Abstract

Recent research in new architecture design for wavelength-routed networks is focused on grooming (aggregation) of traffic at the optical layer. Typically, this is achieved in three steps: (1) configure the circuit in the form of a path or a tree; (2) use optical devices such as couplers or splitters to allow multiple users to share a circuit through point to point (P2P), point to multipoint (P2MP), multipoint to point (MP2P), or multipoint to multipoint (MP2MP); and (3) provide an arbitration mechanism to avoid contention among end users. We compare the performance of architectures that aggregate traffic at the path level. Based on extensive simulations, we conclude that, for the studied topology and traffic, (1) MP2MP outperforms other architectures by multiple orders of magnitude in single-hop scenarios, (2) P2P performs the best in multihop transceiver-constrained scenarios, and (3) P2MP performs the best in multihop wavelength-constrained scenarios.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Balasubramanian and A. K. Somani, “On traffic grooming choices for IP over WDM networks,” in 3rd International Conference on Broadband Communications, Networks and Systems, BROADNETS (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-10.
  2. S. Balasubramanian, “Design and protection algorithms for path level aggregation of traffic in WDM metro optical networks,” Technical Report, December 2006, http://archives.ece.iastate.edu/archive/00000301/01/thesis.pdf.
  3. I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, “Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WANs,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1171-1182 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  4. K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, “A comprehensive study of next-generation optical grooming switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1173-1186 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  5. A. Gumaste and I. Chlamtac, “Light-trails: an optical solution for IP transport,” J. Opt. Netw. 3, 261-281 (2004).
  6. Y. Ye, H. Woesner, and I. Chlamtac, “OTDM light trail networks,” Transparent Opt. Networks 1, 20-24 (2005).
  7. A. Gumaste, G. Kuiper, and I. Chlamtac, “Optimizing light-trail assignment to WDM networks for dynamic IP-centric traffic,” in the 13th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks (IEEE, 2004), pp. 113-118.
  8. F. Farahmand, X. Huang, and J. P. Jue, “Efficient online traffic grooming algorithms in WDM mesh networks with drop-and-continue node architecture,” in First International Conference on Broadband Networks, BROADNETS (IEEE, 2004), pp. 180-189.
  9. L. Calafato, M. Mellia, E. Leonardi, and F. Neri, “Exploiting OTDM traffic grooming in dynamic wavelength routed networks,” in Optical Network Design and Modeling (International Federation for Information Processing, 2004), pp. 134-140.
  10. L. H. Sahasrabuddhe and B. Mukherjee, “Light-trees: optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength-routed networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 37(2), 67-73 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  11. P. Petracca, M. Mellia, E. Leonardi, and F. Neri, “Design of WDM network exploiting OTDM and light splitters,” in Quality of Service in Multiservice IP Networks: Second International Workshop (Springer, 2003), pp. 433-446.
  12. A. Carena, V. D. Feo, J. M. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, and P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1561-1571 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  13. I. Widjaja, I. Saniee, R. Giles, and D. Mitra, “Light core and intelligent edge for a flexible, thin-layered and cost-effective optical transport network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(5), S30-S36 (2003).
  14. N. Bouabdallah and G. Pujolle, “Optical resource provisioning: multipoint-to-point lightpaths mapping in all-optical networks,” Int. J. Network Manage. 15, 203-212 (2005).
  15. N. Bouabdallah, E. Dotaro, L. Ciavaglia, N. Le Sauze, and G. Pujolle, “Distributed aggregation in all-optical wavelength routed networks,” in the 39th IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1806-1810.
  16. N. Bouabdallah and G. Pujolle, “A practical traffic grooming scheme in all-optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB64.
  17. N. Bouabdallah, H. Perros, and G. Pujolle, “A cost-effective traffic aggregation scheme in all-optical networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 6-10.
  18. N. Bouabdallah, A. Beylot, E. Dotaro, and G. Pujolle, “Resolving the fairness issues in bus-based optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 42, S12-S18 (2005).
  19. S. Balasubramanian, A. E. Kamal, and A. K. Somani, “Medium access control protocols for light-trail and light bus networks,” Optical Network Design and Modeling (International Federation for Information Processing, 2004), pp. 943-950.
  20. D. Kliazovich, F. Granelli, H. Woesner, and I. Chlamtac, “Bidirectional light-trails for synchronous communications in WDM networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 5-11.
  21. A. Gumaste and I. Chlamtac, “Mesh implementation of light-trails: a solution to IP centric communication in the optical domain,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2003), pp. 178-183.
  22. S. Balasubramanian, A. E. Kamal, and A. K. Somani, “Network design in IP-centric light-trail networks,” in 2nd International Conference on Broadband Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 41-50.
  23. A. Gumaste, “Optimal and heuristic assignment for light-trail assignment,” in 13th Symposium on Performance Evaluation on Computers and Telecommunications (IEEE, 2005), pp. 12-23.
  24. A. K. Somani, S. Balasubramanian, and W. He, “Light-trail networks: design and survivability,” in the IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 174-181.
  25. A. S. Ayad, K. M. El Sayed, and S. H. Ahmed, “Efficient solution of the traffic grooming problem in light-trail optical networks,” in 11th IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 622-627.
  26. S. Balasubramanian and A. K. Somani, “Traffic grooming in statistically shared optical networks,” in IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (IEEE, 2006), pp. 335-342.
  27. Y. Ye, H. Woesner, R. Grasso, T. Chen, and I. Chlamtac, “Traffic grooming in light trail networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 6-11.
  28. W. Zhang, G. Xue, J. Tang, and K. Thulasiraman, “Dynamic light trail routing and protection issues in WDM optical networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 5-11.
  29. A. Gumaste and S. Zheng, “Protection and restoration scheme for light-trail WDM ring networks,” in 9th Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (IEEE/IFIP, 2005), pp. 311-320.
  30. A. Gumaste, P. Palacharala, and T. Naito, “Performance evaluation and demonstration of light-trails in shared wavelength optical networks (SWON),” in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 643-644.
  31. P. Palacharla, A. Gumaste, E. Biru, and T. Naito, “Implementation of burstponder card for ethernet grooming in light-trail WDM networks,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2823-2828.
  32. N. A. VanderHorn, S. Balasubramanian, M. Mina, R. Weber, and A. K. Somani, “Light-trail test bed for IP-centric applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(8), S5-S10 (2005).
  33. N. Vanderhorn, S. Balasubramanian, M. Mina, B. R. Weber, and A. K. Somani, “Light-trail test bed for metro optical networks,” in 2nd International Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructure for the Development of Networks and Communities TRIDENTCOM (IEEE, 2006), pp. 6-12.
  34. Y. Brehon, D. Kofman, M. Pioro, and M. Diallo, “Optimal virtual topology design using bus-label switched paths,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 1001-1010 (2007).
  35. F. Solano, L. Caro, J. de Oliveira, R. Fabregat, and J. Marzo, “G+: enhanced traffic grooming in WDM mesh networks using lighttours,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 1034-1047 (2007).
  36. H. Zhu, H. Zang, K. Zhu, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel generic graph model for traffic grooming in heterogeneous WDM mesh networks,” IEEE Trans. Networks 11, 285-299 (2003).
  37. B. Waxman, “Routing of multipoint connections,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 6, 1617-1622 (1988).
    [Crossref]

2007 (2)

Y. Brehon, D. Kofman, M. Pioro, and M. Diallo, “Optimal virtual topology design using bus-label switched paths,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 1001-1010 (2007).

F. Solano, L. Caro, J. de Oliveira, R. Fabregat, and J. Marzo, “G+: enhanced traffic grooming in WDM mesh networks using lighttours,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 1034-1047 (2007).

2006 (7)

S. Balasubramanian and A. K. Somani, “On traffic grooming choices for IP over WDM networks,” in 3rd International Conference on Broadband Communications, Networks and Systems, BROADNETS (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-10.

S. Balasubramanian, “Design and protection algorithms for path level aggregation of traffic in WDM metro optical networks,” Technical Report, December 2006, http://archives.ece.iastate.edu/archive/00000301/01/thesis.pdf.

A. S. Ayad, K. M. El Sayed, and S. H. Ahmed, “Efficient solution of the traffic grooming problem in light-trail optical networks,” in 11th IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 622-627.

S. Balasubramanian and A. K. Somani, “Traffic grooming in statistically shared optical networks,” in IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (IEEE, 2006), pp. 335-342.

P. Palacharla, A. Gumaste, E. Biru, and T. Naito, “Implementation of burstponder card for ethernet grooming in light-trail WDM networks,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2823-2828.

N. Vanderhorn, S. Balasubramanian, M. Mina, B. R. Weber, and A. K. Somani, “Light-trail test bed for metro optical networks,” in 2nd International Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructure for the Development of Networks and Communities TRIDENTCOM (IEEE, 2006), pp. 6-12.

N. Bouabdallah and G. Pujolle, “A practical traffic grooming scheme in all-optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB64.

2005 (13)

N. Bouabdallah, H. Perros, and G. Pujolle, “A cost-effective traffic aggregation scheme in all-optical networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 6-10.

N. Bouabdallah, A. Beylot, E. Dotaro, and G. Pujolle, “Resolving the fairness issues in bus-based optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 42, S12-S18 (2005).

D. Kliazovich, F. Granelli, H. Woesner, and I. Chlamtac, “Bidirectional light-trails for synchronous communications in WDM networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 5-11.

S. Balasubramanian, A. E. Kamal, and A. K. Somani, “Network design in IP-centric light-trail networks,” in 2nd International Conference on Broadband Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 41-50.

A. Gumaste, “Optimal and heuristic assignment for light-trail assignment,” in 13th Symposium on Performance Evaluation on Computers and Telecommunications (IEEE, 2005), pp. 12-23.

A. K. Somani, S. Balasubramanian, and W. He, “Light-trail networks: design and survivability,” in the IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 174-181.

Y. Ye, H. Woesner, and I. Chlamtac, “OTDM light trail networks,” Transparent Opt. Networks 1, 20-24 (2005).

N. Bouabdallah and G. Pujolle, “Optical resource provisioning: multipoint-to-point lightpaths mapping in all-optical networks,” Int. J. Network Manage. 15, 203-212 (2005).

N. A. VanderHorn, S. Balasubramanian, M. Mina, R. Weber, and A. K. Somani, “Light-trail test bed for IP-centric applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(8), S5-S10 (2005).

Y. Ye, H. Woesner, R. Grasso, T. Chen, and I. Chlamtac, “Traffic grooming in light trail networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 6-11.

W. Zhang, G. Xue, J. Tang, and K. Thulasiraman, “Dynamic light trail routing and protection issues in WDM optical networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 5-11.

A. Gumaste and S. Zheng, “Protection and restoration scheme for light-trail WDM ring networks,” in 9th Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (IEEE/IFIP, 2005), pp. 311-320.

A. Gumaste, P. Palacharala, and T. Naito, “Performance evaluation and demonstration of light-trails in shared wavelength optical networks (SWON),” in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 643-644.

2004 (7)

A. Gumaste and I. Chlamtac, “Light-trails: an optical solution for IP transport,” J. Opt. Netw. 3, 261-281 (2004).

N. Bouabdallah, E. Dotaro, L. Ciavaglia, N. Le Sauze, and G. Pujolle, “Distributed aggregation in all-optical wavelength routed networks,” in the 39th IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1806-1810.

A. Carena, V. D. Feo, J. M. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, and P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1561-1571 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Gumaste, G. Kuiper, and I. Chlamtac, “Optimizing light-trail assignment to WDM networks for dynamic IP-centric traffic,” in the 13th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks (IEEE, 2004), pp. 113-118.

F. Farahmand, X. Huang, and J. P. Jue, “Efficient online traffic grooming algorithms in WDM mesh networks with drop-and-continue node architecture,” in First International Conference on Broadband Networks, BROADNETS (IEEE, 2004), pp. 180-189.

L. Calafato, M. Mellia, E. Leonardi, and F. Neri, “Exploiting OTDM traffic grooming in dynamic wavelength routed networks,” in Optical Network Design and Modeling (International Federation for Information Processing, 2004), pp. 134-140.

S. Balasubramanian, A. E. Kamal, and A. K. Somani, “Medium access control protocols for light-trail and light bus networks,” Optical Network Design and Modeling (International Federation for Information Processing, 2004), pp. 943-950.

2003 (4)

A. Gumaste and I. Chlamtac, “Mesh implementation of light-trails: a solution to IP centric communication in the optical domain,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2003), pp. 178-183.

I. Widjaja, I. Saniee, R. Giles, and D. Mitra, “Light core and intelligent edge for a flexible, thin-layered and cost-effective optical transport network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(5), S30-S36 (2003).

H. Zhu, H. Zang, K. Zhu, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel generic graph model for traffic grooming in heterogeneous WDM mesh networks,” IEEE Trans. Networks 11, 285-299 (2003).

P. Petracca, M. Mellia, E. Leonardi, and F. Neri, “Design of WDM network exploiting OTDM and light splitters,” in Quality of Service in Multiservice IP Networks: Second International Workshop (Springer, 2003), pp. 433-446.

2002 (1)

K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, “A comprehensive study of next-generation optical grooming switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1173-1186 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

L. H. Sahasrabuddhe and B. Mukherjee, “Light-trees: optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength-routed networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 37(2), 67-73 (1999).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, “Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WANs,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1171-1182 (1992).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

B. Waxman, “Routing of multipoint connections,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 6, 1617-1622 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, S. H.

A. S. Ayad, K. M. El Sayed, and S. H. Ahmed, “Efficient solution of the traffic grooming problem in light-trail optical networks,” in 11th IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 622-627.

Ayad, A. S.

A. S. Ayad, K. M. El Sayed, and S. H. Ahmed, “Efficient solution of the traffic grooming problem in light-trail optical networks,” in 11th IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 622-627.

Balasubramanian, S.

S. Balasubramanian and A. K. Somani, “Traffic grooming in statistically shared optical networks,” in IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (IEEE, 2006), pp. 335-342.

N. Vanderhorn, S. Balasubramanian, M. Mina, B. R. Weber, and A. K. Somani, “Light-trail test bed for metro optical networks,” in 2nd International Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructure for the Development of Networks and Communities TRIDENTCOM (IEEE, 2006), pp. 6-12.

S. Balasubramanian, “Design and protection algorithms for path level aggregation of traffic in WDM metro optical networks,” Technical Report, December 2006, http://archives.ece.iastate.edu/archive/00000301/01/thesis.pdf.

S. Balasubramanian and A. K. Somani, “On traffic grooming choices for IP over WDM networks,” in 3rd International Conference on Broadband Communications, Networks and Systems, BROADNETS (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-10.

N. A. VanderHorn, S. Balasubramanian, M. Mina, R. Weber, and A. K. Somani, “Light-trail test bed for IP-centric applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(8), S5-S10 (2005).

A. K. Somani, S. Balasubramanian, and W. He, “Light-trail networks: design and survivability,” in the IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 174-181.

S. Balasubramanian, A. E. Kamal, and A. K. Somani, “Network design in IP-centric light-trail networks,” in 2nd International Conference on Broadband Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 41-50.

S. Balasubramanian, A. E. Kamal, and A. K. Somani, “Medium access control protocols for light-trail and light bus networks,” Optical Network Design and Modeling (International Federation for Information Processing, 2004), pp. 943-950.

Beylot, A.

N. Bouabdallah, A. Beylot, E. Dotaro, and G. Pujolle, “Resolving the fairness issues in bus-based optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 42, S12-S18 (2005).

Biru, E.

P. Palacharla, A. Gumaste, E. Biru, and T. Naito, “Implementation of burstponder card for ethernet grooming in light-trail WDM networks,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2823-2828.

Bouabdallah, N.

N. Bouabdallah and G. Pujolle, “A practical traffic grooming scheme in all-optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB64.

N. Bouabdallah, H. Perros, and G. Pujolle, “A cost-effective traffic aggregation scheme in all-optical networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 6-10.

N. Bouabdallah, A. Beylot, E. Dotaro, and G. Pujolle, “Resolving the fairness issues in bus-based optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 42, S12-S18 (2005).

N. Bouabdallah and G. Pujolle, “Optical resource provisioning: multipoint-to-point lightpaths mapping in all-optical networks,” Int. J. Network Manage. 15, 203-212 (2005).

N. Bouabdallah, E. Dotaro, L. Ciavaglia, N. Le Sauze, and G. Pujolle, “Distributed aggregation in all-optical wavelength routed networks,” in the 39th IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1806-1810.

Brehon, Y.

Y. Brehon, D. Kofman, M. Pioro, and M. Diallo, “Optimal virtual topology design using bus-label switched paths,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 1001-1010 (2007).

Calafato, L.

L. Calafato, M. Mellia, E. Leonardi, and F. Neri, “Exploiting OTDM traffic grooming in dynamic wavelength routed networks,” in Optical Network Design and Modeling (International Federation for Information Processing, 2004), pp. 134-140.

Carena, A.

A. Carena, V. D. Feo, J. M. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, and P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1561-1571 (2004).
[Crossref]

Caro, L.

F. Solano, L. Caro, J. de Oliveira, R. Fabregat, and J. Marzo, “G+: enhanced traffic grooming in WDM mesh networks using lighttours,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 1034-1047 (2007).

Chen, T.

Y. Ye, H. Woesner, R. Grasso, T. Chen, and I. Chlamtac, “Traffic grooming in light trail networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 6-11.

Chlamtac, I.

Y. Ye, H. Woesner, R. Grasso, T. Chen, and I. Chlamtac, “Traffic grooming in light trail networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 6-11.

D. Kliazovich, F. Granelli, H. Woesner, and I. Chlamtac, “Bidirectional light-trails for synchronous communications in WDM networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 5-11.

Y. Ye, H. Woesner, and I. Chlamtac, “OTDM light trail networks,” Transparent Opt. Networks 1, 20-24 (2005).

A. Gumaste, G. Kuiper, and I. Chlamtac, “Optimizing light-trail assignment to WDM networks for dynamic IP-centric traffic,” in the 13th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks (IEEE, 2004), pp. 113-118.

A. Gumaste and I. Chlamtac, “Light-trails: an optical solution for IP transport,” J. Opt. Netw. 3, 261-281 (2004).

A. Gumaste and I. Chlamtac, “Mesh implementation of light-trails: a solution to IP centric communication in the optical domain,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2003), pp. 178-183.

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, “Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WANs,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1171-1182 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ciavaglia, L.

N. Bouabdallah, E. Dotaro, L. Ciavaglia, N. Le Sauze, and G. Pujolle, “Distributed aggregation in all-optical wavelength routed networks,” in the 39th IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1806-1810.

de Oliveira, J.

F. Solano, L. Caro, J. de Oliveira, R. Fabregat, and J. Marzo, “G+: enhanced traffic grooming in WDM mesh networks using lighttours,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 1034-1047 (2007).

Diallo, M.

Y. Brehon, D. Kofman, M. Pioro, and M. Diallo, “Optimal virtual topology design using bus-label switched paths,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 1001-1010 (2007).

Dotaro, E.

N. Bouabdallah, A. Beylot, E. Dotaro, and G. Pujolle, “Resolving the fairness issues in bus-based optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 42, S12-S18 (2005).

N. Bouabdallah, E. Dotaro, L. Ciavaglia, N. Le Sauze, and G. Pujolle, “Distributed aggregation in all-optical wavelength routed networks,” in the 39th IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1806-1810.

El Sayed, K. M.

A. S. Ayad, K. M. El Sayed, and S. H. Ahmed, “Efficient solution of the traffic grooming problem in light-trail optical networks,” in 11th IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 622-627.

Fabregat, R.

F. Solano, L. Caro, J. de Oliveira, R. Fabregat, and J. Marzo, “G+: enhanced traffic grooming in WDM mesh networks using lighttours,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 1034-1047 (2007).

Farahmand, F.

F. Farahmand, X. Huang, and J. P. Jue, “Efficient online traffic grooming algorithms in WDM mesh networks with drop-and-continue node architecture,” in First International Conference on Broadband Networks, BROADNETS (IEEE, 2004), pp. 180-189.

Feo, V. D.

A. Carena, V. D. Feo, J. M. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, and P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1561-1571 (2004).
[Crossref]

Finochietto, J. M.

A. Carena, V. D. Feo, J. M. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, and P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1561-1571 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ganz, A.

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, “Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WANs,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1171-1182 (1992).
[Crossref]

Gaudino, R.

A. Carena, V. D. Feo, J. M. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, and P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1561-1571 (2004).
[Crossref]

Giles, R.

I. Widjaja, I. Saniee, R. Giles, and D. Mitra, “Light core and intelligent edge for a flexible, thin-layered and cost-effective optical transport network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(5), S30-S36 (2003).

Granelli, F.

D. Kliazovich, F. Granelli, H. Woesner, and I. Chlamtac, “Bidirectional light-trails for synchronous communications in WDM networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 5-11.

Grasso, R.

Y. Ye, H. Woesner, R. Grasso, T. Chen, and I. Chlamtac, “Traffic grooming in light trail networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 6-11.

Gumaste, A.

P. Palacharla, A. Gumaste, E. Biru, and T. Naito, “Implementation of burstponder card for ethernet grooming in light-trail WDM networks,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2823-2828.

A. Gumaste and S. Zheng, “Protection and restoration scheme for light-trail WDM ring networks,” in 9th Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (IEEE/IFIP, 2005), pp. 311-320.

A. Gumaste, P. Palacharala, and T. Naito, “Performance evaluation and demonstration of light-trails in shared wavelength optical networks (SWON),” in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 643-644.

A. Gumaste, “Optimal and heuristic assignment for light-trail assignment,” in 13th Symposium on Performance Evaluation on Computers and Telecommunications (IEEE, 2005), pp. 12-23.

A. Gumaste, G. Kuiper, and I. Chlamtac, “Optimizing light-trail assignment to WDM networks for dynamic IP-centric traffic,” in the 13th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks (IEEE, 2004), pp. 113-118.

A. Gumaste and I. Chlamtac, “Light-trails: an optical solution for IP transport,” J. Opt. Netw. 3, 261-281 (2004).

A. Gumaste and I. Chlamtac, “Mesh implementation of light-trails: a solution to IP centric communication in the optical domain,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2003), pp. 178-183.

He, W.

A. K. Somani, S. Balasubramanian, and W. He, “Light-trail networks: design and survivability,” in the IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 174-181.

Huang, X.

F. Farahmand, X. Huang, and J. P. Jue, “Efficient online traffic grooming algorithms in WDM mesh networks with drop-and-continue node architecture,” in First International Conference on Broadband Networks, BROADNETS (IEEE, 2004), pp. 180-189.

Jue, J. P.

F. Farahmand, X. Huang, and J. P. Jue, “Efficient online traffic grooming algorithms in WDM mesh networks with drop-and-continue node architecture,” in First International Conference on Broadband Networks, BROADNETS (IEEE, 2004), pp. 180-189.

Kamal, A. E.

S. Balasubramanian, A. E. Kamal, and A. K. Somani, “Network design in IP-centric light-trail networks,” in 2nd International Conference on Broadband Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 41-50.

S. Balasubramanian, A. E. Kamal, and A. K. Somani, “Medium access control protocols for light-trail and light bus networks,” Optical Network Design and Modeling (International Federation for Information Processing, 2004), pp. 943-950.

Karmi, G.

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, “Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WANs,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1171-1182 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kliazovich, D.

D. Kliazovich, F. Granelli, H. Woesner, and I. Chlamtac, “Bidirectional light-trails for synchronous communications in WDM networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 5-11.

Kofman, D.

Y. Brehon, D. Kofman, M. Pioro, and M. Diallo, “Optimal virtual topology design using bus-label switched paths,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 1001-1010 (2007).

Kuiper, G.

A. Gumaste, G. Kuiper, and I. Chlamtac, “Optimizing light-trail assignment to WDM networks for dynamic IP-centric traffic,” in the 13th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks (IEEE, 2004), pp. 113-118.

Le Sauze, N.

N. Bouabdallah, E. Dotaro, L. Ciavaglia, N. Le Sauze, and G. Pujolle, “Distributed aggregation in all-optical wavelength routed networks,” in the 39th IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1806-1810.

Leonardi, E.

L. Calafato, M. Mellia, E. Leonardi, and F. Neri, “Exploiting OTDM traffic grooming in dynamic wavelength routed networks,” in Optical Network Design and Modeling (International Federation for Information Processing, 2004), pp. 134-140.

P. Petracca, M. Mellia, E. Leonardi, and F. Neri, “Design of WDM network exploiting OTDM and light splitters,” in Quality of Service in Multiservice IP Networks: Second International Workshop (Springer, 2003), pp. 433-446.

Marzo, J.

F. Solano, L. Caro, J. de Oliveira, R. Fabregat, and J. Marzo, “G+: enhanced traffic grooming in WDM mesh networks using lighttours,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 1034-1047 (2007).

Mellia, M.

L. Calafato, M. Mellia, E. Leonardi, and F. Neri, “Exploiting OTDM traffic grooming in dynamic wavelength routed networks,” in Optical Network Design and Modeling (International Federation for Information Processing, 2004), pp. 134-140.

P. Petracca, M. Mellia, E. Leonardi, and F. Neri, “Design of WDM network exploiting OTDM and light splitters,” in Quality of Service in Multiservice IP Networks: Second International Workshop (Springer, 2003), pp. 433-446.

Mina, M.

N. Vanderhorn, S. Balasubramanian, M. Mina, B. R. Weber, and A. K. Somani, “Light-trail test bed for metro optical networks,” in 2nd International Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructure for the Development of Networks and Communities TRIDENTCOM (IEEE, 2006), pp. 6-12.

N. A. VanderHorn, S. Balasubramanian, M. Mina, R. Weber, and A. K. Somani, “Light-trail test bed for IP-centric applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(8), S5-S10 (2005).

Mitra, D.

I. Widjaja, I. Saniee, R. Giles, and D. Mitra, “Light core and intelligent edge for a flexible, thin-layered and cost-effective optical transport network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(5), S30-S36 (2003).

Mukherjee, B.

H. Zhu, H. Zang, K. Zhu, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel generic graph model for traffic grooming in heterogeneous WDM mesh networks,” IEEE Trans. Networks 11, 285-299 (2003).

K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, “A comprehensive study of next-generation optical grooming switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1173-1186 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. H. Sahasrabuddhe and B. Mukherjee, “Light-trees: optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength-routed networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 37(2), 67-73 (1999).
[Crossref]

Naito, T.

P. Palacharla, A. Gumaste, E. Biru, and T. Naito, “Implementation of burstponder card for ethernet grooming in light-trail WDM networks,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2823-2828.

A. Gumaste, P. Palacharala, and T. Naito, “Performance evaluation and demonstration of light-trails in shared wavelength optical networks (SWON),” in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 643-644.

Neri, F.

L. Calafato, M. Mellia, E. Leonardi, and F. Neri, “Exploiting OTDM traffic grooming in dynamic wavelength routed networks,” in Optical Network Design and Modeling (International Federation for Information Processing, 2004), pp. 134-140.

A. Carena, V. D. Feo, J. M. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, and P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1561-1571 (2004).
[Crossref]

P. Petracca, M. Mellia, E. Leonardi, and F. Neri, “Design of WDM network exploiting OTDM and light splitters,” in Quality of Service in Multiservice IP Networks: Second International Workshop (Springer, 2003), pp. 433-446.

Palacharala, P.

A. Gumaste, P. Palacharala, and T. Naito, “Performance evaluation and demonstration of light-trails in shared wavelength optical networks (SWON),” in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 643-644.

Palacharla, P.

P. Palacharla, A. Gumaste, E. Biru, and T. Naito, “Implementation of burstponder card for ethernet grooming in light-trail WDM networks,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2823-2828.

Perros, H.

N. Bouabdallah, H. Perros, and G. Pujolle, “A cost-effective traffic aggregation scheme in all-optical networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 6-10.

Petracca, P.

P. Petracca, M. Mellia, E. Leonardi, and F. Neri, “Design of WDM network exploiting OTDM and light splitters,” in Quality of Service in Multiservice IP Networks: Second International Workshop (Springer, 2003), pp. 433-446.

Piglione, C.

A. Carena, V. D. Feo, J. M. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, and P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1561-1571 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pioro, M.

Y. Brehon, D. Kofman, M. Pioro, and M. Diallo, “Optimal virtual topology design using bus-label switched paths,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 1001-1010 (2007).

Poggiolini, P.

A. Carena, V. D. Feo, J. M. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, and P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1561-1571 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pujolle, G.

N. Bouabdallah and G. Pujolle, “A practical traffic grooming scheme in all-optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB64.

N. Bouabdallah, H. Perros, and G. Pujolle, “A cost-effective traffic aggregation scheme in all-optical networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 6-10.

N. Bouabdallah, A. Beylot, E. Dotaro, and G. Pujolle, “Resolving the fairness issues in bus-based optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 42, S12-S18 (2005).

N. Bouabdallah and G. Pujolle, “Optical resource provisioning: multipoint-to-point lightpaths mapping in all-optical networks,” Int. J. Network Manage. 15, 203-212 (2005).

N. Bouabdallah, E. Dotaro, L. Ciavaglia, N. Le Sauze, and G. Pujolle, “Distributed aggregation in all-optical wavelength routed networks,” in the 39th IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1806-1810.

Sahasrabuddhe, L. H.

L. H. Sahasrabuddhe and B. Mukherjee, “Light-trees: optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength-routed networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 37(2), 67-73 (1999).
[Crossref]

Saniee, I.

I. Widjaja, I. Saniee, R. Giles, and D. Mitra, “Light core and intelligent edge for a flexible, thin-layered and cost-effective optical transport network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(5), S30-S36 (2003).

Solano, F.

F. Solano, L. Caro, J. de Oliveira, R. Fabregat, and J. Marzo, “G+: enhanced traffic grooming in WDM mesh networks using lighttours,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 1034-1047 (2007).

Somani, A. K.

N. Vanderhorn, S. Balasubramanian, M. Mina, B. R. Weber, and A. K. Somani, “Light-trail test bed for metro optical networks,” in 2nd International Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructure for the Development of Networks and Communities TRIDENTCOM (IEEE, 2006), pp. 6-12.

S. Balasubramanian and A. K. Somani, “On traffic grooming choices for IP over WDM networks,” in 3rd International Conference on Broadband Communications, Networks and Systems, BROADNETS (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-10.

S. Balasubramanian and A. K. Somani, “Traffic grooming in statistically shared optical networks,” in IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (IEEE, 2006), pp. 335-342.

S. Balasubramanian, A. E. Kamal, and A. K. Somani, “Network design in IP-centric light-trail networks,” in 2nd International Conference on Broadband Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 41-50.

A. K. Somani, S. Balasubramanian, and W. He, “Light-trail networks: design and survivability,” in the IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 174-181.

N. A. VanderHorn, S. Balasubramanian, M. Mina, R. Weber, and A. K. Somani, “Light-trail test bed for IP-centric applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(8), S5-S10 (2005).

S. Balasubramanian, A. E. Kamal, and A. K. Somani, “Medium access control protocols for light-trail and light bus networks,” Optical Network Design and Modeling (International Federation for Information Processing, 2004), pp. 943-950.

Tang, J.

W. Zhang, G. Xue, J. Tang, and K. Thulasiraman, “Dynamic light trail routing and protection issues in WDM optical networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 5-11.

Thulasiraman, K.

W. Zhang, G. Xue, J. Tang, and K. Thulasiraman, “Dynamic light trail routing and protection issues in WDM optical networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 5-11.

Vanderhorn, N.

N. Vanderhorn, S. Balasubramanian, M. Mina, B. R. Weber, and A. K. Somani, “Light-trail test bed for metro optical networks,” in 2nd International Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructure for the Development of Networks and Communities TRIDENTCOM (IEEE, 2006), pp. 6-12.

VanderHorn, N. A.

N. A. VanderHorn, S. Balasubramanian, M. Mina, R. Weber, and A. K. Somani, “Light-trail test bed for IP-centric applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(8), S5-S10 (2005).

Waxman, B.

B. Waxman, “Routing of multipoint connections,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 6, 1617-1622 (1988).
[Crossref]

Weber, B. R.

N. Vanderhorn, S. Balasubramanian, M. Mina, B. R. Weber, and A. K. Somani, “Light-trail test bed for metro optical networks,” in 2nd International Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructure for the Development of Networks and Communities TRIDENTCOM (IEEE, 2006), pp. 6-12.

Weber, R.

N. A. VanderHorn, S. Balasubramanian, M. Mina, R. Weber, and A. K. Somani, “Light-trail test bed for IP-centric applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(8), S5-S10 (2005).

Widjaja, I.

I. Widjaja, I. Saniee, R. Giles, and D. Mitra, “Light core and intelligent edge for a flexible, thin-layered and cost-effective optical transport network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(5), S30-S36 (2003).

Woesner, H.

Y. Ye, H. Woesner, and I. Chlamtac, “OTDM light trail networks,” Transparent Opt. Networks 1, 20-24 (2005).

D. Kliazovich, F. Granelli, H. Woesner, and I. Chlamtac, “Bidirectional light-trails for synchronous communications in WDM networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 5-11.

Y. Ye, H. Woesner, R. Grasso, T. Chen, and I. Chlamtac, “Traffic grooming in light trail networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 6-11.

Xue, G.

W. Zhang, G. Xue, J. Tang, and K. Thulasiraman, “Dynamic light trail routing and protection issues in WDM optical networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 5-11.

Ye, Y.

Y. Ye, H. Woesner, R. Grasso, T. Chen, and I. Chlamtac, “Traffic grooming in light trail networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 6-11.

Y. Ye, H. Woesner, and I. Chlamtac, “OTDM light trail networks,” Transparent Opt. Networks 1, 20-24 (2005).

Zang, H.

H. Zhu, H. Zang, K. Zhu, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel generic graph model for traffic grooming in heterogeneous WDM mesh networks,” IEEE Trans. Networks 11, 285-299 (2003).

K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, “A comprehensive study of next-generation optical grooming switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1173-1186 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, G. Xue, J. Tang, and K. Thulasiraman, “Dynamic light trail routing and protection issues in WDM optical networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 5-11.

Zheng, S.

A. Gumaste and S. Zheng, “Protection and restoration scheme for light-trail WDM ring networks,” in 9th Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (IEEE/IFIP, 2005), pp. 311-320.

Zhu, H.

H. Zhu, H. Zang, K. Zhu, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel generic graph model for traffic grooming in heterogeneous WDM mesh networks,” IEEE Trans. Networks 11, 285-299 (2003).

Zhu, K.

H. Zhu, H. Zang, K. Zhu, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel generic graph model for traffic grooming in heterogeneous WDM mesh networks,” IEEE Trans. Networks 11, 285-299 (2003).

K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, “A comprehensive study of next-generation optical grooming switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1173-1186 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (3)

L. H. Sahasrabuddhe and B. Mukherjee, “Light-trees: optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength-routed networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 37(2), 67-73 (1999).
[Crossref]

I. Widjaja, I. Saniee, R. Giles, and D. Mitra, “Light core and intelligent edge for a flexible, thin-layered and cost-effective optical transport network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(5), S30-S36 (2003).

N. A. VanderHorn, S. Balasubramanian, M. Mina, R. Weber, and A. K. Somani, “Light-trail test bed for IP-centric applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(8), S5-S10 (2005).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (6)

A. Carena, V. D. Feo, J. M. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, and P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1561-1571 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Brehon, D. Kofman, M. Pioro, and M. Diallo, “Optimal virtual topology design using bus-label switched paths,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 1001-1010 (2007).

F. Solano, L. Caro, J. de Oliveira, R. Fabregat, and J. Marzo, “G+: enhanced traffic grooming in WDM mesh networks using lighttours,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 1034-1047 (2007).

B. Waxman, “Routing of multipoint connections,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 6, 1617-1622 (1988).
[Crossref]

K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, “A comprehensive study of next-generation optical grooming switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1173-1186 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Bouabdallah, A. Beylot, E. Dotaro, and G. Pujolle, “Resolving the fairness issues in bus-based optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 42, S12-S18 (2005).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, “Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WANs,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1171-1182 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Networks (1)

H. Zhu, H. Zang, K. Zhu, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel generic graph model for traffic grooming in heterogeneous WDM mesh networks,” IEEE Trans. Networks 11, 285-299 (2003).

Int. J. Network Manage. (1)

N. Bouabdallah and G. Pujolle, “Optical resource provisioning: multipoint-to-point lightpaths mapping in all-optical networks,” Int. J. Network Manage. 15, 203-212 (2005).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Transparent Opt. Networks (1)

Y. Ye, H. Woesner, and I. Chlamtac, “OTDM light trail networks,” Transparent Opt. Networks 1, 20-24 (2005).

Other (23)

A. Gumaste, G. Kuiper, and I. Chlamtac, “Optimizing light-trail assignment to WDM networks for dynamic IP-centric traffic,” in the 13th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks (IEEE, 2004), pp. 113-118.

F. Farahmand, X. Huang, and J. P. Jue, “Efficient online traffic grooming algorithms in WDM mesh networks with drop-and-continue node architecture,” in First International Conference on Broadband Networks, BROADNETS (IEEE, 2004), pp. 180-189.

L. Calafato, M. Mellia, E. Leonardi, and F. Neri, “Exploiting OTDM traffic grooming in dynamic wavelength routed networks,” in Optical Network Design and Modeling (International Federation for Information Processing, 2004), pp. 134-140.

P. Petracca, M. Mellia, E. Leonardi, and F. Neri, “Design of WDM network exploiting OTDM and light splitters,” in Quality of Service in Multiservice IP Networks: Second International Workshop (Springer, 2003), pp. 433-446.

S. Balasubramanian and A. K. Somani, “On traffic grooming choices for IP over WDM networks,” in 3rd International Conference on Broadband Communications, Networks and Systems, BROADNETS (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-10.

S. Balasubramanian, “Design and protection algorithms for path level aggregation of traffic in WDM metro optical networks,” Technical Report, December 2006, http://archives.ece.iastate.edu/archive/00000301/01/thesis.pdf.

S. Balasubramanian, A. E. Kamal, and A. K. Somani, “Medium access control protocols for light-trail and light bus networks,” Optical Network Design and Modeling (International Federation for Information Processing, 2004), pp. 943-950.

D. Kliazovich, F. Granelli, H. Woesner, and I. Chlamtac, “Bidirectional light-trails for synchronous communications in WDM networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 5-11.

A. Gumaste and I. Chlamtac, “Mesh implementation of light-trails: a solution to IP centric communication in the optical domain,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2003), pp. 178-183.

S. Balasubramanian, A. E. Kamal, and A. K. Somani, “Network design in IP-centric light-trail networks,” in 2nd International Conference on Broadband Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 41-50.

A. Gumaste, “Optimal and heuristic assignment for light-trail assignment,” in 13th Symposium on Performance Evaluation on Computers and Telecommunications (IEEE, 2005), pp. 12-23.

A. K. Somani, S. Balasubramanian, and W. He, “Light-trail networks: design and survivability,” in the IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 174-181.

A. S. Ayad, K. M. El Sayed, and S. H. Ahmed, “Efficient solution of the traffic grooming problem in light-trail optical networks,” in 11th IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 622-627.

S. Balasubramanian and A. K. Somani, “Traffic grooming in statistically shared optical networks,” in IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (IEEE, 2006), pp. 335-342.

Y. Ye, H. Woesner, R. Grasso, T. Chen, and I. Chlamtac, “Traffic grooming in light trail networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 6-11.

W. Zhang, G. Xue, J. Tang, and K. Thulasiraman, “Dynamic light trail routing and protection issues in WDM optical networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 5-11.

A. Gumaste and S. Zheng, “Protection and restoration scheme for light-trail WDM ring networks,” in 9th Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (IEEE/IFIP, 2005), pp. 311-320.

A. Gumaste, P. Palacharala, and T. Naito, “Performance evaluation and demonstration of light-trails in shared wavelength optical networks (SWON),” in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 643-644.

P. Palacharla, A. Gumaste, E. Biru, and T. Naito, “Implementation of burstponder card for ethernet grooming in light-trail WDM networks,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2823-2828.

N. Bouabdallah, E. Dotaro, L. Ciavaglia, N. Le Sauze, and G. Pujolle, “Distributed aggregation in all-optical wavelength routed networks,” in the 39th IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1806-1810.

N. Bouabdallah and G. Pujolle, “A practical traffic grooming scheme in all-optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB64.

N. Bouabdallah, H. Perros, and G. Pujolle, “A cost-effective traffic aggregation scheme in all-optical networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), pp. 6-10.

N. Vanderhorn, S. Balasubramanian, M. Mina, B. R. Weber, and A. K. Somani, “Light-trail test bed for metro optical networks,” in 2nd International Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructure for the Development of Networks and Communities TRIDENTCOM (IEEE, 2006), pp. 6-12.

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