Abstract

A 60⁢ GHz radio-over-fiber (RoF) network using an electroabsorption modulator (EAM) is presented. A photonic frequency upconversion technique that utilizes the wavelength conversion process in the EAM is adopted for seamless integration of optical and wireless networks. The transmission characteristics of the quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) coded data signal over the 60⁢ GHz photonic-wireless link, which comprises the 50⁢ km optical fiber transmission between the central station and the base station (BS) and the aerial transmission between the BS and the customer unit using horn antennas, are investigated by measuring the error vector magnitude (EVM) and its dependence on the EAM bias voltage. Optimized EVM values of 3.8% and 3.9% are obtained for 64-QAM and 16-QAM at an EAM bias of −0.8 V, respectively.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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2008 (1)

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y. K. Yeo, Y. Wang, L. C. Ong, and S. Kato, “Fiber-optic 60-GHz wireless downlink using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 557-559 (2008).

2007 (3)

2006 (4)

J. Kim, Y.-S. Kang, Y.-D. Chung, and K.-S. Choi, “Development and RF characteristics of analog 60-GHz electroabsorption modulator module for RF/optic conversion,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 780-787 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. C. Attard and J. E. Mitchell, “Optical network architectures for dynamic reconfiguration of full duplex, multiwavelength, radio over fiber,” J. Opt. Netw. 5, 435-444 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. J. O'Mahony, C. Politi, D. Klonidis, R. Nejabati, and D. Simeonidou, “Future optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4684-4696 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Alvarez, and E. Zouganeli, “Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: a joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/ONe,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(8), 29-35 (2006).

2005 (3)

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: what, where, and when?,” Proc. IEEE 94, 911-934 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Lie, Z. Zia, and G.-K. Chang, “Seamless integration of an 8×2.5 Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1986-1988 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. S. Park, C. K. Oh, C. G. Lee, D.-H. Kim, and C.-S. Park, “A photonic upconverter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (3)

2000 (1)

S. Ohmori, Y. Yamo, and N. Nakajima, “The future generation of mobile communications based on broadband access technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(12), 134-142 (2000).

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, and S. Yamamoto, “Novel wavelength converter using an electroabsorption modulator,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 1251-1257 (1998).

Alvarez, V. L.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Alvarez, and E. Zouganeli, “Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: a joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/ONe,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(8), 29-35 (2006).

Attard, J. C.

Attygalle, M.

Baker, N.

Besley, J. A.

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics 1, 319-330 (2007).

Chanclou, P.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Alvarez, and E. Zouganeli, “Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: a joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/ONe,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(8), 29-35 (2006).

Chang, G.-K.

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Lie, Z. Zia, and G.-K. Chang, “Seamless integration of an 8×2.5 Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1986-1988 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chang, S. H.

Choi, K.-S.

J. Kim, Y.-S. Kang, Y.-D. Chung, and K.-S. Choi, “Development and RF characteristics of analog 60-GHz electroabsorption modulator module for RF/optic conversion,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 780-787 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chu, M.-J.

Chung, H. S.

Chung, Y.-D.

J. Kim, Y.-S. Kang, Y.-D. Chung, and K.-S. Choi, “Development and RF characteristics of analog 60-GHz electroabsorption modulator module for RF/optic conversion,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 780-787 (2006).
[Crossref]

Edagawa, N.

N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, and S. Yamamoto, “Novel wavelength converter using an electroabsorption modulator,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 1251-1257 (1998).

Gosselin, S.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Alvarez, and E. Zouganeli, “Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: a joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/ONe,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(8), 29-35 (2006).

Gu, J.

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Lie, Z. Zia, and G.-K. Chang, “Seamless integration of an 8×2.5 Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1986-1988 (2005).
[Crossref]

Guo, Y.

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y. K. Yeo, Y. Wang, L. C. Ong, and S. Kato, “Fiber-optic 60-GHz wireless downlink using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 557-559 (2008).

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y. K. Yeo, L. C. Ong, Y. Wang, and R. Miura, “Modulation characteristics of the photonic up-conversion based on crossabsorption modulation in the MQW-EAM for 60-GHz applications,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 443-446.

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, L. C. Ong, and M.-T. Zhou, “Microwave photonic 60-GHz wireless link for gigabit connectivity,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1-5.

Imai, T.

Inohara, R.

K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, M. Tsurusawa, and M. Usami, “80 Gbit/s wavelength conversion using MQW electroabsorption modulator in delayed-interferometeric configuration,” Electron. Lett. 39, 792-794 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kaneko, S.-I.

Kang, Y.-S.

J. Kim, Y.-S. Kang, Y.-D. Chung, and K.-S. Choi, “Development and RF characteristics of analog 60-GHz electroabsorption modulator module for RF/optic conversion,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 780-787 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kasahara, K.

Kato, S.

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y. K. Yeo, Y. Wang, L. C. Ong, and S. Kato, “Fiber-optic 60-GHz wireless downlink using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 557-559 (2008).

Kim, D.-H.

C. S. Park, C. K. Oh, C. G. Lee, D.-H. Kim, and C.-S. Park, “A photonic upconverter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

J. Kim, Y.-S. Kang, Y.-D. Chung, and K.-S. Choi, “Development and RF characteristics of analog 60-GHz electroabsorption modulator module for RF/optic conversion,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 780-787 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

Kitayama, K.-I.

Klonidis, D.

Koonen, T.

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: what, where, and when?,” Proc. IEEE 94, 911-934 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kumozaki, K.

Kuri, T.

Lee, C. G.

C. S. Park, C. K. Oh, C. G. Lee, D.-H. Kim, and C.-S. Park, “A photonic upconverter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lie, X.

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Lie, Z. Zia, and G.-K. Chang, “Seamless integration of an 8×2.5 Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1986-1988 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lim, C.

Marra, C.

Mitchell, J. E.

Miura, R.

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y. K. Yeo, L. C. Ong, Y. Wang, and R. Miura, “Modulation characteristics of the photonic up-conversion based on crossabsorption modulation in the MQW-EAM for 60-GHz applications,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 443-446.

Miyazaki, Y.

Nakajima, N.

S. Ohmori, Y. Yamo, and N. Nakajima, “The future generation of mobile communications based on broadband access technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(12), 134-142 (2000).

Nejabati, R.

Nirmalathas, A.

Nishimura, K.

K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, M. Tsurusawa, and M. Usami, “80 Gbit/s wavelength conversion using MQW electroabsorption modulator in delayed-interferometeric configuration,” Electron. Lett. 39, 792-794 (2003).
[Crossref]

Noda, M.

Novak, D.

Ogawa, Y.

Oh, C. K.

C. S. Park, C. K. Oh, C. G. Lee, D.-H. Kim, and C.-S. Park, “A photonic upconverter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ohmori, S.

S. Ohmori, Y. Yamo, and N. Nakajima, “The future generation of mobile communications based on broadband access technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(12), 134-142 (2000).

O'Mahony, M. J.

Ong, L. C.

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y. K. Yeo, Y. Wang, L. C. Ong, and S. Kato, “Fiber-optic 60-GHz wireless downlink using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 557-559 (2008).

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y. K. Yeo, L. C. Ong, Y. Wang, and R. Miura, “Modulation characteristics of the photonic up-conversion based on crossabsorption modulation in the MQW-EAM for 60-GHz applications,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 443-446.

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, L. C. Ong, and M.-T. Zhou, “Microwave photonic 60-GHz wireless link for gigabit connectivity,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1-5.

Palacios, J. F.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Alvarez, and E. Zouganeli, “Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: a joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/ONe,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(8), 29-35 (2006).

Park, C. S.

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y. K. Yeo, Y. Wang, L. C. Ong, and S. Kato, “Fiber-optic 60-GHz wireless downlink using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 557-559 (2008).

C. S. Park, C. K. Oh, C. G. Lee, D.-H. Kim, and C.-S. Park, “A photonic upconverter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, L. C. Ong, and M.-T. Zhou, “Microwave photonic 60-GHz wireless link for gigabit connectivity,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1-5.

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y. K. Yeo, L. C. Ong, Y. Wang, and R. Miura, “Modulation characteristics of the photonic up-conversion based on crossabsorption modulation in the MQW-EAM for 60-GHz applications,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 443-446.

Park, C.-S.

C. S. Park, C. K. Oh, C. G. Lee, D.-H. Kim, and C.-S. Park, “A photonic upconverter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).
[Crossref]

Park, J. D.

Politi, C.

Reekie, L.

Sakurai, N.

Simeonidou, D.

Stohr, A.

Suzuki, M.

N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, and S. Yamamoto, “Novel wavelength converter using an electroabsorption modulator,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 1251-1257 (1998).

Tajime, T.

Taniguchi, T.

Tsurusawa, M.

K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, M. Tsurusawa, and M. Usami, “80 Gbit/s wavelength conversion using MQW electroabsorption modulator in delayed-interferometeric configuration,” Electron. Lett. 39, 792-794 (2003).
[Crossref]

Usami, M.

K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, M. Tsurusawa, and M. Usami, “80 Gbit/s wavelength conversion using MQW electroabsorption modulator in delayed-interferometeric configuration,” Electron. Lett. 39, 792-794 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y. K. Yeo, Y. Wang, L. C. Ong, and S. Kato, “Fiber-optic 60-GHz wireless downlink using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 557-559 (2008).

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y. K. Yeo, L. C. Ong, Y. Wang, and R. Miura, “Modulation characteristics of the photonic up-conversion based on crossabsorption modulation in the MQW-EAM for 60-GHz applications,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 443-446.

Watanabe, H.

Waterhouse, R.

Weeks, C.

Yamamoto, S.

N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, and S. Yamamoto, “Novel wavelength converter using an electroabsorption modulator,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 1251-1257 (1998).

Yamo, Y.

S. Ohmori, Y. Yamo, and N. Nakajima, “The future generation of mobile communications based on broadband access technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(12), 134-142 (2000).

Yeo, Y. K.

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y. K. Yeo, Y. Wang, L. C. Ong, and S. Kato, “Fiber-optic 60-GHz wireless downlink using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 557-559 (2008).

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y. K. Yeo, L. C. Ong, Y. Wang, and R. Miura, “Modulation characteristics of the photonic up-conversion based on crossabsorption modulation in the MQW-EAM for 60-GHz applications,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 443-446.

Yu, J.

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Lie, Z. Zia, and G.-K. Chang, “Seamless integration of an 8×2.5 Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1986-1988 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhou, M.-T.

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, L. C. Ong, and M.-T. Zhou, “Microwave photonic 60-GHz wireless link for gigabit connectivity,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1-5.

Zia, Z.

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Lie, Z. Zia, and G.-K. Chang, “Seamless integration of an 8×2.5 Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1986-1988 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zouganeli, E.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Alvarez, and E. Zouganeli, “Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: a joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/ONe,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(8), 29-35 (2006).

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, M. Tsurusawa, and M. Usami, “80 Gbit/s wavelength conversion using MQW electroabsorption modulator in delayed-interferometeric configuration,” Electron. Lett. 39, 792-794 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Alvarez, and E. Zouganeli, “Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: a joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/ONe,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(8), 29-35 (2006).

S. Ohmori, Y. Yamo, and N. Nakajima, “The future generation of mobile communications based on broadband access technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(12), 134-142 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Lie, Z. Zia, and G.-K. Chang, “Seamless integration of an 8×2.5 Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1986-1988 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. S. Park, C. K. Oh, C. G. Lee, D.-H. Kim, and C.-S. Park, “A photonic upconverter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y. K. Yeo, Y. Wang, L. C. Ong, and S. Kato, “Fiber-optic 60-GHz wireless downlink using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 557-559 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

J. Kim, Y.-S. Kang, Y.-D. Chung, and K.-S. Choi, “Development and RF characteristics of analog 60-GHz electroabsorption modulator module for RF/optic conversion,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 780-787 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, and S. Yamamoto, “Novel wavelength converter using an electroabsorption modulator,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 1251-1257 (1998).

J. Lightwave Technol. (7)

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics 1, 319-330 (2007).

Proc. IEEE (1)

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: what, where, and when?,” Proc. IEEE 94, 911-934 (2005).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

IEEE 802.11a, http://www.ieee802.org/11/.

IEEE 802.15, http://www.ieee802.org/15/.

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, L. C. Ong, and M.-T. Zhou, “Microwave photonic 60-GHz wireless link for gigabit connectivity,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1-5.

C. S. Park, Y. Guo, Y. K. Yeo, L. C. Ong, Y. Wang, and R. Miura, “Modulation characteristics of the photonic up-conversion based on crossabsorption modulation in the MQW-EAM for 60-GHz applications,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 443-446.

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