Abstract

Some of the work carried out within the EU Network of Excellence ISIS on radio-over-fiber systems for the support of current and emerging wireless networks is reviewed. Direct laser modulation and externally modulated links have been investigated, and demonstrations of single-mode fiber and multimode fiber systems are presented. The wireless networks studied range from personal area networks (such as ZigBee and ultrawideband) through wireless local area networks to wireless metropolitan area networks (WiMAX) and third-generation mobile communications systems. The performance of the radio-over-fiber transmission is referenced to the specifications of the relevant standard, protocol operation is verified, and complete network demonstrations are implemented.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  22. B. Kalantari Sabet, M. Mjeku, N. J. Gomes, and J. E. Mitchell, “Performance of TCP transmission over IEEE 802.11b network with long fibre distribution links,” in ISIS-IPHOBAC Workshop and Summer School, Budapest, Hungary (2007).
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  28. A. Stöhr, M. Weiß, V. Polo, R. Sambaraju, J. L. Corral, J. Marti, M. Huchard, B. Charbonnier, I. Siaud, S. Fedderwitz, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fiber techniques for 10 Gb/s broadband wireless transmission,” in Wireless World Research Forum, Ottawa, Canada (WWRF, 2008).
  29. M. Weiß, A. Stöhr, M. Huchard, S. Fedderwitz, B. Charbonnier, V. Rymanov, S. Babiel, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fibre wireless system for bridging 10 Gb/s Ethernet links,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, ECOC 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 143-144.

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, and J. George, “Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).

M. Mjeku and N. J. Gomes, “Use of different acknowledgement policies for burst transmission in fiber-fed wireless LANs,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 601-603 (2007).

2006 (1)

T. Kurt, A. Yongaçoğlu, and J.-Y. Chouinard, “OFDM and externally modulated multi-mode fibers in radio over fiber systems,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 5, 2669-2674 (2006).

2005 (1)

C. Lethien, C. Loyez, and J.-P. Vilcot, “Potentials of radio over multimode fiber systems for the in-buildings coverage of mobile and wireless LAN applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2793-2795 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

B. J. Dixon, R. D. Pollard, and S. Iezekiel, “Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing in wireless communication systems with multimode fiber feeds,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1404-1409 (2001).

2000 (1)

G. Bianchi, “Performance analysis of the IEEE 802.11 distributed coordination function,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 535-547 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Alphones, A.

G. Singh and A. Alphones, “OFDM modulation study for a radio-over-fiber system for wireless LAN (802.11a),” in Fourth International Conference on Information, Communications and Signal Processing/Fourth IEEE Pacific-Rim Conference on Multimedia (IEEE, 2003), pp. 1460-1464.

Al-Raweshidy, H.

H. Al-Raweshidy and S. Komaki, Radio over Fiber Technologies for Mobile Communications Networks (Artech House, 2002).

Babiel, S.

M. Weiß, A. Stöhr, M. Huchard, S. Fedderwitz, B. Charbonnier, V. Rymanov, S. Babiel, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fibre wireless system for bridging 10 Gb/s Ethernet links,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, ECOC 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 143-144.

Bánky, T.

R. Klinda, V. Bartoss, M. Csörnyei, T. Bánky, and T. Berceli, “General purpose combined optical-wireless ZigBee sensor networks,” in ICTON2007, 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2007), pp. 5-8.

Bartoss, V.

R. Klinda, V. Bartoss, M. Csörnyei, T. Bánky, and T. Berceli, “General purpose combined optical-wireless ZigBee sensor networks,” in ICTON2007, 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2007), pp. 5-8.

Beacham, K.

D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, and L. Crawford, “Radio over fiber for mobile communications,” in 2004 IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2004), pp. 157-160.

Bennett, M.

M. Bennett, A. Flatman, and B. Tolley, “Broad market potential of 10 Gb/s Ethernet on FDDI grade MM fiber,” IEEE802.3 (IEEE, 2004), available online at http://www.ieee802.org/3/tutorial/mar04/10GMMF_SG_v031604a.pdf.

Berceli, T.

R. Klinda, V. Bartoss, M. Csörnyei, T. Bánky, and T. Berceli, “General purpose combined optical-wireless ZigBee sensor networks,” in ICTON2007, 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2007), pp. 5-8.

Bianchi, G.

G. Bianchi, “Performance analysis of the IEEE 802.11 distributed coordination function,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 535-547 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cabon, B.

B. Cabon, “Recent Advances and Trends in European Projects on Microwave Photonics,” in The 5th Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Photonics Workshop (IEICE, 2007).

Charbonnier, B.

A. Stöhr, M. Weiß, V. Polo, R. Sambaraju, J. L. Corral, J. Marti, M. Huchard, B. Charbonnier, I. Siaud, S. Fedderwitz, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fiber techniques for 10 Gb/s broadband wireless transmission,” in Wireless World Research Forum, Ottawa, Canada (WWRF, 2008).

M. Weiß, A. Stöhr, M. Huchard, S. Fedderwitz, B. Charbonnier, V. Rymanov, S. Babiel, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fibre wireless system for bridging 10 Gb/s Ethernet links,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, ECOC 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 143-144.

Chouinard, J.-Y.

T. Kurt, A. Yongaçoğlu, and J.-Y. Chouinard, “OFDM and externally modulated multi-mode fibers in radio over fiber systems,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 5, 2669-2674 (2006).

Corral, J. L.

A. Stöhr, M. Weiß, V. Polo, R. Sambaraju, J. L. Corral, J. Marti, M. Huchard, B. Charbonnier, I. Siaud, S. Fedderwitz, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fiber techniques for 10 Gb/s broadband wireless transmission,” in Wireless World Research Forum, Ottawa, Canada (WWRF, 2008).

Crawford, L.

D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, and L. Crawford, “Radio over fiber for mobile communications,” in 2004 IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2004), pp. 157-160.

Csörnyei, M.

R. Klinda, V. Bartoss, M. Csörnyei, T. Bánky, and T. Berceli, “General purpose combined optical-wireless ZigBee sensor networks,” in ICTON2007, 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2007), pp. 5-8.

Das, A.

N. J. Gomes, A. Das, A. Nkansah, M. Mjeku, and D. Wake, “Multimode fibre-fed indoor wireless networks,” Invited Paper, in IEEE International Topical Meeting in Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-4.

Dixon, B. J.

B. J. Dixon, R. D. Pollard, and S. Iezekiel, “Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing in wireless communication systems with multimode fiber feeds,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1404-1409 (2001).

Edwards, A. L.

A. L. Edwards, “The correlation coefficient,” in An Introduction to Linear Regression and Correlation (W.H. Freeman, 1976), pp. 33-46.

Fedderwitz, S.

M. Weiß, A. Stöhr, M. Huchard, S. Fedderwitz, B. Charbonnier, V. Rymanov, S. Babiel, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fibre wireless system for bridging 10 Gb/s Ethernet links,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, ECOC 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 143-144.

A. Stöhr, M. Weiß, V. Polo, R. Sambaraju, J. L. Corral, J. Marti, M. Huchard, B. Charbonnier, I. Siaud, S. Fedderwitz, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fiber techniques for 10 Gb/s broadband wireless transmission,” in Wireless World Research Forum, Ottawa, Canada (WWRF, 2008).

Flatman, A.

M. Bennett, A. Flatman, and B. Tolley, “Broad market potential of 10 Gb/s Ethernet on FDDI grade MM fiber,” IEEE802.3 (IEEE, 2004), available online at http://www.ieee802.org/3/tutorial/mar04/10GMMF_SG_v031604a.pdf.

George, J.

Gomes, N. J.

N. J. Gomes, A. Nkansah, and D. Wake, “Radio over MMF techniques, part I: RF to microwave frequency systems,” Invited Paper, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2388-2395 (2008).

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, C. Lethien, C. Sion, J.-P. Vilcot, and N. J. Gomes, “Optically-powered remote units for radio over fiber systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2484-2491 (2008).

M. Mjeku and N. J. Gomes, “Use of different acknowledgement policies for burst transmission in fiber-fed wireless LANs,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 601-603 (2007).

B. Kalantari Sabet, M. Mjeku, N. J. Gomes, and J. E. Mitchell, “Performance of TCP transmission over IEEE 802.11b network with long fibre distribution links,” in ISIS-IPHOBAC Workshop and Summer School, Budapest, Hungary (2007).

N. J. Gomes, A. Das, A. Nkansah, M. Mjeku, and D. Wake, “Multimode fibre-fed indoor wireless networks,” Invited Paper, in IEEE International Topical Meeting in Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-4.

M. Mjeku, B. Kalantari Sabet, J. E. Mitchell, and N. J. Gomes, “TCP and UDP performance over fibre-fed IEEE 802.11b networks,” in 12th Microcoll Colloquium on Microwave Communications (2007), pp. 89-92.

Huchard, M.

A. Stöhr, M. Weiß, V. Polo, R. Sambaraju, J. L. Corral, J. Marti, M. Huchard, B. Charbonnier, I. Siaud, S. Fedderwitz, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fiber techniques for 10 Gb/s broadband wireless transmission,” in Wireless World Research Forum, Ottawa, Canada (WWRF, 2008).

M. Weiß, A. Stöhr, M. Huchard, S. Fedderwitz, B. Charbonnier, V. Rymanov, S. Babiel, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fibre wireless system for bridging 10 Gb/s Ethernet links,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, ECOC 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 143-144.

Iezekiel, S.

B. J. Dixon, R. D. Pollard, and S. Iezekiel, “Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing in wireless communication systems with multimode fiber feeds,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1404-1409 (2001).

Jäger, D.

A. Stöhr, M. Weiß, V. Polo, R. Sambaraju, J. L. Corral, J. Marti, M. Huchard, B. Charbonnier, I. Siaud, S. Fedderwitz, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fiber techniques for 10 Gb/s broadband wireless transmission,” in Wireless World Research Forum, Ottawa, Canada (WWRF, 2008).

M. Weiß, A. Stöhr, M. Huchard, S. Fedderwitz, B. Charbonnier, V. Rymanov, S. Babiel, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fibre wireless system for bridging 10 Gb/s Ethernet links,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, ECOC 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 143-144.

Kalantari Sabet, B.

B. Kalantari Sabet, M. Mjeku, N. J. Gomes, and J. E. Mitchell, “Performance of TCP transmission over IEEE 802.11b network with long fibre distribution links,” in ISIS-IPHOBAC Workshop and Summer School, Budapest, Hungary (2007).

M. Mjeku, B. Kalantari Sabet, J. E. Mitchell, and N. J. Gomes, “TCP and UDP performance over fibre-fed IEEE 802.11b networks,” in 12th Microcoll Colloquium on Microwave Communications (2007), pp. 89-92.

Kalantari-Sabet, B.

B. Kalantari-Sabet and J. E. Mitchell, “MAC constraints on the distribution of 802.11 using optical fibre,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Wireless Technology (European Microwave Association, 2006), paper ECWT, poster-2 .

Klinda, R.

R. Klinda, V. Bartoss, M. Csörnyei, T. Bánky, and T. Berceli, “General purpose combined optical-wireless ZigBee sensor networks,” in ICTON2007, 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2007), pp. 5-8.

Kobyakov, A.

Komaki, S.

H. Al-Raweshidy and S. Komaki, Radio over Fiber Technologies for Mobile Communications Networks (Artech House, 2002).

Kurt, T.

T. Kurt, A. Yongaçoğlu, and J.-Y. Chouinard, “OFDM and externally modulated multi-mode fibers in radio over fiber systems,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 5, 2669-2674 (2006).

Lethien, C.

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, C. Lethien, C. Sion, J.-P. Vilcot, and N. J. Gomes, “Optically-powered remote units for radio over fiber systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2484-2491 (2008).

C. Lethien, C. Loyez, and J.-P. Vilcot, “Potentials of radio over multimode fiber systems for the in-buildings coverage of mobile and wireless LAN applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2793-2795 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Loyez, C.

C. Lethien, C. Loyez, and J.-P. Vilcot, “Potentials of radio over multimode fiber systems for the in-buildings coverage of mobile and wireless LAN applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2793-2795 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Marti, J.

A. Stöhr, M. Weiß, V. Polo, R. Sambaraju, J. L. Corral, J. Marti, M. Huchard, B. Charbonnier, I. Siaud, S. Fedderwitz, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fiber techniques for 10 Gb/s broadband wireless transmission,” in Wireless World Research Forum, Ottawa, Canada (WWRF, 2008).

Mitchell, J. E.

M. Mjeku, B. Kalantari Sabet, J. E. Mitchell, and N. J. Gomes, “TCP and UDP performance over fibre-fed IEEE 802.11b networks,” in 12th Microcoll Colloquium on Microwave Communications (2007), pp. 89-92.

B. Kalantari-Sabet and J. E. Mitchell, “MAC constraints on the distribution of 802.11 using optical fibre,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Wireless Technology (European Microwave Association, 2006), paper ECWT, poster-2 .

B. Kalantari Sabet, M. Mjeku, N. J. Gomes, and J. E. Mitchell, “Performance of TCP transmission over IEEE 802.11b network with long fibre distribution links,” in ISIS-IPHOBAC Workshop and Summer School, Budapest, Hungary (2007).

Mjeku, M.

M. Mjeku and N. J. Gomes, “Use of different acknowledgement policies for burst transmission in fiber-fed wireless LANs,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 601-603 (2007).

N. J. Gomes, A. Das, A. Nkansah, M. Mjeku, and D. Wake, “Multimode fibre-fed indoor wireless networks,” Invited Paper, in IEEE International Topical Meeting in Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-4.

B. Kalantari Sabet, M. Mjeku, N. J. Gomes, and J. E. Mitchell, “Performance of TCP transmission over IEEE 802.11b network with long fibre distribution links,” in ISIS-IPHOBAC Workshop and Summer School, Budapest, Hungary (2007).

M. Mjeku, B. Kalantari Sabet, J. E. Mitchell, and N. J. Gomes, “TCP and UDP performance over fibre-fed IEEE 802.11b networks,” in 12th Microcoll Colloquium on Microwave Communications (2007), pp. 89-92.

Mynbaev, D. K.

D. K. Mynbaev and L. L. Scheiner, Fiber-Optic Communications Technology (Prentice-Hall, 2001).

Nkansah, A.

Pollard, R. D.

B. J. Dixon, R. D. Pollard, and S. Iezekiel, “Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing in wireless communication systems with multimode fiber feeds,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1404-1409 (2001).

Polo, V.

A. Stöhr, M. Weiß, V. Polo, R. Sambaraju, J. L. Corral, J. Marti, M. Huchard, B. Charbonnier, I. Siaud, S. Fedderwitz, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fiber techniques for 10 Gb/s broadband wireless transmission,” in Wireless World Research Forum, Ottawa, Canada (WWRF, 2008).

Rymanov, V.

M. Weiß, A. Stöhr, M. Huchard, S. Fedderwitz, B. Charbonnier, V. Rymanov, S. Babiel, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fibre wireless system for bridging 10 Gb/s Ethernet links,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, ECOC 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 143-144.

Sambaraju, R.

A. Stöhr, M. Weiß, V. Polo, R. Sambaraju, J. L. Corral, J. Marti, M. Huchard, B. Charbonnier, I. Siaud, S. Fedderwitz, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fiber techniques for 10 Gb/s broadband wireless transmission,” in Wireless World Research Forum, Ottawa, Canada (WWRF, 2008).

Sauer, M.

Scheiner, L. L.

D. K. Mynbaev and L. L. Scheiner, Fiber-Optic Communications Technology (Prentice-Hall, 2001).

Siaud, I.

A. Stöhr, M. Weiß, V. Polo, R. Sambaraju, J. L. Corral, J. Marti, M. Huchard, B. Charbonnier, I. Siaud, S. Fedderwitz, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fiber techniques for 10 Gb/s broadband wireless transmission,” in Wireless World Research Forum, Ottawa, Canada (WWRF, 2008).

Singh, G.

G. Singh and A. Alphones, “OFDM modulation study for a radio-over-fiber system for wireless LAN (802.11a),” in Fourth International Conference on Information, Communications and Signal Processing/Fourth IEEE Pacific-Rim Conference on Multimedia (IEEE, 2003), pp. 1460-1464.

Sion, C.

Stöhr, A.

A. Stöhr, M. Weiß, V. Polo, R. Sambaraju, J. L. Corral, J. Marti, M. Huchard, B. Charbonnier, I. Siaud, S. Fedderwitz, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fiber techniques for 10 Gb/s broadband wireless transmission,” in Wireless World Research Forum, Ottawa, Canada (WWRF, 2008).

M. Weiß, A. Stöhr, M. Huchard, S. Fedderwitz, B. Charbonnier, V. Rymanov, S. Babiel, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fibre wireless system for bridging 10 Gb/s Ethernet links,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, ECOC 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 143-144.

Tolley, B.

M. Bennett, A. Flatman, and B. Tolley, “Broad market potential of 10 Gb/s Ethernet on FDDI grade MM fiber,” IEEE802.3 (IEEE, 2004), available online at http://www.ieee802.org/3/tutorial/mar04/10GMMF_SG_v031604a.pdf.

Vilcot, J.-P.

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, C. Lethien, C. Sion, J.-P. Vilcot, and N. J. Gomes, “Optically-powered remote units for radio over fiber systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2484-2491 (2008).

C. Lethien, C. Loyez, and J.-P. Vilcot, “Potentials of radio over multimode fiber systems for the in-buildings coverage of mobile and wireless LAN applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2793-2795 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wake, D.

N. J. Gomes, A. Nkansah, and D. Wake, “Radio over MMF techniques, part I: RF to microwave frequency systems,” Invited Paper, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2388-2395 (2008).

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, C. Lethien, C. Sion, J.-P. Vilcot, and N. J. Gomes, “Optically-powered remote units for radio over fiber systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2484-2491 (2008).

D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, and L. Crawford, “Radio over fiber for mobile communications,” in 2004 IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2004), pp. 157-160.

N. J. Gomes, A. Das, A. Nkansah, M. Mjeku, and D. Wake, “Multimode fibre-fed indoor wireless networks,” Invited Paper, in IEEE International Topical Meeting in Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-4.

Webster, M.

D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, and L. Crawford, “Radio over fiber for mobile communications,” in 2004 IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2004), pp. 157-160.

Weiß, M.

M. Weiß, A. Stöhr, M. Huchard, S. Fedderwitz, B. Charbonnier, V. Rymanov, S. Babiel, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fibre wireless system for bridging 10 Gb/s Ethernet links,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, ECOC 2008 (IEEE, 2008), pp. 143-144.

A. Stöhr, M. Weiß, V. Polo, R. Sambaraju, J. L. Corral, J. Marti, M. Huchard, B. Charbonnier, I. Siaud, S. Fedderwitz, and D. Jäger, “60 GHz radio-over-fiber techniques for 10 Gb/s broadband wireless transmission,” in Wireless World Research Forum, Ottawa, Canada (WWRF, 2008).

Wimpenny, G.

D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, and L. Crawford, “Radio over fiber for mobile communications,” in 2004 IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2004), pp. 157-160.

Yongaçoglu, A.

T. Kurt, A. Yongaçoğlu, and J.-Y. Chouinard, “OFDM and externally modulated multi-mode fibers in radio over fiber systems,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 5, 2669-2674 (2006).

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

M. Mjeku and N. J. Gomes, “Use of different acknowledgement policies for burst transmission in fiber-fed wireless LANs,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 601-603 (2007).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

G. Bianchi, “Performance analysis of the IEEE 802.11 distributed coordination function,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 535-547 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Lethien, C. Loyez, and J.-P. Vilcot, “Potentials of radio over multimode fiber systems for the in-buildings coverage of mobile and wireless LAN applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2793-2795 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

B. J. Dixon, R. D. Pollard, and S. Iezekiel, “Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing in wireless communication systems with multimode fiber feeds,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 1404-1409 (2001).

IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. (1)

T. Kurt, A. Yongaçoğlu, and J.-Y. Chouinard, “OFDM and externally modulated multi-mode fibers in radio over fiber systems,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 5, 2669-2674 (2006).

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

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