Abstract

There has been growing interest in coherent optical orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (CO-OFDM). We aim to present the case that the time for CO-OFDM has come, in terms of the demand from today's ever-advancing optical networks and the availability of its underlying technologies. We first lay out the signal processing aspect for CO-OFDM and then show a 2×2 multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) OFDM representation for the single-mode fiber optical channel. Through numerical simulation and experimental demonstration, we further present and discuss various MIMO-OFDM systems focusing on their polarization-mode dispersion resilience. Among those systems, the 2×1 MIMO-OFDM configuration incorporating polarization-time coding shows promise for optical access networks and broadcast networks. Finally, another class of the frequency-domain equalization techniques, namely, incoherent or coherent optical single-carrier frequency-domain equalization (CO-SCFDE) is discussed and experimentally demonstrated.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  27. I. B. Djordjevic, “PMD compensation in fiber-optic communication systems with direct detection using LDPC-coded OFDM,” Opt. Express 15, 3692-3701 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  28. L. Hanzo, M. Munster, B. J. Choi, and T. Keller, OFDM and MC-CDMA for Broadband Multi-User Communications, WLANs and Broadcasting (Wiley, 2004).
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    [CrossRef]
  30. E. Ip, J. P. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, “Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2029-2031 (2005).
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  31. H. Sari, G. Karam, and I. Jeanclaude, “Transmission techniques for digital terrestrial TV broadcasting,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 33(2), 100-109 (1995).
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    [CrossRef]
  33. S. Hara, M. Mouri, M. Okada, and N. Morinaga, “Transmission performance analysis of multi-carrier modulation in frequency selective fast Rayleigh fading channel,” Wireless Personal Commun. 2, 335-356 (1996).
  34. X. Yi, W. Shieh, and Y. Tang, “Phase estimation for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 919-921 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  35. S. Wu and Y. Bar-Ness, “A phase noise suppression algorithm for OFDM-based WLANs,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 6, 535-537 (2002).
  36. N. Gisin and B. Huttner, “Combined effects of polarization mode dispersion and polarization dependent losses in optical fibers,” Opt. Commun. 142, 119-125 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  37. H. Bolcskei, D. Gesbert, and A. J. Paulraj, “On the capacity of OFDM-based spatial multiplexing systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 225-34 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  38. Y. Han and G. Li, “Coherent optical communication using polarization multiple-input-multiple-output,” Opt. Express 13, 7527-7535 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  45. Y. Han and G. Li, “Polarization diversity transmitter and optical nonlinearity mitigation using polarization-time coding,” presented at OSA Topical Meeting, Coherent Optical Technologies and Applications, Whistler, Canada, June 25-30, 2006, paper CThC7.
  46. S. M. Lee, S. G. Mun, M. H. Kim, and C. H. Lee, “Demonstration of a long-reach DWDM-PON for consolidation of metro and access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 271-276 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  47. D. Falconer, S. L. Ariyavisitakul, A. Benyamin-Seeyar, and B. Eidson, “Frequency domain equalization for single-carrier broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(4), 58-66 (2002).
  48. Z. Wang, X. Ma, and G. B. Giannakis, “OFDM or single-carrier block transmissions?” IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 380-394 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  49. D. C. Chu, “Polyphase codes with good periodic correlation properties,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 18, 531-532 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  50. A. J. Lowery, “Fiber nonlinearity pre- and post-compensation for long-haul optical links using OFDM,” Opt. Express 15, 12965-12970 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  51. S. Norimatsu, N. Takachio, Y. Inoue, M. Hosoya, H. Tsunetsugu, and S. Hata, “An optical 90-degrees-hybrid balanced receiver module using a planar lightwave circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 737-740 (1994).
  52. H. Bulow, “Electronic dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OMG5.
  53. M. T. Bohr, R. S. Chau, T. Ghani, and K. Mistry, “The high-k solution,” IEEE Spectrum 44(10), 29-35 (2007).

2008 (1)

2007 (11)

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, X. Yi, and R. Evans, “Optimum design for RF-to-optical up-converter in coherent optical OFDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 483-485 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Bao and W. Shieh, “Transmission simulation of coherent optical OFDM signals in WDM systems,” Opt. Express 15, 4410-4418 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Djordjevic, “PMD compensation in fiber-optic communication systems with direct detection using LDPC-coded OFDM,” Opt. Express 15, 3692-3701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, X. Yi, and Y. Tang, “Transmission experiment of multi-gigabit coherent optical OFDM systems over 1000km SSMF fiber,” Electron. Lett. 43, 183-185 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 15, 2120-2126 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Y. Tang, “Theoretical and experimental study on PMD-supported transmission using polarization diversity in coherent optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Express 15, 9936-9947 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Yi, W. Shieh, and Y. Tang, “Phase estimation for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 919-921 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, “PMD-supported coherent optical OFDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 134-136 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Lee, S. G. Mun, M. H. Kim, and C. H. Lee, “Demonstration of a long-reach DWDM-PON for consolidation of metro and access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 271-276 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Lowery, “Fiber nonlinearity pre- and post-compensation for long-haul optical links using OFDM,” Opt. Express 15, 12965-12970 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Bohr, R. S. Chau, T. Ghani, and K. Mistry, “The high-k solution,” IEEE Spectrum 44(10), 29-35 (2007).

2006 (4)

I. B. Djordjevic and B. Vasic, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for high-speed optical transmission,” Opt. Express 14, 3767-3775 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).

W. Shieh, W. Chen, and R. S. Tucker, “Polarization mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems,” Electron. Lett. 42, 996-997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Ly-Gagnon, S. Tsukarnoto, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, “Coherent detection of optical quadrature please-shift keying signals with carrier phase estimation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 12-21 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

E. Ip, J. P. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, “Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2029-2031 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Gonzalez, R. Perez-Jimenez, S. Rodriguez, J. Rabadan, and A. Ayala, “OFDM over indoor wireless optical channel,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 152, 199-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Han and G. Li, “Coherent optical communication using polarization multiple-input-multiple-output,” Opt. Express 13, 7527-7535 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

Z. Wang, X. Ma, and G. B. Giannakis, “OFDM or single-carrier block transmissions?” IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 380-394 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

L. Moller, Y. Su, and G. Raybon, “Polarization-mode-dispersion-supported transmission in 40-Gb/s long haul systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 335-337 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

D. Falconer, S. L. Ariyavisitakul, A. Benyamin-Seeyar, and B. Eidson, “Frequency domain equalization for single-carrier broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(4), 58-66 (2002).

S. Wu and Y. Bar-Ness, “A phase noise suppression algorithm for OFDM-based WLANs,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 6, 535-537 (2002).

H. Bolcskei, D. Gesbert, and A. J. Paulraj, “On the capacity of OFDM-based spatial multiplexing systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 225-34 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. M. Alamouti, “A simple transmit diversity technique for wireless communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1451-1458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

N. Gisin and B. Huttner, “Combined effects of polarization mode dispersion and polarization dependent losses in optical fibers,” Opt. Commun. 142, 119-125 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Schmidl and D. C. Cox, “Robust frequency and timing synchronization for OFDM,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 1613-1621 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

S. Hara, M. Mouri, M. Okada, and N. Morinaga, “Transmission performance analysis of multi-carrier modulation in frequency selective fast Rayleigh fading channel,” Wireless Personal Commun. 2, 335-356 (1996).

1995 (1)

H. Sari, G. Karam, and I. Jeanclaude, “Transmission techniques for digital terrestrial TV broadcasting,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 33(2), 100-109 (1995).

1994 (2)

P. Moose, “A technique for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing frequency offset correction,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 42, 2908-2914 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Norimatsu, N. Takachio, Y. Inoue, M. Hosoya, H. Tsunetsugu, and S. Hata, “An optical 90-degrees-hybrid balanced receiver module using a planar lightwave circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 737-740 (1994).

1988 (1)

J. M. Kahn, I. M. I. Habbab, and C. R. Giles, “1Gbit/s zero-IF DPSK coherent optical system using a single photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 24, 1455-1457 (1988).

1987 (1)

L. Kazovsky, “Multichannel coherent optical communications systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 1095-1102 (1987).

1982 (1)

T. Okoshi, “Heterodyne and coherent optical fiber communications: recent progress,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 82, 1138-1149 (1982).

1972 (1)

D. C. Chu, “Polyphase codes with good periodic correlation properties,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 18, 531-532 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Alamouti, S. M.

S. M. Alamouti, “A simple transmit diversity technique for wireless communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1451-1458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Anthon, D.

E. Ip, J. P. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, “Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2029-2031 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ariyavisitakul, S. L.

D. Falconer, S. L. Ariyavisitakul, A. Benyamin-Seeyar, and B. Eidson, “Frequency domain equalization for single-carrier broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(4), 58-66 (2002).

Armstrong, J.

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Anaheim, Calif., March 5-10, 2006, paper PDP39.

Athaudage, C.

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).

Ayala, A.

O. Gonzalez, R. Perez-Jimenez, S. Rodriguez, J. Rabadan, and A. Ayala, “OFDM over indoor wireless optical channel,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 152, 199-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bao, H.

Bar-Ness, Y.

S. Wu and Y. Bar-Ness, “A phase noise suppression algorithm for OFDM-based WLANs,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 6, 535-537 (2002).

Bayvel, P.

Benyamin-Seeyar, A.

D. Falconer, S. L. Ariyavisitakul, A. Benyamin-Seeyar, and B. Eidson, “Frequency domain equalization for single-carrier broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(4), 58-66 (2002).

Bigo, S.

G. Charlet, J. Renaudier, M. Salsi, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, and S. Bigo, “Efficient mitigation of fiber impairments in an ultra-long haul transmission of 40Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed data, by digital processing in a coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP17.

Bohr, M. T.

M. T. Bohr, R. S. Chau, T. Ghani, and K. Mistry, “The high-k solution,” IEEE Spectrum 44(10), 29-35 (2007).

Bolcskei, H.

H. Bolcskei, D. Gesbert, and A. J. Paulraj, “On the capacity of OFDM-based spatial multiplexing systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 225-34 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Breyer, F.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gbls transmission over 730 m of multimode fiber by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multi-tone modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2007), paper PDP6.

Bulow, H.

H. Bulow, “Electronic dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OMG5.

Charlet, G.

G. Charlet, J. Renaudier, M. Salsi, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, and S. Bigo, “Efficient mitigation of fiber impairments in an ultra-long haul transmission of 40Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed data, by digital processing in a coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP17.

Chau, R. S.

M. T. Bohr, R. S. Chau, T. Ghani, and K. Mistry, “The high-k solution,” IEEE Spectrum 44(10), 29-35 (2007).

Chen, W.

W. Shieh, W. Chen, and R. S. Tucker, “Polarization mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems,” Electron. Lett. 42, 996-997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Choi, B. J.

L. Hanzo, M. Munster, B. J. Choi, and T. Keller, OFDM and MC-CDMA for Broadband Multi-User Communications, WLANs and Broadcasting (Wiley, 2004).

Chu, D. C.

D. C. Chu, “Polyphase codes with good periodic correlation properties,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 18, 531-532 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Cox, D. C.

T. M. Schmidl and D. C. Cox, “Robust frequency and timing synchronization for OFDM,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 1613-1621 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cvijetic, M.

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental demonstration of a novel OFDM-A based 10Gb/s PON architecture,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Berlin, Germany, September 16-20, 2007, paper 5.4.1.

Cvijetic, N.

N. Cvijetic, L. Xu, and T. Wang, “Adaptive PMD compensation using OFDM in long-haul 10Gb/s DWDM systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OTuA5.

Djordjevic, I. B.

Du, L.

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Anaheim, Calif., March 5-10, 2006, paper PDP39.

Eidson, B.

D. Falconer, S. L. Ariyavisitakul, A. Benyamin-Seeyar, and B. Eidson, “Frequency domain equalization for single-carrier broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(4), 58-66 (2002).

Evans, R.

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, X. Yi, and R. Evans, “Optimum design for RF-to-optical up-converter in coherent optical OFDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 483-485 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Falconer, D.

D. Falconer, S. L. Ariyavisitakul, A. Benyamin-Seeyar, and B. Eidson, “Frequency domain equalization for single-carrier broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(4), 58-66 (2002).

Gavioli, G.

Gesbert, D.

H. Bolcskei, D. Gesbert, and A. J. Paulraj, “On the capacity of OFDM-based spatial multiplexing systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 225-34 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ghani, T.

M. T. Bohr, R. S. Chau, T. Ghani, and K. Mistry, “The high-k solution,” IEEE Spectrum 44(10), 29-35 (2007).

Giannakis, G. B.

Z. Wang, X. Ma, and G. B. Giannakis, “OFDM or single-carrier block transmissions?” IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 380-394 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Giles, C. R.

J. M. Kahn, I. M. I. Habbab, and C. R. Giles, “1Gbit/s zero-IF DPSK coherent optical system using a single photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 24, 1455-1457 (1988).

Gisin, N.

N. Gisin and B. Huttner, “Combined effects of polarization mode dispersion and polarization dependent losses in optical fibers,” Opt. Commun. 142, 119-125 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

A. H. Gnauck, “2.5Tb/s(64×42.7Gb/s) transmission over 40×100km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper FC2.

Gonzalez, O.

O. Gonzalez, R. Perez-Jimenez, S. Rodriguez, J. Rabadan, and A. Ayala, “OFDM over indoor wireless optical channel,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 152, 199-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Habbab, I. M. I.

J. M. Kahn, I. M. I. Habbab, and C. R. Giles, “1Gbit/s zero-IF DPSK coherent optical system using a single photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 24, 1455-1457 (1988).

Han, Y.

Y. Han and G. Li, “Coherent optical communication using polarization multiple-input-multiple-output,” Opt. Express 13, 7527-7535 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Han and G. Li, “Polarization diversity transmitter and optical nonlinearity mitigation using polarization-time coding,” presented at OSA Topical Meeting, Coherent Optical Technologies and Applications, Whistler, Canada, June 25-30, 2006, paper CThC7.

Hanik, N.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gbls transmission over 730 m of multimode fiber by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multi-tone modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2007), paper PDP6.

Hanzo, L.

L. Hanzo, M. Munster, B. J. Choi, and T. Keller, OFDM and MC-CDMA for Broadband Multi-User Communications, WLANs and Broadcasting (Wiley, 2004).

Hara, S.

S. Hara, M. Mouri, M. Okada, and N. Morinaga, “Transmission performance analysis of multi-carrier modulation in frequency selective fast Rayleigh fading channel,” Wireless Personal Commun. 2, 335-356 (1996).

S. Hara and R. Prasad, Multicarrier Techniques for 4G Mobile Communications (Artech House, 2003).

Hata, S.

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S. Norimatsu, N. Takachio, Y. Inoue, M. Hosoya, H. Tsunetsugu, and S. Hata, “An optical 90-degrees-hybrid balanced receiver module using a planar lightwave circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 737-740 (1994).

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S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gbls transmission over 730 m of multimode fiber by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multi-tone modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2007), paper PDP6.

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S. Norimatsu, N. Takachio, Y. Inoue, M. Hosoya, H. Tsunetsugu, and S. Hata, “An optical 90-degrees-hybrid balanced receiver module using a planar lightwave circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 737-740 (1994).

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E. Ip, J. P. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, “Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2029-2031 (2005).
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S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “20-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4,160-km SSMF enabled by RF-pilot tone phase noise compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP15.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “16×52.5-Gb/s, 50-GHz spaced, POLMUX-CO-OFDM transmission over 4,160km of SSMF enabled by MIMO processing KDDI R&D Laboratories,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Berlin, Germany, September 16-20, 2007, paper PD1.3.

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H. Sari, G. Karam, and I. Jeanclaude, “Transmission techniques for digital terrestrial TV broadcasting,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 33(2), 100-109 (1995).

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D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental demonstration of a novel OFDM-A based 10Gb/s PON architecture,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Berlin, Germany, September 16-20, 2007, paper 5.4.1.

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J. M. Kahn, I. M. I. Habbab, and C. R. Giles, “1Gbit/s zero-IF DPSK coherent optical system using a single photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 24, 1455-1457 (1988).

Kahn, J. P.

E. Ip, J. P. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, “Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2029-2031 (2005).
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H. Sari, G. Karam, and I. Jeanclaude, “Transmission techniques for digital terrestrial TV broadcasting,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 33(2), 100-109 (1995).

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Killey, R. I.

Kim, M. H.

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S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gbls transmission over 730 m of multimode fiber by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multi-tone modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2007), paper PDP6.

Kusano, T.

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental demonstration of a novel OFDM-A based 10Gb/s PON architecture,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Berlin, Germany, September 16-20, 2007, paper 5.4.1.

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J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, “30Gb/s transmission over 40km directly modulated DFB laser-based SMF links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation for VSR and metro applications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB8.

Laperle, C.

C. Laperle, B. Villeneuve, Z. Zhang, D. McGhan, H. Sun, and M. O'Sullivan, “Wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) and polarization mode dispersion (PMD) performance of a coherent 40Gbit/s dual-polarization quadrature phase shift keying (DP-QPSK) transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP16.

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Lee, S. C. J.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gbls transmission over 730 m of multimode fiber by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multi-tone modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2007), paper PDP6.

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Ma, X.

Z. Wang, X. Ma, and G. B. Giannakis, “OFDM or single-carrier block transmissions?” IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 380-394 (2004).
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Mardoyan, H.

G. Charlet, J. Renaudier, M. Salsi, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, and S. Bigo, “Efficient mitigation of fiber impairments in an ultra-long haul transmission of 40Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed data, by digital processing in a coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP17.

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M. Mayrock and H. Haunstein, “PMD tolerant direct-detection optical OFDM system,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), September 16-20, Berlin, Germany, paper 5.2.5.

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C. Laperle, B. Villeneuve, Z. Zhang, D. McGhan, H. Sun, and M. O'Sullivan, “Wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) and polarization mode dispersion (PMD) performance of a coherent 40Gbit/s dual-polarization quadrature phase shift keying (DP-QPSK) transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP16.

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L. Moller, Y. Su, and G. Raybon, “Polarization-mode-dispersion-supported transmission in 40-Gb/s long haul systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 335-337 (2003).
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S. Hara, M. Mouri, M. Okada, and N. Morinaga, “Transmission performance analysis of multi-carrier modulation in frequency selective fast Rayleigh fading channel,” Wireless Personal Commun. 2, 335-356 (1996).

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S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “16×52.5-Gb/s, 50-GHz spaced, POLMUX-CO-OFDM transmission over 4,160km of SSMF enabled by MIMO processing KDDI R&D Laboratories,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Berlin, Germany, September 16-20, 2007, paper PD1.3.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “20-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4,160-km SSMF enabled by RF-pilot tone phase noise compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP15.

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S. Hara, M. Mouri, M. Okada, and N. Morinaga, “Transmission performance analysis of multi-carrier modulation in frequency selective fast Rayleigh fading channel,” Wireless Personal Commun. 2, 335-356 (1996).

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Munster, M.

L. Hanzo, M. Munster, B. J. Choi, and T. Keller, OFDM and MC-CDMA for Broadband Multi-User Communications, WLANs and Broadcasting (Wiley, 2004).

Norimatsu, S.

S. Norimatsu, N. Takachio, Y. Inoue, M. Hosoya, H. Tsunetsugu, and S. Hata, “An optical 90-degrees-hybrid balanced receiver module using a planar lightwave circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 737-740 (1994).

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S. Hara, M. Mouri, M. Okada, and N. Morinaga, “Transmission performance analysis of multi-carrier modulation in frequency selective fast Rayleigh fading channel,” Wireless Personal Commun. 2, 335-356 (1996).

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C. Laperle, B. Villeneuve, Z. Zhang, D. McGhan, H. Sun, and M. O'Sullivan, “Wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) and polarization mode dispersion (PMD) performance of a coherent 40Gbit/s dual-polarization quadrature phase shift keying (DP-QPSK) transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP16.

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Perez-Jimenez, R.

O. Gonzalez, R. Perez-Jimenez, S. Rodriguez, J. Rabadan, and A. Ayala, “OFDM over indoor wireless optical channel,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 152, 199-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, R.

S. Hara and R. Prasad, Multicarrier Techniques for 4G Mobile Communications (Artech House, 2003).

Qian, D.

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental demonstration of a novel OFDM-A based 10Gb/s PON architecture,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Berlin, Germany, September 16-20, 2007, paper 5.4.1.

Rabadan, J.

O. Gonzalez, R. Perez-Jimenez, S. Rodriguez, J. Rabadan, and A. Ayala, “OFDM over indoor wireless optical channel,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 152, 199-204 (2005).
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Randel, S.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gbls transmission over 730 m of multimode fiber by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multi-tone modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2007), paper PDP6.

Raybon, G.

L. Moller, Y. Su, and G. Raybon, “Polarization-mode-dispersion-supported transmission in 40-Gb/s long haul systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 335-337 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Renaudier, J.

G. Charlet, J. Renaudier, M. Salsi, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, and S. Bigo, “Efficient mitigation of fiber impairments in an ultra-long haul transmission of 40Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed data, by digital processing in a coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP17.

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K. Roberts, “Electronic dispersion compensation beyond 10Gb/s” in Technical Digest, LEOS Summer Topical Meeting (IEEE, 2007), paper MA2.3.

Rodriguez, S.

O. Gonzalez, R. Perez-Jimenez, S. Rodriguez, J. Rabadan, and A. Ayala, “OFDM over indoor wireless optical channel,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 152, 199-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Salsi, M.

G. Charlet, J. Renaudier, M. Salsi, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, and S. Bigo, “Efficient mitigation of fiber impairments in an ultra-long haul transmission of 40Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed data, by digital processing in a coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP17.

Sari, H.

H. Sari, G. Karam, and I. Jeanclaude, “Transmission techniques for digital terrestrial TV broadcasting,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 33(2), 100-109 (1995).

Savory, S. J.

Schmidl, T. M.

T. M. Schmidl and D. C. Cox, “Robust frequency and timing synchronization for OFDM,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 1613-1621 (1997).
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Schuster, M.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gbls transmission over 730 m of multimode fiber by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multi-tone modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2007), paper PDP6.

Shieh, W.

W. Shieh, H. Bao, and Y. Tang, “Coherent optical OFDM: theory and design,” Opt. Express 16, 841-859 (2008).

H. Bao and W. Shieh, “Transmission simulation of coherent optical OFDM signals in WDM systems,” Opt. Express 15, 4410-4418 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Y. Tang, “Theoretical and experimental study on PMD-supported transmission using polarization diversity in coherent optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Express 15, 9936-9947 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, X. Yi, and Y. Tang, “Transmission experiment of multi-gigabit coherent optical OFDM systems over 1000km SSMF fiber,” Electron. Lett. 43, 183-185 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, X. Yi, and R. Evans, “Optimum design for RF-to-optical up-converter in coherent optical OFDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 483-485 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, “PMD-supported coherent optical OFDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 134-136 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Yi, W. Shieh, and Y. Tang, “Phase estimation for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 919-921 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).

W. Shieh, W. Chen, and R. S. Tucker, “Polarization mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems,” Electron. Lett. 42, 996-997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, “Coherent optical MIMI-OFDM for optical fibre communication systems,” presented at Workshop 5, European Conference on Optical Communications, Berlin, Germany, September 16-20, 2007.

Shore, K. A.

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, “30Gb/s transmission over 40km directly modulated DFB laser-based SMF links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation for VSR and metro applications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB8.

Sitch, J.

J. Sitch, “Implementation aspects of high-speed DSP for transmitter and receiver signal processing,” in Technical Digest, LEOS Summer Topical Meeting (IEEE, 2007), paper MA4.3.

Su, Y.

L. Moller, Y. Su, and G. Raybon, “Polarization-mode-dispersion-supported transmission in 40-Gb/s long haul systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 335-337 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

C. Laperle, B. Villeneuve, Z. Zhang, D. McGhan, H. Sun, and M. O'Sullivan, “Wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) and polarization mode dispersion (PMD) performance of a coherent 40Gbit/s dual-polarization quadrature phase shift keying (DP-QPSK) transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP16.

Takachio, N.

S. Norimatsu, N. Takachio, Y. Inoue, M. Hosoya, H. Tsunetsugu, and S. Hata, “An optical 90-degrees-hybrid balanced receiver module using a planar lightwave circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 737-740 (1994).

Takeda, N.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “20-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4,160-km SSMF enabled by RF-pilot tone phase noise compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP15.

Tanaka, H.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “20-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4,160-km SSMF enabled by RF-pilot tone phase noise compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP15.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “16×52.5-Gb/s, 50-GHz spaced, POLMUX-CO-OFDM transmission over 4,160km of SSMF enabled by MIMO processing KDDI R&D Laboratories,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Berlin, Germany, September 16-20, 2007, paper PD1.3.

Tang, J. M.

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, “30Gb/s transmission over 40km directly modulated DFB laser-based SMF links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation for VSR and metro applications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB8.

Tang, Y.

W. Shieh, H. Bao, and Y. Tang, “Coherent optical OFDM: theory and design,” Opt. Express 16, 841-859 (2008).

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Y. Tang, “Theoretical and experimental study on PMD-supported transmission using polarization diversity in coherent optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Express 15, 9936-9947 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Yi, W. Shieh, and Y. Tang, “Phase estimation for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 919-921 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, X. Yi, and R. Evans, “Optimum design for RF-to-optical up-converter in coherent optical OFDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 483-485 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, X. Yi, and Y. Tang, “Transmission experiment of multi-gigabit coherent optical OFDM systems over 1000km SSMF fiber,” Electron. Lett. 43, 183-185 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tran, P.

G. Charlet, J. Renaudier, M. Salsi, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, and S. Bigo, “Efficient mitigation of fiber impairments in an ultra-long haul transmission of 40Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed data, by digital processing in a coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP17.

Tsukarnoto, S.

Tsunetsugu, H.

S. Norimatsu, N. Takachio, Y. Inoue, M. Hosoya, H. Tsunetsugu, and S. Hata, “An optical 90-degrees-hybrid balanced receiver module using a planar lightwave circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 737-740 (1994).

Tucker, R. S.

W. Shieh, W. Chen, and R. S. Tucker, “Polarization mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems,” Electron. Lett. 42, 996-997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

van den Boom, H. P. A.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gbls transmission over 730 m of multimode fiber by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multi-tone modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2007), paper PDP6.

Vasic, B.

Villeneuve, B.

C. Laperle, B. Villeneuve, Z. Zhang, D. McGhan, H. Sun, and M. O'Sullivan, “Wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) and polarization mode dispersion (PMD) performance of a coherent 40Gbit/s dual-polarization quadrature phase shift keying (DP-QPSK) transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP16.

Wang, T.

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental demonstration of a novel OFDM-A based 10Gb/s PON architecture,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Berlin, Germany, September 16-20, 2007, paper 5.4.1.

N. Cvijetic, L. Xu, and T. Wang, “Adaptive PMD compensation using OFDM in long-haul 10Gb/s DWDM systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OTuA5.

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, X. Ma, and G. B. Giannakis, “OFDM or single-carrier block transmissions?” IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 380-394 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.

S. Wu and Y. Bar-Ness, “A phase noise suppression algorithm for OFDM-based WLANs,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 6, 535-537 (2002).

Xu, L.

N. Cvijetic, L. Xu, and T. Wang, “Adaptive PMD compensation using OFDM in long-haul 10Gb/s DWDM systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OTuA5.

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental demonstration of a novel OFDM-A based 10Gb/s PON architecture,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Berlin, Germany, September 16-20, 2007, paper 5.4.1.

Yi, X.

W. Shieh, X. Yi, and Y. Tang, “Transmission experiment of multi-gigabit coherent optical OFDM systems over 1000km SSMF fiber,” Electron. Lett. 43, 183-185 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Yi, W. Shieh, and Y. Tang, “Phase estimation for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 919-921 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, X. Yi, and R. Evans, “Optimum design for RF-to-optical up-converter in coherent optical OFDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 483-485 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Y. Tang, “Theoretical and experimental study on PMD-supported transmission using polarization diversity in coherent optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Express 15, 9936-9947 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental demonstration of a novel OFDM-A based 10Gb/s PON architecture,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Berlin, Germany, September 16-20, 2007, paper 5.4.1.

Zeng, J.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gbls transmission over 730 m of multimode fiber by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multi-tone modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2007), paper PDP6.

Zhang, Z.

C. Laperle, B. Villeneuve, Z. Zhang, D. McGhan, H. Sun, and M. O'Sullivan, “Wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) and polarization mode dispersion (PMD) performance of a coherent 40Gbit/s dual-polarization quadrature phase shift keying (DP-QPSK) transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP16.

Electron. Lett. (4)

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).

W. Shieh, W. Chen, and R. S. Tucker, “Polarization mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems,” Electron. Lett. 42, 996-997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, X. Yi, and Y. Tang, “Transmission experiment of multi-gigabit coherent optical OFDM systems over 1000km SSMF fiber,” Electron. Lett. 43, 183-185 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Kahn, I. M. I. Habbab, and C. R. Giles, “1Gbit/s zero-IF DPSK coherent optical system using a single photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 24, 1455-1457 (1988).

IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. (1)

O. Gonzalez, R. Perez-Jimenez, S. Rodriguez, J. Rabadan, and A. Ayala, “OFDM over indoor wireless optical channel,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 152, 199-204 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

S. Wu and Y. Bar-Ness, “A phase noise suppression algorithm for OFDM-based WLANs,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 6, 535-537 (2002).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

H. Sari, G. Karam, and I. Jeanclaude, “Transmission techniques for digital terrestrial TV broadcasting,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 33(2), 100-109 (1995).

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M. Mayrock and H. Haunstein, “PMD tolerant direct-detection optical OFDM system,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), September 16-20, Berlin, Germany, paper 5.2.5.

Y. Han and G. Li, “Polarization diversity transmitter and optical nonlinearity mitigation using polarization-time coding,” presented at OSA Topical Meeting, Coherent Optical Technologies and Applications, Whistler, Canada, June 25-30, 2006, paper CThC7.

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