Abstract

Optical fiber transmission systems have become critical in facilitating the rapid growth in high-speed services in the consumer and commercial markets. It is apparent that as higher-speed services, such as IPTV, become available there will be even greater demand for capacity in the distribution and core transport networks. Hence, it is no wonder that underlying optical transport infrastructures need to be scalable and robust to reliably and economically support these services. Service providers have long recognized the importance of transmission capacity in the design of their networks. However, technological limitations often obscure the role of transparency in meeting their requirements. We review and clarify the critical role that optical transparency will have in facilitating the types of optical infrastructures required to support future services and highlight the technologies that enable it. In particular, we summarize recent advances in broadband Raman amplification, transmitter and receiver technologies with advanced modulation formats, dispersion management, signal processing, reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexing, and dense wavelength-division-multiplexed transmission with mixed 10, 40, and potential 100Gbits/s channels. Network planning tools that facilitate fast and optimal deployment of optical transport systems are also discussed.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2006 (3)

D. A. Fishman, W. A. Thompson, and L. Vallone, “LambdaXtremereg transport system: R&D of a high capacity system for low cost, ultra long haul DWDM transport,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 11, 27-53 (2006).

X. Liu, D. M. Gill, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Optical technologies and techniques for high bit rate fiber transmission,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 11, 83-104 (2006).

Q. Yu and A. Shanbhag, “Electronic data processing for error and dispersion compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4514-4525 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

X. Liu, X. Wei, J. Ying, and D. A. Fishman, “Scalable dispersion management for hybrid 10-Gb/s and 40-Gb/s DWDM transmissions with high nonlinear tolerance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1980-1982 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, “Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (5)

C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. vanderWagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40-Gb/s transmission over trans-pacific distance (10000km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC, and all-Raman-amplified 100-km ultrawave fiber spans,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 203-207 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, L. F. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, “Impact of group-delay ripple in transmission systems including phase-modulated formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 305-307 (2004).

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Buchali and H. Bulow, “Adaptive PMD compensation by electrical and optical techniques,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1116-1126 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

B. Vasic and I. B. Djordjevic, “Low-density parity check for long-haul optical communication systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1208-1210 (2002).

2001 (1)

J. Strand, A. L. Chiu, and R. Tkach, “Issues for routing in the optical layer,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(2), 81-87 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

R. E. Wagner, R. C. Alferness, A. A. M. Saleh, and M. S. Goodman, “MONET: multiwavelength optical networking,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1349-1355 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. J. Price and N. Le Mercier, “Reduced bandwidth optical digital intensity modulation with improved chromatic dispersion tolerance,” Electron. Lett. 31, 58-59 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, T. W. Cline, R. E. Tench, T. C. Pleiss, T. Miller, D. G. Coult, M. A. Milbrodt, P. D. Yeates, A. Chraplyvy, R. Tkach, A. B. Piccirilli, J. R. Simpson, and C. M. Miller, “A high capacity noncoherent FSK lightwave field experiment using Er3+-doped fiber optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 662-664 (1990).

1988 (1)

Agarwal, A.

G. Raybon, A. Agarwal, S. Chandrasekhar, and R.-J. Essiambre, “Transmission of 42.7-Gb/s VSB-CSRZ over 1600km and four OADM nodes with a spectral efficiency of 0.8-bit/s/Hz,” in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper Mo3.2.7.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

Agrawal, A.

Y. Kao, A. Leven, Y. Baeyens, Y. Chen, D. Grosz, F. Bannon, W. Fang, A. Kung, D. Maywar, T. Lakoba, A. Agrawal, S. Banerjee, and T. Wood, “10Gb/s soliton generation for ULH transmission using a wideband GaAs pHemt amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (IEEE, 2003), paper FF6.

Akasaka, Y.

Akita, M.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Alferness, R. C.

R. E. Wagner, R. C. Alferness, A. A. M. Saleh, and M. S. Goodman, “MONET: multiwavelength optical networking,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1349-1355 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bach, R.

Baeyens, Y.

Y. Kao, A. Leven, Y. Baeyens, Y. Chen, D. Grosz, F. Bannon, W. Fang, A. Kung, D. Maywar, T. Lakoba, A. Agrawal, S. Banerjee, and T. Wood, “10Gb/s soliton generation for ULH transmission using a wideband GaAs pHemt amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (IEEE, 2003), paper FF6.

Banerjee, S.

Y. Kao, A. Leven, Y. Baeyens, Y. Chen, D. Grosz, F. Bannon, W. Fang, A. Kung, D. Maywar, T. Lakoba, A. Agrawal, S. Banerjee, and T. Wood, “10Gb/s soliton generation for ULH transmission using a wideband GaAs pHemt amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (IEEE, 2003), paper FF6.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

Bannon, F.

Y. Kao, A. Leven, Y. Baeyens, Y. Chen, D. Grosz, F. Bannon, W. Fang, A. Kung, D. Maywar, T. Lakoba, A. Agrawal, S. Banerjee, and T. Wood, “10Gb/s soliton generation for ULH transmission using a wideband GaAs pHemt amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (IEEE, 2003), paper FF6.

Baroni, S.

Basch, E. E.

P. Hofmann, E. E. Basch, S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, D. A. Fishman, and W. A. Thompson, “DWDM long haul network deployment for the Verizon GNI nationwide network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference. Technical Digest (IEEE, 2005), paper OTuP5.

Bayvel, P.

Bennike, J.

Bigo, S.

G. Charlet, E. Corbe, J. Lazaro, A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, P. Tran, W. Idler, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and S. Bigo, “WDM transmission at 6Tbit/s capacity over transatlantic distance, using 42.7Gb/s differential phase-shift keying without pulse carver,” presented at Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Los Angeles, Calif., June 20-24, 2004, postdeadline paper PDP36.

Blumenthal, D. J.

Buchali, F.

Buhl, L. L.

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. Kilper, C. R. Doerr, A. H. Gnauck, E. C. Burrows, and L. L. Buhl, “0.8-bit/s/Hz terabit transmission at 42.7-Gb/s using hybrid RZ-DQPSK and NRZ-DBPSK formats over 16×80km SSMF spans and 4 bandwidth-managed ROADMs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP28.

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, M. Izutsu, and K. Higuma, “2000-km WDM transmission of 10×107-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK,” presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sept. 24-28, 2006, postdeadline paper Th 4.1.3.

Bulow, H.

Burrows, E. C.

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. Kilper, C. R. Doerr, A. H. Gnauck, E. C. Burrows, and L. L. Buhl, “0.8-bit/s/Hz terabit transmission at 42.7-Gb/s using hybrid RZ-DQPSK and NRZ-DBPSK formats over 16×80km SSMF spans and 4 bandwidth-managed ROADMs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP28.

Chandrasekhar, S.

X. Liu, D. M. Gill, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Optical technologies and techniques for high bit rate fiber transmission,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 11, 83-104 (2006).

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Doerr, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and K. Higuma, “10×107-Gb/s NRZ-DQPSK transmission over 12×100km including 6 routing nodes,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP24.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

G. Raybon, A. Agarwal, S. Chandrasekhar, and R.-J. Essiambre, “Transmission of 42.7-Gb/s VSB-CSRZ over 1600km and four OADM nodes with a spectral efficiency of 0.8-bit/s/Hz,” in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper Mo3.2.7.

D. A. Fishman, J. Ying, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, and A. H. Gnauck, “Optical add/drop multiplexer with asymmetric bandwidth allocation and dispersion compensation for hybrid 10-Gb/s and 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2006), paper OWI64.

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. Kilper, C. R. Doerr, A. H. Gnauck, E. C. Burrows, and L. L. Buhl, “0.8-bit/s/Hz terabit transmission at 42.7-Gb/s using hybrid RZ-DQPSK and NRZ-DBPSK formats over 16×80km SSMF spans and 4 bandwidth-managed ROADMs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP28.

Charlet, G.

G. Charlet, E. Corbe, J. Lazaro, A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, P. Tran, W. Idler, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and S. Bigo, “WDM transmission at 6Tbit/s capacity over transatlantic distance, using 42.7Gb/s differential phase-shift keying without pulse carver,” presented at Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Los Angeles, Calif., June 20-24, 2004, postdeadline paper PDP36.

Chen, Y.

Y. Kao, A. Leven, Y. Baeyens, Y. Chen, D. Grosz, F. Bannon, W. Fang, A. Kung, D. Maywar, T. Lakoba, A. Agrawal, S. Banerjee, and T. Wood, “10Gb/s soliton generation for ULH transmission using a wideband GaAs pHemt amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (IEEE, 2003), paper FF6.

Chiu, A. L.

J. Strand, A. L. Chiu, and R. Tkach, “Issues for routing in the optical layer,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(2), 81-87 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chraplyvy, A.

D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, T. W. Cline, R. E. Tench, T. C. Pleiss, T. Miller, D. G. Coult, M. A. Milbrodt, P. D. Yeates, A. Chraplyvy, R. Tkach, A. B. Piccirilli, J. R. Simpson, and C. M. Miller, “A high capacity noncoherent FSK lightwave field experiment using Er3+-doped fiber optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 662-664 (1990).

Chraplyvy, A. R.

F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Fiber nonlinearities and their impact on transmission systems,” Optical Fiber Telecommunications IIIA, I.P.Kaminov and T.L.Koch, eds. (Academic, 1997), Chap. 8.

Cline, T. W.

D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, T. W. Cline, R. E. Tench, T. C. Pleiss, T. Miller, D. G. Coult, M. A. Milbrodt, P. D. Yeates, A. Chraplyvy, R. Tkach, A. B. Piccirilli, J. R. Simpson, and C. M. Miller, “A high capacity noncoherent FSK lightwave field experiment using Er3+-doped fiber optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 662-664 (1990).

Corbe, E.

G. Charlet, E. Corbe, J. Lazaro, A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, P. Tran, W. Idler, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and S. Bigo, “WDM transmission at 6Tbit/s capacity over transatlantic distance, using 42.7Gb/s differential phase-shift keying without pulse carver,” presented at Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Los Angeles, Calif., June 20-24, 2004, postdeadline paper PDP36.

Cornwell, W. D.

W. D. Cornwell, H. O. Edwards, N. H. Taylor, D. S. Lotary, S. A. Smith, and S. Hamidi, “Comparison of 64×10Gb/s NRZ and RZ transmission over 6,000km using dispersion-managed fiber solution,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2002), paper WP4.

Correa, D. L.

S. A. Taegar, D. A. Fishman, and D. L. Correa, “Engineering and planning tool for ultra-long-haul optical mesh transport system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2006), paper NTuF4.

Coult, D. G.

D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, T. W. Cline, R. E. Tench, T. C. Pleiss, T. Miller, D. G. Coult, M. A. Milbrodt, P. D. Yeates, A. Chraplyvy, R. Tkach, A. B. Piccirilli, J. R. Simpson, and C. M. Miller, “A high capacity noncoherent FSK lightwave field experiment using Er3+-doped fiber optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 662-664 (1990).

Dey, S.

Dischler, R.

G. Charlet, E. Corbe, J. Lazaro, A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, P. Tran, W. Idler, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and S. Bigo, “WDM transmission at 6Tbit/s capacity over transatlantic distance, using 42.7Gb/s differential phase-shift keying without pulse carver,” presented at Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Los Angeles, Calif., June 20-24, 2004, postdeadline paper PDP36.

Djordjevic, I. B.

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A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

Doerr, C. R.

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Doerr, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and K. Higuma, “10×107-Gb/s NRZ-DQPSK transmission over 12×100km including 6 routing nodes,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP24.

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, M. Izutsu, and K. Higuma, “2000-km WDM transmission of 10×107-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK,” presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sept. 24-28, 2006, postdeadline paper Th 4.1.3.

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. Kilper, C. R. Doerr, A. H. Gnauck, E. C. Burrows, and L. L. Buhl, “0.8-bit/s/Hz terabit transmission at 42.7-Gb/s using hybrid RZ-DQPSK and NRZ-DBPSK formats over 16×80km SSMF spans and 4 bandwidth-managed ROADMs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP28.

Edwards, H. O.

W. D. Cornwell, H. O. Edwards, N. H. Taylor, D. S. Lotary, S. A. Smith, and S. Hamidi, “Comparison of 64×10Gb/s NRZ and RZ transmission over 6,000km using dispersion-managed fiber solution,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2002), paper WP4.

Egorov, R.

P. Hofmann, E. E. Basch, S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, D. A. Fishman, and W. A. Thompson, “DWDM long haul network deployment for the Verizon GNI nationwide network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference. Technical Digest (IEEE, 2005), paper OTuP5.

Einstein, D.

Essiambre, R.-J.

G. Raybon, A. Agarwal, S. Chandrasekhar, and R.-J. Essiambre, “Transmission of 42.7-Gb/s VSB-CSRZ over 1600km and four OADM nodes with a spectral efficiency of 0.8-bit/s/Hz,” in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper Mo3.2.7.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Raybon, and B. Mikkelsen, “Pseudo-linear transmission of high-speed TDM signals, 40 and 160Gb/s,” Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB, I.P.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, 2002), Chap. 6.

Fang, W.

Y. Kao, A. Leven, Y. Baeyens, Y. Chen, D. Grosz, F. Bannon, W. Fang, A. Kung, D. Maywar, T. Lakoba, A. Agrawal, S. Banerjee, and T. Wood, “10Gb/s soliton generation for ULH transmission using a wideband GaAs pHemt amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (IEEE, 2003), paper FF6.

Fischer, G.

G. Mohs, C. Furst, H. Geiger, and G. Fischer, “Advantages of nonlinear RZ over NRZ on 10Gb/s single-span links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2000), paper FC2.

Fishman, D. A.

D. A. Fishman, W. A. Thompson, and L. Vallone, “LambdaXtremereg transport system: R&D of a high capacity system for low cost, ultra long haul DWDM transport,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 11, 27-53 (2006).

X. Liu, X. Wei, J. Ying, and D. A. Fishman, “Scalable dispersion management for hybrid 10-Gb/s and 40-Gb/s DWDM transmissions with high nonlinear tolerance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1980-1982 (2005).
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D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, T. W. Cline, R. E. Tench, T. C. Pleiss, T. Miller, D. G. Coult, M. A. Milbrodt, P. D. Yeates, A. Chraplyvy, R. Tkach, A. B. Piccirilli, J. R. Simpson, and C. M. Miller, “A high capacity noncoherent FSK lightwave field experiment using Er3+-doped fiber optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 662-664 (1990).

D. A. Fishman, J. Ying, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, and A. H. Gnauck, “Optical add/drop multiplexer with asymmetric bandwidth allocation and dispersion compensation for hybrid 10-Gb/s and 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2006), paper OWI64.

P. Hofmann, E. E. Basch, S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, D. A. Fishman, and W. A. Thompson, “DWDM long haul network deployment for the Verizon GNI nationwide network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference. Technical Digest (IEEE, 2005), paper OTuP5.

S. A. Taegar, D. A. Fishman, and D. L. Correa, “Engineering and planning tool for ultra-long-haul optical mesh transport system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2006), paper NTuF4.

Fjelde, T.

Forghieri, F.

F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Fiber nonlinearities and their impact on transmission systems,” Optical Fiber Telecommunications IIIA, I.P.Kaminov and T.L.Koch, eds. (Academic, 1997), Chap. 8.

Fujita, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fukuyama, H.

H. Masuda, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, T. Furuta, and H. Fukuyama, “0.4-Tb/s (204×111Gb/s) transmission over 240km using hybrid Raman/EDFAs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP20.

Furst, C.

G. Mohs, C. Furst, H. Geiger, and G. Fischer, “Advantages of nonlinear RZ over NRZ on 10Gb/s single-span links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2000), paper FC2.

Furuta, T.

H. Masuda, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, T. Furuta, and H. Fukuyama, “0.4-Tb/s (204×111Gb/s) transmission over 240km using hybrid Raman/EDFAs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP20.

Gapontsev, D.

Geiger, H.

G. Mohs, C. Furst, H. Geiger, and G. Fischer, “Advantages of nonlinear RZ over NRZ on 10Gb/s single-span links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2000), paper FC2.

Georghiades, C. N.

P. V. Kumar, M. Z. Win, H.-F. Lu, and C. N. Georghiades, “Error-control coding techniques and applications,” Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB, I.P.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, 2002), Chap. 17.

Gibbens, R. J.

Gill, D. M.

X. Liu, D. M. Gill, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Optical technologies and techniques for high bit rate fiber transmission,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 11, 83-104 (2006).

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

Gnauck, A. H.

A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, “Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
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A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

D. A. Fishman, J. Ying, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, and A. H. Gnauck, “Optical add/drop multiplexer with asymmetric bandwidth allocation and dispersion compensation for hybrid 10-Gb/s and 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2006), paper OWI64.

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. Kilper, C. R. Doerr, A. H. Gnauck, E. C. Burrows, and L. L. Buhl, “0.8-bit/s/Hz terabit transmission at 42.7-Gb/s using hybrid RZ-DQPSK and NRZ-DBPSK formats over 16×80km SSMF spans and 4 bandwidth-managed ROADMs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP28.

Goodman, M. S.

R. E. Wagner, R. C. Alferness, A. A. M. Saleh, and M. S. Goodman, “MONET: multiwavelength optical networking,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1349-1355 (1996).
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Gringeri, S.

P. Hofmann, E. E. Basch, S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, D. A. Fishman, and W. A. Thompson, “DWDM long haul network deployment for the Verizon GNI nationwide network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference. Technical Digest (IEEE, 2005), paper OTuP5.

Grosz, D.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

Y. Kao, A. Leven, Y. Baeyens, Y. Chen, D. Grosz, F. Bannon, W. Fang, A. Kung, D. Maywar, T. Lakoba, A. Agrawal, S. Banerjee, and T. Wood, “10Gb/s soliton generation for ULH transmission using a wideband GaAs pHemt amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (IEEE, 2003), paper FF6.

Hagimoto, K.

H. Masuda, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, T. Furuta, and H. Fukuyama, “0.4-Tb/s (204×111Gb/s) transmission over 240km using hybrid Raman/EDFAs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP20.

Hamidi, S.

W. D. Cornwell, H. O. Edwards, N. H. Taylor, D. S. Lotary, S. A. Smith, and S. Hamidi, “Comparison of 64×10Gb/s NRZ and RZ transmission over 6,000km using dispersion-managed fiber solution,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2002), paper WP4.

Harris, D.

Hibino, Y.

H. Masuda, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, T. Furuta, and H. Fukuyama, “0.4-Tb/s (204×111Gb/s) transmission over 240km using hybrid Raman/EDFAs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP20.

Higuma, K.

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, M. Izutsu, and K. Higuma, “2000-km WDM transmission of 10×107-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK,” presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sept. 24-28, 2006, postdeadline paper Th 4.1.3.

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Doerr, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and K. Higuma, “10×107-Gb/s NRZ-DQPSK transmission over 12×100km including 6 routing nodes,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP24.

Ho, K.-P.

K.-P. Ho, Phase-Modulated Optical Communication Systems (Springer, 2005).

Hofmann, P.

P. Hofmann, E. E. Basch, S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, D. A. Fishman, and W. A. Thompson, “DWDM long haul network deployment for the Verizon GNI nationwide network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference. Technical Digest (IEEE, 2005), paper OTuP5.

Hunsche, S.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

Idler, W.

G. Charlet, E. Corbe, J. Lazaro, A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, P. Tran, W. Idler, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and S. Bigo, “WDM transmission at 6Tbit/s capacity over transatlantic distance, using 42.7Gb/s differential phase-shift keying without pulse carver,” presented at Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Los Angeles, Calif., June 20-24, 2004, postdeadline paper PDP36.

Ivshin, V.

Izutsu, M.

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, M. Izutsu, and K. Higuma, “2000-km WDM transmission of 10×107-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK,” presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sept. 24-28, 2006, postdeadline paper Th 4.1.3.

Jorge, F.

G. Charlet, E. Corbe, J. Lazaro, A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, P. Tran, W. Idler, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and S. Bigo, “WDM transmission at 6Tbit/s capacity over transatlantic distance, using 42.7Gb/s differential phase-shift keying without pulse carver,” presented at Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Los Angeles, Calif., June 20-24, 2004, postdeadline paper PDP36.

Kaiser, W.

W. Kaiser, “SPM limit of duobinary transmission,” presented at the 26th European Conference on Optical Communication, Munich, Germany, Sept. 3-7, 2000.

Kao, Y.

Y. Kao, A. Leven, Y. Baeyens, Y. Chen, D. Grosz, F. Bannon, W. Fang, A. Kung, D. Maywar, T. Lakoba, A. Agrawal, S. Banerjee, and T. Wood, “10Gb/s soliton generation for ULH transmission using a wideband GaAs pHemt amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (IEEE, 2003), paper FF6.

Kawanishi, T.

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Doerr, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and K. Higuma, “10×107-Gb/s NRZ-DQPSK transmission over 12×100km including 6 routing nodes,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP24.

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, M. Izutsu, and K. Higuma, “2000-km WDM transmission of 10×107-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK,” presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sept. 24-28, 2006, postdeadline paper Th 4.1.3.

Kilper, D.

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. Kilper, C. R. Doerr, A. H. Gnauck, E. C. Burrows, and L. L. Buhl, “0.8-bit/s/Hz terabit transmission at 42.7-Gb/s using hybrid RZ-DQPSK and NRZ-DBPSK formats over 16×80km SSMF spans and 4 bandwidth-managed ROADMs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP28.

Kilper, D. C.

Klekamp, A.

G. Charlet, E. Corbe, J. Lazaro, A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, P. Tran, W. Idler, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and S. Bigo, “WDM transmission at 6Tbit/s capacity over transatlantic distance, using 42.7Gb/s differential phase-shift keying without pulse carver,” presented at Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Los Angeles, Calif., June 20-24, 2004, postdeadline paper PDP36.

Kobayashi, T.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Masuda, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, T. Furuta, and H. Fukuyama, “0.4-Tb/s (204×111Gb/s) transmission over 240km using hybrid Raman/EDFAs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP20.

Konczykowska, A.

G. Charlet, E. Corbe, J. Lazaro, A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, P. Tran, W. Idler, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and S. Bigo, “WDM transmission at 6Tbit/s capacity over transatlantic distance, using 42.7Gb/s differential phase-shift keying without pulse carver,” presented at Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Los Angeles, Calif., June 20-24, 2004, postdeadline paper PDP36.

Korotky, S. K.

Kubo, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P. V.

P. V. Kumar, M. Z. Win, H.-F. Lu, and C. N. Georghiades, “Error-control coding techniques and applications,” Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB, I.P.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, 2002), Chap. 17.

Kung, A.

Y. Kao, A. Leven, Y. Baeyens, Y. Chen, D. Grosz, F. Bannon, W. Fang, A. Kung, D. Maywar, T. Lakoba, A. Agrawal, S. Banerjee, and T. Wood, “10Gb/s soliton generation for ULH transmission using a wideband GaAs pHemt amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (IEEE, 2003), paper FF6.

Küng, A.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

Kuno, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lakoba, T.

Y. Kao, A. Leven, Y. Baeyens, Y. Chen, D. Grosz, F. Bannon, W. Fang, A. Kung, D. Maywar, T. Lakoba, A. Agrawal, S. Banerjee, and T. Wood, “10Gb/s soliton generation for ULH transmission using a wideband GaAs pHemt amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (IEEE, 2003), paper FF6.

Landolsi, T.

Lazaro, J.

G. Charlet, E. Corbe, J. Lazaro, A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, P. Tran, W. Idler, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and S. Bigo, “WDM transmission at 6Tbit/s capacity over transatlantic distance, using 42.7Gb/s differential phase-shift keying without pulse carver,” presented at Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Los Angeles, Calif., June 20-24, 2004, postdeadline paper PDP36.

Le Mercier, N.

A. J. Price and N. Le Mercier, “Reduced bandwidth optical digital intensity modulation with improved chromatic dispersion tolerance,” Electron. Lett. 31, 58-59 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

Leven, A.

Y. Kao, A. Leven, Y. Baeyens, Y. Chen, D. Grosz, F. Bannon, W. Fang, A. Kung, D. Maywar, T. Lakoba, A. Agrawal, S. Banerjee, and T. Wood, “10Gb/s soliton generation for ULH transmission using a wideband GaAs pHemt amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (IEEE, 2003), paper FF6.

Liu, F.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, D. M. Gill, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Optical technologies and techniques for high bit rate fiber transmission,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 11, 83-104 (2006).

X. Liu, X. Wei, J. Ying, and D. A. Fishman, “Scalable dispersion management for hybrid 10-Gb/s and 40-Gb/s DWDM transmissions with high nonlinear tolerance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1980-1982 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, L. F. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, “Impact of group-delay ripple in transmission systems including phase-modulated formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 305-307 (2004).

X. Liu, “Optimization of broadband Raman amplification in ultra-long-haul DWDM transmissions,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (IEEE, 2002), paper CThJ3.

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. Kilper, C. R. Doerr, A. H. Gnauck, E. C. Burrows, and L. L. Buhl, “0.8-bit/s/Hz terabit transmission at 42.7-Gb/s using hybrid RZ-DQPSK and NRZ-DBPSK formats over 16×80km SSMF spans and 4 bandwidth-managed ROADMs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP28.

X. Liu, “All channel PMD mitigation using distributed fast polarization scrambling in WDM systems with FEC,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), paper OMH4.

D. A. Fishman, J. Ying, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, and A. H. Gnauck, “Optical add/drop multiplexer with asymmetric bandwidth allocation and dispersion compensation for hybrid 10-Gb/s and 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2006), paper OWI64.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

Lotary, D. S.

W. D. Cornwell, H. O. Edwards, N. H. Taylor, D. S. Lotary, S. A. Smith, and S. Hamidi, “Comparison of 64×10Gb/s NRZ and RZ transmission over 6,000km using dispersion-managed fiber solution,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2002), paper WP4.

Lu, H.-F.

P. V. Kumar, M. Z. Win, H.-F. Lu, and C. N. Georghiades, “Error-control coding techniques and applications,” Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB, I.P.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, 2002), Chap. 17.

Mamyshev, P.

Mardoyan, H.

G. Charlet, E. Corbe, J. Lazaro, A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, P. Tran, W. Idler, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and S. Bigo, “WDM transmission at 6Tbit/s capacity over transatlantic distance, using 42.7Gb/s differential phase-shift keying without pulse carver,” presented at Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Los Angeles, Calif., June 20-24, 2004, postdeadline paper PDP36.

Marhelyuk, A.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

Masuda, H.

H. Masuda, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, T. Furuta, and H. Fukuyama, “0.4-Tb/s (204×111Gb/s) transmission over 240km using hybrid Raman/EDFAs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP20.

Maywar, D.

Y. Kao, A. Leven, Y. Baeyens, Y. Chen, D. Grosz, F. Bannon, W. Fang, A. Kung, D. Maywar, T. Lakoba, A. Agrawal, S. Banerjee, and T. Wood, “10Gb/s soliton generation for ULH transmission using a wideband GaAs pHemt amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (IEEE, 2003), paper FF6.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

Mikkelsen, B.

Milbrodt, M. A.

D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, T. W. Cline, R. E. Tench, T. C. Pleiss, T. Miller, D. G. Coult, M. A. Milbrodt, P. D. Yeates, A. Chraplyvy, R. Tkach, A. B. Piccirilli, J. R. Simpson, and C. M. Miller, “A high capacity noncoherent FSK lightwave field experiment using Er3+-doped fiber optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 662-664 (1990).

Miller, C. M.

D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, T. W. Cline, R. E. Tench, T. C. Pleiss, T. Miller, D. G. Coult, M. A. Milbrodt, P. D. Yeates, A. Chraplyvy, R. Tkach, A. B. Piccirilli, J. R. Simpson, and C. M. Miller, “A high capacity noncoherent FSK lightwave field experiment using Er3+-doped fiber optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 662-664 (1990).

Miller, T.

D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, T. W. Cline, R. E. Tench, T. C. Pleiss, T. Miller, D. G. Coult, M. A. Milbrodt, P. D. Yeates, A. Chraplyvy, R. Tkach, A. B. Piccirilli, J. R. Simpson, and C. M. Miller, “A high capacity noncoherent FSK lightwave field experiment using Er3+-doped fiber optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 662-664 (1990).

Miyamoto, Y.

H. Masuda, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, T. Furuta, and H. Fukuyama, “0.4-Tb/s (204×111Gb/s) transmission over 240km using hybrid Raman/EDFAs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP20.

Miyata, Y.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mizuochi, T.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mohs, G.

G. Mohs, C. Furst, H. Geiger, and G. Fischer, “Advantages of nonlinear RZ over NRZ on 10Gb/s single-span links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2000), paper FC2.

Mollenauer, L. F.

X. Liu, L. F. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, “Impact of group-delay ripple in transmission systems including phase-modulated formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 305-307 (2004).

L. F. Mollenauer and K. Smith, “Demonstration of soliton transmission over more than 4000km in fiber with loss periodically compensated by Raman gain,” Opt. Lett. 13, 675-677 (1988).

Motoshima, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Movassaghi, M.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

Nagel, J. A.

D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, T. W. Cline, R. E. Tench, T. C. Pleiss, T. Miller, D. G. Coult, M. A. Milbrodt, P. D. Yeates, A. Chraplyvy, R. Tkach, A. B. Piccirilli, J. R. Simpson, and C. M. Miller, “A high capacity noncoherent FSK lightwave field experiment using Er3+-doped fiber optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 662-664 (1990).

Ostar, L.

Ouchi, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Piccirilli, A. B.

D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, T. W. Cline, R. E. Tench, T. C. Pleiss, T. Miller, D. G. Coult, M. A. Milbrodt, P. D. Yeates, A. Chraplyvy, R. Tkach, A. B. Piccirilli, J. R. Simpson, and C. M. Miller, “A high capacity noncoherent FSK lightwave field experiment using Er3+-doped fiber optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 662-664 (1990).

Pleiss, T. C.

D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, T. W. Cline, R. E. Tench, T. C. Pleiss, T. Miller, D. G. Coult, M. A. Milbrodt, P. D. Yeates, A. Chraplyvy, R. Tkach, A. B. Piccirilli, J. R. Simpson, and C. M. Miller, “A high capacity noncoherent FSK lightwave field experiment using Er3+-doped fiber optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 662-664 (1990).

Preiss, M.

Price, A. J.

A. J. Price and N. Le Mercier, “Reduced bandwidth optical digital intensity modulation with improved chromatic dispersion tolerance,” Electron. Lett. 31, 58-59 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rasmussen, C.

Raybon, G.

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, M. Izutsu, and K. Higuma, “2000-km WDM transmission of 10×107-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK,” presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sept. 24-28, 2006, postdeadline paper Th 4.1.3.

G. Raybon, A. Agarwal, S. Chandrasekhar, and R.-J. Essiambre, “Transmission of 42.7-Gb/s VSB-CSRZ over 1600km and four OADM nodes with a spectral efficiency of 0.8-bit/s/Hz,” in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper Mo3.2.7.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Raybon, and B. Mikkelsen, “Pseudo-linear transmission of high-speed TDM signals, 40 and 160Gb/s,” Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB, I.P.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, 2002), Chap. 6.

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Doerr, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and K. Higuma, “10×107-Gb/s NRZ-DQPSK transmission over 12×100km including 6 routing nodes,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP24.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

Reeves-Hall, P.

Sakamoto, T.

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, M. Izutsu, and K. Higuma, “2000-km WDM transmission of 10×107-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK,” presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sept. 24-28, 2006, postdeadline paper Th 4.1.3.

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Doerr, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and K. Higuma, “10×107-Gb/s NRZ-DQPSK transmission over 12×100km including 6 routing nodes,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP24.

Saleh, A. A. M.

R. E. Wagner, R. C. Alferness, A. A. M. Saleh, and M. S. Goodman, “MONET: multiwavelength optical networking,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1349-1355 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sano, A.

H. Masuda, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, T. Furuta, and H. Fukuyama, “0.4-Tb/s (204×111Gb/s) transmission over 240km using hybrid Raman/EDFAs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP20.

Serbe, P.

Shanbhag, A.

Shimizu, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. R.

D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, T. W. Cline, R. E. Tench, T. C. Pleiss, T. Miller, D. G. Coult, M. A. Milbrodt, P. D. Yeates, A. Chraplyvy, R. Tkach, A. B. Piccirilli, J. R. Simpson, and C. M. Miller, “A high capacity noncoherent FSK lightwave field experiment using Er3+-doped fiber optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 662-664 (1990).

Smith, K.

Smith, S. A.

W. D. Cornwell, H. O. Edwards, N. H. Taylor, D. S. Lotary, S. A. Smith, and S. Hamidi, “Comparison of 64×10Gb/s NRZ and RZ transmission over 6,000km using dispersion-managed fiber solution,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2002), paper WP4.

Strand, J.

J. Strand, A. L. Chiu, and R. Tkach, “Issues for routing in the optical layer,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(2), 81-87 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

Taegar, S. A.

S. A. Taegar, D. A. Fishman, and D. L. Correa, “Engineering and planning tool for ultra-long-haul optical mesh transport system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2006), paper NTuF4.

Tagami, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, N. H.

W. D. Cornwell, H. O. Edwards, N. H. Taylor, D. S. Lotary, S. A. Smith, and S. Hamidi, “Comparison of 64×10Gb/s NRZ and RZ transmission over 6,000km using dispersion-managed fiber solution,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2002), paper WP4.

Tench, R. E.

D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, T. W. Cline, R. E. Tench, T. C. Pleiss, T. Miller, D. G. Coult, M. A. Milbrodt, P. D. Yeates, A. Chraplyvy, R. Tkach, A. B. Piccirilli, J. R. Simpson, and C. M. Miller, “A high capacity noncoherent FSK lightwave field experiment using Er3+-doped fiber optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 662-664 (1990).

Thompson, W. A.

D. A. Fishman, W. A. Thompson, and L. Vallone, “LambdaXtremereg transport system: R&D of a high capacity system for low cost, ultra long haul DWDM transport,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 11, 27-53 (2006).

P. Hofmann, E. E. Basch, S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, D. A. Fishman, and W. A. Thompson, “DWDM long haul network deployment for the Verizon GNI nationwide network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference. Technical Digest (IEEE, 2005), paper OTuP5.

Tkach, R.

J. Strand, A. L. Chiu, and R. Tkach, “Issues for routing in the optical layer,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(2), 81-87 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, T. W. Cline, R. E. Tench, T. C. Pleiss, T. Miller, D. G. Coult, M. A. Milbrodt, P. D. Yeates, A. Chraplyvy, R. Tkach, A. B. Piccirilli, J. R. Simpson, and C. M. Miller, “A high capacity noncoherent FSK lightwave field experiment using Er3+-doped fiber optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 662-664 (1990).

Tkach, R. W.

F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Fiber nonlinearities and their impact on transmission systems,” Optical Fiber Telecommunications IIIA, I.P.Kaminov and T.L.Koch, eds. (Academic, 1997), Chap. 8.

Tran, P.

G. Charlet, E. Corbe, J. Lazaro, A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, P. Tran, W. Idler, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and S. Bigo, “WDM transmission at 6Tbit/s capacity over transatlantic distance, using 42.7Gb/s differential phase-shift keying without pulse carver,” presented at Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Los Angeles, Calif., June 20-24, 2004, postdeadline paper PDP36.

Vallone, L.

D. A. Fishman, W. A. Thompson, and L. Vallone, “LambdaXtremereg transport system: R&D of a high capacity system for low cost, ultra long haul DWDM transport,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 11, 27-53 (2006).

vanderWagt, P.

Vasic, B.

B. Vasic and I. B. Djordjevic, “Low-density parity check for long-haul optical communication systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1208-1210 (2002).

Wagner, R. E.

R. E. Wagner, R. C. Alferness, A. A. M. Saleh, and M. S. Goodman, “MONET: multiwavelength optical networking,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1349-1355 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wei, X.

X. Liu, X. Wei, J. Ying, and D. A. Fishman, “Scalable dispersion management for hybrid 10-Gb/s and 40-Gb/s DWDM transmissions with high nonlinear tolerance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1980-1982 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, L. F. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, “Impact of group-delay ripple in transmission systems including phase-modulated formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 305-307 (2004).

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

Willner, A. E.

Win, M. Z.

P. V. Kumar, M. Z. Win, H.-F. Lu, and C. N. Georghiades, “Error-control coding techniques and applications,” Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB, I.P.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, 2002), Chap. 17.

Winzer, P. J.

A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, “Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Doerr, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and K. Higuma, “10×107-Gb/s NRZ-DQPSK transmission over 12×100km including 6 routing nodes,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP24.

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, M. Izutsu, and K. Higuma, “2000-km WDM transmission of 10×107-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK,” presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sept. 24-28, 2006, postdeadline paper Th 4.1.3.

Wood, T.

Y. Kao, A. Leven, Y. Baeyens, Y. Chen, D. Grosz, F. Bannon, W. Fang, A. Kung, D. Maywar, T. Lakoba, A. Agrawal, S. Banerjee, and T. Wood, “10Gb/s soliton generation for ULH transmission using a wideband GaAs pHemt amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (IEEE, 2003), paper FF6.

Xu, C.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Küng, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5Tb/s(64.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZ-DSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (IEEE, 2002).

Yamada, T.

H. Masuda, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, T. Furuta, and H. Fukuyama, “0.4-Tb/s (204×111Gb/s) transmission over 240km using hybrid Raman/EDFAs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP20.

Yeates, P. D.

D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, T. W. Cline, R. E. Tench, T. C. Pleiss, T. Miller, D. G. Coult, M. A. Milbrodt, P. D. Yeates, A. Chraplyvy, R. Tkach, A. B. Piccirilli, J. R. Simpson, and C. M. Miller, “A high capacity noncoherent FSK lightwave field experiment using Er3+-doped fiber optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 662-664 (1990).

Ying, J.

X. Liu, X. Wei, J. Ying, and D. A. Fishman, “Scalable dispersion management for hybrid 10-Gb/s and 40-Gb/s DWDM transmissions with high nonlinear tolerance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1980-1982 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Fishman, J. Ying, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, and A. H. Gnauck, “Optical add/drop multiplexer with asymmetric bandwidth allocation and dispersion compensation for hybrid 10-Gb/s and 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2006), paper OWI64.

Yoshida, E.

H. Masuda, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, T. Furuta, and H. Fukuyama, “0.4-Tb/s (204×111Gb/s) transmission over 240km using hybrid Raman/EDFAs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP20.

Yoshida, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Q.

Bell Labs Tech. J. (2)

D. A. Fishman, W. A. Thompson, and L. Vallone, “LambdaXtremereg transport system: R&D of a high capacity system for low cost, ultra long haul DWDM transport,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 11, 27-53 (2006).

X. Liu, D. M. Gill, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Optical technologies and techniques for high bit rate fiber transmission,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 11, 83-104 (2006).

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. J. Price and N. Le Mercier, “Reduced bandwidth optical digital intensity modulation with improved chromatic dispersion tolerance,” Electron. Lett. 31, 58-59 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

J. Strand, A. L. Chiu, and R. Tkach, “Issues for routing in the optical layer,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(2), 81-87 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, T. W. Cline, R. E. Tench, T. C. Pleiss, T. Miller, D. G. Coult, M. A. Milbrodt, P. D. Yeates, A. Chraplyvy, R. Tkach, A. B. Piccirilli, J. R. Simpson, and C. M. Miller, “A high capacity noncoherent FSK lightwave field experiment using Er3+-doped fiber optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 662-664 (1990).

X. Liu, X. Wei, J. Ying, and D. A. Fishman, “Scalable dispersion management for hybrid 10-Gb/s and 40-Gb/s DWDM transmissions with high nonlinear tolerance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1980-1982 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, L. F. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, “Impact of group-delay ripple in transmission systems including phase-modulated formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 305-307 (2004).

B. Vasic and I. B. Djordjevic, “Low-density parity check for long-haul optical communication systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1208-1210 (2002).

J. Lightwave Technol. (7)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (21)

D. A. Fishman, J. Ying, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, and A. H. Gnauck, “Optical add/drop multiplexer with asymmetric bandwidth allocation and dispersion compensation for hybrid 10-Gb/s and 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2006), paper OWI64.

IEEE 802.3 Higher Speed Study Group, http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/3/hssg/.

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, M. Izutsu, and K. Higuma, “2000-km WDM transmission of 10×107-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK,” presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sept. 24-28, 2006, postdeadline paper Th 4.1.3.

H. Masuda, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, T. Furuta, and H. Fukuyama, “0.4-Tb/s (204×111Gb/s) transmission over 240km using hybrid Raman/EDFAs,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communications and the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (IEEE, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP20.

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