.

C. M. Gauger, P. J. Kühn, E. Van Breusegem, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Hybrid optical network architectures: bringing packets and circuits together,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(8), 36-42 (2006).

Küppers, F.

H. Bülow, W. Baumert, H. Schmuck, F. Mohr, T. Schulz, F. Küppers, and W. Weiershausen, “Measurement of the maximum speed of PMD fluctuation in installed field fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WE4.

Lanne, S.

Lee, H.-T.

S.-L. Tsao, H.-T. Lee, and J.-L. Chiu, “Polarization compensation in a WDM/PoISK fiber communication system with a dynamic polarization compensator,” in Proceedings of Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO/Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1412-1413.

Liu, X.

C. Qiao, W. Wei, and X. Liu, “Extending generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) for polymorphous, agile, and transparent optical networks (PATON),” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(12), 104-114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lucero, A. J.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, “1-Tb/s transmission experiment,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lyles, B.

C. Fraleigh, S. Moon, B. Lyles, C. Cotton, M. Khan, D. Moll, R. Rockell, T. Seely, and S. C. Diot, “Packet-level traffic measurements from the Sprint IP backbone,” IEEE Network 17(6), 6-16 (2003).

Magill, P.

M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, N. J. Frigo, P. Magill, and H. Rosenfeldt, “Polarization dynamics in installed fiberoptic systems,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE LEOS (IEEE, 2005), pp. 414-415.

Martelli, P.

Martinelli, M.

M. Martinelli, P. Martelli, and S. M. Pietralunga, “Polarization stabilization in optical communications systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4172-4183 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli and P. Vavassori, “A geometric (Pancharatnam) phase approach to the polarization and phase control in the coherent optics circuits,” Opt. Commun. 80, 166-176 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mattheus, A.

P. M. Krummrich, E.-D. Schmidt, W. Weiershausen, and A. Mattheus, “Field trial results on statistics of fast polarization changes in long haul WDM transmission systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThT6.

McCormick, A. R.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, “1-Tb/s transmission experiment,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miyata, H.

Mohr, F.

H. Bülow, W. Baumert, H. Schmuck, F. Mohr, T. Schulz, F. Küppers, and W. Weiershausen, “Measurement of the maximum speed of PMD fluctuation in installed field fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WE4.

Moll, D.

C. Fraleigh, S. Moon, B. Lyles, C. Cotton, M. Khan, D. Moll, R. Rockell, T. Seely, and S. C. Diot, “Packet-level traffic measurements from the Sprint IP backbone,” IEEE Network 17(6), 6-16 (2003).

Moon, S.

C. Fraleigh, S. Moon, B. Lyles, C. Cotton, M. Khan, D. Moll, R. Rockell, T. Seely, and S. C. Diot, “Packet-level traffic measurements from the Sprint IP backbone,” IEEE Network 17(6), 6-16 (2003).

Mork, J.

L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenlowe, J. Mork, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A new orthogonal labeling scheme based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2772-2774 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L.

Noé, R.

Nord, M.

M. Nord, S. Bjornstad, O. Austad, V. L. Tuft, D. R. Hjelme, Aa. S. Sudbo, and L. E. Eriksen, “OpMiGua hybrid circuit- and packet-switched test-bed demonstration and performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2692-2694 (2006).

Onaka, H.

Oxenlowe, L. K.

L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenlowe, J. Mork, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A new orthogonal labeling scheme based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2772-2774 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Park, K. J.

K. J. Park, H. C. Ji, and Y. C. Chung, “Optical channel monitoring technique using phase-modulated pilot tones,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2481-2483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pickavet, M.

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Overspill routing in optical networks: a true hybrid optical network design,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 13-25 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Gauger, P. J. Kühn, E. Van Breusegem, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Hybrid optical network architectures: bringing packets and circuits together,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(8), 36-42 (2006).

Pietralunga, S. M.

Qiao, C.

C. Qiao, W. Wei, and X. Liu, “Extending generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) for polymorphous, agile, and transparent optical networks (PATON),” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(12), 104-114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rockell, R.

C. Fraleigh, S. Moon, B. Lyles, C. Cotton, M. Khan, D. Moll, R. Rockell, T. Seely, and S. C. Diot, “Packet-level traffic measurements from the Sprint IP backbone,” IEEE Network 17(6), 6-16 (2003).

Rosenfeldt, H.

M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, N. J. Frigo, P. Magill, and H. Rosenfeldt, “Polarization dynamics in installed fiberoptic systems,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE LEOS (IEEE, 2005), pp. 414-415.

Schmidt, E.-D.

P. M. Krummrich, E.-D. Schmidt, W. Weiershausen, and A. Mattheus, “Field trial results on statistics of fast polarization changes in long haul WDM transmission systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThT6.

Schmuck, H.

H. Bülow, W. Baumert, H. Schmuck, F. Mohr, T. Schulz, F. Küppers, and W. Weiershausen, “Measurement of the maximum speed of PMD fluctuation in installed field fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WE4.

Schulz, T.

H. Bülow, W. Baumert, H. Schmuck, F. Mohr, T. Schulz, F. Küppers, and W. Weiershausen, “Measurement of the maximum speed of PMD fluctuation in installed field fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WE4.

Seely, T.

C. Fraleigh, S. Moon, B. Lyles, C. Cotton, M. Khan, D. Moll, R. Rockell, T. Seely, and S. C. Diot, “Packet-level traffic measurements from the Sprint IP backbone,” IEEE Network 17(6), 6-16 (2003).

Sone, K.

Stol, N.

S. Bjornstad, D. R. Hjelme, and N. Stol, “A packet switched hybrid optical network with service guarantees,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 97-107 (2006).

Sudbo, Aa. S.

M. Nord, S. Bjornstad, O. Austad, V. L. Tuft, D. R. Hjelme, Aa. S. Sudbo, and L. E. Eriksen, “OpMiGua hybrid circuit- and packet-switched test-bed demonstration and performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2692-2694 (2006).

Sulhoff, J. W.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, “1-Tb/s transmission experiment,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, “1-Tb/s transmission experiment,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R. W.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, “1-Tb/s transmission experiment,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tsao, S.-L.

S.-L. Tsao, H.-T. Lee, and J.-L. Chiu, “Polarization compensation in a WDM/PoISK fiber communication system with a dynamic polarization compensator,” in Proceedings of Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO/Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1412-1413.

Tuft, V. L.

V. L. Tuft, S. Bjornstad, and D. R. Hjelme, “Automatic polarization control for packet transmission in a hybrid circuit and packet switched optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1460-1462 (2007).

M. Nord, S. Bjornstad, O. Austad, V. L. Tuft, D. R. Hjelme, Aa. S. Sudbo, and L. E. Eriksen, “OpMiGua hybrid circuit- and packet-switched test-bed demonstration and performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2692-2694 (2006).

Van Breusegem, E.

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Overspill routing in optical networks: a true hybrid optical network design,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 13-25 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Gauger, P. J. Kühn, E. Van Breusegem, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Hybrid optical network architectures: bringing packets and circuits together,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(8), 36-42 (2006).

Vavassori, P.

M. Martinelli and P. Vavassori, “A geometric (Pancharatnam) phase approach to the polarization and phase control in the coherent optics circuits,” Opt. Commun. 80, 166-176 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wada, N.

Wei, W.

C. Qiao, W. Wei, and X. Liu, “Extending generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) for polymorphous, agile, and transparent optical networks (PATON),” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(12), 104-114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weiershausen, W.

P. M. Krummrich, E.-D. Schmidt, W. Weiershausen, and A. Mattheus, “Field trial results on statistics of fast polarization changes in long haul WDM transmission systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThT6.

H. Bülow, W. Baumert, H. Schmuck, F. Mohr, T. Schulz, F. Küppers, and W. Weiershausen, “Measurement of the maximum speed of PMD fluctuation in installed field fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WE4.

Werner, D.

Willner, A. E.

Wolf, C.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, “1-Tb/s transmission experiment,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Xie, C.

Xu, L.

L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenlowe, J. Mork, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A new orthogonal labeling scheme based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2772-2774 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yan, L.-S.

Yao, X. S.

Yu, J.

Yu, S.

L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenlowe, J. Mork, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A new orthogonal labeling scheme based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2772-2774 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

Zyskind, J. L.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, “1-Tb/s transmission experiment,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

C. M. Gauger, P. J. Kühn, E. Van Breusegem, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Hybrid optical network architectures: bringing packets and circuits together,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(8), 36-42 (2006).

C. Qiao, W. Wei, and X. Liu, “Extending generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) for polymorphous, agile, and transparent optical networks (PATON),” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(12), 104-114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (2)

S. Bjornstad, D. R. Hjelme, and N. Stol, “A packet switched hybrid optical network with service guarantees,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 97-107 (2006).

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Overspill routing in optical networks: a true hybrid optical network design,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 13-25 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Network (1)

C. Fraleigh, S. Moon, B. Lyles, C. Cotton, M. Khan, D. Moll, R. Rockell, T. Seely, and S. C. Diot, “Packet-level traffic measurements from the Sprint IP backbone,” IEEE Network 17(6), 6-16 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

K. J. Park, H. C. Ji, and Y. C. Chung, “Optical channel monitoring technique using phase-modulated pilot tones,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2481-2483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, A. J. Lucero, Y. Sun, R. M. Jopson, F. Forghieri, R. M. Derosier, C. Wolf, and A. R. McCormick, “1-Tb/s transmission experiment,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1264-1266 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, N. Chi, L. K. Oxenlowe, J. Mork, S. Yu, and P. Jeppesen, “A new orthogonal labeling scheme based on a 40-Gb/s DPSK payload and a 2.5-Gb/s PolSK label,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2772-2774 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Nord, S. Bjornstad, O. Austad, V. L. Tuft, D. R. Hjelme, Aa. S. Sudbo, and L. E. Eriksen, “OpMiGua hybrid circuit- and packet-switched test-bed demonstration and performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2692-2694 (2006).

V. L. Tuft, S. Bjornstad, and D. R. Hjelme, “Automatic polarization control for packet transmission in a hybrid circuit and packet switched optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1460-1462 (2007).

J. Lightwave Technol. (9)

M. Karlsson, J. Brentel, and P. A. Andrekson, “Long-term measurement of PMD and polarization drift in installed fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 941-951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Lanne and E. Corbel, “Practical considerations for optical polarization-mode dispersion compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1033-1040 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Buchali and H. Bülow, “Adaptive PMD compensation by electrical and optical techniques,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1116-1126 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, K. Sone, Y. Aoki, H. Miyata, H. Onaka, and K. Kitayama, “Field trial of data-granularity-flexible reconfigurable OADM with wavelength-packet-selective switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 88-94 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Xie, D. Werner, and H. F. Haunstein, “Dynamic performance and speed requirement of polarization mode dispersion compensators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3968-3975 (2006).

M. Martinelli, P. Martelli, and S. M. Pietralunga, “Polarization stabilization in optical communications systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4172-4183 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Ben Yoo, “Optical packet and burst switching technologies for the future photonic internet,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4468-4492 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Chowdhury, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, “Same wavelength packet switching in optical label switched networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4838-4849 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Bhandare and R. Noé, “Distributed PMD compensator in lithium-niobate-tantalate: performance modeling toward highest bit rates,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2315-2320 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Martinelli and P. Vavassori, “A geometric (Pancharatnam) phase approach to the polarization and phase control in the coherent optics circuits,” Opt. Commun. 80, 166-176 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Other (5)

Product information available online at http://www.ineoquest.com.

P. M. Krummrich, E.-D. Schmidt, W. Weiershausen, and A. Mattheus, “Field trial results on statistics of fast polarization changes in long haul WDM transmission systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OThT6.

S.-L. Tsao, H.-T. Lee, and J.-L. Chiu, “Polarization compensation in a WDM/PoISK fiber communication system with a dynamic polarization compensator,” in Proceedings of Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO/Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1412-1413.

H. Bülow, W. Baumert, H. Schmuck, F. Mohr, T. Schulz, F. Küppers, and W. Weiershausen, “Measurement of the maximum speed of PMD fluctuation in installed field fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WE4.

M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, N. J. Frigo, P. Magill, and H. Rosenfeldt, “Polarization dynamics in installed fiberoptic systems,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE LEOS (IEEE, 2005), pp. 414-415.

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