Abstract

The performance of a coherent direct sequence optical code division multiple access (DS-OCDMA) system using quadratic congruence codes implemented with superstructured fiber Bragg gratings is experimentally analyzed. We point out that nonperiodic and sparse quadratic congruence codes reduce multipath beat noise and intersymbol interference, respectively. These two properties of the structure of the quadratic congruence codes are shown to improve the bit-error-rate (BER) performance of the coherent system. As a result, we demonstrate that the performance enhancement of the coherent DS-OCDMA system allows the data bit rate of the system to be varied from 1 Gbit/sto2.5 Gbits/s and the receiver bandwidth to be decreased from 15 GHzto5 GHz respecting the low-cost requirement of the optical access network. These data bit rate and receiver bandwidth performances are achieved with moderate BER penalty.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2007 (4)

2006 (3)

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of an eight-user 115-Gchip/s incoherent OCDMA system using supercontinuum generation and optical time gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 889-891 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Fsaifes, C. Lepers, A.-F. Obaton, and P. Gallion, “DS-OCDMA encoder/decoder performance analysis using optical low coherence reflectometry,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3121-3128 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

X. Wang and K. Kitayama, “Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2226-2235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Scott, K. Li, W. Cong, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of an error-free 4/spl times/10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186-2188 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “A grating-based OCDMA coding-decoding system incorporating a nonlinear optical loop mirror for improved code recognition and noise reduction,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 36-46 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, G. D. Sucha, and M. L. Stock, “Bit error rate performance of ultrashort-pulse optical OCDMA detection under multi-access interferences,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1795-1796 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

L. Tancevski and L. A. Rush, “Impact of beat noise on the performance of 2-D optical CDMA systems,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 4, 264-266 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

S. V. Maric, “New family of algebraically designed optical orthogonal codes for use in CDMA fiber optic networks,” Electron. Lett. 29, 538-539 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Adams, R.

Aihara, K.

Andonovic, I.

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baek, J.-H.

Bazan, T.

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beugin, V.

Brès, C.-S.

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of an eight-user 115-Gchip/s incoherent OCDMA system using supercontinuum generation and optical time gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 889-891 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Broeke, R.

Cao, J.

Chen, L. R.

Chu, S. N. G.

Cong, W.

Ding, Z.

Du, Y.

El Sahn, Z.

Fontaine, N.

Fsaifes, I.

Gallion, P.

Glesk, I.

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of an eight-user 115-Gchip/s incoherent OCDMA system using supercontinuum generation and optical time gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 889-891 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gruezke, L.

Guignard, P.

Hamm, R.

Harle, D.

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

Hernandez, V.

Hernandez, V. J.

R. P. Scott, K. Li, W. Cong, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of an error-free 4/spl times/10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186-2188 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hobson, W. S.

Huang, Y.-K.

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

Jiang, W.

Kitayama, K.

Kitayama, K.-I.

X. Wang, N. Wada, and K.-I. Kitayama, “Performance degradation in coherent OCDMA due to receivers bandwidth limit and improvement by using optical thresholding,” in The 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2005), pp. 638-639.

Kolner, B.

Kolner, B. H.

R. P. Scott, K. Li, W. Cong, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of an error-free 4/spl times/10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186-2188 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P. Vijay

LaRochelle, S.

Lee, J. H.

Lepers, C.

Li, K.

R. P. Scott, K. Li, W. Cong, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of an error-free 4/spl times/10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186-2188 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S.

Liou, K. Y.

Lothian, J. R.

Lourdiane, M.

Lourdudoss, S.

Maric, S. V.

S. V. Maric, “New family of algebraically designed optical orthogonal codes for use in CDMA fiber optic networks,” Electron. Lett. 29, 538-539 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Michie, C.

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Motaghian Nezam, S. M. R.

Obaton, A.-F.

Olsson, F.

Omrani, R.

Patel, B.

Penon, J.

Petropoulos, P.

Pham, A.-V.

Prucnal, P. R.

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of an eight-user 115-Gchip/s incoherent OCDMA system using supercontinuum generation and optical time gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 889-891 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rand, D.

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Rusch, L. A.

Rush, L. A.

L. Tancevski and L. A. Rush, “Impact of beat noise on the performance of 2-D optical CDMA systems,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 4, 264-266 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Saghari, P.

Salehi, J. A.

Scherer, A.

Scott, R.

Scott, R. P.

R. P. Scott, K. Li, W. Cong, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of an error-free 4/spl times/10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186-2188 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Seo, S.-W.

Shearn, M.

Shen, S.

S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, G. D. Sucha, and M. L. Stock, “Bit error rate performance of ultrashort-pulse optical OCDMA detection under multi-access interferences,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1795-1796 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Soares, F.

Stock, M. L.

S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, G. D. Sucha, and M. L. Stock, “Bit error rate performance of ultrashort-pulse optical OCDMA detection under multi-access interferences,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1795-1796 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sucha, G. D.

S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, G. D. Sucha, and M. L. Stock, “Bit error rate performance of ultrashort-pulse optical OCDMA detection under multi-access interferences,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1795-1796 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

Tancevski, L.

L. Tancevski and L. A. Rush, “Impact of beat noise on the performance of 2-D optical CDMA systems,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 4, 264-266 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Teh, P. C.

Tsang, W. T.

Vatanapradit, S.

Wada, N.

X. Wang, N. Wada, and K.-I. Kitayama, “Performance degradation in coherent OCDMA due to receivers bandwidth limit and improvement by using optical thresholding,” in The 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2005), pp. 638-639.

Wang, X.

X. Wang and K. Kitayama, “Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2226-2235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, N. Wada, and K.-I. Kitayama, “Performance degradation in coherent OCDMA due to receivers bandwidth limit and improvement by using optical thresholding,” in The 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2005), pp. 638-639.

Weiner, A. M.

S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, G. D. Sucha, and M. L. Stock, “Bit error rate performance of ultrashort-pulse optical OCDMA detection under multi-access interferences,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1795-1796 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Yang, C.

Yoo, S. J. B.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (2)

S. V. Maric, “New family of algebraically designed optical orthogonal codes for use in CDMA fiber optic networks,” Electron. Lett. 29, 538-539 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, G. D. Sucha, and M. L. Stock, “Bit error rate performance of ultrashort-pulse optical OCDMA detection under multi-access interferences,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1795-1796 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

L. Tancevski and L. A. Rush, “Impact of beat noise on the performance of 2-D optical CDMA systems,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 4, 264-266 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of an eight-user 115-Gchip/s incoherent OCDMA system using supercontinuum generation and optical time gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 889-891 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Scott, K. Li, W. Cong, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of an error-free 4/spl times/10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186-2188 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

J. Opt. Netw. (2)

Other (1)

X. Wang, N. Wada, and K.-I. Kitayama, “Performance degradation in coherent OCDMA due to receivers bandwidth limit and improvement by using optical thresholding,” in The 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2005), pp. 638-639.

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