Abstract

A power-compensated bidirectional reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer (Bi-ROADM) based on tunable fiber Bragg gratings is proposed and demonstrated. By splicing a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) within a piece of an erbium-doped fiber, a lossless, low-cost, and simply structured Bi-ROADM is obtained. The total pumping power is 40mW with 0.6m of gain fiber for both upstream and downstream signals. The Bi-ROADM performance is evaluated using a bidirectional four-channel 50km lightwave transmission link using a 2.5Gbits/s bit rate per channel. Bit-error-rate (BER) performances show that the power penalties are 0.49 and 0.76dB at a 10<sup>−9</sup> BER, respectively, for the 25km dropped channel and the 50km passed-through channel as compared to the back-to-back condition. An extra power penalty of only 0.2dB is observed for bidirectional transmission compared to the unidirectional transmission case. Cross-talk issues and chromatic dispersion are also studied. The induced power penalty by adjacent channel cross talk is negligible (≦0.2dB) with a narrow channel spacing of 1.0nm. The induced power penalty by intraband (homodyne) cross talk is also negligible for the cross-talk level of −30dB, corresponding to 99.9% reflectivity of the FBG. The Bi-ROADM may find important applications in bidirectional WDM networks and/or bidirectional transmission.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. S.-K. Liaw, K.-P. Ho, C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Multi-channel bidirectional transmission using a WDM MUX/DMUX pair and unidirectional in-line amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1664-1666 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Riziotis and M. N. Zervas, “Performance comparison of Bragg grating-based optical add-drop multiplexers in WDM transmission systems,” IEE Proc.: Circuits Devices Syst. 149, 179-186 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. F. Sun, Z. X. Wang, C. K. Chan, C. L. Lin, and L. K. Chen, “A single-fiber bi-directional self-healing WDM metro-ring network with bi-directional OADM,” in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 583-584.
  4. H. Okayama, Y. Ozeki, T. Kamijoh, C. Q. Xu, and I. Asabayashi, “Dynamic wavelength selective add/drop node comprising fiber gratings and optical switches,” Electron. Lett. 33, 403-404 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. S. Moon, C. S. Goh, K. Kikuchi, and F. Knhota, “A novel bidirectional wavelength add-drop multiplexer based on fiber Bragg gratings and 4-port optical circulators,” in the 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE, Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2002 (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 297-298.
  6. A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Bidirectional optical add/drop multiplexer for single-fiber metro networks,” in the 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE, Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2001 (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 744-745.
  7. A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “All-optical gain control for bi-directional optical add-drop multiplexer using ASE noise path through multi-port circulators,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1839-1841 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S.-K. Liaw, M.-H. Chang, C.-J. Wang, and Y.-T. Lin, “Reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer with 8.0dB net gain using dual-pass amplified scheme,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 2016-2021 (2007).
  9. S.-K. Liaw, W.-L. Cheng, Y.-S. Hsieh, C.-L. Chang, and H.-F. Ting, “Power compensated bi-directional reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer using built-in optical amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), paper JWA39.
  10. S.-K. Liaw, W. Y. Jang, C.-J. Wang, and K. L. Hung, “Pump efficiency improvement of C-band tunable fiber laser using optical circulator and tunable fiber gratings,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2280-2285 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K.-P. Ho, C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, and L. K. Chen, “Exact analysis of homodyne crosstalk induced penalty in WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 457-458 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L.-A. Buckman, L.-P. Chen, and K.-Y. Lau, “Crosstalk penalty in all-optical distributed switching networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 250-252 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. H. Franz and V. K. Jain, “Optical Communications Components and Systems” (Alpha Science International, 2000).
  14. D. Marcuse, “Derivation of analytical expressions for the bit-error probability in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1816-1823 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. A. Ali, A. F. Elrefaie, R. E. Wagner, and S. A. Ahmed, “Performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifier cascades in WDM multiple access lightwave networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1142-1145 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  16. N. Antoniades, I. Roudas, R. E. Wagner, and S. F. Habiby, “Simulation of ASE noise accumulation in a wavelength add-drop multiplexer cascade,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1274-1276 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S.-K. Liaw, S.-L. Tzeng, and Y.-J. Hung, “Rayleigh backscattering induced power penalty on bidirectional wavelength reuse fiber systems,” Opt. Commun. 188, 63-67 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

S.-K. Liaw, M.-H. Chang, C.-J. Wang, and Y.-T. Lin, “Reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer with 8.0dB net gain using dual-pass amplified scheme,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 2016-2021 (2007).

S.-K. Liaw, W. Y. Jang, C.-J. Wang, and K. L. Hung, “Pump efficiency improvement of C-band tunable fiber laser using optical circulator and tunable fiber gratings,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2280-2285 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “All-optical gain control for bi-directional optical add-drop multiplexer using ASE noise path through multi-port circulators,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1839-1841 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

C. Riziotis and M. N. Zervas, “Performance comparison of Bragg grating-based optical add-drop multiplexers in WDM transmission systems,” IEE Proc.: Circuits Devices Syst. 149, 179-186 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S.-K. Liaw, S.-L. Tzeng, and Y.-J. Hung, “Rayleigh backscattering induced power penalty on bidirectional wavelength reuse fiber systems,” Opt. Commun. 188, 63-67 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

K.-P. Ho, C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, and L. K. Chen, “Exact analysis of homodyne crosstalk induced penalty in WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 457-458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

L.-A. Buckman, L.-P. Chen, and K.-Y. Lau, “Crosstalk penalty in all-optical distributed switching networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 250-252 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Okayama, Y. Ozeki, T. Kamijoh, C. Q. Xu, and I. Asabayashi, “Dynamic wavelength selective add/drop node comprising fiber gratings and optical switches,” Electron. Lett. 33, 403-404 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S.-K. Liaw, K.-P. Ho, C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Multi-channel bidirectional transmission using a WDM MUX/DMUX pair and unidirectional in-line amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1664-1666 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Antoniades, I. Roudas, R. E. Wagner, and S. F. Habiby, “Simulation of ASE noise accumulation in a wavelength add-drop multiplexer cascade,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1274-1276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. A. Ali, A. F. Elrefaie, R. E. Wagner, and S. A. Ahmed, “Performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifier cascades in WDM multiple access lightwave networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1142-1145 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

D. Marcuse, “Derivation of analytical expressions for the bit-error probability in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1816-1823 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, S. A.

M. A. Ali, A. F. Elrefaie, R. E. Wagner, and S. A. Ahmed, “Performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifier cascades in WDM multiple access lightwave networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1142-1145 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ali, M. A.

M. A. Ali, A. F. Elrefaie, R. E. Wagner, and S. A. Ahmed, “Performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifier cascades in WDM multiple access lightwave networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1142-1145 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Antoniades, N.

N. Antoniades, I. Roudas, R. E. Wagner, and S. F. Habiby, “Simulation of ASE noise accumulation in a wavelength add-drop multiplexer cascade,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1274-1276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Asabayashi, I.

H. Okayama, Y. Ozeki, T. Kamijoh, C. Q. Xu, and I. Asabayashi, “Dynamic wavelength selective add/drop node comprising fiber gratings and optical switches,” Electron. Lett. 33, 403-404 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Buckman, L.-A.

L.-A. Buckman, L.-P. Chen, and K.-Y. Lau, “Crosstalk penalty in all-optical distributed switching networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 250-252 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chae, C.-J.

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “All-optical gain control for bi-directional optical add-drop multiplexer using ASE noise path through multi-port circulators,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1839-1841 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Bidirectional optical add/drop multiplexer for single-fiber metro networks,” in the 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE, Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2001 (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 744-745.

Chan, C. K.

X. F. Sun, Z. X. Wang, C. K. Chan, C. L. Lin, and L. K. Chen, “A single-fiber bi-directional self-healing WDM metro-ring network with bi-directional OADM,” in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 583-584.

Chan, C.-K.

K.-P. Ho, C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, and L. K. Chen, “Exact analysis of homodyne crosstalk induced penalty in WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 457-458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C.-L.

S.-K. Liaw, W.-L. Cheng, Y.-S. Hsieh, C.-L. Chang, and H.-F. Ting, “Power compensated bi-directional reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer using built-in optical amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), paper JWA39.

Chang, M.-H.

S.-K. Liaw, M.-H. Chang, C.-J. Wang, and Y.-T. Lin, “Reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer with 8.0dB net gain using dual-pass amplified scheme,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 2016-2021 (2007).

Chen, L. K.

K.-P. Ho, C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, and L. K. Chen, “Exact analysis of homodyne crosstalk induced penalty in WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 457-458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Sun, Z. X. Wang, C. K. Chan, C. L. Lin, and L. K. Chen, “A single-fiber bi-directional self-healing WDM metro-ring network with bi-directional OADM,” in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 583-584.

Chen, L.-P.

L.-A. Buckman, L.-P. Chen, and K.-Y. Lau, “Crosstalk penalty in all-optical distributed switching networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 250-252 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, W.-L.

S.-K. Liaw, W.-L. Cheng, Y.-S. Hsieh, C.-L. Chang, and H.-F. Ting, “Power compensated bi-directional reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer using built-in optical amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), paper JWA39.

Chi, S.

S.-K. Liaw, K.-P. Ho, C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Multi-channel bidirectional transmission using a WDM MUX/DMUX pair and unidirectional in-line amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1664-1666 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Elrefaie, A. F.

M. A. Ali, A. F. Elrefaie, R. E. Wagner, and S. A. Ahmed, “Performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifier cascades in WDM multiple access lightwave networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1142-1145 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Franz, J. H.

J. H. Franz and V. K. Jain, “Optical Communications Components and Systems” (Alpha Science International, 2000).

Goh, C. S.

N. S. Moon, C. S. Goh, K. Kikuchi, and F. Knhota, “A novel bidirectional wavelength add-drop multiplexer based on fiber Bragg gratings and 4-port optical circulators,” in the 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE, Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2002 (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 297-298.

Habiby, S. F.

N. Antoniades, I. Roudas, R. E. Wagner, and S. F. Habiby, “Simulation of ASE noise accumulation in a wavelength add-drop multiplexer cascade,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1274-1276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ho, K.-P.

K.-P. Ho, C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, and L. K. Chen, “Exact analysis of homodyne crosstalk induced penalty in WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 457-458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S.-K. Liaw, K.-P. Ho, C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Multi-channel bidirectional transmission using a WDM MUX/DMUX pair and unidirectional in-line amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1664-1666 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, Y.-S.

S.-K. Liaw, W.-L. Cheng, Y.-S. Hsieh, C.-L. Chang, and H.-F. Ting, “Power compensated bi-directional reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer using built-in optical amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), paper JWA39.

Hung, K. L.

Hung, Y.-J.

S.-K. Liaw, S.-L. Tzeng, and Y.-J. Hung, “Rayleigh backscattering induced power penalty on bidirectional wavelength reuse fiber systems,” Opt. Commun. 188, 63-67 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jain, V. K.

J. H. Franz and V. K. Jain, “Optical Communications Components and Systems” (Alpha Science International, 2000).

Jang, W. Y.

Kamijoh, T.

H. Okayama, Y. Ozeki, T. Kamijoh, C. Q. Xu, and I. Asabayashi, “Dynamic wavelength selective add/drop node comprising fiber gratings and optical switches,” Electron. Lett. 33, 403-404 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

N. S. Moon, C. S. Goh, K. Kikuchi, and F. Knhota, “A novel bidirectional wavelength add-drop multiplexer based on fiber Bragg gratings and 4-port optical circulators,” in the 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE, Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2002 (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 297-298.

Knhota, F.

N. S. Moon, C. S. Goh, K. Kikuchi, and F. Knhota, “A novel bidirectional wavelength add-drop multiplexer based on fiber Bragg gratings and 4-port optical circulators,” in the 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE, Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2002 (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 297-298.

Lau, K.-Y.

L.-A. Buckman, L.-P. Chen, and K.-Y. Lau, “Crosstalk penalty in all-optical distributed switching networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 250-252 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liaw, S.-K.

S.-K. Liaw, W. Y. Jang, C.-J. Wang, and K. L. Hung, “Pump efficiency improvement of C-band tunable fiber laser using optical circulator and tunable fiber gratings,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2280-2285 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S.-K. Liaw, M.-H. Chang, C.-J. Wang, and Y.-T. Lin, “Reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer with 8.0dB net gain using dual-pass amplified scheme,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 2016-2021 (2007).

S.-K. Liaw, S.-L. Tzeng, and Y.-J. Hung, “Rayleigh backscattering induced power penalty on bidirectional wavelength reuse fiber systems,” Opt. Commun. 188, 63-67 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S.-K. Liaw, K.-P. Ho, C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Multi-channel bidirectional transmission using a WDM MUX/DMUX pair and unidirectional in-line amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1664-1666 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S.-K. Liaw, W.-L. Cheng, Y.-S. Hsieh, C.-L. Chang, and H.-F. Ting, “Power compensated bi-directional reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer using built-in optical amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), paper JWA39.

Lin, C.

S.-K. Liaw, K.-P. Ho, C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Multi-channel bidirectional transmission using a WDM MUX/DMUX pair and unidirectional in-line amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1664-1666 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. L.

X. F. Sun, Z. X. Wang, C. K. Chan, C. L. Lin, and L. K. Chen, “A single-fiber bi-directional self-healing WDM metro-ring network with bi-directional OADM,” in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 583-584.

Lin, Y.-T.

S.-K. Liaw, M.-H. Chang, C.-J. Wang, and Y.-T. Lin, “Reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer with 8.0dB net gain using dual-pass amplified scheme,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 2016-2021 (2007).

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, “Derivation of analytical expressions for the bit-error probability in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1816-1823 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Moon, N. S.

N. S. Moon, C. S. Goh, K. Kikuchi, and F. Knhota, “A novel bidirectional wavelength add-drop multiplexer based on fiber Bragg gratings and 4-port optical circulators,” in the 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE, Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2002 (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 297-298.

Okayama, H.

H. Okayama, Y. Ozeki, T. Kamijoh, C. Q. Xu, and I. Asabayashi, “Dynamic wavelength selective add/drop node comprising fiber gratings and optical switches,” Electron. Lett. 33, 403-404 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ozeki, Y.

H. Okayama, Y. Ozeki, T. Kamijoh, C. Q. Xu, and I. Asabayashi, “Dynamic wavelength selective add/drop node comprising fiber gratings and optical switches,” Electron. Lett. 33, 403-404 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Riziotis, C.

C. Riziotis and M. N. Zervas, “Performance comparison of Bragg grating-based optical add-drop multiplexers in WDM transmission systems,” IEE Proc.: Circuits Devices Syst. 149, 179-186 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Roudas, I.

N. Antoniades, I. Roudas, R. E. Wagner, and S. F. Habiby, “Simulation of ASE noise accumulation in a wavelength add-drop multiplexer cascade,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1274-1276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X. F.

X. F. Sun, Z. X. Wang, C. K. Chan, C. L. Lin, and L. K. Chen, “A single-fiber bi-directional self-healing WDM metro-ring network with bi-directional OADM,” in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 583-584.

Ting, H.-F.

S.-K. Liaw, W.-L. Cheng, Y.-S. Hsieh, C.-L. Chang, and H.-F. Ting, “Power compensated bi-directional reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer using built-in optical amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), paper JWA39.

Tong, F.

K.-P. Ho, C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, and L. K. Chen, “Exact analysis of homodyne crosstalk induced penalty in WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 457-458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tran, A. V.

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “All-optical gain control for bi-directional optical add-drop multiplexer using ASE noise path through multi-port circulators,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1839-1841 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Bidirectional optical add/drop multiplexer for single-fiber metro networks,” in the 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE, Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2001 (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 744-745.

Tucker, R. S.

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “All-optical gain control for bi-directional optical add-drop multiplexer using ASE noise path through multi-port circulators,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1839-1841 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Bidirectional optical add/drop multiplexer for single-fiber metro networks,” in the 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE, Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2001 (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 2, pp. 744-745.

Tzeng, S.-L.

S.-K. Liaw, S.-L. Tzeng, and Y.-J. Hung, “Rayleigh backscattering induced power penalty on bidirectional wavelength reuse fiber systems,” Opt. Commun. 188, 63-67 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, R. E.

N. Antoniades, I. Roudas, R. E. Wagner, and S. F. Habiby, “Simulation of ASE noise accumulation in a wavelength add-drop multiplexer cascade,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1274-1276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Ali, A. F. Elrefaie, R. E. Wagner, and S. A. Ahmed, “Performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifier cascades in WDM multiple access lightwave networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1142-1145 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.-J.

S.-K. Liaw, W. Y. Jang, C.-J. Wang, and K. L. Hung, “Pump efficiency improvement of C-band tunable fiber laser using optical circulator and tunable fiber gratings,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2280-2285 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S.-K. Liaw, M.-H. Chang, C.-J. Wang, and Y.-T. Lin, “Reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer with 8.0dB net gain using dual-pass amplified scheme,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 2016-2021 (2007).

Wang, Z. X.

X. F. Sun, Z. X. Wang, C. K. Chan, C. L. Lin, and L. K. Chen, “A single-fiber bi-directional self-healing WDM metro-ring network with bi-directional OADM,” in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 583-584.

Xu, C. Q.

H. Okayama, Y. Ozeki, T. Kamijoh, C. Q. Xu, and I. Asabayashi, “Dynamic wavelength selective add/drop node comprising fiber gratings and optical switches,” Electron. Lett. 33, 403-404 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zervas, M. N.

C. Riziotis and M. N. Zervas, “Performance comparison of Bragg grating-based optical add-drop multiplexers in WDM transmission systems,” IEE Proc.: Circuits Devices Syst. 149, 179-186 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. Okayama, Y. Ozeki, T. Kamijoh, C. Q. Xu, and I. Asabayashi, “Dynamic wavelength selective add/drop node comprising fiber gratings and optical switches,” Electron. Lett. 33, 403-404 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “All-optical gain control for bi-directional optical add-drop multiplexer using ASE noise path through multi-port circulators,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1839-1841 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc.: Circuits Devices Syst. (1)

C. Riziotis and M. N. Zervas, “Performance comparison of Bragg grating-based optical add-drop multiplexers in WDM transmission systems,” IEE Proc.: Circuits Devices Syst. 149, 179-186 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

K.-P. Ho, C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, and L. K. Chen, “Exact analysis of homodyne crosstalk induced penalty in WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 457-458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L.-A. Buckman, L.-P. Chen, and K.-Y. Lau, “Crosstalk penalty in all-optical distributed switching networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 250-252 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S.-K. Liaw, K.-P. Ho, C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Multi-channel bidirectional transmission using a WDM MUX/DMUX pair and unidirectional in-line amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1664-1666 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Ali, A. F. Elrefaie, R. E. Wagner, and S. A. Ahmed, “Performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifier cascades in WDM multiple access lightwave networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1142-1145 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. Antoniades, I. Roudas, R. E. Wagner, and S. F. Habiby, “Simulation of ASE noise accumulation in a wavelength add-drop multiplexer cascade,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1274-1276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

S.-K. Liaw, M.-H. Chang, C.-J. Wang, and Y.-T. Lin, “Reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer with 8.0dB net gain using dual-pass amplified scheme,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 2016-2021 (2007).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

D. Marcuse, “Derivation of analytical expressions for the bit-error probability in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1816-1823 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S.-K. Liaw, S.-L. Tzeng, and Y.-J. Hung, “Rayleigh backscattering induced power penalty on bidirectional wavelength reuse fiber systems,” Opt. Commun. 188, 63-67 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

S.-K. Liaw, W.-L. Cheng, Y.-S. Hsieh, C.-L. Chang, and H.-F. Ting, “Power compensated bi-directional reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer using built-in optical amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2008 (IEEE, 2008), paper JWA39.

J. H. Franz and V. K. Jain, “Optical Communications Components and Systems” (Alpha Science International, 2000).

X. F. Sun, Z. X. Wang, C. K. Chan, C. L. Lin, and L. K. Chen, “A single-fiber bi-directional self-healing WDM metro-ring network with bi-directional OADM,” in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 583-584.

N. S. Moon, C. S. Goh, K. Kikuchi, and F. Knhota, “A novel bidirectional wavelength add-drop multiplexer based on fiber Bragg gratings and 4-port optical circulators,” in the 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE, Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2002 (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 297-298.

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