Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate three novel schemes for upstream access and local area network emulation among customers in a passive optical network using a single reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA) placed at the customer premises. The first scheme uses the broadband amplified spontaneous emission spectra of the RSOA for the transport of the local area network traffic among the customers, while the second scheme uses the optical carriers delivered to each optical network unit from the central office for the wavelength seeding of the RSOA to facilitate the transport of the local area network traffic. The third scheme describes the self-seeding process of the RSOA with the use of fiber Bragg gratings placed at the optical network unit to facilitate the upstream access and local area network traffic. These schemes for optical layer local area networking among the customers are experimentally demonstrated with more than 2Gbits/s downstream data, 1Gbit/s upstream access traffic, and 1Gbit/s local area network traffic. Moreover, the results of the experiments of all three schemes are compared further and discussed in terms of bandwidth of the local area network traffic, seeding optical power into the reflective semiconductor optical amplifier, and power budget.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007 (1)

H.-C. Kwon, Y.-Y. Won, and S.-K. Han, “Bidirectional SCM transmission using a noise-suppressed Fabry-Pérot laser diode and a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier in a WDM/SCM-PON link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 858-860 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Bandwidth efficient PON system for broadband access and local customer networking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 670-672 (2006).

2005 (5)

N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, and E. Wong, “A novel local area network emulation technique on passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1121-1123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, E. Wong, and A. Nirmalathas, “Novel schemes for local area network emulation in passive optical networks with RF subcarrier multiplexed customer traffic,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2974-2983 (2005).

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, “Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 250-252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Le, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Lundqvist and G. Karlsson, “On error-correction coding for CDMA PON,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2342-2351 (2005).

2004 (4)

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, and Y. C. Chung, “Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).

E. Wong and C.-J. Chae, “CSMA/CD-based Ethernet passive optical network with optical internetworking capability among users,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2195-2197 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Green, “Fiber to the home: the next big broadband thing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(9), 100-106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, and K.-H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2582-2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

2002 (2)

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 66-73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C.-J. Chae, E. Wong, and R. S. Tucker, “Optical CSMA/CD media access scheme for Ethernet over passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 711-713 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328-333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Venkateswaran, “Virtual private networks,” IEEE Potentials 20, 11-15 (2001).

C.-J. Chae, P. Heesang, and E. Jong-Hoon, “An ATM PON system overlaid with a 155-Mb/s optical star network for customer networking and fiber to the premises,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1133-1135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

1999 (1)

C.-J. Chae, L. Seung-Tak, K. Geun-Young, and P. Heesang, “A PON system suitable for internetworking optical network units using a fiber Bragg grating on the feeder fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1686-1688 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

E. J. Hernandez-Valencia, “Architectures for broadband residential IP services over CATV networks,” IEEE Network 11, 36-43 (1997).

G. J. Pendock and D. D. Sampson, “Transmission performance of high bit rate spectrum-sliced WDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2141-2148 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

R. D. Feldman, K.-Y. Liou, G. Raybon, and R. F. Austin, “Reduction of optical beat interference in a subcarrier multiple-access passive optical network through the use of an amplified light-emitting diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 116-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

G. J. Pendock, M. J. L. Cahill, and D. D. Sampson, “Multi-gigabit per second demonstration of photonic code division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 31, 819-820 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J.-G. Zhang and G. Picchi, “Forward error-correction codes in incoherent optical fibre CDMA networks,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1460-1462 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

R. K. Staubli and P. Gysel, “Crosstalk penalties due to coherent Rayleigh noise in bidirectional optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 375-380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

R. H. Wentworth, “Theoretical noise performance of coherence-multiplexed interferometric sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 941-956 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

J. L. Gimlett and N. K. Cheung, “Dispersion penalty analysis for LED/single-mode fiber transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1381-1392 (1986).

1984 (1)

A. Hartog and M. Gold, “On the theory of backscattering in single-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 76-82 (1984).

Ahn, J.-G.

Arellano, C.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, “Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 250-252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arnaud, B.

Attygalle, M.

N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, E. Wong, and A. Nirmalathas, “Novel schemes for local area network emulation in passive optical networks with RF subcarrier multiplexed customer traffic,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2974-2983 (2005).

N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, and E. Wong, “A novel local area network emulation technique on passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1121-1123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Austin, R. F.

R. D. Feldman, K.-Y. Liou, G. Raybon, and R. F. Austin, “Reduction of optical beat interference in a subcarrier multiple-access passive optical network through the use of an amplified light-emitting diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 116-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bock, C.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, “Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 250-252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cahill, M. J. L.

G. J. Pendock, M. J. L. Cahill, and D. D. Sampson, “Multi-gigabit per second demonstration of photonic code division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 31, 819-820 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chae, C.-J.

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Bandwidth efficient PON system for broadband access and local customer networking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 670-672 (2006).

E. Wong and C.-J. Chae, “CSMA/CD-based Ethernet passive optical network with optical internetworking capability among users,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2195-2197 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C.-J. Chae, E. Wong, and R. S. Tucker, “Optical CSMA/CD media access scheme for Ethernet over passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 711-713 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C.-J. Chae, P. Heesang, and E. Jong-Hoon, “An ATM PON system overlaid with a 155-Mb/s optical star network for customer networking and fiber to the premises,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1133-1135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C.-J. Chae, L. Seung-Tak, K. Geun-Young, and P. Heesang, “A PON system suitable for internetworking optical network units using a fiber Bragg grating on the feeder fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1686-1688 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Wong and C.-J. Chae, “Performance of differentiated services in a CSMA/CD-based Ethernet over passive optical network,” in Proceedings of the 17th Annual Lasers and Electro Optics Society Meeting (IEEE, 2004), pp. 641-642.

E. Wong and C.-J. Chae, “Efficient dynamic bandwidth allocation based on upstream broadcast in Ethernet passive optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OF16.

E. Wong and C.-J. Chae, “Support of differentiated services in Ethernet passive optical networks via upstream broadcast dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” in Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Optical Internet (2005), pp. 494-499.

Cheung, N. K.

J. L. Gimlett and N. K. Cheung, “Dispersion penalty analysis for LED/single-mode fiber transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1381-1392 (1986).

Cho, S. H.

W. Le, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H. Y.

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, and Y. C. Chung, “Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).

Chung, Y. C.

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, and Y. C. Chung, “Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, R.

R. Cohen, “On the establishment of an access VPN in broadband access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(2), 156-163 (2003).

Demeechai, T.

T. Demeechai and A. B. Sharma, “Beat noise in a non-coherent optical CDMA system,” in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Communication Systems (2002), Vol. 2, pp. 899-902.

Derosier, R. M.

Desai, B. N.

B. N. Desai, N. J. Frigo, A. Smiljanic, K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, and R. S. Roman, “An optical implementation of a packet-based (Ethernet) MAC in a WDM passive optical network overlay,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001) paper WN5.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, R. D.

R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood, and M. Zirngibl, “An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1546-1559 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Feldman, K.-Y. Liou, G. Raybon, and R. F. Austin, “Reduction of optical beat interference in a subcarrier multiple-access passive optical network through the use of an amplified light-emitting diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 116-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Freriks, H.

Frigo, N. J.

P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, A. Smiljanic, N. J. Frigo, A. H. Gnauck, L. H. Spiekman, and R. M. Derosier, “A transparent WDM network featuring shared virtual rings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1955-1963 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Desai, N. J. Frigo, A. Smiljanic, K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, and R. S. Roman, “An optical implementation of a packet-based (Ethernet) MAC in a WDM passive optical network overlay,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001) paper WN5.

Fujimoto, Y.

H. Mickelsson, E. Sundberg, P. Strömgren, and Y. Fujimoto, “Single or dual fiber for 100Mb/s over SMIF?” http://www.ieee802.org/3/efm/public/jan02/mickelsson_2_0102.pdf.

Geun-Young, K.

C.-J. Chae, L. Seung-Tak, K. Geun-Young, and P. Heesang, “A PON system suitable for internetworking optical network units using a fiber Bragg grating on the feeder fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1686-1688 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gimlett, J. L.

J. L. Gimlett and N. K. Cheung, “Dispersion penalty analysis for LED/single-mode fiber transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1381-1392 (1986).

Gnauck, A. H.

Gold, M.

A. Hartog and M. Gold, “On the theory of backscattering in single-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 76-82 (1984).

Green, P. E.

P. E. Green, “Fiber to the home: the next big broadband thing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(9), 100-106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gysel, P.

R. K. Staubli and P. Gysel, “Crosstalk penalties due to coherent Rayleigh noise in bidirectional optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 375-380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Han, K. H.

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, and Y. C. Chung, “Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).

Han, S.-K.

H.-C. Kwon, Y.-Y. Won, and S.-K. Han, “Bidirectional SCM transmission using a noise-suppressed Fabry-Pérot laser diode and a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier in a WDM/SCM-PON link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 858-860 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Harstead, E. E.

Hartog, A.

A. Hartog and M. Gold, “On the theory of backscattering in single-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 76-82 (1984).

Heesang, P.

C.-J. Chae, P. Heesang, and E. Jong-Hoon, “An ATM PON system overlaid with a 155-Mb/s optical star network for customer networking and fiber to the premises,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1133-1135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C.-J. Chae, L. Seung-Tak, K. Geun-Young, and P. Heesang, “A PON system suitable for internetworking optical network units using a fiber Bragg grating on the feeder fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1686-1688 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hernandez-Valencia, E. J.

E. J. Hernandez-Valencia, “Architectures for broadband residential IP services over CATV networks,” IEEE Network 11, 36-43 (1997).

Iannone, P. P.

P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, A. Smiljanic, N. J. Frigo, A. H. Gnauck, L. H. Spiekman, and R. M. Derosier, “A transparent WDM network featuring shared virtual rings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1955-1963 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Desai, N. J. Frigo, A. Smiljanic, K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, and R. S. Roman, “An optical implementation of a packet-based (Ethernet) MAC in a WDM passive optical network overlay,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001) paper WN5.

Jeong, G.

W. Le, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, K.-T.

Jiang, S.

Jong-Hoon, E.

C.-J. Chae, P. Heesang, and E. Jong-Hoon, “An ATM PON system overlaid with a 155-Mb/s optical star network for customer networking and fiber to the premises,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1133-1135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kafka, H.

D. Kettler, H. Kafka, and D. Spears, “Driving fiber to the home,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(11), 106-110 (2000).

Kalali, B.

Karlsson, G.

Kettler, D.

D. Kettler, H. Kafka, and D. Spears, “Driving fiber to the home,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(11), 106-110 (2000).

Kim, B. W.

W. Le, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B.-W.

B.-W. Kim, “WDM PON for next generation access in Korea,” in 3rd International Workshop on the Future of Optical Networking, Proceedings of the 12th Optoelectronics and Communications Conference and 16th International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (2007), pp. 75-85.

Kim, C.

W. Le, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kramer, G.

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 66-73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and A. Maislos, “Ethernet passive optical networks,” in IP over WDM: Building the Next Generation Optical Internet, S.Dixit, ed. (Wiley, 2003), Chap. 8, pp. 229-275.

Kwon, H.-C.

H.-C. Kwon, Y.-Y. Won, and S.-K. Han, “Bidirectional SCM transmission using a noise-suppressed Fabry-Pérot laser diode and a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier in a WDM/SCM-PON link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 858-860 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Le, W.

W. Le, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

Lee, J.

W. Le, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. S.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lim, K. W.

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, and Y. C. Chung, “Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).

Liou, K.-Y.

R. D. Feldman, K.-Y. Liou, G. Raybon, and R. F. Austin, “Reduction of optical beat interference in a subcarrier multiple-access passive optical network through the use of an amplified light-emitting diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 116-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lundqvist, H.

Maier, G.

Maislos, A.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and A. Maislos, “Ethernet passive optical networks,” in IP over WDM: Building the Next Generation Optical Internet, S.Dixit, ed. (Wiley, 2003), Chap. 8, pp. 229-275.

Martinelli, M.

Mickelsson, H.

H. Mickelsson, E. Sundberg, P. Strömgren, and Y. Fujimoto, “Single or dual fiber for 100Mb/s over SMIF?” http://www.ieee802.org/3/efm/public/jan02/mickelsson_2_0102.pdf.

Mukherjee, B.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and A. Maislos, “Ethernet passive optical networks,” in IP over WDM: Building the Next Generation Optical Internet, S.Dixit, ed. (Wiley, 2003), Chap. 8, pp. 229-275.

Nadarajah, N.

N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, and E. Wong, “A novel local area network emulation technique on passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1121-1123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, E. Wong, and A. Nirmalathas, “Novel schemes for local area network emulation in passive optical networks with RF subcarrier multiplexed customer traffic,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2974-2983 (2005).

Nirmalathas, A.

N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, E. Wong, and A. Nirmalathas, “Novel schemes for local area network emulation in passive optical networks with RF subcarrier multiplexed customer traffic,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2974-2983 (2005).

N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, and E. Wong, “A novel local area network emulation technique on passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1121-1123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.-J.

Park, M. Y.

W. Le, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.-J.

Pattavina, A.

Pendock, G. J.

G. J. Pendock and D. D. Sampson, “Transmission performance of high bit rate spectrum-sliced WDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2141-2148 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Pendock, M. J. L. Cahill, and D. D. Sampson, “Multi-gigabit per second demonstration of photonic code division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 31, 819-820 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pesavento, G.

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 66-73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Picchi, G.

J.-G. Zhang and G. Picchi, “Forward error-correction codes in incoherent optical fibre CDMA networks,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1460-1462 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Polo, V.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, “Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 250-252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Prat, J.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, “Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 250-252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Radovanovic, I.

Ramaswami, R.

R. Ramaswami, Optical Networks--A Practical Perspective (Morgan Kaufmann, 1998).

Raybon, G.

R. D. Feldman, K.-Y. Liou, G. Raybon, and R. F. Austin, “Reduction of optical beat interference in a subcarrier multiple-access passive optical network through the use of an amplified light-emitting diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 116-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Reichmann, K. C.

P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, A. Smiljanic, N. J. Frigo, A. H. Gnauck, L. H. Spiekman, and R. M. Derosier, “A transparent WDM network featuring shared virtual rings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1955-1963 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Desai, N. J. Frigo, A. Smiljanic, K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, and R. S. Roman, “An optical implementation of a packet-based (Ethernet) MAC in a WDM passive optical network overlay,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001) paper WN5.

Roman, R. S.

B. N. Desai, N. J. Frigo, A. Smiljanic, K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, and R. S. Roman, “An optical implementation of a packet-based (Ethernet) MAC in a WDM passive optical network overlay,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001) paper WN5.

Salvadori, E.

Sampson, D. D.

G. J. Pendock and D. D. Sampson, “Transmission performance of high bit rate spectrum-sliced WDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2141-2148 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Pendock, M. J. L. Cahill, and D. D. Sampson, “Multi-gigabit per second demonstration of photonic code division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 31, 819-820 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sato, K.

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328-333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Seung-Tak, L.

C.-J. Chae, L. Seung-Tak, K. Geun-Young, and P. Heesang, “A PON system suitable for internetworking optical network units using a fiber Bragg grating on the feeder fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1686-1688 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shanmugam, K. S.

K. S. Shanmugam, Digital and Analog Communication Systems (Wiley, 1985).

Sharma, A. B.

T. Demeechai and A. B. Sharma, “Beat noise in a non-coherent optical CDMA system,” in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Communication Systems (2002), Vol. 2, pp. 899-902.

Smiljanic, A.

P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, A. Smiljanic, N. J. Frigo, A. H. Gnauck, L. H. Spiekman, and R. M. Derosier, “A transparent WDM network featuring shared virtual rings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1955-1963 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Desai, N. J. Frigo, A. Smiljanic, K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, and R. S. Roman, “An optical implementation of a packet-based (Ethernet) MAC in a WDM passive optical network overlay,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001) paper WN5.

Son, E. S.

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, and Y. C. Chung, “Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).

Song, K.-H.

Spears, D.

D. Kettler, H. Kafka, and D. Spears, “Driving fiber to the home,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(11), 106-110 (2000).

Spiekman, L. H.

Staubli, R. K.

R. K. Staubli and P. Gysel, “Crosstalk penalties due to coherent Rayleigh noise in bidirectional optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 375-380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Strömgren, P.

H. Mickelsson, E. Sundberg, P. Strömgren, and Y. Fujimoto, “Single or dual fiber for 100Mb/s over SMIF?” http://www.ieee802.org/3/efm/public/jan02/mickelsson_2_0102.pdf.

Sundberg, E.

H. Mickelsson, E. Sundberg, P. Strömgren, and Y. Fujimoto, “Single or dual fiber for 100Mb/s over SMIF?” http://www.ieee802.org/3/efm/public/jan02/mickelsson_2_0102.pdf.

Toba, H.

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328-333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tran, A. V.

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Bandwidth efficient PON system for broadband access and local customer networking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 670-672 (2006).

Tucker, R. S.

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Bandwidth efficient PON system for broadband access and local customer networking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 670-672 (2006).

C.-J. Chae, E. Wong, and R. S. Tucker, “Optical CSMA/CD media access scheme for Ethernet over passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 711-713 (2002).
[CrossRef]

van Etten, W.

Venkateswaran, R.

R. Venkateswaran, “Virtual private networks,” IEEE Potentials 20, 11-15 (2001).

Wentworth, R. H.

R. H. Wentworth, “Theoretical noise performance of coherence-multiplexed interferometric sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 941-956 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Won, Y.-Y.

H.-C. Kwon, Y.-Y. Won, and S.-K. Han, “Bidirectional SCM transmission using a noise-suppressed Fabry-Pérot laser diode and a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier in a WDM/SCM-PON link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 858-860 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wong, E.

N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, E. Wong, and A. Nirmalathas, “Novel schemes for local area network emulation in passive optical networks with RF subcarrier multiplexed customer traffic,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2974-2983 (2005).

N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, and E. Wong, “A novel local area network emulation technique on passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1121-1123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. Wong and C.-J. Chae, “CSMA/CD-based Ethernet passive optical network with optical internetworking capability among users,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2195-2197 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C.-J. Chae, E. Wong, and R. S. Tucker, “Optical CSMA/CD media access scheme for Ethernet over passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 711-713 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Wong and C.-J. Chae, “Performance of differentiated services in a CSMA/CD-based Ethernet over passive optical network,” in Proceedings of the 17th Annual Lasers and Electro Optics Society Meeting (IEEE, 2004), pp. 641-642.

E. Wong and C.-J. Chae, “Efficient dynamic bandwidth allocation based on upstream broadcast in Ethernet passive optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OF16.

E. Wong and C.-J. Chae, “Support of differentiated services in Ethernet passive optical networks via upstream broadcast dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” in Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Optical Internet (2005), pp. 494-499.

Wood, T. H.

Wu, J.

Zhang, J.-G.

J.-G. Zhang and G. Picchi, “Forward error-correction codes in incoherent optical fibre CDMA networks,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1460-1462 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zirngibl, M.

Electron. Lett. (2)

G. J. Pendock, M. J. L. Cahill, and D. D. Sampson, “Multi-gigabit per second demonstration of photonic code division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 31, 819-820 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-G. Zhang and G. Picchi, “Forward error-correction codes in incoherent optical fibre CDMA networks,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1460-1462 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (4)

P. E. Green, “Fiber to the home: the next big broadband thing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(9), 100-106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 66-73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Kettler, H. Kafka, and D. Spears, “Driving fiber to the home,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(11), 106-110 (2000).

R. Cohen, “On the establishment of an access VPN in broadband access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(2), 156-163 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328-333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Network (1)

E. J. Hernandez-Valencia, “Architectures for broadband residential IP services over CATV networks,” IEEE Network 11, 36-43 (1997).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (12)

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Bandwidth efficient PON system for broadband access and local customer networking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 670-672 (2006).

C.-J. Chae, P. Heesang, and E. Jong-Hoon, “An ATM PON system overlaid with a 155-Mb/s optical star network for customer networking and fiber to the premises,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1133-1135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C.-J. Chae, L. Seung-Tak, K. Geun-Young, and P. Heesang, “A PON system suitable for internetworking optical network units using a fiber Bragg grating on the feeder fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1686-1688 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Wong and C.-J. Chae, “CSMA/CD-based Ethernet passive optical network with optical internetworking capability among users,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2195-2197 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, and E. Wong, “A novel local area network emulation technique on passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1121-1123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, “Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 250-252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H.-C. Kwon, Y.-Y. Won, and S.-K. Han, “Bidirectional SCM transmission using a noise-suppressed Fabry-Pérot laser diode and a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier in a WDM/SCM-PON link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 858-860 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Le, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Feldman, K.-Y. Liou, G. Raybon, and R. F. Austin, “Reduction of optical beat interference in a subcarrier multiple-access passive optical network through the use of an amplified light-emitting diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 116-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C.-J. Chae, E. Wong, and R. S. Tucker, “Optical CSMA/CD media access scheme for Ethernet over passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 711-713 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, and Y. C. Chung, “Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).

IEEE Potentials (1)

R. Venkateswaran, “Virtual private networks,” IEEE Potentials 20, 11-15 (2001).

J. Lightwave Technol. (13)

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, and K.-H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2582-2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, and E. Salvadori, “Design and cost performance of the multistage WDM-PON access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 125-143 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood, and M. Zirngibl, “An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1546-1559 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Staubli and P. Gysel, “Crosstalk penalties due to coherent Rayleigh noise in bidirectional optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 375-380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Hartog and M. Gold, “On the theory of backscattering in single-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 76-82 (1984).

N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, E. Wong, and A. Nirmalathas, “Novel schemes for local area network emulation in passive optical networks with RF subcarrier multiplexed customer traffic,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2974-2983 (2005).

J. L. Gimlett and N. K. Cheung, “Dispersion penalty analysis for LED/single-mode fiber transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1381-1392 (1986).

G. J. Pendock and D. D. Sampson, “Transmission performance of high bit rate spectrum-sliced WDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2141-2148 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. Arnaud, J. Wu, and B. Kalali, “Customer-controlled and -managed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2804-2810 (2003).

P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, A. Smiljanic, N. J. Frigo, A. H. Gnauck, L. H. Spiekman, and R. M. Derosier, “A transparent WDM network featuring shared virtual rings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1955-1963 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Radovanovic, W. van Etten, and H. Freriks, “Ethernet-based passive optical local-area networks for fiber-to-the-desk application,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2534-2545 (2003).

R. H. Wentworth, “Theoretical noise performance of coherence-multiplexed interferometric sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 941-956 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. Lundqvist and G. Karlsson, “On error-correction coding for CDMA PON,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2342-2351 (2005).

Other (12)

ITU Recommendatioon G.984.2, “Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (GPON): physical media dependent (PMD) layer specification,” www.itu.int/itudoc/itu-t/aap/sg/5aap/history/g984.2/g984.2.htm.

B.-W. Kim, “WDM PON for next generation access in Korea,” in 3rd International Workshop on the Future of Optical Networking, Proceedings of the 12th Optoelectronics and Communications Conference and 16th International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (2007), pp. 75-85.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and A. Maislos, “Ethernet passive optical networks,” in IP over WDM: Building the Next Generation Optical Internet, S.Dixit, ed. (Wiley, 2003), Chap. 8, pp. 229-275.

B. N. Desai, N. J. Frigo, A. Smiljanic, K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, and R. S. Roman, “An optical implementation of a packet-based (Ethernet) MAC in a WDM passive optical network overlay,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001) paper WN5.

E. Wong and C.-J. Chae, “Performance of differentiated services in a CSMA/CD-based Ethernet over passive optical network,” in Proceedings of the 17th Annual Lasers and Electro Optics Society Meeting (IEEE, 2004), pp. 641-642.

E. Wong and C.-J. Chae, “Efficient dynamic bandwidth allocation based on upstream broadcast in Ethernet passive optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OF16.

E. Wong and C.-J. Chae, “Support of differentiated services in Ethernet passive optical networks via upstream broadcast dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” in Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Optical Internet (2005), pp. 494-499.

K. S. Shanmugam, Digital and Analog Communication Systems (Wiley, 1985).

R. Ramaswami, Optical Networks--A Practical Perspective (Morgan Kaufmann, 1998).

T. Demeechai and A. B. Sharma, “Beat noise in a non-coherent optical CDMA system,” in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Communication Systems (2002), Vol. 2, pp. 899-902.

H. Mickelsson, E. Sundberg, P. Strömgren, and Y. Fujimoto, “Single or dual fiber for 100Mb/s over SMIF?” http://www.ieee802.org/3/efm/public/jan02/mickelsson_2_0102.pdf.

IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks, “Part 3: CSMA/CD access method and physical layer specifications,” IEEE Std 802.3ah (IEEE, 2004).

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