Abstract

A scalable photonic interconnection network architecture is proposed whereby a Clos network is populated with broadcast-and-select stages. This enables the efficient exploitation of an emerging class of photonic integrated switch fabric. A low distortion space switch technology based on recently demonstrated quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifier technology, which can be operated uncooled, is used as the base switch element. The viability of these switches in cascaded networks is reviewed, and predictions are made through detailed physical layer simulation to explore the potential for larger-scale network connectivity. Optical signal degradation is estimated as a function of data capacity and network size. Power efficiency and physical layer complexity are addressed for high end-to-end bandwidth, nanosecond-reconfigurable switch fabrics, to highlight the potential for scaling to several tens of connections. The proposed architecture is envisaged to facilitate high-capacity, low-latency switching suited to computing systems, backplanes, and data networks. Broadband operation through wavelength division multiplexing is studied to identify practical interconnection networks scalable to 100 Gbits/s per path and a power consumption of the order of 20 mW/(Gbits/s) for a 64×64 size interconnection network.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. F. Benner, M. Ignatowski, J. A. Kash, D. M. Kuchta, and M. B. Ritter, “Exploitation of optical interconnects in future server architectures,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 49, 755-775 (2005).
  2. D. Sadot and I. Elhanany, “Optical switching speed requirements for terabit/second packet over WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 440-442 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. A. B. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Proc. IEEE 88, 728-749 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Huang, T. Sze, A. Landin, R. Lytel, and H. L. Davidson, “Optical interconnects: out of the box forever?” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 614-623 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. O'Connor, “Optical solutions for system-level interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 2004 International Workshop on System Level Interconnect Prediction (Association for Computing Machinery, 2004), pp. 79-88.
  6. L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Lin, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and M. Glick, “Capacity scaling in a multihost wavelength-striped SOA-based switch fabric,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 655-663 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Shacham, B. Small, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and K. Bergman, “A fully implemented 12×12 data vortex optical packet switching interconnection network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3066-3075 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Hemenway, R. R. Grzybowski, C. Minkenberg, and R. Luijten, “Optical-packet-switched interconnect for supercomputer applications [Invited],” J. Opt. Netw. 3, 900-913 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Shacham and K. Bergman, “Building ultralow-latency interconnection networks using photonic integration,” IEEE MICRO 27, 6-20 (2007).
  11. E. T. Aw, H. Wang, M. G. Thompson, A. Wonfor, R. Sellin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. R. Kovsh, “Uncooled 2×2 quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier based switch,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CME6.
  12. M. Renaud, M. Bachmann, and M. Erman, “Semiconductor optical space switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 277-288 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. A. Williams, “Integrated semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based switch fabrics for high-capacity interconnects [Invited],” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 189-199 (2007).
  14. P. J. Duthie and M. J. Wale, “16×16 single chip optical switch array in lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1265-1266 (1991).
  15. H. Okayama and M. Kawahara, “Prototype 32×32 optical switch matrix,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1128-1129 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  16. E. J. Murphy, T. O. Murphy, A. F. Ambrose, R. W. Irvin, B. H. Lee, P. Peng, G. W. Richards, and A. Yorinks, “16×16 strictly nonblocking guided-wave optical switching system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 352-358 (1996).
  17. K. Hamamoto, T. Anan, K. Komatsu, M. Sugimoto, and I. Mito, “First 8×8 semiconductor optical matrix switches using GaAs/AlGaAs electro-optic guided-wave directional couplers,” Electron. Lett. 28, 441-443 (1992).
  18. R. F. Kalman, L. G. Kazovsky, and J. W. Goodman, “Space division switches based on semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1048-1051 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. A. Williams, G. F. Roberts, T. Lin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Glick, and D. McAuley, “Integrated optical 2×2 switch for wavelength multiplexed interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 78-85 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. W. Kabacinski, Nonblocking Electronic and Photonic Switching Fabrics (Springer, 2005).
  21. D. Wolfson, “Detailed theoretical investigation and comparison of the cascadability of conventional and gain-clamped SOA gates in multiwavelength optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1494-1496 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  22. S. Liu, K. A. Williams, T. Lin, M. G. Thompson, C. K. Yow, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, F. Hopfer, M. Lämmlin, and D. Bimberg, “Cascaded performance of quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier in a recirculating loop,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuM4.
  23. M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, “Recent progress in self-assembled quantum-dot optical devices for optical telecommunication: temperature-insensitive 10 Gbs−1 directly modulated lasers and 40 Gbs−1 signal-regenerative amplifiers,” J. Phys. D 38, 2126-2134 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  24. A. Albores-Mejia, K. A. Williams, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, M. K. Smit, A. Anantathanasarn, and R. Nötzel, “Scalable quantum dot optical switch matrix in the 1.55 μm wavelength range,” Photonics in Switching (IEICE Communication Society, 2008), paper D-06-4.
  25. C. Clos, “A study of non-blocking switching networks,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 32, 406-424 (1953).
  26. R. A. Spanke and V. E. Beneš, “N-stage planar optical permutation network,” Appl. Opt. 26, 1226-1229 (1987).
  27. V. Beneš, “On rearrangeable three stage connecting networks,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. XLI, 1481-1492 (1962).
  28. S. Liu, X. Hu, M. Thompson, R. Sellin, K. Williams, R. Penty, I. White, and A. Kovsh, “Low penalty monolithic 2×2 quantum dot switch,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (SEE, 2006), paper Th4.5.6.
  29. J. E. Carroll, J. E. A. Whiteaway, and R. G. B. Plumb, Distributed Feedback Semiconductor Lasers (Institution of Electrical Engineers, 1998).
  30. K. A. Williams, “Integrated multi-wavelength routing circuits for high capacity switched interconnects,” in Proceedings LEOS Benelux Annual Meeting (IEEE LEOS, 2007), pp. 155-158.
  31. G. Roberts, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, A. West, and S. Moore, “Multi-wavelength data encoding for improved input power dynamic range in semiconductor optical amplifier switches,” in The 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2005), pp. 739-740.
  32. P. S. Cho and J. B. Khurgin, “Suppression of cross-gain modulation in SOA using RZ-DPSK modulation format,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 162-164 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  33. I. H. White, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, T. Lin, A. Wonfor, E. T. Aw, M. Glick, M. Dales, and D. McAuley, “Control architecture for high capacity multistage photonic switch circuits,” J. Opt. Netw. 6, 180-188 (2007).
  34. H. G. Bukkems, C. G. P. Herben, M. K. Smit, F. H. Groen, and I. Moerma, “Minimization of the loss of intersecting waveguides in InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1420-1422 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2007

T. Lin, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and M. Glick, “Capacity scaling in a multihost wavelength-striped SOA-based switch fabric,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 655-663 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Shacham and K. Bergman, “Building ultralow-latency interconnection networks using photonic integration,” IEEE MICRO 27, 6-20 (2007).

K. A. Williams, “Integrated semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based switch fabrics for high-capacity interconnects [Invited],” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 189-199 (2007).

I. H. White, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, T. Lin, A. Wonfor, E. T. Aw, M. Glick, M. Dales, and D. McAuley, “Control architecture for high capacity multistage photonic switch circuits,” J. Opt. Netw. 6, 180-188 (2007).

2006

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

A. F. Benner, M. Ignatowski, J. A. Kash, D. M. Kuchta, and M. B. Ritter, “Exploitation of optical interconnects in future server architectures,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 49, 755-775 (2005).

A. Shacham, B. Small, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and K. Bergman, “A fully implemented 12×12 data vortex optical packet switching interconnection network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3066-3075 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Williams, G. F. Roberts, T. Lin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Glick, and D. McAuley, “Integrated optical 2×2 switch for wavelength multiplexed interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 78-85 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, “Recent progress in self-assembled quantum-dot optical devices for optical telecommunication: temperature-insensitive 10 Gbs−1 directly modulated lasers and 40 Gbs−1 signal-regenerative amplifiers,” J. Phys. D 38, 2126-2134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

D. Huang, T. Sze, A. Landin, R. Lytel, and H. L. Davidson, “Optical interconnects: out of the box forever?” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 614-623 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Cho and J. B. Khurgin, “Suppression of cross-gain modulation in SOA using RZ-DPSK modulation format,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 162-164 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. Sadot and I. Elhanany, “Optical switching speed requirements for terabit/second packet over WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 440-442 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. A. B. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Proc. IEEE 88, 728-749 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

D. Wolfson, “Detailed theoretical investigation and comparison of the cascadability of conventional and gain-clamped SOA gates in multiwavelength optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1494-1496 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Bukkems, C. G. P. Herben, M. K. Smit, F. H. Groen, and I. Moerma, “Minimization of the loss of intersecting waveguides in InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1420-1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

E. J. Murphy, T. O. Murphy, A. F. Ambrose, R. W. Irvin, B. H. Lee, P. Peng, G. W. Richards, and A. Yorinks, “16×16 strictly nonblocking guided-wave optical switching system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 352-358 (1996).

M. Renaud, M. Bachmann, and M. Erman, “Semiconductor optical space switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 277-288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

H. Okayama and M. Kawahara, “Prototype 32×32 optical switch matrix,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1128-1129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

K. Hamamoto, T. Anan, K. Komatsu, M. Sugimoto, and I. Mito, “First 8×8 semiconductor optical matrix switches using GaAs/AlGaAs electro-optic guided-wave directional couplers,” Electron. Lett. 28, 441-443 (1992).

R. F. Kalman, L. G. Kazovsky, and J. W. Goodman, “Space division switches based on semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1048-1051 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

P. J. Duthie and M. J. Wale, “16×16 single chip optical switch array in lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1265-1266 (1991).

1987

1962

V. Beneš, “On rearrangeable three stage connecting networks,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. XLI, 1481-1492 (1962).

1953

C. Clos, “A study of non-blocking switching networks,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 32, 406-424 (1953).

Akiyama, T.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, “Recent progress in self-assembled quantum-dot optical devices for optical telecommunication: temperature-insensitive 10 Gbs−1 directly modulated lasers and 40 Gbs−1 signal-regenerative amplifiers,” J. Phys. D 38, 2126-2134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Albores-Mejia, A.

A. Albores-Mejia, K. A. Williams, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, M. K. Smit, A. Anantathanasarn, and R. Nötzel, “Scalable quantum dot optical switch matrix in the 1.55 μm wavelength range,” Photonics in Switching (IEICE Communication Society, 2008), paper D-06-4.

Ambrose, A. F.

E. J. Murphy, T. O. Murphy, A. F. Ambrose, R. W. Irvin, B. H. Lee, P. Peng, G. W. Richards, and A. Yorinks, “16×16 strictly nonblocking guided-wave optical switching system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 352-358 (1996).

Anan, T.

K. Hamamoto, T. Anan, K. Komatsu, M. Sugimoto, and I. Mito, “First 8×8 semiconductor optical matrix switches using GaAs/AlGaAs electro-optic guided-wave directional couplers,” Electron. Lett. 28, 441-443 (1992).

Anantathanasarn, A.

A. Albores-Mejia, K. A. Williams, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, M. K. Smit, A. Anantathanasarn, and R. Nötzel, “Scalable quantum dot optical switch matrix in the 1.55 μm wavelength range,” Photonics in Switching (IEICE Communication Society, 2008), paper D-06-4.

Arakawa, Y.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, “Recent progress in self-assembled quantum-dot optical devices for optical telecommunication: temperature-insensitive 10 Gbs−1 directly modulated lasers and 40 Gbs−1 signal-regenerative amplifiers,” J. Phys. D 38, 2126-2134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Aw, E. T.

I. H. White, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, T. Lin, A. Wonfor, E. T. Aw, M. Glick, M. Dales, and D. McAuley, “Control architecture for high capacity multistage photonic switch circuits,” J. Opt. Netw. 6, 180-188 (2007).

E. T. Aw, H. Wang, M. G. Thompson, A. Wonfor, R. Sellin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. R. Kovsh, “Uncooled 2×2 quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier based switch,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CME6.

Bachmann, M.

M. Renaud, M. Bachmann, and M. Erman, “Semiconductor optical space switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 277-288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Baks, C. W.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beneš, V.

V. Beneš, “On rearrangeable three stage connecting networks,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. XLI, 1481-1492 (1962).

Beneš, V. E.

Benner, A. F.

A. F. Benner, M. Ignatowski, J. A. Kash, D. M. Kuchta, and M. B. Ritter, “Exploitation of optical interconnects in future server architectures,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 49, 755-775 (2005).

Bergman, K.

A. Shacham and K. Bergman, “Building ultralow-latency interconnection networks using photonic integration,” IEEE MICRO 27, 6-20 (2007).

A. Shacham, B. Small, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and K. Bergman, “A fully implemented 12×12 data vortex optical packet switching interconnection network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3066-3075 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bimberg, D.

S. Liu, K. A. Williams, T. Lin, M. G. Thompson, C. K. Yow, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, F. Hopfer, M. Lämmlin, and D. Bimberg, “Cascaded performance of quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier in a recirculating loop,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuM4.

Bour, D. P.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Budd, R. A.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bukkems, H. G.

H. G. Bukkems, C. G. P. Herben, M. K. Smit, F. H. Groen, and I. Moerma, “Minimization of the loss of intersecting waveguides in InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1420-1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Carroll, J. E.

J. E. Carroll, J. E. A. Whiteaway, and R. G. B. Plumb, Distributed Feedback Semiconductor Lasers (Institution of Electrical Engineers, 1998).

Chiniwalla, P.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cho, P. S.

P. S. Cho and J. B. Khurgin, “Suppression of cross-gain modulation in SOA using RZ-DPSK modulation format,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 162-164 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Clos, C.

C. Clos, “A study of non-blocking switching networks,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 32, 406-424 (1953).

Dales, M.

Dangel, R.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, H. L.

D. Huang, T. Sze, A. Landin, R. Lytel, and H. L. Davidson, “Optical interconnects: out of the box forever?” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 614-623 (2003).
[CrossRef]

de Vries, T.

A. Albores-Mejia, K. A. Williams, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, M. K. Smit, A. Anantathanasarn, and R. Nötzel, “Scalable quantum dot optical switch matrix in the 1.55 μm wavelength range,” Photonics in Switching (IEICE Communication Society, 2008), paper D-06-4.

Doany, F. E.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D. W.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Duthie, P. J.

P. J. Duthie and M. J. Wale, “16×16 single chip optical switch array in lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1265-1266 (1991).

Ebe, H.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, “Recent progress in self-assembled quantum-dot optical devices for optical telecommunication: temperature-insensitive 10 Gbs−1 directly modulated lasers and 40 Gbs−1 signal-regenerative amplifiers,” J. Phys. D 38, 2126-2134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Elhanany, I.

D. Sadot and I. Elhanany, “Optical switching speed requirements for terabit/second packet over WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 440-442 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Erman, M.

M. Renaud, M. Bachmann, and M. Erman, “Semiconductor optical space switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 277-288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Glick, M.

Goodman, J. W.

R. F. Kalman, L. G. Kazovsky, and J. W. Goodman, “Space division switches based on semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1048-1051 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Groen, F. H.

H. G. Bukkems, C. G. P. Herben, M. K. Smit, F. H. Groen, and I. Moerma, “Minimization of the loss of intersecting waveguides in InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1420-1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grzybowski, R. R.

Guckenberger, D.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hamamoto, K.

K. Hamamoto, T. Anan, K. Komatsu, M. Sugimoto, and I. Mito, “First 8×8 semiconductor optical matrix switches using GaAs/AlGaAs electro-optic guided-wave directional couplers,” Electron. Lett. 28, 441-443 (1992).

Hatori, N.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, “Recent progress in self-assembled quantum-dot optical devices for optical telecommunication: temperature-insensitive 10 Gbs−1 directly modulated lasers and 40 Gbs−1 signal-regenerative amplifiers,” J. Phys. D 38, 2126-2134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hegde, S.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hemenway, R.

Herben, C. G. P.

H. G. Bukkems, C. G. P. Herben, M. K. Smit, F. H. Groen, and I. Moerma, “Minimization of the loss of intersecting waveguides in InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1420-1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hopfer, F.

S. Liu, K. A. Williams, T. Lin, M. G. Thompson, C. K. Yow, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, F. Hopfer, M. Lämmlin, and D. Bimberg, “Cascaded performance of quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier in a recirculating loop,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuM4.

Horst, F.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.

S. Liu, X. Hu, M. Thompson, R. Sellin, K. Williams, R. Penty, I. White, and A. Kovsh, “Low penalty monolithic 2×2 quantum dot switch,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (SEE, 2006), paper Th4.5.6.

Huang, D.

D. Huang, T. Sze, A. Landin, R. Lytel, and H. L. Davidson, “Optical interconnects: out of the box forever?” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 614-623 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ignatowski, M.

A. F. Benner, M. Ignatowski, J. A. Kash, D. M. Kuchta, and M. B. Ritter, “Exploitation of optical interconnects in future server architectures,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 49, 755-775 (2005).

Irvin, R. W.

E. J. Murphy, T. O. Murphy, A. F. Ambrose, R. W. Irvin, B. H. Lee, P. Peng, G. W. Richards, and A. Yorinks, “16×16 strictly nonblocking guided-wave optical switching system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 352-358 (1996).

Ishida, M.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, “Recent progress in self-assembled quantum-dot optical devices for optical telecommunication: temperature-insensitive 10 Gbs−1 directly modulated lasers and 40 Gbs−1 signal-regenerative amplifiers,” J. Phys. D 38, 2126-2134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

John, R. A.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kabacinski, W.

W. Kabacinski, Nonblocking Electronic and Photonic Switching Fabrics (Springer, 2005).

Kalman, R. F.

R. F. Kalman, L. G. Kazovsky, and J. W. Goodman, “Space division switches based on semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1048-1051 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kash, J. A.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Benner, M. Ignatowski, J. A. Kash, D. M. Kuchta, and M. B. Ritter, “Exploitation of optical interconnects in future server architectures,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 49, 755-775 (2005).

Kawahara, M.

H. Okayama and M. Kawahara, “Prototype 32×32 optical switch matrix,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1128-1129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L. G.

R. F. Kalman, L. G. Kazovsky, and J. W. Goodman, “Space division switches based on semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1048-1051 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Khurgin, J. B.

P. S. Cho and J. B. Khurgin, “Suppression of cross-gain modulation in SOA using RZ-DPSK modulation format,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 162-164 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Komatsu, K.

K. Hamamoto, T. Anan, K. Komatsu, M. Sugimoto, and I. Mito, “First 8×8 semiconductor optical matrix switches using GaAs/AlGaAs electro-optic guided-wave directional couplers,” Electron. Lett. 28, 441-443 (1992).

Kovsh, A.

S. Liu, X. Hu, M. Thompson, R. Sellin, K. Williams, R. Penty, I. White, and A. Kovsh, “Low penalty monolithic 2×2 quantum dot switch,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (SEE, 2006), paper Th4.5.6.

Kovsh, A. R.

E. T. Aw, H. Wang, M. G. Thompson, A. Wonfor, R. Sellin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. R. Kovsh, “Uncooled 2×2 quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier based switch,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CME6.

Kucharski, D.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kuchta, D. M.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Benner, M. Ignatowski, J. A. Kash, D. M. Kuchta, and M. B. Ritter, “Exploitation of optical interconnects in future server architectures,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 49, 755-775 (2005).

Kwark, Y. H.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lämmlin, M.

S. Liu, K. A. Williams, T. Lin, M. G. Thompson, C. K. Yow, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, F. Hopfer, M. Lämmlin, and D. Bimberg, “Cascaded performance of quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier in a recirculating loop,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuM4.

Landin, A.

D. Huang, T. Sze, A. Landin, R. Lytel, and H. L. Davidson, “Optical interconnects: out of the box forever?” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 614-623 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B. H.

E. J. Murphy, T. O. Murphy, A. F. Ambrose, R. W. Irvin, B. H. Lee, P. Peng, G. W. Richards, and A. Yorinks, “16×16 strictly nonblocking guided-wave optical switching system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 352-358 (1996).

Liboiron-Ladouceur, O.

Libsch, F. R.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. K.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, T.

T. Lin, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and M. Glick, “Capacity scaling in a multihost wavelength-striped SOA-based switch fabric,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 655-663 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. H. White, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, T. Lin, A. Wonfor, E. T. Aw, M. Glick, M. Dales, and D. McAuley, “Control architecture for high capacity multistage photonic switch circuits,” J. Opt. Netw. 6, 180-188 (2007).

K. A. Williams, G. F. Roberts, T. Lin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Glick, and D. McAuley, “Integrated optical 2×2 switch for wavelength multiplexed interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 78-85 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Liu, K. A. Williams, T. Lin, M. G. Thompson, C. K. Yow, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, F. Hopfer, M. Lämmlin, and D. Bimberg, “Cascaded performance of quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier in a recirculating loop,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuM4.

Liu, S.

S. Liu, K. A. Williams, T. Lin, M. G. Thompson, C. K. Yow, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, F. Hopfer, M. Lämmlin, and D. Bimberg, “Cascaded performance of quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier in a recirculating loop,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuM4.

S. Liu, X. Hu, M. Thompson, R. Sellin, K. Williams, R. Penty, I. White, and A. Kovsh, “Low penalty monolithic 2×2 quantum dot switch,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (SEE, 2006), paper Th4.5.6.

Luijten, R.

Lytel, R.

D. Huang, T. Sze, A. Landin, R. Lytel, and H. L. Davidson, “Optical interconnects: out of the box forever?” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 614-623 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McAuley, D.

I. H. White, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, T. Lin, A. Wonfor, E. T. Aw, M. Glick, M. Dales, and D. McAuley, “Control architecture for high capacity multistage photonic switch circuits,” J. Opt. Netw. 6, 180-188 (2007).

K. A. Williams, G. F. Roberts, T. Lin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Glick, and D. McAuley, “Integrated optical 2×2 switch for wavelength multiplexed interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 78-85 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A. B.

D. A. B. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Proc. IEEE 88, 728-749 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Minkenberg, C.

Mito, I.

K. Hamamoto, T. Anan, K. Komatsu, M. Sugimoto, and I. Mito, “First 8×8 semiconductor optical matrix switches using GaAs/AlGaAs electro-optic guided-wave directional couplers,” Electron. Lett. 28, 441-443 (1992).

Moerma, I.

H. G. Bukkems, C. G. P. Herben, M. K. Smit, F. H. Groen, and I. Moerma, “Minimization of the loss of intersecting waveguides in InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1420-1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moore, S.

G. Roberts, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, A. West, and S. Moore, “Multi-wavelength data encoding for improved input power dynamic range in semiconductor optical amplifier switches,” in The 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2005), pp. 739-740.

Murphy, E. J.

E. J. Murphy, T. O. Murphy, A. F. Ambrose, R. W. Irvin, B. H. Lee, P. Peng, G. W. Richards, and A. Yorinks, “16×16 strictly nonblocking guided-wave optical switching system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 352-358 (1996).

Murphy, T. O.

E. J. Murphy, T. O. Murphy, A. F. Ambrose, R. W. Irvin, B. H. Lee, P. Peng, G. W. Richards, and A. Yorinks, “16×16 strictly nonblocking guided-wave optical switching system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 352-358 (1996).

Nakata, Y.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, “Recent progress in self-assembled quantum-dot optical devices for optical telecommunication: temperature-insensitive 10 Gbs−1 directly modulated lasers and 40 Gbs−1 signal-regenerative amplifiers,” J. Phys. D 38, 2126-2134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nötzel, R.

A. Albores-Mejia, K. A. Williams, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, M. K. Smit, A. Anantathanasarn, and R. Nötzel, “Scalable quantum dot optical switch matrix in the 1.55 μm wavelength range,” Photonics in Switching (IEICE Communication Society, 2008), paper D-06-4.

Nyikal, H.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nystrom, M.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O'Connor, I.

I. O'Connor, “Optical solutions for system-level interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 2004 International Workshop on System Level Interconnect Prediction (Association for Computing Machinery, 2004), pp. 79-88.

Oei, Y. S.

A. Albores-Mejia, K. A. Williams, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, M. K. Smit, A. Anantathanasarn, and R. Nötzel, “Scalable quantum dot optical switch matrix in the 1.55 μm wavelength range,” Photonics in Switching (IEICE Communication Society, 2008), paper D-06-4.

Offrein, B. J.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Okayama, H.

H. Okayama and M. Kawahara, “Prototype 32×32 optical switch matrix,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1128-1129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Otsubo, K.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, “Recent progress in self-assembled quantum-dot optical devices for optical telecommunication: temperature-insensitive 10 Gbs−1 directly modulated lasers and 40 Gbs−1 signal-regenerative amplifiers,” J. Phys. D 38, 2126-2134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Patel, C. S.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peng, P.

E. J. Murphy, T. O. Murphy, A. F. Ambrose, R. W. Irvin, B. H. Lee, P. Peng, G. W. Richards, and A. Yorinks, “16×16 strictly nonblocking guided-wave optical switching system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 352-358 (1996).

Penty, R.

S. Liu, X. Hu, M. Thompson, R. Sellin, K. Williams, R. Penty, I. White, and A. Kovsh, “Low penalty monolithic 2×2 quantum dot switch,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (SEE, 2006), paper Th4.5.6.

Penty, R. V.

T. Lin, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and M. Glick, “Capacity scaling in a multihost wavelength-striped SOA-based switch fabric,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 655-663 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. H. White, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, T. Lin, A. Wonfor, E. T. Aw, M. Glick, M. Dales, and D. McAuley, “Control architecture for high capacity multistage photonic switch circuits,” J. Opt. Netw. 6, 180-188 (2007).

K. A. Williams, G. F. Roberts, T. Lin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Glick, and D. McAuley, “Integrated optical 2×2 switch for wavelength multiplexed interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 78-85 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Liu, K. A. Williams, T. Lin, M. G. Thompson, C. K. Yow, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, F. Hopfer, M. Lämmlin, and D. Bimberg, “Cascaded performance of quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier in a recirculating loop,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuM4.

E. T. Aw, H. Wang, M. G. Thompson, A. Wonfor, R. Sellin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. R. Kovsh, “Uncooled 2×2 quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier based switch,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CME6.

G. Roberts, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, A. West, and S. Moore, “Multi-wavelength data encoding for improved input power dynamic range in semiconductor optical amplifier switches,” in The 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2005), pp. 739-740.

Pepeljugoski, P. K.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Plumb, R. G. B.

J. E. Carroll, J. E. A. Whiteaway, and R. G. B. Plumb, Distributed Feedback Semiconductor Lasers (Institution of Electrical Engineers, 1998).

Renaud, M.

M. Renaud, M. Bachmann, and M. Erman, “Semiconductor optical space switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 277-288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Richards, G. W.

E. J. Murphy, T. O. Murphy, A. F. Ambrose, R. W. Irvin, B. H. Lee, P. Peng, G. W. Richards, and A. Yorinks, “16×16 strictly nonblocking guided-wave optical switching system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 352-358 (1996).

Ritter, M. B.

A. F. Benner, M. Ignatowski, J. A. Kash, D. M. Kuchta, and M. B. Ritter, “Exploitation of optical interconnects in future server architectures,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 49, 755-775 (2005).

Roberts, G.

G. Roberts, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, A. West, and S. Moore, “Multi-wavelength data encoding for improved input power dynamic range in semiconductor optical amplifier switches,” in The 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2005), pp. 739-740.

Roberts, G. F.

K. A. Williams, G. F. Roberts, T. Lin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Glick, and D. McAuley, “Integrated optical 2×2 switch for wavelength multiplexed interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 78-85 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rosner, J.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sadot, D.

D. Sadot and I. Elhanany, “Optical switching speed requirements for terabit/second packet over WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 440-442 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schares, L.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schaub, J. D.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schow, C.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schuster, C.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sellin, R.

E. T. Aw, H. Wang, M. G. Thompson, A. Wonfor, R. Sellin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. R. Kovsh, “Uncooled 2×2 quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier based switch,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CME6.

S. Liu, X. Hu, M. Thompson, R. Sellin, K. Williams, R. Penty, I. White, and A. Kovsh, “Low penalty monolithic 2×2 quantum dot switch,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (SEE, 2006), paper Th4.5.6.

Shacham, A.

A. Shacham and K. Bergman, “Building ultralow-latency interconnection networks using photonic integration,” IEEE MICRO 27, 6-20 (2007).

A. Shacham, B. Small, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and K. Bergman, “A fully implemented 12×12 data vortex optical packet switching interconnection network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3066-3075 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shan, L.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smalbrugge, E.

A. Albores-Mejia, K. A. Williams, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, M. K. Smit, A. Anantathanasarn, and R. Nötzel, “Scalable quantum dot optical switch matrix in the 1.55 μm wavelength range,” Photonics in Switching (IEICE Communication Society, 2008), paper D-06-4.

Small, B.

Smit, M. K.

H. G. Bukkems, C. G. P. Herben, M. K. Smit, F. H. Groen, and I. Moerma, “Minimization of the loss of intersecting waveguides in InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1420-1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Albores-Mejia, K. A. Williams, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, M. K. Smit, A. Anantathanasarn, and R. Nötzel, “Scalable quantum dot optical switch matrix in the 1.55 μm wavelength range,” Photonics in Switching (IEICE Communication Society, 2008), paper D-06-4.

Spanke, R. A.

Sugawara, M.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, “Recent progress in self-assembled quantum-dot optical devices for optical telecommunication: temperature-insensitive 10 Gbs−1 directly modulated lasers and 40 Gbs−1 signal-regenerative amplifiers,” J. Phys. D 38, 2126-2134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, M.

K. Hamamoto, T. Anan, K. Komatsu, M. Sugimoto, and I. Mito, “First 8×8 semiconductor optical matrix switches using GaAs/AlGaAs electro-optic guided-wave directional couplers,” Electron. Lett. 28, 441-443 (1992).

Sze, T.

D. Huang, T. Sze, A. Landin, R. Lytel, and H. L. Davidson, “Optical interconnects: out of the box forever?” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 614-623 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tan, M. R. T.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tandon, A.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, M.

S. Liu, X. Hu, M. Thompson, R. Sellin, K. Williams, R. Penty, I. White, and A. Kovsh, “Low penalty monolithic 2×2 quantum dot switch,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (SEE, 2006), paper Th4.5.6.

Thompson, M. G.

S. Liu, K. A. Williams, T. Lin, M. G. Thompson, C. K. Yow, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, F. Hopfer, M. Lämmlin, and D. Bimberg, “Cascaded performance of quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier in a recirculating loop,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuM4.

E. T. Aw, H. Wang, M. G. Thompson, A. Wonfor, R. Sellin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. R. Kovsh, “Uncooled 2×2 quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier based switch,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CME6.

Trewhella, J. M.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Trott, G. R.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, C. K.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wale, M. J.

P. J. Duthie and M. J. Wale, “16×16 single chip optical switch array in lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1265-1266 (1991).

Wang, H.

E. T. Aw, H. Wang, M. G. Thompson, A. Wonfor, R. Sellin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. R. Kovsh, “Uncooled 2×2 quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier based switch,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CME6.

West, A.

G. Roberts, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, A. West, and S. Moore, “Multi-wavelength data encoding for improved input power dynamic range in semiconductor optical amplifier switches,” in The 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2005), pp. 739-740.

White, I.

S. Liu, X. Hu, M. Thompson, R. Sellin, K. Williams, R. Penty, I. White, and A. Kovsh, “Low penalty monolithic 2×2 quantum dot switch,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (SEE, 2006), paper Th4.5.6.

White, I. H.

T. Lin, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and M. Glick, “Capacity scaling in a multihost wavelength-striped SOA-based switch fabric,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 655-663 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. H. White, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, T. Lin, A. Wonfor, E. T. Aw, M. Glick, M. Dales, and D. McAuley, “Control architecture for high capacity multistage photonic switch circuits,” J. Opt. Netw. 6, 180-188 (2007).

K. A. Williams, G. F. Roberts, T. Lin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Glick, and D. McAuley, “Integrated optical 2×2 switch for wavelength multiplexed interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 78-85 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Liu, K. A. Williams, T. Lin, M. G. Thompson, C. K. Yow, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, F. Hopfer, M. Lämmlin, and D. Bimberg, “Cascaded performance of quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier in a recirculating loop,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuM4.

E. T. Aw, H. Wang, M. G. Thompson, A. Wonfor, R. Sellin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. R. Kovsh, “Uncooled 2×2 quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier based switch,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CME6.

G. Roberts, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, A. West, and S. Moore, “Multi-wavelength data encoding for improved input power dynamic range in semiconductor optical amplifier switches,” in The 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2005), pp. 739-740.

Whiteaway, J. E. A.

J. E. Carroll, J. E. A. Whiteaway, and R. G. B. Plumb, Distributed Feedback Semiconductor Lasers (Institution of Electrical Engineers, 1998).

Williams, K.

S. Liu, X. Hu, M. Thompson, R. Sellin, K. Williams, R. Penty, I. White, and A. Kovsh, “Low penalty monolithic 2×2 quantum dot switch,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (SEE, 2006), paper Th4.5.6.

Williams, K. A.

K. A. Williams, “Integrated semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based switch fabrics for high-capacity interconnects [Invited],” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 189-199 (2007).

T. Lin, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and M. Glick, “Capacity scaling in a multihost wavelength-striped SOA-based switch fabric,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 655-663 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. H. White, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, T. Lin, A. Wonfor, E. T. Aw, M. Glick, M. Dales, and D. McAuley, “Control architecture for high capacity multistage photonic switch circuits,” J. Opt. Netw. 6, 180-188 (2007).

K. A. Williams, G. F. Roberts, T. Lin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Glick, and D. McAuley, “Integrated optical 2×2 switch for wavelength multiplexed interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 78-85 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Liu, K. A. Williams, T. Lin, M. G. Thompson, C. K. Yow, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, F. Hopfer, M. Lämmlin, and D. Bimberg, “Cascaded performance of quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier in a recirculating loop,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuM4.

K. A. Williams, “Integrated multi-wavelength routing circuits for high capacity switched interconnects,” in Proceedings LEOS Benelux Annual Meeting (IEEE LEOS, 2007), pp. 155-158.

A. Albores-Mejia, K. A. Williams, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, M. K. Smit, A. Anantathanasarn, and R. Nötzel, “Scalable quantum dot optical switch matrix in the 1.55 μm wavelength range,” Photonics in Switching (IEICE Communication Society, 2008), paper D-06-4.

Wolfson, D.

D. Wolfson, “Detailed theoretical investigation and comparison of the cascadability of conventional and gain-clamped SOA gates in multiwavelength optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1494-1496 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wonfor, A.

I. H. White, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, T. Lin, A. Wonfor, E. T. Aw, M. Glick, M. Dales, and D. McAuley, “Control architecture for high capacity multistage photonic switch circuits,” J. Opt. Netw. 6, 180-188 (2007).

S. Liu, K. A. Williams, T. Lin, M. G. Thompson, C. K. Yow, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, F. Hopfer, M. Lämmlin, and D. Bimberg, “Cascaded performance of quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier in a recirculating loop,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuM4.

E. T. Aw, H. Wang, M. G. Thompson, A. Wonfor, R. Sellin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. R. Kovsh, “Uncooled 2×2 quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier based switch,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CME6.

Yamamoto, T.

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, “Recent progress in self-assembled quantum-dot optical devices for optical telecommunication: temperature-insensitive 10 Gbs−1 directly modulated lasers and 40 Gbs−1 signal-regenerative amplifiers,” J. Phys. D 38, 2126-2134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yorinks, A.

E. J. Murphy, T. O. Murphy, A. F. Ambrose, R. W. Irvin, B. H. Lee, P. Peng, G. W. Richards, and A. Yorinks, “16×16 strictly nonblocking guided-wave optical switching system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 352-358 (1996).

Yow, C. K.

S. Liu, K. A. Williams, T. Lin, M. G. Thompson, C. K. Yow, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, F. Hopfer, M. Lämmlin, and D. Bimberg, “Cascaded performance of quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier in a recirculating loop,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuM4.

Appl. Opt.

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

V. Beneš, “On rearrangeable three stage connecting networks,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. XLI, 1481-1492 (1962).

C. Clos, “A study of non-blocking switching networks,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 32, 406-424 (1953).

Electron. Lett.

P. J. Duthie and M. J. Wale, “16×16 single chip optical switch array in lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1265-1266 (1991).

H. Okayama and M. Kawahara, “Prototype 32×32 optical switch matrix,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1128-1129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Hamamoto, T. Anan, K. Komatsu, M. Sugimoto, and I. Mito, “First 8×8 semiconductor optical matrix switches using GaAs/AlGaAs electro-optic guided-wave directional couplers,” Electron. Lett. 28, 441-443 (1992).

IBM J. Res. Dev.

A. F. Benner, M. Ignatowski, J. A. Kash, D. M. Kuchta, and M. B. Ritter, “Exploitation of optical interconnects in future server architectures,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 49, 755-775 (2005).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

D. Huang, T. Sze, A. Landin, R. Lytel, and H. L. Davidson, “Optical interconnects: out of the box forever?” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 614-623 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1032-1044 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Renaud, M. Bachmann, and M. Erman, “Semiconductor optical space switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 277-288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Williams, G. F. Roberts, T. Lin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Glick, and D. McAuley, “Integrated optical 2×2 switch for wavelength multiplexed interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 78-85 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE MICRO

A. Shacham and K. Bergman, “Building ultralow-latency interconnection networks using photonic integration,” IEEE MICRO 27, 6-20 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

R. F. Kalman, L. G. Kazovsky, and J. W. Goodman, “Space division switches based on semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1048-1051 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Sadot and I. Elhanany, “Optical switching speed requirements for terabit/second packet over WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 440-442 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Wolfson, “Detailed theoretical investigation and comparison of the cascadability of conventional and gain-clamped SOA gates in multiwavelength optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1494-1496 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Bukkems, C. G. P. Herben, M. K. Smit, F. H. Groen, and I. Moerma, “Minimization of the loss of intersecting waveguides in InP-based photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1420-1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Cho and J. B. Khurgin, “Suppression of cross-gain modulation in SOA using RZ-DPSK modulation format,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 162-164 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

T. Lin, K. A. Williams, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and M. Glick, “Capacity scaling in a multihost wavelength-striped SOA-based switch fabric,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 655-663 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Shacham, B. Small, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and K. Bergman, “A fully implemented 12×12 data vortex optical packet switching interconnection network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3066-3075 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Murphy, T. O. Murphy, A. F. Ambrose, R. W. Irvin, B. H. Lee, P. Peng, G. W. Richards, and A. Yorinks, “16×16 strictly nonblocking guided-wave optical switching system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 352-358 (1996).

K. A. Williams, “Integrated semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based switch fabrics for high-capacity interconnects [Invited],” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 189-199 (2007).

J. Opt. Netw.

J. Phys. D

M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, H. Ebe, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Nakata, “Recent progress in self-assembled quantum-dot optical devices for optical telecommunication: temperature-insensitive 10 Gbs−1 directly modulated lasers and 40 Gbs−1 signal-regenerative amplifiers,” J. Phys. D 38, 2126-2134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE

D. A. B. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Proc. IEEE 88, 728-749 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other

I. O'Connor, “Optical solutions for system-level interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 2004 International Workshop on System Level Interconnect Prediction (Association for Computing Machinery, 2004), pp. 79-88.

E. T. Aw, H. Wang, M. G. Thompson, A. Wonfor, R. Sellin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and A. R. Kovsh, “Uncooled 2×2 quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier based switch,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CME6.

A. Albores-Mejia, K. A. Williams, T. de Vries, E. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, M. K. Smit, A. Anantathanasarn, and R. Nötzel, “Scalable quantum dot optical switch matrix in the 1.55 μm wavelength range,” Photonics in Switching (IEICE Communication Society, 2008), paper D-06-4.

S. Liu, K. A. Williams, T. Lin, M. G. Thompson, C. K. Yow, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, F. Hopfer, M. Lämmlin, and D. Bimberg, “Cascaded performance of quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier in a recirculating loop,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuM4.

W. Kabacinski, Nonblocking Electronic and Photonic Switching Fabrics (Springer, 2005).

S. Liu, X. Hu, M. Thompson, R. Sellin, K. Williams, R. Penty, I. White, and A. Kovsh, “Low penalty monolithic 2×2 quantum dot switch,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (SEE, 2006), paper Th4.5.6.

J. E. Carroll, J. E. A. Whiteaway, and R. G. B. Plumb, Distributed Feedback Semiconductor Lasers (Institution of Electrical Engineers, 1998).

K. A. Williams, “Integrated multi-wavelength routing circuits for high capacity switched interconnects,” in Proceedings LEOS Benelux Annual Meeting (IEEE LEOS, 2007), pp. 155-158.

G. Roberts, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, A. West, and S. Moore, “Multi-wavelength data encoding for improved input power dynamic range in semiconductor optical amplifier switches,” in The 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2005), pp. 739-740.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.