Abstract

We describe and study the feasibility of a novel network architecture for self-protected long-reach 10 Gbits/s Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs) aiming for a scenario based on a converged access and metro infrastructure. The network relies on an amplified ring feeder to properly interconnect several EPONs to a single optical line terminal. The network performance is evaluated using computer simulations at both physical and logical layers, taking into account the service and protection operational states. The study developed in the optical layer assesses the impact of several physical impairments in the upstream and downstream transmission, while the logical analysis evaluates the performance of different dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms operating in the medium access control layer of the upstream channel. The results obtained prove the feasibility of the proposed network considering a ring extension of 100 km, supporting four EPONs of 32 optical network units each and operating at 10 Gbits/s.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Kikushima, H. Yoshinaga, and S. Aoyagi, “Recent FTTH systems and services of NTT in Japan,” presented at the 8th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, Nottingham, UK, June 18-22, 2006.
  2. M. Abrams, P. C. Decker, Y. Fujimoto, V. O'Byrne, and D. Piehler, “FTTP deployments in the United States and Japan--equipment choices and service provider imperatives,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 236-246 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. Gianordoli, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, A. Stadler, and R. Grabenhorst, “Next generation PON,” in e&i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik (Springer Wien, 2006), Vol. 123, pp. 78-82.
  4. G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 66-73 (2002).
  5. Recommendation G.983.1, “Broadband optical access systems based on passive optical networks” (ITU-T, 2002).
  6. Recommendation G.984.1, “Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (G-PON): general characteristics” (ITU-T, 2003).
  7. IEEE 802.3ah Working Group, “Ethernet in the first mile standard” (IEEE, 2004).
  8. IEEE 802.3, “Call for interest: 10 Gbps PHY for EPON” (IEEE, 2006), http://www.ieee802.org/3/cfi/0306_1/cfi_0306_1.pdf.
  9. D. Mestdagh and C. Martin, “The super-PON concept and its technical challenges,” in Proceedings of the International IFIP-IEEE Conference on Broadband Communications (IEEE, 1996), pp. 333-344.
  10. I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, I. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, “The superPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 74-82 (2000).
  11. A. J. Phillips, J. M. Senior, R. Mercinelli, M. Valvo, P. J. Vetter, C. M. Martin, M. O. Van Deventer, P. Vaes, and X. Z. Qiu, “Redundancy strategies for a high splitting optically amplified passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 137-149 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. J. Phillips, J. M. Senior, P. J. Vetter, M. O. van Deventer, M. Valvo, and R. Mercinelli, “Reliability of superPON systems,” in IEE Conference on Telecommunications (1998), pp. 219-223.
  13. J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Long-reach 10 Gbps Ethernet passive optical network based on a protected ring architecture,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuI2.
  14. F.-T. An, K. S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, and L. G. Kazovsky, “SUCCESS: a next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2557-2569 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  15. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): a dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun. 4, 89-107 (2002).
  16. C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  17. IEEE 802.3, “Status of ITU 984.enhance,” F. Effenberger, Huawei Technologies (IEEE, 2007), www.ieee802.org/3/av/public/2007_05/3av_0705_effenberger_3.pdf.
  18. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1992).
  19. Recommendation G.652, “Characteristics of a single-mode optical fibre and cable” (ITU-T, 2005).
  20. D. Nesset, T. Kelly, S. Appathurai, and R. Davey, “High gain semiconductor optical amplifiers for extended reach GPON systems,” in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2007), paper PD 3.5.
  21. M. P. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, “Ethernet PONs: a survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(8), S8-S15 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  22. H.-J. Byun, J.-M. Nho, and J.-T. Lim, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1001-1002 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  23. Y. Luo and N. Ansari, “Bandwidth allocation for multiservice access on EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(2), S16-S21 (2005).
  24. S. Yin, Y. Luo, N. Ansari, and T. Wang, “Bandwidth allocation over EPONs: a controllability perspective,” in Proceedings of Global Telecommunications Conference (2006), paper NXG02-3.
  25. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirth, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw. 1, 280-298 (2002).
  26. M. Shreedhar and G. Varghese, “Efficient fair queuing using deficit round robin,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGCOMM (ACM, 1995), pp. 231-242.
  27. M. Krunz and A. Makowski, “Modelling video traffic using M/G/∞ input processes: a compromise between Markovian and LRD models,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 733-748 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  28. W. Willinger, M. S. Taqqu, R. Sherman, and D. V. Wilson, “Self-similarity through high-variability: statistical analysis of Ethernet LAN traffic at the source level,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 5, 71-86 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  29. K. Claffy, G. Miller, and K. Thompson, “The nature of the beast: recent traffic measurements from an Internet backbone,” in Proceedings of INET (1998).

2008 (1)

J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Long-reach 10 Gbps Ethernet passive optical network based on a protected ring architecture,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuI2.

2007 (2)

IEEE 802.3, “Status of ITU 984.enhance,” F. Effenberger, Huawei Technologies (IEEE, 2007), www.ieee802.org/3/av/public/2007_05/3av_0705_effenberger_3.pdf.

D. Nesset, T. Kelly, S. Appathurai, and R. Davey, “High gain semiconductor optical amplifiers for extended reach GPON systems,” in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2007), paper PD 3.5.

2006 (3)

S. Yin, Y. Luo, N. Ansari, and T. Wang, “Bandwidth allocation over EPONs: a controllability perspective,” in Proceedings of Global Telecommunications Conference (2006), paper NXG02-3.

S. Gianordoli, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, A. Stadler, and R. Grabenhorst, “Next generation PON,” in e&i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik (Springer Wien, 2006), Vol. 123, pp. 78-82.

IEEE 802.3, “Call for interest: 10 Gbps PHY for EPON” (IEEE, 2006), http://www.ieee802.org/3/cfi/0306_1/cfi_0306_1.pdf.

2005 (3)

Recommendation G.652, “Characteristics of a single-mode optical fibre and cable” (ITU-T, 2005).

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, “Bandwidth allocation for multiservice access on EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(2), S16-S21 (2005).

M. Abrams, P. C. Decker, Y. Fujimoto, V. O'Byrne, and D. Piehler, “FTTP deployments in the United States and Japan--equipment choices and service provider imperatives,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 236-246 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

F.-T. An, K. S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, and L. G. Kazovsky, “SUCCESS: a next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2557-2569 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. P. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, “Ethernet PONs: a survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(8), S8-S15 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEEE 802.3ah Working Group, “Ethernet in the first mile standard” (IEEE, 2004).

2003 (3)

Recommendation G.984.1, “Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (G-PON): general characteristics” (ITU-T, 2003).

H.-J. Byun, J.-M. Nho, and J.-T. Lim, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1001-1002 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (4)

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 66-73 (2002).

Recommendation G.983.1, “Broadband optical access systems based on passive optical networks” (ITU-T, 2002).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): a dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun. 4, 89-107 (2002).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirth, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw. 1, 280-298 (2002).

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, I. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, “The superPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 74-82 (2000).

1998 (3)

M. Krunz and A. Makowski, “Modelling video traffic using M/G/∞ input processes: a compromise between Markovian and LRD models,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 733-748 (1998).
[Crossref]

K. Claffy, G. Miller, and K. Thompson, “The nature of the beast: recent traffic measurements from an Internet backbone,” in Proceedings of INET (1998).

A. J. Phillips, J. M. Senior, P. J. Vetter, M. O. van Deventer, M. Valvo, and R. Mercinelli, “Reliability of superPON systems,” in IEE Conference on Telecommunications (1998), pp. 219-223.

1997 (1)

W. Willinger, M. S. Taqqu, R. Sherman, and D. V. Wilson, “Self-similarity through high-variability: statistical analysis of Ethernet LAN traffic at the source level,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 5, 71-86 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

D. Mestdagh and C. Martin, “The super-PON concept and its technical challenges,” in Proceedings of the International IFIP-IEEE Conference on Broadband Communications (IEEE, 1996), pp. 333-344.

1995 (1)

M. Shreedhar and G. Varghese, “Efficient fair queuing using deficit round robin,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGCOMM (ACM, 1995), pp. 231-242.

1992 (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1992).

Abrams, M.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1992).

Ali, M. A.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
[Crossref]

An, F.-T.

Ansari, N.

S. Yin, Y. Luo, N. Ansari, and T. Wang, “Bandwidth allocation over EPONs: a controllability perspective,” in Proceedings of Global Telecommunications Conference (2006), paper NXG02-3.

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, “Bandwidth allocation for multiservice access on EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(2), S16-S21 (2005).

Aoyagi, S.

K. Kikushima, H. Yoshinaga, and S. Aoyagi, “Recent FTTH systems and services of NTT in Japan,” presented at the 8th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, Nottingham, UK, June 18-22, 2006.

Appathurai, S.

D. Nesset, T. Kelly, S. Appathurai, and R. Davey, “High gain semiconductor optical amplifiers for extended reach GPON systems,” in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2007), paper PD 3.5.

Assi, C.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
[Crossref]

Byun, H.-J.

H.-J. Byun, J.-M. Nho, and J.-T. Lim, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1001-1002 (2003).
[Crossref]

Claffy, K.

K. Claffy, G. Miller, and K. Thompson, “The nature of the beast: recent traffic measurements from an Internet backbone,” in Proceedings of INET (1998).

Davey, R.

D. Nesset, T. Kelly, S. Appathurai, and R. Davey, “High gain semiconductor optical amplifiers for extended reach GPON systems,” in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2007), paper PD 3.5.

Decker, P. C.

Dixit, S.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirth, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw. 1, 280-298 (2002).

Fujimoto, Y.

Gianordoli, S.

S. Gianordoli, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, A. Stadler, and R. Grabenhorst, “Next generation PON,” in e&i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik (Springer Wien, 2006), Vol. 123, pp. 78-82.

Grabenhorst, R.

S. Gianordoli, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, A. Stadler, and R. Grabenhorst, “Next generation PON,” in e&i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik (Springer Wien, 2006), Vol. 123, pp. 78-82.

Gutierrez, D.

Hirth, R.

Hu, E.

Kazovsky, L. G.

Kelly, T.

D. Nesset, T. Kelly, S. Appathurai, and R. Davey, “High gain semiconductor optical amplifiers for extended reach GPON systems,” in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2007), paper PD 3.5.

Kikushima, K.

K. Kikushima, H. Yoshinaga, and S. Aoyagi, “Recent FTTH systems and services of NTT in Japan,” presented at the 8th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, Nottingham, UK, June 18-22, 2006.

Kim, K. S.

Kramer, G.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirth, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw. 1, 280-298 (2002).

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 66-73 (2002).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): a dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun. 4, 89-107 (2002).

Krunz, M.

M. Krunz and A. Makowski, “Modelling video traffic using M/G/∞ input processes: a compromise between Markovian and LRD models,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 733-748 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lim, J.-T.

H.-J. Byun, J.-M. Nho, and J.-T. Lim, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1001-1002 (2003).
[Crossref]

Luo, Y.

S. Yin, Y. Luo, N. Ansari, and T. Wang, “Bandwidth allocation over EPONs: a controllability perspective,” in Proceedings of Global Telecommunications Conference (2006), paper NXG02-3.

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, “Bandwidth allocation for multiservice access on EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(2), S16-S21 (2005).

Maier, M.

M. P. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, “Ethernet PONs: a survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(8), S8-S15 (2004).
[Crossref]

Makowski, A.

M. Krunz and A. Makowski, “Modelling video traffic using M/G/∞ input processes: a compromise between Markovian and LRD models,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 733-748 (1998).
[Crossref]

Martin, C.

D. Mestdagh and C. Martin, “The super-PON concept and its technical challenges,” in Proceedings of the International IFIP-IEEE Conference on Broadband Communications (IEEE, 1996), pp. 333-344.

Martin, C. M.

A. J. Phillips, J. M. Senior, R. Mercinelli, M. Valvo, P. J. Vetter, C. M. Martin, M. O. Van Deventer, P. Vaes, and X. Z. Qiu, “Redundancy strategies for a high splitting optically amplified passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 137-149 (2001).
[Crossref]

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, I. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, “The superPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 74-82 (2000).

McGarry, M. P.

M. P. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, “Ethernet PONs: a survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(8), S8-S15 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mercinelli, R.

A. J. Phillips, J. M. Senior, R. Mercinelli, M. Valvo, P. J. Vetter, C. M. Martin, M. O. Van Deventer, P. Vaes, and X. Z. Qiu, “Redundancy strategies for a high splitting optically amplified passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 137-149 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. J. Phillips, J. M. Senior, P. J. Vetter, M. O. van Deventer, M. Valvo, and R. Mercinelli, “Reliability of superPON systems,” in IEE Conference on Telecommunications (1998), pp. 219-223.

Mestdagh, D.

D. Mestdagh and C. Martin, “The super-PON concept and its technical challenges,” in Proceedings of the International IFIP-IEEE Conference on Broadband Communications (IEEE, 1996), pp. 333-344.

Miller, G.

K. Claffy, G. Miller, and K. Thompson, “The nature of the beast: recent traffic measurements from an Internet backbone,” in Proceedings of INET (1998).

Monteiro, P.

J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Long-reach 10 Gbps Ethernet passive optical network based on a protected ring architecture,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuI2.

Mukherjee, B.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): a dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun. 4, 89-107 (2002).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirth, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw. 1, 280-298 (2002).

Nesset, D.

D. Nesset, T. Kelly, S. Appathurai, and R. Davey, “High gain semiconductor optical amplifiers for extended reach GPON systems,” in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2007), paper PD 3.5.

Nho, J.-M.

H.-J. Byun, J.-M. Nho, and J.-T. Lim, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1001-1002 (2003).
[Crossref]

O'Byrne, V.

Oiu, X. Z.

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, I. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, “The superPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 74-82 (2000).

Pedro, J.

J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Long-reach 10 Gbps Ethernet passive optical network based on a protected ring architecture,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuI2.

Pesavento, G.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): a dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun. 4, 89-107 (2002).

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 66-73 (2002).

Phillips, A. J.

A. J. Phillips, J. M. Senior, R. Mercinelli, M. Valvo, P. J. Vetter, C. M. Martin, M. O. Van Deventer, P. Vaes, and X. Z. Qiu, “Redundancy strategies for a high splitting optically amplified passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 137-149 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. J. Phillips, J. M. Senior, P. J. Vetter, M. O. van Deventer, M. Valvo, and R. Mercinelli, “Reliability of superPON systems,” in IEE Conference on Telecommunications (1998), pp. 219-223.

Piehler, D.

Pires, J.

J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Long-reach 10 Gbps Ethernet passive optical network based on a protected ring architecture,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuI2.

Qiu, X. Z.

Rasztovits-Wiech, M.

S. Gianordoli, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, A. Stadler, and R. Grabenhorst, “Next generation PON,” in e&i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik (Springer Wien, 2006), Vol. 123, pp. 78-82.

Reisslein, M.

M. P. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, “Ethernet PONs: a survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(8), S8-S15 (2004).
[Crossref]

Santos, J.

J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Long-reach 10 Gbps Ethernet passive optical network based on a protected ring architecture,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuI2.

Senior, J. M.

A. J. Phillips, J. M. Senior, R. Mercinelli, M. Valvo, P. J. Vetter, C. M. Martin, M. O. Van Deventer, P. Vaes, and X. Z. Qiu, “Redundancy strategies for a high splitting optically amplified passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 137-149 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. J. Phillips, J. M. Senior, P. J. Vetter, M. O. van Deventer, M. Valvo, and R. Mercinelli, “Reliability of superPON systems,” in IEE Conference on Telecommunications (1998), pp. 219-223.

Sherman, R.

W. Willinger, M. S. Taqqu, R. Sherman, and D. V. Wilson, “Self-similarity through high-variability: statistical analysis of Ethernet LAN traffic at the source level,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 5, 71-86 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shreedhar, M.

M. Shreedhar and G. Varghese, “Efficient fair queuing using deficit round robin,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGCOMM (ACM, 1995), pp. 231-242.

Shrikhande, K.

Stadler, A.

S. Gianordoli, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, A. Stadler, and R. Grabenhorst, “Next generation PON,” in e&i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik (Springer Wien, 2006), Vol. 123, pp. 78-82.

Taqqu, M. S.

W. Willinger, M. S. Taqqu, R. Sherman, and D. V. Wilson, “Self-similarity through high-variability: statistical analysis of Ethernet LAN traffic at the source level,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 5, 71-86 (1997).
[Crossref]

Thompson, K.

K. Claffy, G. Miller, and K. Thompson, “The nature of the beast: recent traffic measurements from an Internet backbone,” in Proceedings of INET (1998).

Vaes, P.

Valvo, M.

A. J. Phillips, J. M. Senior, R. Mercinelli, M. Valvo, P. J. Vetter, C. M. Martin, M. O. Van Deventer, P. Vaes, and X. Z. Qiu, “Redundancy strategies for a high splitting optically amplified passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 137-149 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. J. Phillips, J. M. Senior, P. J. Vetter, M. O. van Deventer, M. Valvo, and R. Mercinelli, “Reliability of superPON systems,” in IEE Conference on Telecommunications (1998), pp. 219-223.

Van de Voorde, I.

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, I. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, “The superPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 74-82 (2000).

Van Deventer, M. O.

A. J. Phillips, J. M. Senior, R. Mercinelli, M. Valvo, P. J. Vetter, C. M. Martin, M. O. Van Deventer, P. Vaes, and X. Z. Qiu, “Redundancy strategies for a high splitting optically amplified passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 137-149 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. J. Phillips, J. M. Senior, P. J. Vetter, M. O. van Deventer, M. Valvo, and R. Mercinelli, “Reliability of superPON systems,” in IEE Conference on Telecommunications (1998), pp. 219-223.

Vandewege, I.

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, I. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, “The superPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 74-82 (2000).

Varghese, G.

M. Shreedhar and G. Varghese, “Efficient fair queuing using deficit round robin,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGCOMM (ACM, 1995), pp. 231-242.

Vetter, P. J.

A. J. Phillips, J. M. Senior, R. Mercinelli, M. Valvo, P. J. Vetter, C. M. Martin, M. O. Van Deventer, P. Vaes, and X. Z. Qiu, “Redundancy strategies for a high splitting optically amplified passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 137-149 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. J. Phillips, J. M. Senior, P. J. Vetter, M. O. van Deventer, M. Valvo, and R. Mercinelli, “Reliability of superPON systems,” in IEE Conference on Telecommunications (1998), pp. 219-223.

Wang, T.

S. Yin, Y. Luo, N. Ansari, and T. Wang, “Bandwidth allocation over EPONs: a controllability perspective,” in Proceedings of Global Telecommunications Conference (2006), paper NXG02-3.

Willinger, W.

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