Abstract

A novel media access control (MAC) protocol named carrier sense multiple access with idle detection (CSMA/ID) is proposed to handle variable-length packets over an all-optical ring network. To evaluate optimal utilization of channel bandwidth, we study packet scheduling based on three transmitting queue discipline (TQD) architectures and four idle space allocation (ISA) algorithms with regard to their impact on performance. For numerical evaluation of performance, an analytical model is developed by a preclassification queue with weighted round-robin (PCQ̱WRR) architecture and a random algorithm. Moreover, three related MAC protocols are examined and compared, namely, multitoken, carrier sense multiple access/collision avoidance (CSMA/CA) and carrier sense multiple access/collision preemption (CSMA/CP). Simulation results indicate that, of the TQDs, better performance is obtained by PCQ̱WRR compared with first-in-first-out and preclassification queues. The first fit space (FFS) algorithm has the best performance of the ISAs. The 12 combinations of TQDs-ISAs are then considered. It is found that the combination of PCQ̱WRR with FFS provides the greatest efficiency and has the lowest packet latency, providing better throughput than three different MAC protocols under either symmetric or asymmetric traffic load on all-optical ring networks.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008

W. P. Chen, W. F. Wang, and W. S. Hwang, “A novel and simple beforehand bandwidth reservation (BRR) MAC protocol for OBS metro ring networks,” J. High Speed Netw. 17, 59-72 (2008).

W. P. Chen, B. Y. Liao, and W. S. Hwang, “Adaptive DBA: an algorithm for EPON based on all ONU REPORT messages,” Int. J. Innov. Comput. I. 4, 2171-2185 (2008).

V. Ramnath, H. S. Cheng, and L. H. Ngoh, “Experimental and trial-based study of resilient packet ring,” J. Opt. Netw. 1, 258-269 (2008).

R. Srivastava, R. K. Singh, and Y. N. Singh, “WDM-based optical packet switch architecture,” J. Opt. Netw. 7, 94-105 (2008).

2007

S. Matsuo, S. H. Jeong, T. Segawa, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, “Stable and fast wavelength switching in digitally tunable laser using chirped ladder filter,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1122-1128 (2007).

T. Rogowski, S. Faralli, G. Bolognini, F. Di Pasquale, R. Di Muro, and B. Nayar, “SOA-based WDM metro ring networks with link control technologies,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1670-1672 (2007).

M. Chaitou, G. He'buterne, and H. Castel, “Performance of multicast in WDM slotted ring networks,” Comput. Commun. 30, 219-232 (2007).

J. H. Ho, W. S. Hwang, and C. K. Shieh, “A priority-aware CSMA/CP MAC protocol for the all-optical IP-over-WDM metropolitan area network,” J. High Speed Netw. 16, 157-173 (2007).

2006

A. Sharaiha, J. Topomondzo, and P. Morel, “All-optical logic AND-NOR gate with three inputs based on cross-gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 265, 322-325 (2006).

2005

N. Bouabdallah, A. L. Beylot, E. Dotaro, and G. Pujolle, “Resolving the fairness issue in bus-based optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, S12-S18 (2005).

2004

K. Bengi, “Access protocols for an efficient and fair packet-switched IP-over-WDM metro network,” Comput. Netw. 44, 247-265 (2004).

A. K. Turuk, R. Kumar, and R. Badrinath, “A token-based distributed algorithm for medium access in an optical ring network,” Opt. Commun. 231, 199-212 (2004).

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(3), 112-118 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. V. Breusegem, D. Colle, F. D. Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Clos lives on in optical packet switching,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(2), 114-121 (2004).

2003

K. S. Kim and L. G. Kazovsky, “Design and performance evaluation of scheduling algorithms for unslotted CSMA/CA with backoff MAC protocol in multiple-access WDM ring networks,” Inf. Sci. (N.Y.) 149, 135-149 (2003).

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. G. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: a next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1478-1494 (2003).

G. I. Papadimitriou, C. Papazoglou, and A. S. Pomportsis, “Optical switching: switch fabrics, techniques, and architectures,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 384-405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Wong and M. A. Summerfield, “Collision avoidance in all-optical wavelength division multiplexed packet networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2652-2660 (2003).

2002

H. Rongqing, Z. Benyuan, H. Renxiang, C. T. Allen, K. R. Demarest, and D. Richards, “Subcarrier multiplexing for high-speed optical transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 417-427 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Design of a control-channel media-access-control protocol for HORNET,” J. Opt. Netw. 1, 460-473 (2002).

C. M. Gallep and E. Conforti, “Reduction of semiconductor optical amplifier switching times by preimpulse step-injected current technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 902-904 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Jeiger and J. M. H. Elmirghani, “Photonic packet WDM ring networks architecture and performance,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 110-115 (2002).

S. V. Kartalopoulos, “Elastic bandwidth, optical-fiber communication,” IEEE Circuits Devices Mag. 18(1), 8-13 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 74-80 (2002).

L. Y. Lin and E. L. Goldstein, “Opportunities and challenges for MEMS in lightwave communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 163-172 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

A. Francini, F. M. Chiussi, R. T. Clancy, K. D. Dtucker, and N. E. Idirene, “Enhanced weighted round robin schedulers for accurate bandwidth distribution in packet networks,” Comput. Netw. 37, 561-578 (2001).

2000

N. Ghani, S. Dixit, and T. S. Wang, “On IP-over-WDM Integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 72-84 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. James, A. Fumagalli, and I. Chlamtac, “The multitoken interarrival time (MTIT) access protocol for supporting variable size packets over WDM ring network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2094-2104 (2000).

1999

S. M. Gemelos, I. M. White, D. Wonglumsom, K. Shrikhande, T. Ono, and L. G. Kazovsky, “WDM metropolitan area network based on CSMA/CA packet switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1512-1514 (1999).

1996

M. A. Marsan, A. Bianco, E. Leonardi, M. Meo, and F. Neri, “MAC protocols and fairness control in WDM multirings with tunable transmitters and fixed receivers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1230-1244 (1996).

1995

C. S. Kang, “A broadband ring network: multichannel optical slotted ring,” Comput. Netw. ISDN Syst. 27, 1387-1398 (1995).

1993

H. M. Ghafir and C. B. Silio, “Performance analysis of a multiple-access ring network,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 41, 1494-1506 (1993).

1989

L. N. Bhuyan, D. Ghosal, and Q. Yang, “Approximate analysis of single and multiple ring networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 38, 1027-1040 (1989).

Allen, C. T.

Badrinath, R.

A. K. Turuk, R. Kumar, and R. Badrinath, “A token-based distributed algorithm for medium access in an optical ring network,” Opt. Commun. 231, 199-212 (2004).

Bengi, K.

K. Bengi, “Access protocols for an efficient and fair packet-switched IP-over-WDM metro network,” Comput. Netw. 44, 247-265 (2004).

Benyuan, Z.

Beylot, A. L.

N. Bouabdallah, A. L. Beylot, E. Dotaro, and G. Pujolle, “Resolving the fairness issue in bus-based optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, S12-S18 (2005).

Bhuyan, L. N.

L. N. Bhuyan, D. Ghosal, and Q. Yang, “Approximate analysis of single and multiple ring networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 38, 1027-1040 (1989).

Bianco, A.

M. A. Marsan, A. Bianco, E. Leonardi, M. Meo, and F. Neri, “MAC protocols and fairness control in WDM multirings with tunable transmitters and fixed receivers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1230-1244 (1996).

Bigo, S.

Y. Frignac, G. Charlet, W. Idler, R. Dischler, P. Tran, S. Lanne, S. Borne, C. Martinelli, G. Veith, A. Jourdan, J.-P. Hamaide, and S. Bigo, “Transmission of 256 wavelength-division and polarization-division-multiplexed channels at 42.7 Gb/s (10.2 Tb/s capacity) over 3×100 km of Teralight fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. FC5-1-FC5-3.

Bolognini, G.

T. Rogowski, S. Faralli, G. Bolognini, F. Di Pasquale, R. Di Muro, and B. Nayar, “SOA-based WDM metro ring networks with link control technologies,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1670-1672 (2007).

Borne, S.

Y. Frignac, G. Charlet, W. Idler, R. Dischler, P. Tran, S. Lanne, S. Borne, C. Martinelli, G. Veith, A. Jourdan, J.-P. Hamaide, and S. Bigo, “Transmission of 256 wavelength-division and polarization-division-multiplexed channels at 42.7 Gb/s (10.2 Tb/s capacity) over 3×100 km of Teralight fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. FC5-1-FC5-3.

Bouabdallah, N.

N. Bouabdallah, A. L. Beylot, E. Dotaro, and G. Pujolle, “Resolving the fairness issue in bus-based optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, S12-S18 (2005).

Breusegem, E. V.

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. V. Breusegem, D. Colle, F. D. Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Clos lives on in optical packet switching,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(2), 114-121 (2004).

Castel, H.

M. Chaitou, G. He'buterne, and H. Castel, “Performance of multicast in WDM slotted ring networks,” Comput. Commun. 30, 219-232 (2007).

Chaitou, M.

M. Chaitou, G. He'buterne, and H. Castel, “Performance of multicast in WDM slotted ring networks,” Comput. Commun. 30, 219-232 (2007).

Charlet, G.

Y. Frignac, G. Charlet, W. Idler, R. Dischler, P. Tran, S. Lanne, S. Borne, C. Martinelli, G. Veith, A. Jourdan, J.-P. Hamaide, and S. Bigo, “Transmission of 256 wavelength-division and polarization-division-multiplexed channels at 42.7 Gb/s (10.2 Tb/s capacity) over 3×100 km of Teralight fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. FC5-1-FC5-3.

Chen, W. P.

W. P. Chen, B. Y. Liao, and W. S. Hwang, “Adaptive DBA: an algorithm for EPON based on all ONU REPORT messages,” Int. J. Innov. Comput. I. 4, 2171-2185 (2008).

W. P. Chen, W. F. Wang, and W. S. Hwang, “A novel and simple beforehand bandwidth reservation (BRR) MAC protocol for OBS metro ring networks,” J. High Speed Netw. 17, 59-72 (2008).

Cheng, H. S.

Cheyns, J.

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. V. Breusegem, D. Colle, F. D. Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Clos lives on in optical packet switching,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(2), 114-121 (2004).

Chiussi, F. M.

A. Francini, F. M. Chiussi, R. T. Clancy, K. D. Dtucker, and N. E. Idirene, “Enhanced weighted round robin schedulers for accurate bandwidth distribution in packet networks,” Comput. Netw. 37, 561-578 (2001).

Chlamtac, I.

C. James, A. Fumagalli, and I. Chlamtac, “The multitoken interarrival time (MTIT) access protocol for supporting variable size packets over WDM ring network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2094-2104 (2000).

Clancy, R. T.

A. Francini, F. M. Chiussi, R. T. Clancy, K. D. Dtucker, and N. E. Idirene, “Enhanced weighted round robin schedulers for accurate bandwidth distribution in packet networks,” Comput. Netw. 37, 561-578 (2001).

Colle, D.

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. V. Breusegem, D. Colle, F. D. Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Clos lives on in optical packet switching,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(2), 114-121 (2004).

Conforti, E.

C. M. Gallep and E. Conforti, “Reduction of semiconductor optical amplifier switching times by preimpulse step-injected current technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 902-904 (2002).
[CrossRef]

David, T.

X. Ye and T. David, “On the large deviation of resequencing queue size: 2−M/M/1 case,” in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM (IEEE, 2004), pp. 2374-2382.

Davik, F.

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(3), 112-118 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Demarest, K. R.

Demeester, P.

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. V. Breusegem, D. Colle, F. D. Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Clos lives on in optical packet switching,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(2), 114-121 (2004).

Develder, C.

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. V. Breusegem, D. Colle, F. D. Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Clos lives on in optical packet switching,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(2), 114-121 (2004).

Di Muro, R.

T. Rogowski, S. Faralli, G. Bolognini, F. Di Pasquale, R. Di Muro, and B. Nayar, “SOA-based WDM metro ring networks with link control technologies,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1670-1672 (2007).

Di Pasquale, F.

T. Rogowski, S. Faralli, G. Bolognini, F. Di Pasquale, R. Di Muro, and B. Nayar, “SOA-based WDM metro ring networks with link control technologies,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1670-1672 (2007).

Dischler, R.

Y. Frignac, G. Charlet, W. Idler, R. Dischler, P. Tran, S. Lanne, S. Borne, C. Martinelli, G. Veith, A. Jourdan, J.-P. Hamaide, and S. Bigo, “Transmission of 256 wavelength-division and polarization-division-multiplexed channels at 42.7 Gb/s (10.2 Tb/s capacity) over 3×100 km of Teralight fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. FC5-1-FC5-3.

Dixit, S.

N. Ghani, S. Dixit, and T. S. Wang, “On IP-over-WDM Integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 72-84 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dotaro, E.

N. Bouabdallah, A. L. Beylot, E. Dotaro, and G. Pujolle, “Resolving the fairness issue in bus-based optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, S12-S18 (2005).

Dtucker, K. D.

A. Francini, F. M. Chiussi, R. T. Clancy, K. D. Dtucker, and N. E. Idirene, “Enhanced weighted round robin schedulers for accurate bandwidth distribution in packet networks,” Comput. Netw. 37, 561-578 (2001).

Elmirghani, J. M. H.

C. S. Jeiger and J. M. H. Elmirghani, “Photonic packet WDM ring networks architecture and performance,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 110-115 (2002).

Faralli, S.

T. Rogowski, S. Faralli, G. Bolognini, F. Di Pasquale, R. Di Muro, and B. Nayar, “SOA-based WDM metro ring networks with link control technologies,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1670-1672 (2007).

Francini, A.

A. Francini, F. M. Chiussi, R. T. Clancy, K. D. Dtucker, and N. E. Idirene, “Enhanced weighted round robin schedulers for accurate bandwidth distribution in packet networks,” Comput. Netw. 37, 561-578 (2001).

Frignac, Y.

Y. Frignac, G. Charlet, W. Idler, R. Dischler, P. Tran, S. Lanne, S. Borne, C. Martinelli, G. Veith, A. Jourdan, J.-P. Hamaide, and S. Bigo, “Transmission of 256 wavelength-division and polarization-division-multiplexed channels at 42.7 Gb/s (10.2 Tb/s capacity) over 3×100 km of Teralight fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. FC5-1-FC5-3.

Fumagalli, A.

C. James, A. Fumagalli, and I. Chlamtac, “The multitoken interarrival time (MTIT) access protocol for supporting variable size packets over WDM ring network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2094-2104 (2000).

Gallep, C. M.

C. M. Gallep and E. Conforti, “Reduction of semiconductor optical amplifier switching times by preimpulse step-injected current technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 902-904 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gemelos, S. M.

S. M. Gemelos, I. M. White, D. Wonglumsom, K. Shrikhande, T. Ono, and L. G. Kazovsky, “WDM metropolitan area network based on CSMA/CA packet switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1512-1514 (1999).

Ghafir, H. M.

H. M. Ghafir and C. B. Silio, “Performance analysis of a multiple-access ring network,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 41, 1494-1506 (1993).

Ghani, N.

N. Ghani, S. Dixit, and T. S. Wang, “On IP-over-WDM Integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 72-84 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ghosal, D.

L. N. Bhuyan, D. Ghosal, and Q. Yang, “Approximate analysis of single and multiple ring networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 38, 1027-1040 (1989).

Gjessing, S.

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(3), 112-118 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Goldstein, E. L.

L. Y. Lin and E. L. Goldstein, “Opportunities and challenges for MEMS in lightwave communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 163-172 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hamaide, J.-P.

Y. Frignac, G. Charlet, W. Idler, R. Dischler, P. Tran, S. Lanne, S. Borne, C. Martinelli, G. Veith, A. Jourdan, J.-P. Hamaide, and S. Bigo, “Transmission of 256 wavelength-division and polarization-division-multiplexed channels at 42.7 Gb/s (10.2 Tb/s capacity) over 3×100 km of Teralight fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. FC5-1-FC5-3.

Hartmann, P.

Q. Xin, P. Hartmann, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and W. P. Krug, “A novel scalable photonic analog switch architecture based on semiconductor optical amplifiers,” in Avionics Fiber-Optics and Photonics (IEEE, 2005), pp. 23-24.

He'buterne, G.

M. Chaitou, G. He'buterne, and H. Castel, “Performance of multicast in WDM slotted ring networks,” Comput. Commun. 30, 219-232 (2007).

Ho, J. H.

J. H. Ho, W. S. Hwang, and C. K. Shieh, “A priority-aware CSMA/CP MAC protocol for the all-optical IP-over-WDM metropolitan area network,” J. High Speed Netw. 16, 157-173 (2007).

Hwang, W. S.

W. P. Chen, W. F. Wang, and W. S. Hwang, “A novel and simple beforehand bandwidth reservation (BRR) MAC protocol for OBS metro ring networks,” J. High Speed Netw. 17, 59-72 (2008).

W. P. Chen, B. Y. Liao, and W. S. Hwang, “Adaptive DBA: an algorithm for EPON based on all ONU REPORT messages,” Int. J. Innov. Comput. I. 4, 2171-2185 (2008).

J. H. Ho, W. S. Hwang, and C. K. Shieh, “A priority-aware CSMA/CP MAC protocol for the all-optical IP-over-WDM metropolitan area network,” J. High Speed Netw. 16, 157-173 (2007).

W. S. Hwang, W. F. Wang, J. Y. Wang, and C. C. Li, “A carrier preemption access control protocol for supporting IP packets over WDM ring networks,” in International Symposium on Communications Conference (2001), session 19.2.

Idirene, N. E.

A. Francini, F. M. Chiussi, R. T. Clancy, K. D. Dtucker, and N. E. Idirene, “Enhanced weighted round robin schedulers for accurate bandwidth distribution in packet networks,” Comput. Netw. 37, 561-578 (2001).

Idler, W.

Y. Frignac, G. Charlet, W. Idler, R. Dischler, P. Tran, S. Lanne, S. Borne, C. Martinelli, G. Veith, A. Jourdan, J.-P. Hamaide, and S. Bigo, “Transmission of 256 wavelength-division and polarization-division-multiplexed channels at 42.7 Gb/s (10.2 Tb/s capacity) over 3×100 km of Teralight fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. FC5-1-FC5-3.

James, C.

C. James, A. Fumagalli, and I. Chlamtac, “The multitoken interarrival time (MTIT) access protocol for supporting variable size packets over WDM ring network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2094-2104 (2000).

Jeiger, C. S.

C. S. Jeiger and J. M. H. Elmirghani, “Photonic packet WDM ring networks architecture and performance,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 110-115 (2002).

Jeong, S. H.

S. Matsuo, S. H. Jeong, T. Segawa, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, “Stable and fast wavelength switching in digitally tunable laser using chirped ladder filter,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1122-1128 (2007).

Jourdan, A.

Y. Frignac, G. Charlet, W. Idler, R. Dischler, P. Tran, S. Lanne, S. Borne, C. Martinelli, G. Veith, A. Jourdan, J.-P. Hamaide, and S. Bigo, “Transmission of 256 wavelength-division and polarization-division-multiplexed channels at 42.7 Gb/s (10.2 Tb/s capacity) over 3×100 km of Teralight fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. FC5-1-FC5-3.

Kang, C. S.

C. S. Kang, “A broadband ring network: multichannel optical slotted ring,” Comput. Netw. ISDN Syst. 27, 1387-1398 (1995).

Kartalopoulos, S. V.

S. V. Kartalopoulos, “Elastic bandwidth, optical-fiber communication,” IEEE Circuits Devices Mag. 18(1), 8-13 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kawaguchi, Y.

S. Matsuo, S. H. Jeong, T. Segawa, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, “Stable and fast wavelength switching in digitally tunable laser using chirped ladder filter,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1122-1128 (2007).

Kazovsky, L. G.

K. S. Kim and L. G. Kazovsky, “Design and performance evaluation of scheduling algorithms for unslotted CSMA/CA with backoff MAC protocol in multiple-access WDM ring networks,” Inf. Sci. (N.Y.) 149, 135-149 (2003).

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. G. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: a next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1478-1494 (2003).

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Design of a control-channel media-access-control protocol for HORNET,” J. Opt. Netw. 1, 460-473 (2002).

S. M. Gemelos, I. M. White, D. Wonglumsom, K. Shrikhande, T. Ono, and L. G. Kazovsky, “WDM metropolitan area network based on CSMA/CA packet switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1512-1514 (1999).

Kim, K. S.

K. S. Kim and L. G. Kazovsky, “Design and performance evaluation of scheduling algorithms for unslotted CSMA/CA with backoff MAC protocol in multiple-access WDM ring networks,” Inf. Sci. (N.Y.) 149, 135-149 (2003).

Kondo, Y.

S. Matsuo, S. H. Jeong, T. Segawa, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, “Stable and fast wavelength switching in digitally tunable laser using chirped ladder filter,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1122-1128 (2007).

Kramer, G.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 74-80 (2002).

Krug, W. P.

Q. Xin, P. Hartmann, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and W. P. Krug, “A novel scalable photonic analog switch architecture based on semiconductor optical amplifiers,” in Avionics Fiber-Optics and Photonics (IEEE, 2005), pp. 23-24.

Kumar, R.

A. K. Turuk, R. Kumar, and R. Badrinath, “A token-based distributed algorithm for medium access in an optical ring network,” Opt. Commun. 231, 199-212 (2004).

Lagasse, P.

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. V. Breusegem, D. Colle, F. D. Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Clos lives on in optical packet switching,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(2), 114-121 (2004).

Lanne, S.

Y. Frignac, G. Charlet, W. Idler, R. Dischler, P. Tran, S. Lanne, S. Borne, C. Martinelli, G. Veith, A. Jourdan, J.-P. Hamaide, and S. Bigo, “Transmission of 256 wavelength-division and polarization-division-multiplexed channels at 42.7 Gb/s (10.2 Tb/s capacity) over 3×100 km of Teralight fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. FC5-1-FC5-3.

Leonardi, E.

M. A. Marsan, A. Bianco, E. Leonardi, M. Meo, and F. Neri, “MAC protocols and fairness control in WDM multirings with tunable transmitters and fixed receivers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1230-1244 (1996).

Li, C. C.

W. S. Hwang, W. F. Wang, J. Y. Wang, and C. C. Li, “A carrier preemption access control protocol for supporting IP packets over WDM ring networks,” in International Symposium on Communications Conference (2001), session 19.2.

Liao, B. Y.

W. P. Chen, B. Y. Liao, and W. S. Hwang, “Adaptive DBA: an algorithm for EPON based on all ONU REPORT messages,” Int. J. Innov. Comput. I. 4, 2171-2185 (2008).

Lin, L. Y.

L. Y. Lin and E. L. Goldstein, “Opportunities and challenges for MEMS in lightwave communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 163-172 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Marsan, M. A.

M. A. Marsan, A. Bianco, E. Leonardi, M. Meo, and F. Neri, “MAC protocols and fairness control in WDM multirings with tunable transmitters and fixed receivers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1230-1244 (1996).

Martinelli, C.

Y. Frignac, G. Charlet, W. Idler, R. Dischler, P. Tran, S. Lanne, S. Borne, C. Martinelli, G. Veith, A. Jourdan, J.-P. Hamaide, and S. Bigo, “Transmission of 256 wavelength-division and polarization-division-multiplexed channels at 42.7 Gb/s (10.2 Tb/s capacity) over 3×100 km of Teralight fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. FC5-1-FC5-3.

Matsuo, S.

S. Matsuo, S. H. Jeong, T. Segawa, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, “Stable and fast wavelength switching in digitally tunable laser using chirped ladder filter,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1122-1128 (2007).

Meo, M.

M. A. Marsan, A. Bianco, E. Leonardi, M. Meo, and F. Neri, “MAC protocols and fairness control in WDM multirings with tunable transmitters and fixed receivers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1230-1244 (1996).

Morel, P.

A. Sharaiha, J. Topomondzo, and P. Morel, “All-optical logic AND-NOR gate with three inputs based on cross-gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 265, 322-325 (2006).

Mukherjee, B.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 74-80 (2002).

Nayar, B.

T. Rogowski, S. Faralli, G. Bolognini, F. Di Pasquale, R. Di Muro, and B. Nayar, “SOA-based WDM metro ring networks with link control technologies,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1670-1672 (2007).

Neri, F.

M. A. Marsan, A. Bianco, E. Leonardi, M. Meo, and F. Neri, “MAC protocols and fairness control in WDM multirings with tunable transmitters and fixed receivers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1230-1244 (1996).

Ngoh, L. H.

Okamoto, H.

S. Matsuo, S. H. Jeong, T. Segawa, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, “Stable and fast wavelength switching in digitally tunable laser using chirped ladder filter,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1122-1128 (2007).

Ono, T.

S. M. Gemelos, I. M. White, D. Wonglumsom, K. Shrikhande, T. Ono, and L. G. Kazovsky, “WDM metropolitan area network based on CSMA/CA packet switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1512-1514 (1999).

Papadimitriou, G. I.

Papazoglou, C.

Penty, R. V.

Q. Xin, P. Hartmann, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and W. P. Krug, “A novel scalable photonic analog switch architecture based on semiconductor optical amplifiers,” in Avionics Fiber-Optics and Photonics (IEEE, 2005), pp. 23-24.

Pesavento, G.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 74-80 (2002).

Pickavet, M.

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. V. Breusegem, D. Colle, F. D. Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Clos lives on in optical packet switching,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(2), 114-121 (2004).

Pomportsis, A. S.

Pujolle, G.

N. Bouabdallah, A. L. Beylot, E. Dotaro, and G. Pujolle, “Resolving the fairness issue in bus-based optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, S12-S18 (2005).

Ramnath, V.

Renxiang, H.

Richards, D.

Rogge, M. S.

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. G. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: a next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1478-1494 (2003).

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Design of a control-channel media-access-control protocol for HORNET,” J. Opt. Netw. 1, 460-473 (2002).

Rogowski, T.

T. Rogowski, S. Faralli, G. Bolognini, F. Di Pasquale, R. Di Muro, and B. Nayar, “SOA-based WDM metro ring networks with link control technologies,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1670-1672 (2007).

Rongqing, H.

Segawa, T.

S. Matsuo, S. H. Jeong, T. Segawa, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, “Stable and fast wavelength switching in digitally tunable laser using chirped ladder filter,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1122-1128 (2007).

Sharaiha, A.

A. Sharaiha, J. Topomondzo, and P. Morel, “All-optical logic AND-NOR gate with three inputs based on cross-gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 265, 322-325 (2006).

Shieh, C. K.

J. H. Ho, W. S. Hwang, and C. K. Shieh, “A priority-aware CSMA/CP MAC protocol for the all-optical IP-over-WDM metropolitan area network,” J. High Speed Netw. 16, 157-173 (2007).

Shrikhande, K.

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. G. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: a next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1478-1494 (2003).

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Design of a control-channel media-access-control protocol for HORNET,” J. Opt. Netw. 1, 460-473 (2002).

S. M. Gemelos, I. M. White, D. Wonglumsom, K. Shrikhande, T. Ono, and L. G. Kazovsky, “WDM metropolitan area network based on CSMA/CA packet switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1512-1514 (1999).

Silio, C. B.

H. M. Ghafir and C. B. Silio, “Performance analysis of a multiple-access ring network,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 41, 1494-1506 (1993).

Singh, R. K.

Singh, Y. N.

Srivastava, R.

Summerfield, M. A.

Suzuki, H.

S. Matsuo, S. H. Jeong, T. Segawa, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, “Stable and fast wavelength switching in digitally tunable laser using chirped ladder filter,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1122-1128 (2007).

Topomondzo, J.

A. Sharaiha, J. Topomondzo, and P. Morel, “All-optical logic AND-NOR gate with three inputs based on cross-gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 265, 322-325 (2006).

Tran, P.

Y. Frignac, G. Charlet, W. Idler, R. Dischler, P. Tran, S. Lanne, S. Borne, C. Martinelli, G. Veith, A. Jourdan, J.-P. Hamaide, and S. Bigo, “Transmission of 256 wavelength-division and polarization-division-multiplexed channels at 42.7 Gb/s (10.2 Tb/s capacity) over 3×100 km of Teralight fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. FC5-1-FC5-3.

Turck, F. D.

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. V. Breusegem, D. Colle, F. D. Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Clos lives on in optical packet switching,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(2), 114-121 (2004).

Turuk, A. K.

A. K. Turuk, R. Kumar, and R. Badrinath, “A token-based distributed algorithm for medium access in an optical ring network,” Opt. Commun. 231, 199-212 (2004).

Uzun, N.

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(3), 112-118 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Veith, G.

Y. Frignac, G. Charlet, W. Idler, R. Dischler, P. Tran, S. Lanne, S. Borne, C. Martinelli, G. Veith, A. Jourdan, J.-P. Hamaide, and S. Bigo, “Transmission of 256 wavelength-division and polarization-division-multiplexed channels at 42.7 Gb/s (10.2 Tb/s capacity) over 3×100 km of Teralight fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. FC5-1-FC5-3.

Wang, J. Y.

W. S. Hwang, W. F. Wang, J. Y. Wang, and C. C. Li, “A carrier preemption access control protocol for supporting IP packets over WDM ring networks,” in International Symposium on Communications Conference (2001), session 19.2.

Wang, T. S.

N. Ghani, S. Dixit, and T. S. Wang, “On IP-over-WDM Integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 72-84 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W. F.

W. P. Chen, W. F. Wang, and W. S. Hwang, “A novel and simple beforehand bandwidth reservation (BRR) MAC protocol for OBS metro ring networks,” J. High Speed Netw. 17, 59-72 (2008).

W. S. Hwang, W. F. Wang, J. Y. Wang, and C. C. Li, “A carrier preemption access control protocol for supporting IP packets over WDM ring networks,” in International Symposium on Communications Conference (2001), session 19.2.

White, I. H.

Q. Xin, P. Hartmann, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and W. P. Krug, “A novel scalable photonic analog switch architecture based on semiconductor optical amplifiers,” in Avionics Fiber-Optics and Photonics (IEEE, 2005), pp. 23-24.

White, I. M.

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. G. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: a next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1478-1494 (2003).

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Design of a control-channel media-access-control protocol for HORNET,” J. Opt. Netw. 1, 460-473 (2002).

S. M. Gemelos, I. M. White, D. Wonglumsom, K. Shrikhande, T. Ono, and L. G. Kazovsky, “WDM metropolitan area network based on CSMA/CA packet switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1512-1514 (1999).

Wong, W.

Wonglumsom, D.

S. M. Gemelos, I. M. White, D. Wonglumsom, K. Shrikhande, T. Ono, and L. G. Kazovsky, “WDM metropolitan area network based on CSMA/CA packet switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1512-1514 (1999).

Xin, Q.

Q. Xin, P. Hartmann, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and W. P. Krug, “A novel scalable photonic analog switch architecture based on semiconductor optical amplifiers,” in Avionics Fiber-Optics and Photonics (IEEE, 2005), pp. 23-24.

Yang, Q.

L. N. Bhuyan, D. Ghosal, and Q. Yang, “Approximate analysis of single and multiple ring networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 38, 1027-1040 (1989).

Ye, X.

X. Ye and T. David, “On the large deviation of resequencing queue size: 2−M/M/1 case,” in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM (IEEE, 2004), pp. 2374-2382.

Yilmaz, M.

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(3), 112-118 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikuni, Y.

S. Matsuo, S. H. Jeong, T. Segawa, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, “Stable and fast wavelength switching in digitally tunable laser using chirped ladder filter,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1122-1128 (2007).

Comput. Commun.

M. Chaitou, G. He'buterne, and H. Castel, “Performance of multicast in WDM slotted ring networks,” Comput. Commun. 30, 219-232 (2007).

Comput. Netw.

K. Bengi, “Access protocols for an efficient and fair packet-switched IP-over-WDM metro network,” Comput. Netw. 44, 247-265 (2004).

A. Francini, F. M. Chiussi, R. T. Clancy, K. D. Dtucker, and N. E. Idirene, “Enhanced weighted round robin schedulers for accurate bandwidth distribution in packet networks,” Comput. Netw. 37, 561-578 (2001).

Comput. Netw. ISDN Syst.

C. S. Kang, “A broadband ring network: multichannel optical slotted ring,” Comput. Netw. ISDN Syst. 27, 1387-1398 (1995).

IEEE Circuits Devices Mag.

S. V. Kartalopoulos, “Elastic bandwidth, optical-fiber communication,” IEEE Circuits Devices Mag. 18(1), 8-13 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag.

N. Ghani, S. Dixit, and T. S. Wang, “On IP-over-WDM Integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 72-84 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Jeiger and J. M. H. Elmirghani, “Photonic packet WDM ring networks architecture and performance,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 110-115 (2002).

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. V. Breusegem, D. Colle, F. D. Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Clos lives on in optical packet switching,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(2), 114-121 (2004).

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(3), 112-118 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 74-80 (2002).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. G. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: a next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1478-1494 (2003).

C. James, A. Fumagalli, and I. Chlamtac, “The multitoken interarrival time (MTIT) access protocol for supporting variable size packets over WDM ring network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2094-2104 (2000).

N. Bouabdallah, A. L. Beylot, E. Dotaro, and G. Pujolle, “Resolving the fairness issue in bus-based optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, S12-S18 (2005).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

S. Matsuo, S. H. Jeong, T. Segawa, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, “Stable and fast wavelength switching in digitally tunable laser using chirped ladder filter,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1122-1128 (2007).

L. Y. Lin and E. L. Goldstein, “Opportunities and challenges for MEMS in lightwave communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 163-172 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. Rogowski, S. Faralli, G. Bolognini, F. Di Pasquale, R. Di Muro, and B. Nayar, “SOA-based WDM metro ring networks with link control technologies,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1670-1672 (2007).

C. M. Gallep and E. Conforti, “Reduction of semiconductor optical amplifier switching times by preimpulse step-injected current technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 902-904 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Gemelos, I. M. White, D. Wonglumsom, K. Shrikhande, T. Ono, and L. G. Kazovsky, “WDM metropolitan area network based on CSMA/CA packet switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1512-1514 (1999).

IEEE Trans. Commun.

L. N. Bhuyan, D. Ghosal, and Q. Yang, “Approximate analysis of single and multiple ring networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 38, 1027-1040 (1989).

H. M. Ghafir and C. B. Silio, “Performance analysis of a multiple-access ring network,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 41, 1494-1506 (1993).

Inf. Sci. (N.Y.)

K. S. Kim and L. G. Kazovsky, “Design and performance evaluation of scheduling algorithms for unslotted CSMA/CA with backoff MAC protocol in multiple-access WDM ring networks,” Inf. Sci. (N.Y.) 149, 135-149 (2003).

Int. J. Innov. Comput. I.

W. P. Chen, B. Y. Liao, and W. S. Hwang, “Adaptive DBA: an algorithm for EPON based on all ONU REPORT messages,” Int. J. Innov. Comput. I. 4, 2171-2185 (2008).

J. High Speed Netw.

J. H. Ho, W. S. Hwang, and C. K. Shieh, “A priority-aware CSMA/CP MAC protocol for the all-optical IP-over-WDM metropolitan area network,” J. High Speed Netw. 16, 157-173 (2007).

W. P. Chen, W. F. Wang, and W. S. Hwang, “A novel and simple beforehand bandwidth reservation (BRR) MAC protocol for OBS metro ring networks,” J. High Speed Netw. 17, 59-72 (2008).

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Netw.

Opt. Commun.

A. Sharaiha, J. Topomondzo, and P. Morel, “All-optical logic AND-NOR gate with three inputs based on cross-gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 265, 322-325 (2006).

A. K. Turuk, R. Kumar, and R. Badrinath, “A token-based distributed algorithm for medium access in an optical ring network,” Opt. Commun. 231, 199-212 (2004).

Other

Q. Xin, P. Hartmann, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and W. P. Krug, “A novel scalable photonic analog switch architecture based on semiconductor optical amplifiers,” in Avionics Fiber-Optics and Photonics (IEEE, 2005), pp. 23-24.

WAN packet size distribution, available at http://www.nlanr.net/NA/Learn/packetsizes.html.

Y. Frignac, G. Charlet, W. Idler, R. Dischler, P. Tran, S. Lanne, S. Borne, C. Martinelli, G. Veith, A. Jourdan, J.-P. Hamaide, and S. Bigo, “Transmission of 256 wavelength-division and polarization-division-multiplexed channels at 42.7 Gb/s (10.2 Tb/s capacity) over 3×100 km of Teralight fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. FC5-1-FC5-3.

W. S. Hwang, W. F. Wang, J. Y. Wang, and C. C. Li, “A carrier preemption access control protocol for supporting IP packets over WDM ring networks,” in International Symposium on Communications Conference (2001), session 19.2.

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