Abstract

An approach for dynamically optimizing end-to-end quality of transmission (QoT) has been proposed. In this study, the function of the standard control plane of the automatically switched optical network is enhanced to perceive transmission impairments and control tunable physical impairment compensators in the physical layer. The QoT optimization model and algorithm are also developed to make a set of joint compensation budgets, and the compensator performance is adjusted dynamically according to these budgets. Thus end-to-end QoT optimization can be realized on the fly. Simulation results indicate that dynamic end-to-end QoT optimization can implement smooth distribution of signal quality and acceptable transmission performance. Simultaneously, compared with the case of separate compensation by using individual adaptive impairment compensators along the route, end-to-end QoT optimization can also avoid unnecessary compensator adjustments and can lower operating expenditures.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007 (5)

C. Matrakidis, C. Politi, and A. Stavdas, “Optical cross-connect architectures with the ability to tailor transmission properties,” J. Opt. Netw. 6, 550-558 (2007).

C. T. Politi, H. Haunstein, D. A. Schupke, S. Duhovnikov, G. Lehmann, A. Stavdas, M. Gunkel, J. Martensson, and A. Lord, “Integrated design and operation of a transparent optical network: a systematic approach to include physical layer awareness and cost function,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45(2), 40-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Politi, C. Matrakidis, A. Stavdas, V. Anagnostopoulos, and G. Matthias, “Cross layer routing in transparent optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA64.

N. M. Litchinitser, M. Sumetsky, and P. S. Westbrook, “Fiber-based tunable dispersion compensation,” J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep. 4, 41-85 (2007).

ITU-T Recommendation, “Physical transfer functions of optical network elements,” G.680 (2007).

2006 (8)

ITU-T Recommendation, “Architecture for the automatically switched optical network (ASON),” G.8080/Y1304 (2006).

K. Tanizawa and A. Hirose, “Adaptive control of tunable dispersion compensator that minimizes time-domain waveform error by steepest descent method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1466-1468 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, “Routing issues in transparent optical networks,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 3, pp. 189-194.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, “Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(12), 76-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Saleh and J. M. Simmons, “Evolution toward the next-generation core optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3303-3321 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Cardillo, V. Curri, and M. Mellia, “Considering transmission impairments in configuring wavelength routed optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFG6.

C. Qiao, W. Wei, and X. Liu, “Extending generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) for polymorphous, agile, and transparent optical networks (PATON),” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(12), 104-114 (2006).

N. Sambo, A. Giorgett, N. Andriolli, F. Cugini, L. Valcarenghi, and P. Castoldi, “GMPLS signaling feedback for encompassing physical impairments in transparent optical networks,” in Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2006), paper OPN09-03.

2005 (2)

Y. Huang, J. P. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Connection provisioning with transmission impairment consideration in optical WDM networks with high-speed channels,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 982-993 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Lee, J. M. Oh, D. Lee, J. Han, H. S. Chung, and K. Kim, “A variable-gain optical amplifier for metro WDM networks with mixed span losses: a gain-clamped semiconductor optical amplifier combined with a Raman fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1301-1303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. Vorbeck and M. Schneiders, “Cumulative nonlinear phase shift as engineering rule for performance estimation in 160-gb/s transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2571-2573 (2004).

2003 (2)

2002 (2)

M. Sharma, M. Soulliere, A. Boskovic, and L. Nederlof, “Value of agile transparent optical networks,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 293-294.

J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. P. Faure, “Nonlinear cumulated phase as a criterion to assess performance of terrestrial WDM systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2002), Vol. 70, pp. 365-367.

2001 (1)

J. Strand, A. L. Chiu, and R. Tkach, “Issues for routing in the optical layer,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(2), 81-87 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

B. Mukherjee, “WDM optical communication networks: progress and challenges,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1810-1824 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Frignac and S. Bigo, “Numerical optimization of residual dispersion in dispersion-managed systems at 40Gbit/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2000), Vol. 1, pp. 48-50.

1999 (1)

Anagnostopoulos, V.

C. Politi, C. Matrakidis, A. Stavdas, V. Anagnostopoulos, and G. Matthias, “Cross layer routing in transparent optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA64.

Andriolli, N.

N. Sambo, A. Giorgett, N. Andriolli, F. Cugini, L. Valcarenghi, and P. Castoldi, “GMPLS signaling feedback for encompassing physical impairments in transparent optical networks,” in Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2006), paper OPN09-03.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, “Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(12), 76-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Antona, J. C.

J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. P. Faure, “Nonlinear cumulated phase as a criterion to assess performance of terrestrial WDM systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2002), Vol. 70, pp. 365-367.

Bigo, S.

J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. P. Faure, “Nonlinear cumulated phase as a criterion to assess performance of terrestrial WDM systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2002), Vol. 70, pp. 365-367.

Y. Frignac and S. Bigo, “Numerical optimization of residual dispersion in dispersion-managed systems at 40Gbit/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2000), Vol. 1, pp. 48-50.

Boskovic, A.

M. Sharma, M. Soulliere, A. Boskovic, and L. Nederlof, “Value of agile transparent optical networks,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 293-294.

Cardillo, R.

R. Cardillo, V. Curri, and M. Mellia, “Considering transmission impairments in configuring wavelength routed optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFG6.

Castoldi, P.

N. Sambo, A. Giorgett, N. Andriolli, F. Cugini, L. Valcarenghi, and P. Castoldi, “GMPLS signaling feedback for encompassing physical impairments in transparent optical networks,” in Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2006), paper OPN09-03.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, “Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(12), 76-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, A. L.

J. Strand, A. L. Chiu, and R. Tkach, “Issues for routing in the optical layer,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(2), 81-87 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chung, H. S.

H. H. Lee, J. M. Oh, D. Lee, J. Han, H. S. Chung, and K. Kim, “A variable-gain optical amplifier for metro WDM networks with mixed span losses: a gain-clamped semiconductor optical amplifier combined with a Raman fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1301-1303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Comellas, J.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, “Routing issues in transparent optical networks,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 3, pp. 189-194.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, “Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(12), 76-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cugini, F.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, “Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(12), 76-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Sambo, A. Giorgett, N. Andriolli, F. Cugini, L. Valcarenghi, and P. Castoldi, “GMPLS signaling feedback for encompassing physical impairments in transparent optical networks,” in Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2006), paper OPN09-03.

Curri, V.

R. Cardillo, V. Curri, and M. Mellia, “Considering transmission impairments in configuring wavelength routed optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFG6.

Datta, D.

Duhovnikov, S.

C. T. Politi, H. Haunstein, D. A. Schupke, S. Duhovnikov, G. Lehmann, A. Stavdas, M. Gunkel, J. Martensson, and A. Lord, “Integrated design and operation of a transparent optical network: a systematic approach to include physical layer awareness and cost function,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45(2), 40-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dupas, A.

Faure, J. P.

J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. P. Faure, “Nonlinear cumulated phase as a criterion to assess performance of terrestrial WDM systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2002), Vol. 70, pp. 365-367.

Feng, H.

Frignac, Y.

Y. Frignac and S. Bigo, “Numerical optimization of residual dispersion in dispersion-managed systems at 40Gbit/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2000), Vol. 1, pp. 48-50.

Giorgett, A.

N. Sambo, A. Giorgett, N. Andriolli, F. Cugini, L. Valcarenghi, and P. Castoldi, “GMPLS signaling feedback for encompassing physical impairments in transparent optical networks,” in Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2006), paper OPN09-03.

Gunkel, M.

C. T. Politi, H. Haunstein, D. A. Schupke, S. Duhovnikov, G. Lehmann, A. Stavdas, M. Gunkel, J. Martensson, and A. Lord, “Integrated design and operation of a transparent optical network: a systematic approach to include physical layer awareness and cost function,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45(2), 40-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Han, J.

H. H. Lee, J. M. Oh, D. Lee, J. Han, H. S. Chung, and K. Kim, “A variable-gain optical amplifier for metro WDM networks with mixed span losses: a gain-clamped semiconductor optical amplifier combined with a Raman fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1301-1303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Haunstein, H.

C. T. Politi, H. Haunstein, D. A. Schupke, S. Duhovnikov, G. Lehmann, A. Stavdas, M. Gunkel, J. Martensson, and A. Lord, “Integrated design and operation of a transparent optical network: a systematic approach to include physical layer awareness and cost function,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45(2), 40-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

Hirose, A.

K. Tanizawa and A. Hirose, “Adaptive control of tunable dispersion compensator that minimizes time-domain waveform error by steepest descent method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1466-1468 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Junyent, G.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, “Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(12), 76-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, “Routing issues in transparent optical networks,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 3, pp. 189-194.

Kim, K.

H. H. Lee, J. M. Oh, D. Lee, J. Han, H. S. Chung, and K. Kim, “A variable-gain optical amplifier for metro WDM networks with mixed span losses: a gain-clamped semiconductor optical amplifier combined with a Raman fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1301-1303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D.

H. H. Lee, J. M. Oh, D. Lee, J. Han, H. S. Chung, and K. Kim, “A variable-gain optical amplifier for metro WDM networks with mixed span losses: a gain-clamped semiconductor optical amplifier combined with a Raman fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1301-1303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

Lee, H. H.

H. H. Lee, J. M. Oh, D. Lee, J. Han, H. S. Chung, and K. Kim, “A variable-gain optical amplifier for metro WDM networks with mixed span losses: a gain-clamped semiconductor optical amplifier combined with a Raman fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1301-1303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lehmann, G.

C. T. Politi, H. Haunstein, D. A. Schupke, S. Duhovnikov, G. Lehmann, A. Stavdas, M. Gunkel, J. Martensson, and A. Lord, “Integrated design and operation of a transparent optical network: a systematic approach to include physical layer awareness and cost function,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45(2), 40-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Litchinitser, N. M.

N. M. Litchinitser, M. Sumetsky, and P. S. Westbrook, “Fiber-based tunable dispersion compensation,” J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep. 4, 41-85 (2007).

Liu, X.

C. Qiao, W. Wei, and X. Liu, “Extending generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) for polymorphous, agile, and transparent optical networks (PATON),” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(12), 104-114 (2006).

Lord, A.

C. T. Politi, H. Haunstein, D. A. Schupke, S. Duhovnikov, G. Lehmann, A. Stavdas, M. Gunkel, J. Martensson, and A. Lord, “Integrated design and operation of a transparent optical network: a systematic approach to include physical layer awareness and cost function,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45(2), 40-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martensson, J.

C. T. Politi, H. Haunstein, D. A. Schupke, S. Duhovnikov, G. Lehmann, A. Stavdas, M. Gunkel, J. Martensson, and A. Lord, “Integrated design and operation of a transparent optical network: a systematic approach to include physical layer awareness and cost function,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45(2), 40-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, R.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, “Routing issues in transparent optical networks,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 3, pp. 189-194.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, “Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(12), 76-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matrakidis, C.

Matthias, G.

C. Politi, C. Matrakidis, A. Stavdas, V. Anagnostopoulos, and G. Matthias, “Cross layer routing in transparent optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA64.

Mellia, M.

R. Cardillo, V. Curri, and M. Mellia, “Considering transmission impairments in configuring wavelength routed optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFG6.

Mukherjee, B.

Nederlof, L.

M. Sharma, M. Soulliere, A. Boskovic, and L. Nederlof, “Value of agile transparent optical networks,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 293-294.

Oh, J. M.

H. H. Lee, J. M. Oh, D. Lee, J. Han, H. S. Chung, and K. Kim, “A variable-gain optical amplifier for metro WDM networks with mixed span losses: a gain-clamped semiconductor optical amplifier combined with a Raman fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1301-1303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O'Mahoney, M.

Penninckx, D.

D. Penninckx and C. Perret, “New physical analysis of 10-Gb/s transparent optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 778-780 (2003).

Perret, C.

D. Penninckx and C. Perret, “New physical analysis of 10-Gb/s transparent optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 778-780 (2003).

Pinart, C.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, “Routing issues in transparent optical networks,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 3, pp. 189-194.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, “Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(12), 76-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Politi, C.

C. Matrakidis, C. Politi, and A. Stavdas, “Optical cross-connect architectures with the ability to tailor transmission properties,” J. Opt. Netw. 6, 550-558 (2007).

C. Politi, C. Matrakidis, A. Stavdas, V. Anagnostopoulos, and G. Matthias, “Cross layer routing in transparent optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA64.

Politi, C. T.

C. T. Politi, H. Haunstein, D. A. Schupke, S. Duhovnikov, G. Lehmann, A. Stavdas, M. Gunkel, J. Martensson, and A. Lord, “Integrated design and operation of a transparent optical network: a systematic approach to include physical layer awareness and cost function,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45(2), 40-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, C.

C. Qiao, W. Wei, and X. Liu, “Extending generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) for polymorphous, agile, and transparent optical networks (PATON),” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(12), 104-114 (2006).

Ramamurthy, B.

Saleh, A. A.

Sambo, N.

N. Sambo, A. Giorgett, N. Andriolli, F. Cugini, L. Valcarenghi, and P. Castoldi, “GMPLS signaling feedback for encompassing physical impairments in transparent optical networks,” in Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2006), paper OPN09-03.

Schneiders, M.

S. Vorbeck and M. Schneiders, “Cumulative nonlinear phase shift as engineering rule for performance estimation in 160-gb/s transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2571-2573 (2004).

Schupke, D. A.

C. T. Politi, H. Haunstein, D. A. Schupke, S. Duhovnikov, G. Lehmann, A. Stavdas, M. Gunkel, J. Martensson, and A. Lord, “Integrated design and operation of a transparent optical network: a systematic approach to include physical layer awareness and cost function,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45(2), 40-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, M.

M. Sharma, M. Soulliere, A. Boskovic, and L. Nederlof, “Value of agile transparent optical networks,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 293-294.

Simmons, J. M.

Soulliere, M.

M. Sharma, M. Soulliere, A. Boskovic, and L. Nederlof, “Value of agile transparent optical networks,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 1, pp. 293-294.

Stavdas, A.

C. Matrakidis, C. Politi, and A. Stavdas, “Optical cross-connect architectures with the ability to tailor transmission properties,” J. Opt. Netw. 6, 550-558 (2007).

C. T. Politi, H. Haunstein, D. A. Schupke, S. Duhovnikov, G. Lehmann, A. Stavdas, M. Gunkel, J. Martensson, and A. Lord, “Integrated design and operation of a transparent optical network: a systematic approach to include physical layer awareness and cost function,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45(2), 40-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Politi, C. Matrakidis, A. Stavdas, V. Anagnostopoulos, and G. Matthias, “Cross layer routing in transparent optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA64.

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