Abstract

Survivability and performance constitute crucial quality of service (QoS) issues in future optical packet switched (OPS) networks. I take an integrated view on survivability and performance in OPS networks by presenting the extended shared packet redundancy scheme (ESPRS). The ESPRS combines shared packet redundancy with 1+1 path protection functionality. I focus on the performance of the ESPRS in different failure situations and show how the packet loss rate is influenced by the number of node- and link-disjoint paths between a node pair, the loss probability on the paths, number of failures, the relative amount of redundancy, and the size of the packet set. An analytical model of the ESPRS is provided.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2005 (2)

Y.-W. Leung, “Shared packet loss recovery for internet telephony,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 84-86 (2005).

H. Øverby, “Performance modelling of optical packet switched networks with the Engset traffic model,” Opt. Express 13, 1685-1695 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

H. Øverby, “Effects of bursty traffic in service differentiated optical packet switched networks,” Opt. Express 12, 410-415 (2004).

B. Helvik, “Perspectives on the dependability of networks and services,” Telektronikk 100, 27-44 (2004).

H. Øverby, “Network layer packet redundancy in optical packet switched networks,” Opt. Express 12, 4881-4895 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Rangarajan, Z. Hu, L. Rau, and D. J. Blumenthal, “All-optical contention resolution with wavelength conversion for asynchronous variable-length 40Gb/s optical packets,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 689-691 (2004).

2003 (10)

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. J. B. Yoo, and S. Dixit, “A unified study of contention-resolution schemes in optical packet-switched networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 672-683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach toward optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Odlyzko, “Internet traffic growth: sources and implications,” Proc. SPIE 5247, 1-15 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Chiaroni, “Packet switching matrix: a key element for the backbone and the metro,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1018-1025 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Griffith and S. Less, “A 1+1 protection architecture for optical burst switched networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1384-1398 (2003).

A. Fumagalli and L. Valcarenghi, “IP restoration vs. WDM protection: is there an optimal choice?,” IEEE Network 14, 34-41 (2003).

Q. Zheng and G. Mohan, “Protection approaches for dynamic traffic in IP/MPLS-over-WDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(5), S24-S29 (2003).

O. Gerstel and R. Ramaswami, “Optical layer survivability--an implementation perspective,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1885-1899 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun. 5, 203-225 (2003).

T. Jensen, “Network planning--introductory issues,” Telektronikk 99, 9-46 (2003), http://www.telenor.com/rd/telektronikk.

2002 (1)

L. Sahasrabuddhe, S. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, “Fault management in IP-over-WDM networks: WDM protection versus IP restoration,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 21-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, D. K. Hunter, and A. Tzanakaki, “The application of optical packet switching in future communication networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 128-135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. Zhou and S. Subramaniam, “Survivability in optical networks,” IEEE Network 14, 16-23 (2000).

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

L. Rizzo, “Effective erasure codes for reliable computer communication protocols,” Comput. Commun. Rev. 27, 24-36 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. To and P. Neusy, “Unavailability analysis of long-haul networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 12, 100-109 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Andonovic, I.

Berde, B.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach toward optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Birtwistle, G.

G. Birtwistle, DEMOS: Discrete Event Modelling on Simula (MacMillan, 1978).

Bjømstad, S.

H. Øverby, N. Stol, and S. Bjømstad, “Dependability differentiation in optical packet switched networks,” in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (2005), Vol. 1, pp. 385-388.

S. Bjømstad, H. Øverby, N. Stol, and D. R. Hjelme, “Protecting guaranteed service traffic in an OpMiGua hybrid network,” in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2005), Vol. 3, pp. 695-696.

Bjørnstad, S.

S. Bjørnstad, M. Nord, and D. R. Hjelme, “Transparent optical protection switching scheme based on detection of polarisation fluctuations,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Conference (2003), pp. 433-434.

Blumenthal, D. J.

S. Rangarajan, Z. Hu, L. Rau, and D. J. Blumenthal, “All-optical contention resolution with wavelength conversion for asynchronous variable-length 40Gb/s optical packets,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 689-691 (2004).

Callegati, F.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach toward optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cerroni, W.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach toward optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, H. Wu, D. Xu, and C. Qiao, “Performance analysis of optical burst switched node with deflection routing,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communication (ICC) (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 2, pp. 1355-1359.

Chia, M. C.

Chiaroni, D.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach toward optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Chiaroni, “Packet switching matrix: a key element for the backbone and the metro,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1018-1025 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Colle, D.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun. 5, 203-225 (2003).

Danielsen, S. L.

Dembeck, L.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach toward optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Demeester, P.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun. 5, 203-225 (2003).

Derkacz, J.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun. 5, 203-225 (2003).

Develder, C.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach toward optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dittmann, L.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach toward optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dixit, S.

Droz, P.

A. L. Schmi, I. Iliadis, and P. Droz, “Impact of VC merging on buffer requirements in ATM networks,” in Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on High Performance Networking (1998), pp. 203-217.

Eilenberger, G.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach toward optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fumagalli, A.

A. Fumagalli and L. Valcarenghi, “IP restoration vs. WDM protection: is there an optimal choice?,” IEEE Network 14, 34-41 (2003).

Gerstel, O.

O. Gerstel and R. Ramaswami, “Optical layer survivability--an implementation perspective,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1885-1899 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Griffith, D.

D. Griffith and S. Less, “A 1+1 protection architecture for optical burst switched networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1384-1398 (2003).

Hansen, P. B.

Helvik, B.

B. Helvik, “Perspectives on the dependability of networks and services,” Telektronikk 100, 27-44 (2004).

Hjelme, D. R.

S. Bjømstad, H. Øverby, N. Stol, and D. R. Hjelme, “Protecting guaranteed service traffic in an OpMiGua hybrid network,” in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2005), Vol. 3, pp. 695-696.

S. Bjørnstad, M. Nord, and D. R. Hjelme, “Transparent optical protection switching scheme based on detection of polarisation fluctuations,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Conference (2003), pp. 433-434.

Hu, Z.

S. Rangarajan, Z. Hu, L. Rau, and D. J. Blumenthal, “All-optical contention resolution with wavelength conversion for asynchronous variable-length 40Gb/s optical packets,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 689-691 (2004).

Hunter, D. K.

M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, D. K. Hunter, and A. Tzanakaki, “The application of optical packet switching in future communication networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 128-135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Hunter, M. C. Chia, and I. Andonovic, “Buffering in optical packet switches,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2081-2094 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Iliadis, I.

A. L. Schmi, I. Iliadis, and P. Droz, “Impact of VC merging on buffer requirements in ATM networks,” in Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on High Performance Networking (1998), pp. 203-217.

Inkret, R.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun. 5, 203-225 (2003).

Jaeger, M.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun. 5, 203-225 (2003).

Jensen, T.

T. Jensen, “Network planning--introductory issues,” Telektronikk 99, 9-46 (2003), http://www.telenor.com/rd/telektronikk.

Koerber, W.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach toward optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lai, W.

W. Lai and D. McDysan, “Network hierarchy and multilayer survivability,” IETF RFC 3386 (Internet Engineering Task Force, 2002), http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3386.txt.

Le Sauze, N.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach toward optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Leligou, N.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach toward optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Less, S.

D. Griffith and S. Less, “A 1+1 protection architecture for optical burst switched networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1384-1398 (2003).

Leung, Y.-W.

Y.-W. Leung, “Shared packet loss recovery for internet telephony,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 84-86 (2005).

Lievens, I.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun. 5, 203-225 (2003).

Maesschalck, S. D.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun. 5, 203-225 (2003).

Mahony, M.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach toward optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mannie, E.

E. Mannie, “Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) architecture,” IETF RFC 3945 (Internet Engineering Task Force, 2004).

Mauz, C.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun. 5, 203-225 (2003).

McDysan, D.

W. Lai and D. McDysan, “Network hierarchy and multilayer survivability,” IETF RFC 3386 (Internet Engineering Task Force, 2002), http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3386.txt.

Mikac, B.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun. 5, 203-225 (2003).

Mohan, G.

Q. Zheng and G. Mohan, “Protection approaches for dynamic traffic in IP/MPLS-over-WDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(5), S24-S29 (2003).

Mortensen, B.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach toward optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, B.

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. J. B. Yoo, and S. Dixit, “A unified study of contention-resolution schemes in optical packet-switched networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 672-683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Sahasrabuddhe, S. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, “Fault management in IP-over-WDM networks: WDM protection versus IP restoration,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 21-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Neri, F.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach toward optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Neusy, P.

M. To and P. Neusy, “Unavailability analysis of long-haul networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 12, 100-109 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nord, M.

S. Bjørnstad, M. Nord, and D. R. Hjelme, “Transparent optical protection switching scheme based on detection of polarisation fluctuations,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Conference (2003), pp. 433-434.

Odlyzko, A.

A. Odlyzko, “Internet traffic growth: sources and implications,” Proc. SPIE 5247, 1-15 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O'Mahony, M. J.

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S. Rangarajan, Z. Hu, L. Rau, and D. J. Blumenthal, “All-optical contention resolution with wavelength conversion for asynchronous variable-length 40Gb/s optical packets,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 689-691 (2004).

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H. Øverby, N. Stol, and S. Bjømstad, “Dependability differentiation in optical packet switched networks,” in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (2005), Vol. 1, pp. 385-388.

S. Bjømstad, H. Øverby, N. Stol, and D. R. Hjelme, “Protecting guaranteed service traffic in an OpMiGua hybrid network,” in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2005), Vol. 3, pp. 695-696.

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