Abstract

We theoretically and experimentally investigate three different schemes to generate optical millimeter-wave and wavelength reuse for uplink connection in radio-over-fiber (ROF) systems. In these schemes, the optical millimeter waves (mm-waves) are generated via a LiNbO<sub>3</sub> Mach-Zehnder modulator with the double-sidebands scheme. Particularly, we experimentally demonstrate what we believe to be a new scheme (scheme III) to genetate optical mm-waves by a multiple double-frequency technique to further reduce the overall cost. We compare the performance of the three different schemes for ROF systems considering the cost and configuration of their architectures.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. Chen, H. Wen, and S. C. Wen, “A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1499-1501 (2007).
  3. C. Park, C. Oh, C. Lee, D. Kim, and C. S. Park, “A photonic up-converter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  4. L. Chen, Y. Shao, X. Lei, H. Wen, and S. C. Wen, “A novel radio-over-fiber system with wavelength reuse for upstream data connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 387-389 (2007).
  5. G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Generation and distribution of a wideband continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 3090-3097 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. Motamed and R. Vahldieck, “Utilization of Mach-Zehnder modulator to generate fourth harmonic microwave frequencies--theory and experiment,” in 27th European Microwave Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 1216-1221.
  7. J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “All-optical mixer based on cross-absorption modulation in electro-absorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2421-2423 (2005).
  8. J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  9. M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, and G. Edvell, “Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Kaszubowska, L. Hu, and L. P. Barry, “Remote downconversion with wavelength reuse for the radio/fiber uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 562-564 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. Hirala, T. Mjnoiani, and T. Nagatsuma, “Millimeter-wave photonics for 10-Gbit/s wireless links,” in The 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2002), pp. 477-478.
  12. T. Ohno, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, and H. Ito, “A 240-GHz active mode-locked laser diode for ultra-broadband fiber-radio transmission systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 13 of 2005 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper ThG1.
  13. T. Kawanishi, H. Kiuchi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izustu, “Quadruple frequency double sideband carrier suppressed modulation using high extinction ratio optical modulators for photonic local oscillators,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microwave Photonics Workshop (IEEE, 2005), pp. 12-14.

2007 (2)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1499-1501 (2007).

L. Chen, Y. Shao, X. Lei, H. Wen, and S. C. Wen, “A novel radio-over-fiber system with wavelength reuse for upstream data connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 387-389 (2007).

2006 (3)

L. Chen, H. Wen, and S. C. Wen, “A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Kaszubowska, L. Hu, and L. P. Barry, “Remote downconversion with wavelength reuse for the radio/fiber uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 562-564 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (6)

T. Ohno, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, and H. Ito, “A 240-GHz active mode-locked laser diode for ultra-broadband fiber-radio transmission systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 13 of 2005 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper ThG1.

T. Kawanishi, H. Kiuchi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izustu, “Quadruple frequency double sideband carrier suppressed modulation using high extinction ratio optical modulators for photonic local oscillators,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microwave Photonics Workshop (IEEE, 2005), pp. 12-14.

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, and G. Edvell, “Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “All-optical mixer based on cross-absorption modulation in electro-absorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2421-2423 (2005).

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Generation and distribution of a wideband continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 3090-3097 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. Park, C. Oh, C. Lee, D. Kim, and C. S. Park, “A photonic up-converter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

A. Hirala, T. Mjnoiani, and T. Nagatsuma, “Millimeter-wave photonics for 10-Gbit/s wireless links,” in The 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2002), pp. 477-478.

1997 (1)

A. Motamed and R. Vahldieck, “Utilization of Mach-Zehnder modulator to generate fourth harmonic microwave frequencies--theory and experiment,” in 27th European Microwave Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 1216-1221.

Amagai, J.

T. Kawanishi, H. Kiuchi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izustu, “Quadruple frequency double sideband carrier suppressed modulation using high extinction ratio optical modulators for photonic local oscillators,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microwave Photonics Workshop (IEEE, 2005), pp. 12-14.

Attygalle, M.

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, and G. Edvell, “Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).
[Crossref]

Barry, L. P.

A. Kaszubowska, L. Hu, and L. P. Barry, “Remote downconversion with wavelength reuse for the radio/fiber uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 562-564 (2006).
[Crossref]

Belisle, C.

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Generation and distribution of a wideband continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 3090-3097 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chang, G. K.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1499-1501 (2007).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “All-optical mixer based on cross-absorption modulation in electro-absorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2421-2423 (2005).

Chen, L.

L. Chen, Y. Shao, X. Lei, H. Wen, and S. C. Wen, “A novel radio-over-fiber system with wavelength reuse for upstream data connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 387-389 (2007).

L. Chen, H. Wen, and S. C. Wen, “A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).
[Crossref]

Edvell, G.

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, and G. Edvell, “Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).
[Crossref]

Furuta, T.

T. Ohno, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, and H. Ito, “A 240-GHz active mode-locked laser diode for ultra-broadband fiber-radio transmission systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 13 of 2005 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper ThG1.

Hirala, A.

A. Hirala, T. Mjnoiani, and T. Nagatsuma, “Millimeter-wave photonics for 10-Gbit/s wireless links,” in The 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2002), pp. 477-478.

Hu, L.

A. Kaszubowska, L. Hu, and L. P. Barry, “Remote downconversion with wavelength reuse for the radio/fiber uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 562-564 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ito, H.

T. Ohno, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, and H. Ito, “A 240-GHz active mode-locked laser diode for ultra-broadband fiber-radio transmission systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 13 of 2005 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper ThG1.

Izustu, M.

T. Kawanishi, H. Kiuchi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izustu, “Quadruple frequency double sideband carrier suppressed modulation using high extinction ratio optical modulators for photonic local oscillators,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microwave Photonics Workshop (IEEE, 2005), pp. 12-14.

Jia, Z.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1499-1501 (2007).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “All-optical mixer based on cross-absorption modulation in electro-absorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2421-2423 (2005).

Kaszubowska, A.

A. Kaszubowska, L. Hu, and L. P. Barry, “Remote downconversion with wavelength reuse for the radio/fiber uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 562-564 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kawanishi, T.

T. Kawanishi, H. Kiuchi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izustu, “Quadruple frequency double sideband carrier suppressed modulation using high extinction ratio optical modulators for photonic local oscillators,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microwave Photonics Workshop (IEEE, 2005), pp. 12-14.

Kim, D.

C. Park, C. Oh, C. Lee, D. Kim, and C. S. Park, “A photonic up-converter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kiuchi, H.

T. Kawanishi, H. Kiuchi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izustu, “Quadruple frequency double sideband carrier suppressed modulation using high extinction ratio optical modulators for photonic local oscillators,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microwave Photonics Workshop (IEEE, 2005), pp. 12-14.

Lee, C.

C. Park, C. Oh, C. Lee, D. Kim, and C. S. Park, “A photonic up-converter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lei, X.

L. Chen, Y. Shao, X. Lei, H. Wen, and S. C. Wen, “A novel radio-over-fiber system with wavelength reuse for upstream data connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 387-389 (2007).

Lim, C.

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, and G. Edvell, “Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mjnoiani, T.

A. Hirala, T. Mjnoiani, and T. Nagatsuma, “Millimeter-wave photonics for 10-Gbit/s wireless links,” in The 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2002), pp. 477-478.

Motamed, A.

A. Motamed and R. Vahldieck, “Utilization of Mach-Zehnder modulator to generate fourth harmonic microwave frequencies--theory and experiment,” in 27th European Microwave Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 1216-1221.

Nagatsuma, T.

A. Hirala, T. Mjnoiani, and T. Nagatsuma, “Millimeter-wave photonics for 10-Gbit/s wireless links,” in The 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2002), pp. 477-478.

Nakajima, F.

T. Ohno, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, and H. Ito, “A 240-GHz active mode-locked laser diode for ultra-broadband fiber-radio transmission systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 13 of 2005 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper ThG1.

Nirmalathas, A.

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, and G. Edvell, “Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).
[Crossref]

Oh, C.

C. Park, C. Oh, C. Lee, D. Kim, and C. S. Park, “A photonic up-converter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ohno, T.

T. Ohno, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, and H. Ito, “A 240-GHz active mode-locked laser diode for ultra-broadband fiber-radio transmission systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 13 of 2005 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper ThG1.

Paquet, S.

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Generation and distribution of a wideband continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 3090-3097 (2005).
[Crossref]

Park, C.

C. Park, C. Oh, C. Lee, D. Kim, and C. S. Park, “A photonic up-converter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).
[Crossref]

Park, C. S.

C. Park, C. Oh, C. Lee, D. Kim, and C. S. Park, “A photonic up-converter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pendock, G.

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, and G. Edvell, “Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).
[Crossref]

Qi, G.

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Generation and distribution of a wideband continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 3090-3097 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sakamoto, T.

T. Kawanishi, H. Kiuchi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izustu, “Quadruple frequency double sideband carrier suppressed modulation using high extinction ratio optical modulators for photonic local oscillators,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microwave Photonics Workshop (IEEE, 2005), pp. 12-14.

Seregelyi, J.

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Generation and distribution of a wideband continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 3090-3097 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shao, Y.

L. Chen, Y. Shao, X. Lei, H. Wen, and S. C. Wen, “A novel radio-over-fiber system with wavelength reuse for upstream data connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 387-389 (2007).

Su, Y.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tsuchiya, M.

T. Kawanishi, H. Kiuchi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izustu, “Quadruple frequency double sideband carrier suppressed modulation using high extinction ratio optical modulators for photonic local oscillators,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microwave Photonics Workshop (IEEE, 2005), pp. 12-14.

Vahldieck, R.

A. Motamed and R. Vahldieck, “Utilization of Mach-Zehnder modulator to generate fourth harmonic microwave frequencies--theory and experiment,” in 27th European Microwave Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 1216-1221.

Wang, T.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1499-1501 (2007).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wen, H.

L. Chen, Y. Shao, X. Lei, H. Wen, and S. C. Wen, “A novel radio-over-fiber system with wavelength reuse for upstream data connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 387-389 (2007).

L. Chen, H. Wen, and S. C. Wen, “A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wen, S. C.

L. Chen, Y. Shao, X. Lei, H. Wen, and S. C. Wen, “A novel radio-over-fiber system with wavelength reuse for upstream data connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 387-389 (2007).

L. Chen, H. Wen, and S. C. Wen, “A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yamada, M.

T. Kawanishi, H. Kiuchi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izustu, “Quadruple frequency double sideband carrier suppressed modulation using high extinction ratio optical modulators for photonic local oscillators,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microwave Photonics Workshop (IEEE, 2005), pp. 12-14.

Yao, J.

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Generation and distribution of a wideband continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 3090-3097 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yi, L.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1499-1501 (2007).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “All-optical mixer based on cross-absorption modulation in electro-absorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2421-2423 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (8)

L. Chen, H. Wen, and S. C. Wen, “A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1499-1501 (2007).

C. Park, C. Oh, C. Lee, D. Kim, and C. S. Park, “A photonic up-converter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Chen, Y. Shao, X. Lei, H. Wen, and S. C. Wen, “A novel radio-over-fiber system with wavelength reuse for upstream data connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 387-389 (2007).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “All-optical mixer based on cross-absorption modulation in electro-absorption modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2421-2423 (2005).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, and G. Edvell, “Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Kaszubowska, L. Hu, and L. P. Barry, “Remote downconversion with wavelength reuse for the radio/fiber uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 562-564 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Generation and distribution of a wideband continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 3090-3097 (2005).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

A. Motamed and R. Vahldieck, “Utilization of Mach-Zehnder modulator to generate fourth harmonic microwave frequencies--theory and experiment,” in 27th European Microwave Conference (IEEE, 1997), pp. 1216-1221.

A. Hirala, T. Mjnoiani, and T. Nagatsuma, “Millimeter-wave photonics for 10-Gbit/s wireless links,” in The 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2002), pp. 477-478.

T. Ohno, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, and H. Ito, “A 240-GHz active mode-locked laser diode for ultra-broadband fiber-radio transmission systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 13 of 2005 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper ThG1.

T. Kawanishi, H. Kiuchi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izustu, “Quadruple frequency double sideband carrier suppressed modulation using high extinction ratio optical modulators for photonic local oscillators,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microwave Photonics Workshop (IEEE, 2005), pp. 12-14.

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